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النشر الإلكتروني
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Alexander Wood RENToN, M.A., LL.B.
#;:* of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. Editor of Encyclopaedia of the Laws Patents (in part).
of England.

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Adviser on Petroleum to the Admiralty, Home Office, India Office, Corporation of
London, and Port of London Authority. President of the Society of Chemicali Ozokerite; Paraffin.
Industry. Member of the Council of the Chemical Society. Member of Council of
Institute of Chemistry. Author of “Cantor." Lectures on Petroleum; Petroleum
and its Products; Chemical Technology; &c.

CHARLEs EveRITT, M.A., F.C.S., F.G.S., F.R.A.S. Opium: Chemistry of the opium
Formerly Scholaroi Magdalen College, Oxford. Alkaloids.

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Captain, 1st City of London (Royal Orleans: Campaign of 1870.
Fusiliers). Author of The Wilderness and Cold Harbour.

Assistant Professor of History in Columbia University, New York City. Member of 3. Paschal #
the American Historical Association. ul I., II. (popes).

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District go; on H.M. Geological Survey of England and Wales. Author of
Origin of the British Flora; &c. Joint-author of Pre-Glacial Flora of Britain;
Fossil Flora of Tegelen.

CHARLEs RAYMond BEAzley, M.A., D.Litt., F.R.G.S., F.R.Hist.S.
Professor of Modern History in the University of o Formerly Fellow of Odoric (in part);
Merton College, Oxford, and University Lecturer in the History of Geography. Oelschläger; Ortelius.
Lothian Prizeman, Oxford, 1889. Lowell Lecturer, Boston, 1908. Author of Henry o
the Navigator; The Dawn of Modern Geography; &c.

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. { Pageant.

Palaeobotany: Tertiary.

HENRI DE Blowitz. - -
See the biographical article: Blowitz, H. G. S. A. De. {rans. History (in part).

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É. of the National Gas Engine Co., Ltd. Inventor of the Clerk Cycle Gas { Oil Engine.

Author of Essays in Musical Analysis: comprising. The Classical Concerto, The
Goldberg Variations, and analyses of many other classical works.

David GeoRGE Hogarth, M.A.
Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Fellow of the British Academy. Excavated at Paphos, 1888; Naucratis, 1899 Orontes; Pamphylia.
and 1903; Ephesus, 1904-1905; Assiut, :::::::#; Director, British School at
Athens, 1897-1900. Director, Cretan Exploration Fund, 1899.

{{o Oratorio; Overture; David HANNAY. {: Earl of (Edward

Palestrina (in part).

Formerly British Vice-Consul at Barcelona. Author of Short History of the Royal Russell);
Navy; Life of Emilio Castelar; &c. Orleanists.
President of the Linnean Society. Author of Structural Botany; Studies in Fossil
Botany; &c.
DAVID JAMES HAMILTON, M.D., F.R.S. (Edin.) (1849–1909).
Professor of Pathology, Aberdeen University, 1882–1907. Author of Text-Book of

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Pathology (in part).

Pathology; &c.
See the biographical article: FREEMAN, E. A. {ralermo (in part).
See the biographical article: Tylor, Edward BURNEtt. Ordeal.

Abbot of Downside Abbey, Bath. Author of “The Lausiac History of Palladius,” { Olivetans; Pachomius, St.
in Cambridge Texts and Studies.

Fellow, Lecturer in Modern Languages, and Monro Lecturer in Celtic, Gonville and { Patrick, St.

Caius College, Cambridge.
Ode; Ohlenschläger;
EDMUND Gosse, LL.D. { -

Ottawa Rima; Overbury; See the biographical article: Gosse, EDMUND. verbury;

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ERNEST ARTHUR GARDNER, M.A. - Olympia (in part);
See the biographical article: GARDNER, PERCY. Parthenon.

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Hoveil Minns, M.A.

University Lecturer in Palaeography, Cambridge. Lecturer and Assistant Librarian
at Pembroke College, Cambridge. Formerly Fellow of Pembroke College.

