« السابقةمتابعة »
We will describe the form of the frame, that our friends may have it made. A round, about four Inches and a half in diameter is formed very substantially of wire; this forms the base. Another round is made eight inches and a half in diameter. These are covered by wires, which are repeated eight times in the round. First, two wires, three-quarters of Hq inch apart, are placed to eoanect the two rounds. It will be well to put all these sixteen wires on first, at the quarters and half-quarters of the circle. In each of the spaces between two other wires connect tho rounds; but instead of being put straight up, they are bent into n zigzag form, Increasing Id size so as to fill up the space between the wires. Another win is taken and bent into eight points, to form the feet. All these wires must be very closely and securely connected, to make the basket as solid as it should be. A piece of stout cardboard forms the bottom of the basket, and fits in the small ronnd.
The covering of these wires is exceedingly easy. The itgzags are to be closely covered with cerise chenille. Tho pairs of upright wires have white wool wound round them, to connect them. It is done thns; thread a coarse tapestry needle with the wool, bring it over, and once round a wire, then over, aod once round the other of the pairs, all the way up. A piece of chenille is worked up the centre on the inside, and a piece put straight up ou the outside to conceal the stitches. The round of card-board must then bo covered on one side with white and on the other with cerise, and sewed in tho bottom of tho basket with the white side uppermost. A little chenille cord is put all round inside, to coDCeal the stitches. The supports are covered with cerise, and white wound round them, and a cerise chenille cord goes outside the small ronnd. A white gimp, about an inch wide, is put round tho top, and two cords, one of eerise and one of white, complete tho top of the basket.
We also give one or two little games for theentertalnment of oar yonng friends.
TWIRL THB TRENCHER.
A plate being laid on the floor, the leader of the game fives each the name of some bird, and all most take care to remember their different oamm.
She then calls one by her assumed name, and tells her to twirl the trencher, which she must set spinning, and at the same time call one of her companions, who must catch the plate before it falls, or forfeit.
WHAT TS MY THOCOHT LIRE f
Tbe leader of the game having thought of some object, such as the sun, moon, or a flower, asks his companions ".what his thought is like?''
As all are ignorant of what he is thinking about, their answers can of course be but random ones. When he has questioned them all round, they must each glvo a reason why the answers given resemble the thought. Suppose he had thought of a rose, and one of the party had said "his thought was like a little child," the reason given might bo because both are tender and fragile, and muit not be treated roughly. Another might have said "like a piano;*' here the reason might be given because sweetness comes from both. If any one is unable to find any similarity in his answer to tho thought, he must pay a forfeit.
GODEY COME AGAIN.
A SPONTANROCS AND ENTEMPORANEOUS POEM.
A smite breaks through the darkening leer
Of sombre clonds and sober—
*Tls Godey for October.
Twelve times a year wo anxiously look
For Godey's matchless Lady's Book;
Twelve times a year it greets our eyes,
Filling us with delight and surprise.
Of all other books 'tis the peerless Queen—
The ne plus ultra of a magazine;
It elevates, instructs, refines,
With its fairy-like pictures and beautiful lines.
If any lady wishes to dash on,
She must take the Book to be in the fashion;
Or if she wishes to keep in good health,
The Lady's Book Is a mine of wealth.
It drives away blues, ennui, and sadness,
And fills the heart with joy and gladness;
It is a fact, though some may doubt it,
No lady is ablo to be without it;
It should bo on each parlor table or stand.
Throughout the length and breadth of the land.
The price of this book is three dollars a year,
But if you think that's a little too dear
(Bnt if a lady wants something real nice.
It is worth double, yea, thribblo the price),
Just give us a one dollar bill and a two,
And we 'Il send you Godey and tho Democrat, too.
We copy tho following from an English magazine: "The Turkish bath Isgoing out of fashion, not necessarily becanse of the beautiful weather and tho opportunities for sea-bathing afforded by exeursion trains, but becanse there Is a feeling against It. The time consumed in tho operations of the Turkish bath is ono great obstacle to lts popularity; and people, especially those who havo always been addicted to cleanliness, are beginning to feel that if even a shower of something called tho epidermis can be rubbed off, it by no moans follows that it shouUl. This doubt has seized hold on many thinking minds, and the shocking colds and splitting headaches that too frequently follow the extreme treatment of the Turkish bath are manifestations not to be slighted."
