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A carpenter thy father known, thyself
Bred up in poverty and straits at home 415
Lost in a desert here and hunger-bit :

way or from what hope dost thou aspire.
To greatness ? whence authority deriv'st?
What followers, what retinue canst thou gain,
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude,

420 Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost ? Money brings honor, friends, conquest, and realms:


may call them; where the two last ter the verb gain, making favor-
fyllables are redundant. One or able allowances for a little inac.
two from Milton will be sufficient. curacy of expression.
Extolling patience as the truest 422. Money brings honor, friends,
fortitude. Sams. Ag. ver. 655. conquest, and realms :) Mam-

mon in the Faery Queen attempts But this is from the Chorus. Take

the virtue of Sir Guyon with the another from a speech of Dalila's,


B. 2. Cant. 7, ver. 870.

St. Il. Private respects must yield; with grave authority.

Vain-glorious Elf, said he, dost

thou not weet, But an instance of it from Paradise Loft will be most to the purpose,

That money can thy wants at

will supply?

Shields, steeds, and arms, and For folitude sometimes is

all things for thee meet best sócīětý.


It can purvey in twinkling of This reading makes very good And crowns and kingdoms ta sense, and clears the syntax: but thee multiply. most readers, I imagin, rather Do I not kings create, and throw than admit such a Hypercatalectic

the crown verse, will understand the dizzy Sometimes to him that low in multitude as the accusative case afa duft doth lie?


IX. 249.

an eye ;

What rais'd Antipater the Edomite,
And his son Herod plac'd on Judah's throne, 424
(Thy throne) but gold that got him puiffant friends?
Therefore, if at great things thou would'st arrive,
Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap,
Not difficult, if thou hearken to me;
Riches are mine, fortune is in my hand;
They whom I favor thrive in wealth amain,

439 While virtue, valor, wisdom fit in want.

To whom thus Jesus patiently reply'd. Yet wealth without these three is impotent


And him that reign'd into his

427. Get riches first,] Quærenda room thrust down,

pecunia primùm. Hor. Ep. 1. 1. 53. And whom I luft do heap with 429. Riches are mine, &c.] This glory and renown: Calton. temptation we also owe to our au

thor's invention, and 'tis very hap423. What rais'd Antipater the pily contrived, not only as it leads

Edomite, &c.] This appears the reader gradually on to those to be the fact from history. When ftronger ones in the following Josephus introduces Antipater up. book, but as it is fo justly fitted to on the stage, he speaks of him as the character of the Tempter, the abounding with great riches. ding prince of Hell, who was supposed δε τις Υρκαν8 Ιδεμαι, ΑναπατρG- by all antiquity to be the king and aeryoptera, woanwo jeep EUT OPWO xone disposer of riches. Hence was he flictw, . 7. . Antiq. Lib. XIV. fti”d Pluto from wist divitiæ. Cap. 1. And his fon Herod was Spenfer much in the same taste declared king of Judea by the places the delve of Mammon close favor of Mark Antony, partly by the entrance into Hell. Faery for the sake of the money which Queen B. 2. Cant. 7. St. 24. he promised to give him-C Betwixt them both was but a δε και υπο χρηματων ων αυτω Ηρωδης little ftride, TETXETA

ENCEIN £$ WEYOITO Saosevg. That did the house of riches from ibid. Cap. 14.

Hell-mouth divide, Thyer.

4-32, 7

To gain dominion, or to keep it gain'd.
Witness those ancient empires of the earth, 435
In highth of all their flowing wealth diffolv'd:
But men endued with these have oft attain'd
In lowest poverty to highest deeds ;
Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad,
Whose ofspring on the throne of Judah sat 440
So many ages, and shall yet regain
That seat, and reign in Israel without end.
Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world
To me is not unknown what hath been done


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432. To whom thus Jesus &c.] supposes him not to be unacquaintWhen our Saviour, a little before, ed with Heathen history, for the refused to partake of the banquet, fake of introducing a greater vato which Satan had invited him, riety of examples. Gideon faith the line run thus, ver. 378, of himself, Oh, my Lord, wherewith, To whom thus Jesus temp?rately is poor in Manasseh, and I am tbe leaft

hall I save Ifrael? behold my family

? reply'd.

in my father's house. Judges Ví. But now when Satan has reproach- 15. And Jephtha was the son of an ed him with his poverty and low harlot, and his brethren thrust him circumstances, the word is fitly al- out, and said unto him, Thou shalt tered, and the verse runs thus, not inberit in our father's house, for To whom thus Jefus patiently re

thou art the son of a strange woman. ply'd.