Edgard Meyer, Ph.d., D.Lnr. (Oxon.), LL.D.

Professor of Ancient History in the University of Berlin. Author of Gexkichtt des
Alierthvms: GcsckickU des alien Atgyptcns; Die Jsratliten und ihre Nachbarstdmme.

Edward Morell Holmes.

Curator of the Museum of the Pharmaceutical Society, London.

SDt Edward Maunde Thompson, G.C.B., I.S.O., D.C.L, Lirr.D., LL.D.

Director and Principal Librarian, British Museum, 1808-1909. Sandars Reader in
Bibliography, Cambridge, 1895-1896. Hon. Fellow 01 University College, Oxford.
Correspondent of the Institute of France and of the Royal Prussian Academy of
Sciences. Author of Handbook of Creek and Latin Palaeography. Editor of
Chronicon Angliae. Joint-editor of publications of the Palaeographical Society,
the New Palaeographical Society, and of the Facsimile of the Laurcntian Sophocles.

Rev. Edward Mewburn Walker, M.A.

Fellow, Senior Tutor and Librarian of Queen's College, Oxford.

Edmund Owen, M.B., F.R.C.S., LL.D., D.Sc.

Consulting Surgeon to St Mary's Hospital, London, and to the Children's Hospital,
Great Ormond Street, London. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Late Examiner'
in Surgery at the Universities of Cambridge, London and Durham. Author of
A Manual of Anatomy for Serior Students.

Edgar Prestage.

Special Lecturer in Portuguese Literature in the University of Manchester.
Examiner in Portuguese in the Universities of London, Manchester, &c. Com-
mendador, Portuguese Order of S. Tliiago. Corresponding Member of Lisbon
Royal Academy of Sciences, Lisbon Geographical Society; &c. Editor of Letters
of o, Portuguese Nun; Azurara's Chronicle oj Guinea', &c.

Frederick Cornwalus Conybeabe, M.A., D.th. (Giesscn).

Fellow of the British Academy. Formerly Fellow of University College, Oxford.
Editor of The Ancient Armenian Texts of Aristotle. Author of Myth, Magic and
Morals \SK.

Frederick Gymer Parsons, F.R.C.S., F.Z.S., F.r.anthrop.inst.

Vice-President, Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Lecturer on
Anatomy at St Thomas's Hospital and the London School of Medicine for Women,
London. Formerly Huntcrian Professor at the Royal College of Surgeons,

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K i::,< >! ; r,

See the biographical article: Kunopff, F. E. J. M.

Frank R. Can*.

Author of South Africa from the Great Trek to the Union.

Francis Watt, M.A.

Barrister-at-Law, Middle Temple.

| Painting: Modern Belgian
| Orange Free State (in part).

Author of Law's Lumber Room.

Paterson, William.

Frederick Walker Mott, F.R.S., M.D. f

Physician to Charing Cross Hospital. Pathologist to the London County Asylums, -j Paralysis.
Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution. I

Frederick William Rudler, I.S.O., F.G.S. fonvx

Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London, 1879-1902. •< ff^T*
President of the Geologists' Association, 1887-1889. [ OpaL

Franz Xaver Kraus (1840-1901). f

Professor of Church History, University of Freiburg-im-Breisgau, 1878-1901.< Papacy: 1870-1000
Author of Gesckichte der ckristluhen Kunst; &c. [

George Abraham Grierson, C.I.E., Ph.d., D.Lrrr. [

Member of the Indian Civil Service, 1873-1903. In charge of Linguistic Survey
of India, 1898-1902. Gold Medallist, Royal Asiatic Society, 1909. Vice-President • PaharL
of the Royal Asiatic Society. Formerly Fellow of Calcutta University. Author of
The Languages of India; &c. |

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Rev. George Albert Cooke, D.D.

Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture, and Fellow of Oriel College, -f'

Oxford. Canon of Rochester. Hon. Canon of St Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh. I
Geiard Baldwin Brown, M.A. r

Professor of Fine Art, University of Edinburgh. Formerly Fellow of Brasenose J Painting.

College, Oxford. Author of The fine Arts; The Arts in Early England; &c, [

George Brown Goode (1851-1896).

Orge Brown Goode (1851-1896). r

Assistant Secretary o(the Smithsonian Institution, Washington,1887-1896. Author-! Oyster (:'?: /-.:.•/).
of American Fishes. L

gh University.! P«eal (»» fart).
:c, Cambridge. ^

George Chrystal, M.A., LL.D.

Professor of Mathematics and Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Edinburgh
Hon. Fellow and formerly Fellow and Lecturer of Corpus Christi College,

George Charles Williamson, Lirr.D. r

Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author of Portrait Miniatures; Life of Ricliard \ Oliver, Isaac;
Conmy, R.A.; George Engltkeart; Portrait Drawings; Sic. Editor of the New] Oliver, Peter.
Edition of Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engraver*. I

G. E. Rev. George Edmundson, M.A., F.R.Hisr.S. f Qldenbarneveldt

Formerly Fellow and Tutor of Brasenose College, Oxford. Ford's Lecturer, 1009. I nranira /u««,, „ '«r\.
Hon. Member, Dutch Historical Society, and Foreign Member, Netherlands Associa- 1 " , 't , ''

tion of Literature. I Oslend Company.

O. E. C. George Earl Church, f Orinoco

See the biographical article: Church, G. E. \

0. H. C. George Herbert Carpenter, B.Sc. |

Professor of Zoology in the Royal College of Science, Dublin. Author of Insects: \ Orthoptera.
Hi'ir Structure and Life. I.

C. Sa. George Samtsbury, LL.D., D.C.L. (Orleans, Charles, Duke of;

Sec the biographical article: Saintsbury, George E. B. \ Pascal (in part).

0. S. W. German Sims Woodhead, M.A., M.D., F.R.S. (Ivlin.l. I

Professor of Pathology, Cambridge University. Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 1 Parasitic Diseases.
Member of Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, 1902. 1

H. A. B. Henry Arthur Bethell. [

Licut.-Col. Commanding 4Qth Brigade R.F.A. Associate Member of R.A. Com- I Ordnance:
mittee. Awarded Lefroy Medal for Contributions to Artillery Science. Author of 1 Field Arlillerv
Modern Guns and Gunnery; The Employment of Artillery. &c- I

H. Br. Henry Bradley, M.A., PH.D. |

Joint-editor of the New English Dictionary (Oxford). Fellow of the British \ Orm.
Academy. Author of The Story of the Goths; The Mating of English; &c. L

H. Ch. Hugh Chisholm, M.A. [

Formerly Scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Editor of the nth edition of •( Parliament (in part).

of the loth edition. [

H. CL Sa Hooh Charles Clifford, K.C.M.G.

Colonial Secretary, Ceylon. Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. Formerly
Resident, Pahang. Colonial Secretary, Trinidad and Tobago, 1903-1907. Author of-
Studies in Brown Humanity; Further India, &c. Joint-author of A Dictionary of
the Malay Language.

the Encyclopaedia Britannica. Co-editor of the loth edition.

I Institute. Formerly
1903-1907. Author of < Panlun.
ter Inata, ate. Jomt-autnor of A Dictionary of

H. E. Karl Hermann Eth£, M.A., Pn.D. f

Professor of Oriental Languages, University College, Aberystwyth (University of J nm.. m»««sr«» t: A...A

Wales). Author of Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, 1 umar •"'W1TM 9* P°">
London (Clarendon Press); &c, I

H. E. R. Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe, LL.D. /p.««i,,

Sec the biographical article: Roscoe, Sir Henry Enfield. \ TM >^««

H. F. B. Horatio Robert Forbes Brown, LL.D.

Editor of the Calendar of Venetian Slate Papers, for the Public Record Office,
London. Author of Lite on the Lagoons; Venetian Studies; John Addinglon
Symonds, a Biography; &c.