The diagram before us shows a board to represent the Game of Fortification. At each intersection of the lines are small holev bored, in which are to be placed forty-thrco small black taeka, such as are Used by upholsterers; or If these are not to be had conveniently, their places may be Buppltcd by grains of corn or coffco, placed tn lino on ono sido of the board, so as to fill up fire of the rows; on the two middle points of tho sixth row aro placed two bnttons, these are the opposing forces. The first move is by the pawns or soldiers, all of which aro to be moved along the linos, always taking care to keep each one fortified by another on every side. Tho object of tho soldiers is to crowd the two pieces into a corner, where they are checkmated or cannot stir, when tho game is won by the soldiers. On tho other band, by jndicious moves, eitherof the two round pieces finding any soldier unsupported by another on at y of
the lines, overleaps him and removes him from the board, and can sometimes by overleaping two, three, or four, at onco capture that many. In consoquence of losses, whon the garrison Is reduced to ten or twelve, their opponents win tho game. Tho soldiers always move towards their adversaries (never backward), and mnst be supported by one at their back or beside them, and aro in extreme danger whon face to face with tho enemy, unless Bo supported. Yours, P.
Simple HAniTa —The Rev. Dr. Trench, the last Archbishop ofTuam, though a wealthy man, was exceedingly slmplo and temperate in his mode of living—a plain joint of meat supplied his dinner. Whenever he saw one of his children about to try a new dish, not tasted perhaps at any time before, ho slways said with a tmile, "Now you are going to croate a want/'
No order attended to unless the cash accompanies it.
All persons requiring answers by mail must send a post-ofllce stamp; and for all articles that are to be soot by mail, stumps must be sent to pay return postage.
Be particular, when writing, to mention the town, county, and State you reside in. Nothing can be made out of post-marks.
Mrs. L. C. G.—Sent braiding pattern for smoking cap December 26th.
Mrs. W. H.—Godenski caps are worn both by girls and boys.
Mrs. A. C—Sent your headdress of quilted silk 26th. Mrs. P. S.—Sout sleeve patterns 26th. Mrs. R. J.—Sent braided jacket pattern for little boy 27th.
Mrs. U. R.—Sent braiding pattern for collar and cuffs 28th.
Miss A. C— Sent pattern Alssa cloak 2Sth. K. A. M.—Sent patterns 2Sth. Miss A. A.—Sent cigar case 30th. Mrs. P. D.—Sent pattern marine jacket 31st. Mrs. M. M. S.—Sent shawl by Adams's express January 3d.
Mrs. P. S.—Sent you the new style of headdress 3d.
Miss T. B.—Sent puttern of French street jacket 3d.
Miss A. M.—Sent smoking cap 4th.
Miss P. I.—Sent net for hair 4th.
Mrs. C. T. A.—Sent photograph portraits 4th.
Bfrs. V. G.—Sent Garibaldi suit for little girl 4th.
Mrs. A. R. C—Sent Marine jacket 4th.
Miss M. A. B —Sent hair breastpin 6th.
A. P.—Sent hair fob chain 6th.
Mrs. A C—Garibaldi shirts are very fashionable, and generally made of merino or flannel.
Miss H. W. M —Sent tatting 7th.
Mrs. 8 L.—Sent Godenski skating cap 7th.
Mrs. A. R. G.—Sent crochet sock for infant 7th.
Mrs. W. H. F.—Sent Eugenie jacket pattern 8th.
T. S. B — Cloak pattern 8th.
Mrs. M. N. M.—Sent pattern Epernon cloak 8th.
Mrs. W. H. L.—Sent opera hoods 8th.
P. J. C —Sent pattern Cleopatra jacket fith.
Mrs. D. F. P.—Sent your sleeping cushion to hang on the back of a chair 9th.
