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Insulting, and pursued us through the deep,
his wrath may find
wrath burnt after them to the bottomless pit.” VI. 864, 865, 866. — 82–84. Should we destruction. Moloch puts this into the mouth of a second objector, and then answers it? Supply the implied words. — 85. Worse destroyed than now? — 87. Utter. Extreme ? or outer, j. e. outside of heaven ? I. 72. -- 89. Exercise (Lat. exercère, drive, plague), harass. -- 90. Vassals. Bentley would read vessels, quoting Rom. ix. 22 ; but ‘vassals' is better. See 252. (Welsh gwas, a youth, a page, a servant.) Milton uses the words, 'vassals of perdition,' in one of his earliest prose works. 91. Torturing hour is Shakespearian. Hamlet, I. 5 ; Mid. N. Dream, V. 1. Milton believed the punishment of the devils, like the remorse of bad men, to be more intense at some times than at others. We should look beneath the surface for these analogies. -- 92. More; i. e. if more. Thus. As we now are? - 93. Abolished, annihilated. --- 94. What doubt we. On account of what! why? (Lat. quid dubitamus, what, i. e., why, hesitate we?) So repeatedly in Shakes., as Jul. Cæs. II. 1. 123, “What need we any spur?" -97. Essential, essence. Adjective for subst., as often in Shakes. ; e. g. caviare to the general.' Ham. II. 11. 458. — 98. Miserable, etc. In misery
On this side nothing; and by proof we feel
He ended frowning, and his look denounced
peers, As not behind in hate, if what was urged,
to have eternal being?— 100. At worst, in the worst possible condition ?-104. Fatal, sustained by fate? Does Milton seemingly attribute to the devils the origin of the idea of fate as a power separate from Deity ? Fate (Lat. fatum, spoken, fr. fari, to speak) is that which is spoken or decreed by Deity ? Classical idea of fate ?- 105. Revenge. How much is compressed into this one ringing word! What passions and sentiments are uppermost in him? See the description of him in Book I.–106. Denounced (Lat. denuntiare, to announce threateningly), threatened. — 109. Belial, etc. The stormy Moloch is followed by Belial, as the wrathful Achilles (Iliad, 1, 247, etc.) was followed by the mild-voiced Nestor,' from whose lips 'flowed words sweeter than honey.' Act. Behavior? or deeds ? or gesture? Humane (Lat. humanus), polished, cultured. – 113. Dropt manna. “Drop anna in the way of starved people.' Shakes. Mer. Venice, V. 1. (Heb. manna, a gift. The taste was ‘like wafers made with honey.' (Exod. xvi. 31.) Make the worse, etc. This was the business of the sophists, according to Plato, who uses the exact original of these words. -- 114. Reason. Meaning ? To, so as to ? Dash, confound, strike down. -- 117. Pleased, etc. Contrast his speech with Moloch's. See description of Belial in Book I. Does he comply with the rhetoricians' rule that the exordium should conciliate the audience ? — 120. Hate. The key-note ? Which
Main reason to persuade immediate war,
of the seven deadly sins,' if any, does this speaker typify? — 123. Conjecture, uncertainty, doubt. Success, result, issue, as in 1. 9? — 124. In fact of arms, Fr. en fait d'armes. See I, 537. – 127. Scope, etc. This is an ingenious misstatement of the position of Moloch, whose great aim was not annihilation, but revenge. “Scope,' fr. Gr. okértOuai, skeptomai, to look; OKOTÓs, skopos, mark, target. – 130. All access, every way of approach. Accent 2d syl. of • access' as in I. 761. - 131. Deep. Chaos ? On the deep. Chaos is an ocean, 892. — 132. Obscure, accented repeatedly on first syl. in Shakes. — 133. Scout (Lat. auris, ear ; auscultare, to give ear to, listen ; Fr. écouter, to listen), go out swiftly to reconnoitre. — 135. By force. Observe how Belial grapples step by step with Moloch's arguments. To what is this passage, 134-137, responsive ? – 138. All, wholly. Incorruptible. Rom. i. 23. -– 139. Mould, substance, fiery essence (of the throne ? or of the bodies of angels ?). — 141. Her. As in Book I. 592, to avoid its. — 142. Hope is, etc. ; i. e. according to
And that must end us; that must be our cure, 145
Chained on the burning lake ? That sure was worse. Moloch, 1. 94-97. – 146. Who would lose. The reader will not fail to note the touching pathos of the next four lines. — 147. Thoughts that wander. Like πολλάς οδούς ελθόντα φροντίδος πλάνοις, travelling many paths in wanderings of thought (Sophocles Oedip. Rex, 67). See Claudio's, “ Aye, but to die and go we know not where,” etc. Shakes. Meas. for Meas. III. 1; also Gray's Elegy, st. 22, “For who, to dumb forgetfulness a prey," etc. – 156. Belike, for, it may be like; i. e. perhaps, forsooth. Irony? Impotence, inability to control himself. Unaware of the consequences. -- 159. Endless. Modifies punish? or whom? Wherefore, etc. What does this part of Belial's speech answer in Moloch’s ? — 164. Note the climax. — 165. What (say you of our condition) when, etc. Or is 'what'a mere interjection? Amain (A. S. mågn, force), with all our might (or, possibly with all speed). Strook, old form of struck. — 166. Afflicting. See note, I. 186. — 170. Breath, etc.
What if the breath that kindled those grim fires,
In Isaiah xxx. 33, “The breath of the Lord kindles" the fire of Tophet. 174. His. Whose? Red right hand. Like Horace's rubente dextera. Odes, I. II. Why 'red' ? - 175. Her; i. e. of hell ? — 176. The commentators have not mentioned the traces in this passage of Lear's tremendous ravings, “You cataracts and hurricanoes, spout,'' etc. King Lear, Act III. sc. II. 180, 181, 182. Very similar is the death of Ajax Oileus, 'caught up in tempest,' 'impaled on a sharp rock,' etc. Æn. I. 44, 45. — 182. Racking (Dutch racke, a frame to torture by stretching; akin to Lat. stringere ? Eng. stretch ?) tormenting ; as blown with restless violence, etc. Shakes. Meas. for Meas. III. 1 ; so Virg. Æn. VI. 740, 741, “Some souls, suspended, are spread out to the empty winds.” — 184. Converse (Lat. conversări, abide), live, dwell, commune ? - 185. Note the fine effect of repeating the prefix un. So,
‘Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified.' V. 899.
Unknelled, uncoffined, and unknown.' Byron.