H. F. G. Hans Friedrich Gadow, F.R.S., PH.D.

Strickland Curator and Lecturer on Zoology in the University of Cambridge.
Author of " Amphibia and Reptiles," in the Cambridge Natural History.

H. F. 0. Henry Fairfield Osborn, LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S. (Edin.).

Da Costa Professor of Zoology, Columbia University, New York. President,

American Museum of Natural History, New York. Curator of Department of J Palaeontology

Vertebrate Palaeontology. Palaeontologist U.S. Geological Survey. Author of

From the Greeks to Darwin; &c.

H. F. P. Henry Francis Pelhau, LL.D., D.C.L. //mi.. m..», c

See the biographical article: Pelham, Henry Francis. -^oino. m.sreiu b.

H. Ja. Henry Jackson, Lrrr.D., LL.D., O.M. |

Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Cambridge. Fellow of Trinity I - , , ... _,„
College. Fellow of the British Academy. Author of Texts to illustrate the History of 1 Farmeniaes 01 tlea.
Greek Philosophy from Tholes to Aristotle.

H. L. H. Harriet L. Hennessy, M.D. (Brux.), L.R.C.P.I., L.R.C.S.I. /Ollactory System: Diseases.

H. M. C. Hector Munro Chadwick, M.A. r

Librarian and Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge. Reader in Scandinavian, < Odin.
Cambridge University. Author of Studies on Anglo-Saxon Institutions. [

H. H. D. Henry Newton Dickson, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S. (Edin.), F.R.G.S. i

Professor of Geography at University College. Reading. Formerly Vice-President, _. . . .. .. .

Royal Meteorological Society. Lecturer in Physical Geography, Oxford. Author of 1 PaclflC Ocean (m part).
Meteorology; Elements of Weather and Climate; &c.

II. R. T. Henry Richard Tedder, F.S.A. /

Secretary and Librarian of the Athenaeum Club, London. ^ Jtmpniets.

H. W. C. D. Henry William Carless Davis, M.A. f ndo of Baveux

Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, Oxford. Fellow of All Souls' College. Oxford, J.
1895-1902. Author of England under the Normans and Angemns; Charlemagne. ^

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John Ambrose Fleming, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.

Fender Professor of Electrical Engineering jn the University of London. Fellow
of University College, London. Formerly Fellow of St John s College. Cambridge.
Vice-Prcsident of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. Author of The Principles
of Electric Wax Telepaphy; llagnels and Elaine Currents; &c.

John Allen Howe, B.Sc.

Curator and Librarian of the Museum of Practical Geology, London. Author of
Ccology of BuMint Stand.

Joseph Braun, S.J.

Author of Die Liturgische Gcipandung &c.

James Bartlett.

Lecturer on Construction, Architecture, Sanitation, Quantities, fir., at King's
College, London. Member of Society of Architects. Member of Institute of Junior
Joseph Beavington Atkinson.

Formerly art-critic of the Saturday Review. Author of An Art Tour in Ae Northern
Capitals of Europe; Schools of Modern Art in Germany.

John Charles Van Dyke.

Ohm meter;

{Ollgocene System;
Oolite; Ordovlelan System;
Oxlordian; Palaeozoic Era.

Pastoral Stan.


- Overbeek.

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-.History of

Painting; Ola English Masters; &c.
John Edwin Sandys, M.A., Lirr.D., LL.D.

Public Orator in the University of Cambridge. Fellow of St John's College, Cam-
bridge. Fellow of the British Academy. Author of History of Classical Scholarship;

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Paosanlu: Traveller. | Pirkman, Francis. Palaelo Valdes, Armando;

-(Palestine: History (in part). | Orpheus (in part).


John Fiske, LL.D.

See the biographical article: Fiske, JonN.

James Fitzmauwce-kelly, Lrrr.D., F.R.HiST.S.

