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As well in Cristendom Ks in Hetheneflfe,

And ever honoured for his worthinesses' 50

At Alisandre he was whan it was wonrie t- ■
Ful often time he hadde the bord begonne
Aboven alle nations in Pruce:
In Lettowe hadde he reysed and in Ruce,

$r. Ji. At Alisandre] Alexandria in Egypt was won (and .immediately after abandoned) in 1365 by Pierre tie LusignanKing of Cyprus. The fame prince, soon after his accession to the throne in 1351, had taken Satalie, the ancient AttaKa j and in another expedition, about 1367, he made himself mailer of the town of Layasin Armenia. Compare 11 Memoiresur les owv,* rages de GuiHaum: de "Macb&ut. Acad. des Inf. t. xx. p. 416", 432, and Memoirs fur la vie de Philippe de Maizieres,t. xvii. pi 493. Sec alifo Fre^Trtrr, v. hi. p. xi. Walsingham men Hon* the taking of Alexandria, [p. 180 J and adds, *' Interfnerunt ** autem huic captioni cum rege Cvprjsc plures Anglic! et A*' quitanici, referente* tarn in Angliam quam in Aquitaniam "pannos aureoset holoferictis, splcndorefqucgemmarum ex** oticoB, in teftimontum tantæ victoriae."

^. $z, he hadde the bord begonne-—in Pruce.~] He had been placed at the head of the tables the usual compliment to extraordinary merit, as the commentators very properly explain it. When our military men wanted employment it was usual for them, to go and serve in Pruse or Prussia with the Knights of theTeutonick order, who were in a iia^e of constant warfare with their Heathen neighbours in Lettowe, (Lithuania) Ruse, (Russia) and elsewhere. APagan king of Lettowe is mentioned by Walsingham, p. 180, 343.

■ty. 54. reysed} This is properly a German word. Kilian in v. Reyfeiiy "iterfacere—etGer. mil! tare, faeereftipendium."* Theeditions (except M.) and several mss. have changed it into ridden, which indeed seems to have been used by Chaucer in the tame sense ver. 48.

No Criflen man so ofte of his degre: r 5$.

In Gernade at the siege eke hadde he be

Of Algefir, and ridden in Belmarie:

At Leyes was he, and at Satalie,

Whan they were wonne; and in the Crete fee

At many a noble armee hadde he be. 60

fy. 56*. In Gernade] The city of Algezir was taken from the Moorish King of Granada in 1344. Mariana, [1. xvi. c. 11J among other persons of distinction who came toaslistat the siege in 1 343, names particularly ** de Inglaterra, con licentia del ■* Rey Eduardo, los Condes de Arbid, y de Soluzber," which I suppose we may safely interpret to mean tile Earls of Derby and Salisbury. Knighton fays that the Earl ofDerby was there-, X Script. 2583.';

■fy. 57« in Belmarie:] I cannot find any country of this name in any authentick geographical writer. Froi start [V. iv. c. X3J feekonsit among the kingdoms of Africa; "Thunes,Bov£ie, ** Maroch, BeUanarinc, Trcmessen j" and Chaucer [v. 177i,3 speaks of it as producing lions. The battle of Benamarin, mentioned in Sir M. Gourney's epitaph, is said by a late author os Vtage de K/panna, p. 7 3» n. 1, to have been so called " por ha*' ber quedado vencido en ell.i Albohacen, Rey de MaTruccos, •* del linage de Abcn Marin." Perhaps, therefore, the dominions of that family in Africa might be called abusively Benamarin, and by a further corruption Belmarie.

■fy. 59. tbe Gretesce] This is generally understood to meaa the Pontus Euxinus; but I doubt whether the name of Mare Maggiore was given to that sea by any other nation beside the Italians. Sir John Mandevillc, p. 89, calls that part of the Mediterranean which washes the coast of Palestine "the Grate ** fee," an appellation which it might possibly have acquired there to distinguish it from the two inland seas (as they were improperly styled) the sea of Tiberias and the Dead sea.—la mf. T. it is tbe Grtkijb see, a reading to which I should have had no objection iff had found it confirmed by any better nis. In the middle ages the Mediterranean sea from Sicily to Cyprus

At mortal bataillcs hadde he hen fiftene,
And foughten for our faith at Tramiffene
In listes thries, and ay slain his so.

This ilke worthy Knight hadde ben also Sometime with the Lord of, Pa la tie 65

Agen another Hethen in Turkie,
And evermore he hadde a sovereine pris,
And though that he was worthy he was wife,
And of his port as meke as is a mayde.
He never yet no vilanie ne fayde 70

In alle his lif unto no manere wight:
He was a ver ay par sit.gcnr.il knight.