Mrs. R. J.—Sent braiding pattorn for tidy 9th.
L. M. R.—Sent hair ring 9th.
Mrs. T. McL.TC Braiding Is very fasblonablo for children's clothing; also for chairs and tidies.
Miss L A. M.—Sent photograph portraits 10th.
Mrs. J. J. L — Sant crochet cap and sack for infant 10th.
Mrs. G. H.—Sent braided jacket pattern for your little boy 11th.
Miss H. E. B.—Sent photograph portraits of the Generals 11th.
Mrs. G. C. E —Sent ribbon, Ac., 11th. Mrs. C. J. P.—Sent cloak pattern 13th. Mrs. J. L.—Sent braiding pattern for chair 13th. Mrs. E. E. D.—Sent photograph portraits 13th. Mrs. J. S. K.—Sent hair bracelet 14th. Mrs. D. A.—Sent hair stnds 14th. Miss S. P. R.—Sent photographs 14th. Mrs. E. P. M.—Sent worsted and thread 15th. Mrs. A. B.—Sent pattern Marine jacket 16th. Mrs. C. B. H.—Sent stamped l for Infant's blanket s.
Mrs. E P — Sent headdress 20th.
Mrs. J. G.— Sent crochet caps for your little girls 20th.
Mrs. H. B.—Sent Eugenie jacket pattern 21st.
Mrs. C. L. G.—All the now headdresses encircle the head Hke a wreath, as in fig. 4, February number.
Mrs. M. L.—Sent pattern of French promenade jacket 23d.
Mrs. H. L.—Sent Godenski caps 23d.
Mrs. L. P.—Yes, we can givo you directions for a brioche to he done in crochet. They are the newest, and very pretty.
H. A. DREE R's—SEEDSMAN—ANSWERS TO HIS CORRESPONDENTS.
The Qazania Spltndens is one of our newest and best bedding plants, blooms during the whole summor and autumn, and is readily propagated from cuttings. Price 23 cents each.
Canna S'-«l?.— The seeds will germinate much more freely by scalding them, or soaking them in hot water about twenty-four hours before planting.
Cuttings.-—Pure sand is the best for rooting cuttings, especially of soft-wooded plants. We are now experimenting with a new method of striking cuttings, by keeping about one luch of water constantly above the sand, in water-tight dishes, instead of pots. Petunias, Verfmia.?, and Fuchsias have rooted firmly by this method. Wo shall give our experience In a subsequent number of tho Lady's Book.
LESSON XX.—(Continued,) 466. Ammonia—Moisten some freshly-burned quicklime with a little water. The lime will crumble to powder, or, in other words, become slacked. Mix equal parts of this slacked limo and sal-ammoniac. Put the mixture into a small retort, and apply heat. A pungent odor will be recognizable; from the evolution of ammonia in the form of gas. Ammonia being greedily absorbed by water, forming liquor ammoniae or hartshorn, cannot be collected over that liquid. If desired quite free from admixture with atmospheric air, it most be collected in a puenmatic-trough which contains mercury instead of water. For our purpose, however, it will suffice to collect It by way of displacement. Being a somewhat light gas, however, the delivery tubo must point upward, thus. We may easily know whun the
bottle is filled by bringing near to its mouth a glass rod, dipped in hydrochloric acid (spirit of salt, or muriatic arid), when dense fumes of sal-ammoniac will appear; or a slip of originally blue litmus-paper, reddened by the fumes of hydrochloric acid.* Collect several bottles full of this gas, closing them either by stoppers or glass valves.
467. Invert a bottle over water, and agitate. Remark how tho water rises. If the bottle were originally quite filled with ammonia, it will become now quite full of water; and the solution will be hartshorn.
* Alkalies turn this paper blue.
468. Supposing It desired to make a solution of hartshorn at once, the materials might have been mixed with water, and distilled ; or the following device may be adopted. Into a deep . wine or ale glass pour quicksilver up to a. Then fill tho glass with water; canse the delivery-tube to plu nge beneath tta e mercu ry, and force over the gas. By this means the water employed can never come into contact with the end of the tube. Place the solution aside for investigation hereafter.