Gilmour Professor of Spanish Language and Literature, Liverpool University.
Norman McColl Lecturer, Cambridge University. Fellow of the British Academy. 1
Member of the Royal Spanish Academy. Knight Commander of the Order of
Alphonso XII. Author of A History of Spanish Literature; &c.

John Henry Arthur Hart, M.A.

Fellow, Theological Lecturer and Librarian, St John's College, Cambridge.

John Henry Freese, M.A.

Formerly Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge.

John Henry Middleton, M.A., Lirr.D., F.S.A., D.C.L. (1846-1896).

Slade Professor of Fine Arts in the University of Cambridge, 1886-1895. Director

of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1889-1892. Art Director of the South

Kensington Museum, 1892-1896. Author of The Kniravcd Gems of Classical Times;

Illuminated Manuscripts in Classical and Medieval Times.
John Holland Rose, M.A., Lrrr.D.

Christ's College, Cambridge. Lecturer on Modern History of the Cambridge

University Local Lectures Syndicate. Author of Life of Napoleon I.', Napoleonic

Studies; The Detelopment of the European Nations; The Life of Pitt; &c.

Joseph Jacobs, Lrrr.D.

Professor of English Literature in the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England. Corresponding

Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid. Author of Jew of Angevin

England; Studies in Biblical Archaeology; &c.
Jolius Lewkowitsch, M.A., Ph.d.

Examiner to the City and Guilds of London Institute. Vice-President of Chemical

Society. Member of Council of Chemical Society; Institute of Chemistry; and

Society of Public Analysts. Author of Chemical Technology and Analysis of Oils,

Fats, and Waxes; &c.
John Linton Myres, M.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S. f

\Vykeham Professor of Ancient History in the University of Oxford and Fellow

of Magdalen College. Formerly Gladstone Professor of Greek and Lecturer in J Paphos.

Ancient Geography, University of Liverpool. Lecturer of Classical Archaeology

in the University of Oxford. 1

James Muirhead, LL.D,, (1831-1889).

Scotch Advocate; Professor of Civil Law in the University of Edinburgh, 1862

1880. Author of HistoricoJ Introduction to the Private Law of Rome, and of an edition •{ Patron and Client (tn part).

of the Institutes ofGaius and Rules of Vlpian.
John Macpherson, M A., M.D., M.R.C.S. (1817-1800).

Formerly Inspector-General of Hospitals, Bengal. Author of Tke Baths and Wells J Paranoia.

of Europe, Ac. |

John Malcolm Mitchell.

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Sometime Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Lecturer in Classics, East
College (University of London). Joint-editor of Grote't History of Greece.

East London

James George Joseph Penderel-brodhuxst.
Editor of the Guardian (London).


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Professor of Law in the University of Paris. Officer of the Legion of Honour. J p»riemenL
Member of the Institute of France. Author of Cours iUmentaire dhistoire du droit 1
fran^ais; &C. {

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J Ordnance: Heavy Field and
I Siege Equipments, Garrison
I Mountings

Julian Robert John Jocelyn.

Colonel, R.A. Formerly Member of the Ordnance Committee. Commandant.
Ordnance College, and Commandant, School of Gunnery. Author of Notes on
Tactics and Reconnaissances; &c.

James Richard Tiiursfii.i-d, M.A. |

Honorary Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford. Formerly Dean, Fellow, Lecturer and \ Parnel], Charles Stewart.
Tutor of Jesus College. Author of Peel; &c. I

Jaiies Sutherland Cotton, M.A.

Editor of the Imperial Gazetteer of India. Hon. Secretary of the Egyptian Ex-
ploration Fund. Formerly Fellow and Lecturer of Queen's College, Oxford. Author
of India; &c.

John Thomas Bealby.

Joint-author of Stanford's Europe. Formerly Editor of the Scottish Geopra[tlii.'al
Magazine. Translator of Sven Media's Through Asia. Central Asia and Tibet; &c.

