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GREEK PROSE COMPOSITION,
FOR THE USE OF
ETON, WINCHESTER, WESTMINSTER, HARROW,
AND KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,
THE history of the following Exercises is the same as that of the “Exercises in Latin Prose Composition,” with which they correspond in design, being translations (with such slight alterations as appeared desirable) from the works of the purest Greek authors, chiefly from Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, Isocrates, and Demosthenes.
They were originally compiled for the use of pupils of my own, at a time when there was not, I believe, any book whatever of Exercises for Greek Composition in existence; and afterwards the appearance of Mr. Arnold's excellent “ Practical Introduction to Greek Prose Composition" suggested to me the idea of arranging the selection which I had made, and adapting them in regular order to the rules contained in that most useful book. I have subjoined in this book also, as in the Latin Exercise book, a few Exercises at the end referring to no particular rule, but illustrative of the whole, with the view of teaching the pupil to think for himself, unassisted by special reference to any particular rule; and also, at the suggestion of those kind friends who have honoured my plan with their approbation and sanction, a few passages from some of the purest English authors, selected with express reference to their capability of easy translation into Greek.
I must repeat my thanks to Mr. Arnold for permitting me to make references to the rules laid down in his excellent and most useful books.
C. D. Y.
The subject of a sentence, which is usually the nominative case to the verb, is not always an actual substantive in Greek, but is often either an adjective or participle, or even an adverb with the article (in which cases, however, of course a substantive is understood); and also the infinitive with the article (and sometimes even without it) is used as a substantive in all cases. Moreover the article with an adverb is often also equivalent to an adjective. See Arnold, c. 1. 2., and also c. 12.
EXERCISE 1. . My friends, those mountains which we see belong to? the Chaldeans; and if we were to occupy them, and if a garrison of ours were on the summit, it would be needful for both the Armenians and Chaldeans to behave with propriety 2 towards us. Now the sacrifices are favourable to us. But for the accomplishing these matters there is no such ally to human enterprise as promptness. For if we ascend the mountain before our enemies are collected together, we shall either occupy the summit wholly without a contest“, or we shall have to do with 5 enemies small