409. Instead of lime, add to some sal-ammoniac in a glass test-tube a little potash (potassa fusa), or potash solution (liquor potassa,*); apply heat as before, and remark how ammonia, as evidenced by its peculiar odor, Is evolved. Kemember, generally, that ull salts of ammania are dt composed by heating with potash. Hence, supposing it dosired to liberate ammonia from any substance holding it in combination, heat the substance with potash.
470. Put a little muriate of ammonia (sal-ammoniac) into an iron spoon, apply the heat of a spirit-lamp flame, and remark how the sal-ammoniac becomes volatilized. Most salts of ammonia, when sufficiently heated, sublime unchanged ; and no salt of ammonia, even if partially fixed, when thus treated, can retain its ammonia.
471. Finally, let us recapitulate the tests for ammonia: (a) Its peculiar smell, (b) It fomes when brought in contact with the vapors of hydrochloric acid, (c) It changes yellow turmeric paper to brown, and restores litmus-paper, which has been reddened by an acid, to its original blue; both results disappearing as soon as the respective papers are warmed; thus proving the alkali to be volatile, (d) It forms salts, from which ammonia may be liberated by contact, under application of heat with potash or lime, or soda; and (e) lastly, it may not only be demonstrated to exist, but maybe separated and quantitatively estimated by means of bichloride of platinum (340).
472. Ammonia Is an universal result of heating any soft animal body, except fat, in a close vessel. Put a bit of flannel or of feather into a test-tube, apply a spiritlamp flame, and demonstrate that ammonia is evolved by means of—(1) reddened litmus-paper; (2) of yellow turmeric paper; and (3) a glass rod dipped into hydrochloric acid.
473. Collect the ammonia thus evolved; for which, purpose, proceed as follows. Repeat the arrangement of test-tubo and feather, with this addition: append a cork and small tube thus: and cause all the volatilized matter to pass through some hydrochloric acid, placed In a wine-glass. The operation will require to be doxterously managed, In order to prevent theacid from rushing back into tho tube. By this treatment, the ammonia will be dissolved in the acid, and hydrocblorate of ammonia will result. Into this solution of hydrocblorate of ammonia, pour bichloride of* platinum, then add alcohol, when the distinctive t pound of chloride of platinum with sal-ammoniac (343) will fall. Supposing the analysis to bo quantitative, the platinum compound has only to be collected, and weighed: every 225 parts of it contain 17 parts exactly of ammonia (333).
In the preceding experiment the ammonia has actually been goueraled by the process of combustion. Let as now vary tho analysis by operating upon a substance actually containing ammonia. Wo will take guano for this purpose. Put about a teaspoonful of guano Into a •mail flask—not a tube like the preceding, because the mixture to bo made froths so much that a portion would come over; add some liquor potasse; adapt a bent tube, apply heat; pass the liberated volatile matters through hydrochloric acid; add bichloride of platinum, and demonstrate, as before, tho existence of ammonia. We have described a simple wineglass as the recipient for hydrochloric acid In the preceding experiments; but a far more convenient piece of apparatus would bo that usually employed, which is a bulbed glass vessel of the following shape:—
Wb are happy to say that even in this unfavorable season the American taste is turning towards a more substantial and artistic style of holiday and anniversary gifts than the boubons and jewelry of the past few years. Not a few lovely little pislures flnd their way from the galleries into pleasaul homes, and portfolios, containing photographs of good pictures, or large framed engravings, are also In demand. Pew can afford really good oil-pictures, while the many, who waste money upon mirror-frames and patchwork chairs, can afford line engravings, which give their spirit and life. The taste is reiined, and Imagination kindled, by a perpetual surrounding of these gentle and lovely creations; and no home looks to us so bright, so home-like, as that which evinces such advances of correct and elevated ,taste. Only try it—give up the set of showy lace-curtains, or the new oval mirrors for this year, and expend the sum in good engravings for these now empty, voiceless walls. See if you are not satisfied with the investment as the year comes round. The very books you have so carefully gathered in the little library, or tho cheerful sittingroom, seem to enjoy their new neighbors, and to be brightened by them.