Joseph Thomas Cunningham, M.A., F.Z.S.

Lecturer on Zoology at the South-Western Polytechnic, London. Formerly
Fellow of University College, Oxford. Assistant Professor of Natural History in
The University of Edinburgh. Naturalist to the Marine Biological Association.

The Rev. James Vernon Bartlet, M.A.. D.D.

Professor of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford. Author of The Apostolic
Age; &c.

J. W. Wyatt, A.M.lNST.C.E.

Author of The Art of Making Paper; &c.

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Leonce Benedite.

Keener of the Musec National du Luxembourg. Professor at the Ecole du Louvre, j
President of the Societ6 dcs Peintres Orientalistes francais. Author of Histoirt 1
des Beaux Arts; &c.


Sec the biographical article: Duchesne, L. M. O.

Ludwio Von Pastor, PH.D.

Director of the Austrian Institute of Historical Studies at Rome. Professor of
History and Director of the Historical Seminary in the University of Innsbruck.
Hofrat of the Austrian Empire. Commander of the Order of Francis Joseph; &c.
Author of Geschichte der Pdpste;&c. Editor of the Ada pontificum Romanorum.

Lewis Foreman Day, F.S.A. (1845-1909).

Formerly Vice-President of the Society of Arts. Past Master of the Art Workers'
Gild. Author of Windows: a book about Stained Glass; &c.

Lawrence Johnston Burpee.

Public Librarian of the City of Ottawa. Author of The Search for the Western Sea;
&c. Joint-author of Canadian Life in Town and Country; &c-

Leonard James Spencer, M.A.

Assistant in Department of Mineralogy, British Museum. Formerly Scholar
of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Harkness Scholar. Editor of the
Mincralogical Magazine.

Lewis Richard Farnei.l, M.A., Lrrr.D.

Fellow and Senior Tutor of Exeter College, Oxford: University Lecturer in Classical
Archaeology; Wilde Lecturer in Comparative Religion. Author of CuUs of Greek
States; Evolution of Religion.

Rt. Hon. Snt Mountstuart Elphlnstone Grant Dun, G.C.S.I., F.R.S.


M.I', for the Elgin Burghs, 1857-1881. Under-Secretary of State for India, i -•',-•
1874. Under-Secrctary of State for the Colonies, 1880-1881. Governor of Madras,
1881-1886. President of the Royal Geographical Society, 1889-1893. President
of the Royal Historical Society, 1892-1899. Author of Studies in European Politics;
Notes from a Diary; &c.

Marion H. Spielmann, F.S.A.

Formerly Editor of the Uagatine of Art. Member of Fine Art Committee of Inter-
national Exhibitions of Brussels, Paris, Buenos Aires, Rome and the Franco^
British Exhibition, London. Author of History of "Punch"; British Portrait
Painting to the Opening of the Nineteenth Century; Works of G. F. Watts, A'..-I.:
British Sculpture and Sculptors of I'o-day; Benrielle Kcnncr; &c.

Morris Jastrow, Ph.d.

Professor of Semitic Languages, University of Pennsylvania. Author of Religion
of the Babylonians and Assyrians; &C.

Sot Mancherjee Mfrwanjee Bhownaggree.

Fellow of Bombay University. M.P. for N.-E. Bethnal Green, 1895-1906. Author
of History of the Constitution of Ike East India Company; Sic.

Marcus Niebuhr Tod, M.A.

Fellow and Tutor of Oriel College, Oxford. University Lecturer in Epigraphy.
Joint-author of Catalogue of the Sparta Ui

I Omlchund;
1 Orme.

J Odessa; Onega;
[Orel; Orenburg.

, Ojfter (in part).

( Paplas;

[Paul, the Apostle.

| Paper: Manufacture.

Ophlclelde (m part);
Orchestra; Orchestrion;
Organ: Ancient History;
Organistrum; Pandura;
Parsifal Bell-instrument.

Painting: Modern French.

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