Caliphate Redefined: The Mystical Turn in Ottoman Political Thought

الغلاف الأمامي
Princeton University Press, 08‏/01‏/2018 - 384 من الصفحات

The medieval theory of the caliphate, epitomized by the Abbasids (750–1258), was the construct of jurists who conceived it as a contractual leadership of the Muslim community in succession to the Prophet Muhammed’s political authority. In this book, Hüseyin Yılmaz traces how a new conception of the caliphate emerged under the Ottomans, who redefined the caliph as at once a ruler, a spiritual guide, and a lawmaker corresponding to the prophet’s three natures.

Challenging conventional narratives that portray the Ottoman caliphate as a fading relic of medieval Islamic law, Yılmaz offers a novel interpretation of authority, sovereignty, and imperial ideology by examining how Ottoman political discourse led to the mystification of Muslim political ideals and redefined the caliphate. He illuminates how Ottoman Sufis reimagined the caliphate as a manifestation and extension of cosmic divine governance. The Ottoman Empire arose in Western Anatolia and the Balkans, where charismatic Sufi leaders were perceived to be God’s deputies on earth. Yılmaz traces how Ottoman rulers, in alliance with an increasingly powerful Sufi establishment, continuously refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority, and how the caliphate itself reemerged as a moral paradigm that shaped early modern Muslim empires.

A masterful work of scholarship, Caliphate Redefined is the first comprehensive study of premodern Ottoman political thought to offer an extensive analysis of a wealth of previously unstudied texts in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish.

 

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المحتويات

Introduction
1
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
21
CHAPTER 1 The Discourse on Rulership
22
CHAPTER 2 The Caliphate Mystified
97
CHAPTER 3 The Sultan and the Sultanate
145
CHAPTER 4 The Caliph and the Caliphate
181
CHAPTER 5 The Myth of the Ottoman Caliphate
218
Conclusion
277
Notes
287
Glossary
329
Bibliography
337
Index
357
حقوق النشر

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

حول المؤلف (2018)

Hüseyin Yılmaz is associate professor of history and director of the Ali Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies at George Mason University.

معلومات المراجع