Judges XI. 1, 2. And the exalta.

tion of David from a sheep-hook 439. Gideon, and Jephtha, and to a scepter is very well known.

the shepherd lad, ] Our Saviour He chose David also his servant, and is rightly made to cite his first in- took him from the sheep-folds : From Itances from Scripture, and of his following the ews great with young, own nation, which was certainly be brought him to feed Jacob his the best known to him ; but it is people, and Israel his nheritance. with great art that the poet also Plalm LXXVIII. 70, 71.

446. Quina

Worthy' of memorial) canst thou not remember 445
Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, Regulus ?
For I esteem those names of men so

Who could do mighty things, and could contemn
Riches though offer'd from the hand of kings.
And what in me seems wanting, but that I

450 May also in this poverty as soon

Accomplish 446. Quintius, Fabricius, Curius, to be rich, but to command those

Regulus?] Quintius (not Quin- who were so. And Regulus, after tus, as it is in most of the editions performing many great exploits, besides the first) Cincinnatus was was taken prisoner by the Carthatwice invited from following the ginians, and sent with the embasplough to be consul and dictator of fadors to Rome to treat of peace, Rome; and after he had subdued ' upon oath to return to Carthage, if the enemy, when the senate would no peace or exchange of prisoners have enriched him with public should be agreed upon : but Regulands and private contributions, lus was himself the first to dissuade he rejected all these offers, and re- a peace, and chose to leave his tired again to his cottage and old country, family, friends, every course of life. Fabricius could not thing, and return a glorious capbe bribed by all the large offers tive to certain tortures and death, of king Pyrrhus to aid him in ne- rather than suffer the fenate to gotiating a peace with the Ro- conclude a dishonourable treaty. mans: and yet he lived and died Our Saviour cites these instances so poor, that he was buried at the of noble Romans in order of time, public expense, and his daughters as he did those of his own nation : fortunes were paid out of the trea- And as Mr. Calton observes, the fury. Curius Dentatus would not Romans in the most degenerate accept of the lands, which the fe-. times were fond of these (and some nate had affigned him for the re- other like) examples of ancient ward of his victories : and when virtue; and their writers of all the embassadors of the Samnites forts delight to introduce them : offered him a large sum of money but the greatest honor that poetry as' he was sitting at the fire and ever did them, is here, by the roafting turnips with his own praise of the Son of God.

. hands, he nobly refused to take it, faying that it was his ambition not 447. For I efteem &c.] The au


Accomplish what they did, perhaps and more?
Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance if not snare, more apt
To slacken virtue, and abate her edge, 455
Than prompt her to do ought may merit praise.
What if with like aversion I reject
Riches and realms ; yet not for that a crown,


thor had here plainly Claudian in

could contemn mind. De IV. Cons. Honor. 412. Riches though offer'd from the Discitur hinc quantum paupertas

hand of kings, fobria poflit:

if that story be true of his having Pauper erat Curius cum reges been offer'd to be Latin secretary vinceret armis :

to Charles the zd., and of his rePauper Fabricius, Pyrrhi cum fusing it.

fperneret aurum : Sordida Serranus flexit Dictator

453. Extol not riches then, &c.]

Milton concludes this book and aratra : &c.

our Saviour's reply to Satan with And again In Rufinum I. 200. a series of thoughts as noble and Semper inops, quicunque cupit, juft, or, to say all in one word, as

worthy of the speaker as can poscontentus honefto Fabricius parvo fpernebat mune

fibly be imagined : and I think one ra regum,

may venture to affirm, that as the Sudabatque gravi Conful Serra- Paradise Regain'd is a poem en

tirely moral and religious, the exnus aratro, Et cafa pugnaces Curios angufta fo much in bold figures and strong

cellency of which does not confist tegebat. Hæc mihi paupertas opulentior. timents expressed with a becoming

Hæc mihi paupertas opulentior, images, as in deep and virtuous senAnd it is probable that he remem- gravity, and a certain decent maber'd here some of his beloved re- jesty, this is as true an instance of publicans,

the sublime as the battles of the those names of men so poor

Angels in the Paradise Loft.

Thyer. Who could do mighty things

- yet not for that a crown, ] and it is poflible that he might I reject them, yet not for that reaalso think of himself, who

fon, because a crown &c: and in



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