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Learn how öneir greatest monuments of fame,
696. Strength = of strength ? or how their strength ? — 698-9. Age .. innumerable. It took 360,000 men nigh 20 years to build one pyramid. 700. Cells that were prepared by them for this purpose. — 702. Sluiced, conducted in fumes ? — 703. Founded, melted (Lat. fundĕre, to pour ; Fr. fondre, to melt). — 704. Bullion (Fr. bouillir, to boil), boiling. Keightley makes bullion metallic. Others make it fr. Lat. bulla, a knob, seal, or stamp, and 'bullion dross, the uncoined ball or mass of gold.'. 706. Various, variously wrought? Note the different bands of workmen simultaneously engaged. — 709. Sound-board, a long box above the wind-chest, divided by thin partitions into grooves that run from the front to the back, conveying the win to the different rows of pipes. The great temple is now finished, but is wholly underground !. – 710. Anon, etc. These gigantic beings lift the shining structure to its place! In 1637 Milton may have witnessed, in a court-masque in London, the following scene : “The earth opened, and there rose up a richly-adorned palace, seeming all of goldsmith's work, with porticos vaulted on pilasters . . . above these ran an architrave, frieze, and cornice a peristylium of two orders, Doric and Ionic.” The
ped, 1698, quoted by Todd. -- 711. Exhalation. Points on Temple. Prof. Himes well points out the wond Pantheon. See in our Introduction the extract
Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
Paradise Lost ; see also our representation of the Pantheon. Pilasters, square columns usually set in a wall with a fourth or fifth of the diameter projecting. – 714. Doric. The Pantheon has Corinthian pillars ? Doric are more suitable for a council hall ? — 715. Architrave, the great beam resting on the pillars. — 716. Cornice, the moulded projection above the frieze, which last is just above the architrave. See illustrations of architecture in the books. Bossy, in relief. — 717. Fretted (A. S. fraetwian, to adorn ; or Ital. fratto, broken, or ferrata, window-grating). 718. Great Alcairo, Memphis. --- 720. Serapis, a god typifying the Nile and fertility, by some identified with Osiris. See note on 1. 478. – 723. Her stately highth being fixed ? Some explain by saying fixed as to her stately height. See l. 92. – 724. Folds (= Lat. valvo, leaves or folds of a door). Discover, etc. Disclose ample spaces within ! – 725. Within, adverb modified by wide ? --- 727. Pendent row of lanıps. — 728. Cressets, open vessels, jars, or cages, in which tarred ropes, etc., are burnt for beacon lights ; hence such lights themselves ; any great lights. Fr. croisette ? — 729. Naphtha, a limpid, bituminous, highly inflammable liquid. Asphaltus, native bitumen, compact, brittle, combustible. -- 730. As from a sky. The Pantheon is lighted from the sky by a round opening 26 feet in diameter in the centre of the roof. — 732. Architect. Does Milton identify Mammon with Mulciber? Masson and nearly or quite all the critics but Professor Himes
In heaven by many a towered structure high,
750 With his industrious crew to build in hell.
Meanwhile the winged haralds by command
say yes. — 736. Gave, permitted. Perhaps 'gave to rule' is a Latinism.737. Hierarchy (Gr. iepós, sacred ; åpxń, rule), sacred rank ? sacred principality ? -— 739. Ausonian, poetic for Italian. — 740. Mulciber (Lat. mulcēre, to soften. Because fire softens metals? or softens human hardships ?), Vulcan, god of fire, worker in metals for the gods. See Class. Dict. Fell. Having tried to loosen the iron anvils fastened to his mother Juno's feet by Jupiter, he was seized by the foot and flung from heaven! Iliad, I. 591, etc. - 742. Sheer (A. S. sceoran, to separate; scîr, clear, clean-cut. Wedgewood says, “The fundamental signification seems to be shining, then clear, bright, pure, clean"), completely. From morn, etc. Note how beantifully the time is lengthened out. — 746. Lemnos, etc. The metre. with the stress on 24 syl. of Agwan, represents the concussion ? in the Archipelago. Lemnos is volcanic? They, the old Rout, rabble, gang; originally the noise of such mob. (Lat. ingenia, inventiveness), contrivances, instrumentalit alds. Milton's spelling. Sovran (It. sovrano), sovereigy.
A solemn council forthwith to be held
crowd Swarmed and were straitened ; till, the signal given,
- 756. Pandemonium (Gr. râv, pan, all; Saluwv, daimūn, demon), hall of all the demons, as Pantheon is hall of all the gods? Milton either coined the word or gave it currency. — 758. Squarèd regiment (Lat. quatuor, four; ex, out; quadra, square; Fr. escadron, squadron of cavalry), squadron, regiment in orderly array. — 763. Covered field. The hall, vast as it was, was covered like a tilt-yard. Storr. Milton does not quite compare the hall to an enclosed field ’ (champ clos). It is too vast for that! Yet it is covered. Let us rise to Milton's conception; not imagine for a moment that he blundered on the meaning of champ clos. — 764. Wont, were accustomed to. Soldan's (It. Soldano), Sultan's. — 765. Panim (Lat. pagus, country district ; Fr. pais, pays), pagan. — 766. Mortal, etc.; i. e. either a combat à l'outrance, to the death ; or career (carrière) etc., merely breaking a lance.' — 767. Swarmed, i. e. gates, porches, hall. — 768. As bees, etc. Beautifully expanded from Homer and Virgil, 11. II. 87, etc., Æn. I. 430, etc.. Georg. IV. 21. – 769. With Taurus rides. For a month his chariot is passing through that constellation ? — 774. Expatiate, walk about engaged in conversation. Confer, discuss. — 776. Streitened. Origin
Behold a wonder! they but now who seemed
and meaning?.- 780. Pygmean. See l. 575.—781. Indian mount, the Himalayas ? Faery elves, .elves of fairy land.' — 783-4. Sees, etc. Aut videt aut villisse putat, either sees or thinks he has seen. Æneid, VI. 453. – 785. Arbitress, witness and umpire. Nearer. The old belief was that incantations could draw the moon down from the sky. So stated in Virg. Ecl. viii. 69 ; Horace Epod. V., etc. — 790. Reduced. Those who accept the Scriptures (as Mark v., Luke xi. 26, etc.) need no argument to make them admit the possibility of this. — 795. Conclave (Lat. con, together; clavis, key), alluding, possibly, to the Roman conclave of cardinals sitting in privacy to clect a pope? Recess, retreat. - 796. Frequent and full. Close-packed and all occupied ? or, numerous seats all filled ? — 798. Consult. Usually supposed to be accented here on the last syllable. Dryden so uses and accents
as a noun.