But for to tellen you of his araie,
His hors was good, but he ne was not gaie.
Of fustian he wered a gipon 75

Aile besmotred with his habergeon,
For he was late yconie fro his viage,
And wente for to don his pilgrimage.

was sometimes called Mare GTrccum, Uovcd. p. 709. SoBr.icton speaks of Essoigns, " de ultra et de citra Marc GHCcc-rum," i. v. tr. I, c. 3. The fee cf Grece is used in the same sense l>y

Chaucer himself, ver. 48S4. And in Isitmbras, sol. 130; b.

"Tyl he come to the Grekes see."

^r. 60. nobk armu\ I have printed this as the most intelligible reading, though 1 am not quite satisfied with it; the mi!'. liave armc, aryve, and ryi'tr.

*•. «;. the r.ord ofPa'jtie] Palathia in Anatolia, Sf. The nature of his lordlhip may be explained from FroiJT. v. iii. c. 22.; he gives an account there of several Hauts Barons in those parts vhokept posseslion of their lands paying a tribute to the Turk; he names particularly le Sire de Sathalie, le Sire de la Paliec, ft le Sire de Haute-Loge.

With him ther was his sone, a yonge Squier,
A lover, and a lusty bacheler, 80

With lockes crull as they were hide in preffe;
Of twenty yere of age he was I gesse.
Of his stature he was of even lengthe,
And wonderly deliver, and grete osstrengthe;
And he hadde be sometime in chevachie 85

In Flaundres, in Artois, and in PicarcUe,
And borne him wel, as of so fitel space,
In hone to stonden in his ladies grace.

Embronded was he, as it were a mede
Alle full of fresfhe floures white and rede; o<3

Singing he was or fioyting alle the day;
He was as fresfhe as is the moneth of May:
Short was his goune, with sieves long and wide;
Wcl coude he sitte on hors, and fayre ride;

y. S4. deliver] Nimbi:; so below, ver. 15412, deli'verfy^ nimbly: the word is plainly formed from the Fr. libre. The Italians ufe/uelto otfciolto in the some fense.

V- 85. in cbeihubie\ Cbcuaucbe'e, French. It most properly means an expedition with a small party of cavalry,but it. often nfed generally for any military expedition. Hollinlhed calls it a rode.

f. 89. F.mbroudtd] Embroidered, from the Ft. brodcrt originally border.

v7. 9i..Haytins] Playing on the flute; so in U. ¥. ui. 133,

And many a finite and lillyng home

Ami pipes made of grene come 'Hie first syllable for a time retained the broad sound of its 0* ripinal. See Du Canget Flautct. Kilian, flvyte, In some copies it i» changed to Jtoiv:ing.

He coude songes make, and wel endite, 95

Jsste and eke dance, and wel pourtraie and write:
So hote he ioved, that by nightertale
He fiep no more than doth the nightingale:

Curtei* he was, lowly and fervisable,
And cars before his fader at the table. 100

A Yeman hadde he, and servantes no mo At that time, for him luste to ride so,

■fr. 97. nightertale} Night-time, from the Sax. nibtern J<rl% noSi'urn.1 portiu. Lydgate uses nigi:t:rtyme. Traged. sol. 14.1, b. 1Srt, b.

-fr. 100. And cars before bis fader} The practice of squirei {of the highest quality) carving at their fathers' tables lias been fully llluftratedbyM.de StcPalaye, Ac.de* Inset, xx. p. 604.

ir. 101. A Yeman badde be} The late editions call this character the Squire's Yeman, but impropevly; the pronoun be relates to the Knight. Chaucer would never have given the son an attendant when the father had none. Yeman, or yeoman, is an abbreviation of yeongeman, asyoutheis ofyeongthe. Young men being molt usually employed in service, servants liave, in many languages, been denominated from the single circumstance of age, as -cra/c, fuer,garcon, boy, grome. As a title of service or office Yoman is used in the ftat. 37 Edward III. c. 9 and 11, to denote a servant of the next degree above a garfon or groom; and at this day in several departments of the royal household the attendants are distributed into three classes of Serjeants or Squiers,Yeomen and Grooms. In the household of the Mayor of London some officers of the rank of Yeoman are (till, I believe, called Young Men. See Chamberlain's State of Gr. Brit.—In the statute 20 R. II. c. 2, Yoman and Vadletz are synonymous terms. The Chanone't Yeman, who is introduced below, ver. 16030, is a common servant. Stse also ver. 2770. The title of Yeoman was given, in a secondary sense, to people os middling rank, not in service..

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