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abbey ancient appears Arch Archæol Archæologia Archæological arms Bakewell base beautiful bishop body brass calvary Cambridge Cambridgeshire Castle cathedral chalice chapel character Christian church churchyard circle coffin-lid collection common Compare coped Cumberland curious deceased Derbyshire device doubtful Durham earlier early effigy emblem engraved example exists fifteenth century figure foot fourteenth century fragment frequently given Gough grave grave-stones half an inch hand head inch incised inscription instance intended interesting introduced Ireland Jersey Journal Kent kind knight late letter Lincoln Mansfield Woodhouse marked meaning mentioned merely middle monument Norman Northumberland Nottinghamshire Notts occurs ornaments Papplewick pastoral staff perhaps period placed Plate priest probably raised cross slab relief remain remarks represented round Saxon Scale sculptures sepulchral shaft shape shears shield side similar sometimes stone coffin sword symbols thirteenth century tomb unusual upper usual XXXVII York Yorkshire
الصفحة 54 - At the end of the fourteenth and beginning of the fifteenth centuries, the upper part of the sides is straight, and the shape almost square.
الصفحة 34 - Martene, says that the bodies of persons who had received sacred orders, ought to be interred in the vestments worn by them at ordination; and that on the breast of a priest ought to be placed a chalice, which, in default of such sacred vessel of pewter, should be of earthenware.
الصفحة 39 - Sword is generally considered the emblem of a knight. Grose mentions it as an emblem of an abbot with temporal authority, and attributes a stone with a cross and sword at Bala Sala, Isle of Man, to an abbot of Bala Sala. It may have been the emblem of an esquire, a man-at-arms ; in short, of any man who commonly wore a sword. Sword and harp occurs seldom, and mny possibly refer to the warrior minstrels of the days of chivalry.
الصفحة 88 - They are said to be the sepulchres of certain holy palmers who wandered thither in poverty and distress, and, about to perish for want, slew each other, the last survivor burying himself in one of the graves which they had prepared, and, pulling the stone over him, left it ill-adjusted in an oblique position.
الصفحة 55 - ... Collections of Proceedings at Funerals, Funeral Certificates, Monumental Inscriptions, &c., both printed and in manuscript, are very numerous. Lists of the principal works are given at the end of the present section. We are generally driven to accidental figures for determining the date of monuments. The practised antiquary knows well that the date of many an object of antiquity is determined rather by the general character and composition of the design, and by resemblances to conventional peculiarities...
الصفحة 30 - ... as places peculiarly suitable for the erection of their village and station crosses ; the soldier stuck his sword upright in the earth and its hilt formed the cross before which he prayed.
الصفحة 50 - ... first plain, then fleury, in bos relief. Thirteenth century : coffin stones, with heads or bodies emerging from them, and placed in walls, with arches turned over them. Stone coffins went out of fashion about the end of the fifteenth century. Mr. Cutts observes:1 — "The shape or size of a gravestone is no safe guide to its date ; it has been thought that the early ones were highly coped, the later ones less so; but this is not the case, for many early ones are quite flat, while late ones are...
الصفحة 28 - I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of 'my God, than to dwell in the tents of ungodliness.
الصفحة 41 - We find two types of shears, one sharp-pointed, the other with square ends. The latter kind is probably that which the clothier used to shear his cloth, ie to cut the nap ; the blunt ends being intended to preserve the cloth from injury ; so that we may assign this symbol to the clothier. " It is possible that the sharp-pointed shears may also be an emblem of the woolstapler or clothier. On the Dereham slab we find them associated with what looks very like a comb. On early slabs...