We find some of the pictures of the present season thus described:—
''The Musfe Gottpfl consists of several hundred small photographs, from original pictures of Delaroche, Dedrenx, ScheQVr, Lassalle, Vidal, Murillo, Titian, and others. Then there are the costly engravings of the 'Conception,' rare proofs of Thoscl and Morghen. a new invoice of that touching Marhjre Chrltisnne, which, by the way, should be called the Martyrdom of St. Snlpice, for in this work, as in all others of the great artist, Dela roc ho, there was a special purpose—an historical subject, conscientiously carried out to the end. Very cheap and very charming are two new lithographs from Vtlre, 'Going to School,'and 'Christmas Evo.' 'Phryne devant le Tribunal' is a faithful photographic copy from Girome's most celebrated picture in the late Paris Expo
sition. Equally remarkable are several transcripts from Melssonnier."
FASHION ITEMS FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
Thbbe are cashmere shawls of a new description: those of one color prove their last year's date; the new ones are covered all over with a dosign of palms, or with medallions of bright colors; sometimes the pattern is broad stripes of white and black, or red or blue.
The looms of our celebrated lace-maker, Violard, have fabricated exquisitely beautiful Point tie BruxtUss, Point d'Anyleterre, and Point d'Alencons tunics, to be worn over the short upper skirt of either tulle, crape, or satin, for ball-dresses. The lower part of the second jape is trimmed with boulllonnes, or narrow flounces, of either crape or tulle. The cashmere shawls, which I have described above, are flounced with tho guipure or Chantllly lace, from Violard, No. 4, Rue de Cfutvscul.
The walking and carriage-robes, for the spring, will generally be of plain taffetas, decorated up to the knee with small flounces and chicorie ruches, or else a perfectly plain skirt, having within three or four inches of the edge a velvet band, varying in width from a quarter to a half-yard. The corsage is plain, pointed, and fastened in front with large velvet buttons; Iks sleeves are square, and bordered by a broad velvet, and on the top of the sleevo there is a velvet rosette.
As trimming for the front of skirts the VUledeLyon has some articles quite out of tho common way, and really artistic; a bunch of grapes, for instance, accompanied by lace and jot, of graduated dimensions, the same bunch of grapes with green leaves and purple fruit, a cordon of roses, the very ne plus ultra of perfection, and as simple trimmings, something quite new; squaro velvet covered with jet, and round buttons covered with crochot embroidery. In crochet embroidery there are also stomachers and aprons for the fronts t'f skirts. Very wido black silk sashes, with droopin< loops and long fringed ends, are put at tho side of the waist.
The novelties in silks Inclnde some of Lyons manufacture, having the two sides of different colors. They aro rich in texture, and are called goieries d double face. Theso new silks aro much used in Paris for paletots, burnouses, and robes de chambre. One side of tho silk is generally black, and the other of some bright color, as, for instance, violet or yellow.
Tho new colors, Visurt and capucine (orange and cinnamou-brown), will, of course, give place to softer tints as the spring opens. Lobelia or azurllno blue, tourquoise blue, and June or Pomona green, with a paid shade of water, or sea-green, with new shades of mauve, will be the most popular.
A novelty of recent creation, by a Parisian modiste, of high repute, is a combination of the Medici waisthands with braces, with long ends, to which are attached little pockets. This little ornament is very graceful for A young girl, and may be arranged to suit any toilet.
The most fashionable trimming for rich, dark silks, intended for full dress, is of velvet and jet, mixed with lace. We have seen some very pretty designs in clusters of fruits and bunches of flowers, mixed with foliage. Fruits in chenille have an excellent effect upon tho fronts of satin dresses. Ribbon is put on in tho Greek pattern at tho bottom of dresses and round mantles. Ribbon is also much used in appliqui upon cloth and velvet. Knots of cord, with balls and tassels, forming patterns in relief, arc appearing; also bands of cut and