« السابقةمتابعة »
3Lo Grenewich, ther many a slirew is inne: $$0$ It were al time thy Tale to begin tic.
Now, sires, quod this Olcwold the Revet I pray you alle that ye not you greve Though I ans were, and somdel set his howve, for leful is with force force off to (howve. 39IO
This dronken Miller hath ytold us here
} pray to God his necke mote to-breke.
i have supposed slut this means halfway pa&prime, about half hour after seven A. M. the half way between prime and terec In the fictitious Midus tenendl Parliamcntum (a hook not much older than Chancer) ** Hora mediae prim*" seems to be used in the fame sense, c." dc diebus et aoris Parliament!."Mt. Cot* ton, Ncro%B. ri. On common days *• Parliamcntum debet in
•* choari hora mediæ primæ in diebus seftivis hora primi
** propter divimim fervitium." In a contemporary French translation ot this treatise, vaS.Harl. 30 J, *' hora medtic primx" is rendered " a la my ueure le prime;" in an old Englilh ver* fion,ms. /far/. 930, the our e of my d pry me; and in another, mi". Harl. 1509, midde prime time. Our Author uses prime \orgt% ver. 10674,to signify that prime was considerably patt. , "v". 3909. set bit bourve'] Hishoodrsoin S"r. b. Hi. 77J,aa baiwe above a caul signifies a hood over a cap. And in P. P. sol. 4, Serjeants at law are described in bonnes offdki but in sol. 16, it it said,
Shal no Sergeant for hit scivice were naJHkc hide. Both words seem to be derived from the Teut. boos J, a head. —Hood and cap being equally coverings for the head, to set a man's boune is the fame as to set hi* cap. Sec n. on ver. 5 ^
THE REVES TALE.
At Trompington, not fer fro Cantebrigge,
Ther goth a brook, and over that a brigge, 3920
Upon the whiche brook ther stont a ir.elle;
And this is veray fothe that I you telle.
A miller was ther dwelling many a day,'
As any peacock he was proude and gay:
Pipen he coude, arid fistie, and nettes bete, 3925
And turnen cuppes, and wrastlen wcl and mete.
Ay by his belt he bare a long pavade,
A nd of a fwerd ful trenchant was the blade:
A joly popper bare he in his pouche;
Ther n'as no man for peril dorst him tonche. 3930
A Shefeld thwitel bare he in his hose:
Round was his face, and camuse was his nose:
- The Revei Tale] DenyseSimkin,themillerofTrompington, dcceiveth two.clarkesof Soller's-hall in Cambridge in stealing their com, but they so manage their matters that they revenge the wrong to the full. This Tale is imitated from Boccacc, Novel the 6th, Day the oUi.—This you may pass over if you please. Vrry.
^. 3927. a long pervade] It appears from ver. 3958 that the pavade was a weapon of offence; of what fort I cannot tell, as I do not remember to have met with the word any where else." FavoUt Fr. in those times signified a long shield.
+•. 3929. A idly poppers A bodkin, according toSp. and St. who however produce no authority for such an interpretation. The name seems to be fitter for a pistol, though 1 am not prepared to prove that pistols were carried In the pocket in-Cliau* cer's time. '■" .
As pilled as an ape was his flc ull:
He was a market-beter at the full.
Ther dorile no wight hond upon him legge, 3955
That he ne swore he slauhl anon abegge,
A these he was forfoth of corn and mcle,
The person of the toun hire father was:
fs. 3934. a market-befer} One that mates quarrels in markets, fays the Gloss, but according to Mr. Ujrton [Pnr/. to Obferv. on Sbakejp. p. 20,3 " A tnarlet-t>aer is one who raises the ** price of die market.—To beattbejire Chaucer uses m Ttie •* Knight's Tale [ver. 125 J, 2194,] sor----fa rouse, to stir up." Though this explanation of Mr. Upton's be not quite satisfactory, I think, it far preferable to the other.-^See the Giojf. and Supp, in v. Afarkct'beter. In a more modern author to be.it the tparket seems to signify merely to go up and down the market. Promos and. Caffjnd. by tybetjone, activ. sc. 6,a servant lays*
Wilde Joule, Vc. «« so deare——
That this tioure I have f/w market bttt
To drive a bargayne to my most profytt, fy. 3939. Heinous Simekin] His name was Simon, [ver- 4020, 4024,3 of which SUnekin is the diminutive, and from his disdainful insolent manners he had acquired the furHame of Dclttoust just as Nicholas, in the former Tale. ver. 3199, was deped Hcndy from the very opposite behaviour. A great number of our surname* have been derived from qualities of the mind, and it is xeasonaole to suppose that at the beginning they were merely personal, like what we call nicknames. It is prubanle (hat the use of hereditary surnames was not eveu in Chaucer** time fully cilaufilhed among the lower classes ot" people.
Fof that Simkin shuld in his blood allie:
She was yfoftered in a nonnerie;
For Simkin wolde no wif, as he fayde, 3945
But she were wel ynouriflied and a mayde,
To saven his estat of yemanrie:
And she was prond and pert as is a pie.
A ful faire sight was it upon hem two.
On holy dayes befofne hire wold he go 395°
With his tipet ybounde about his hed,
And she eame afterin a gite of red,
And Simkin hadde hosen of the same.
Ther dorste no wight depen her but Dame:
Was non so hardy, that went by the way, 3955
That with hire dorste rage or ones play,
But if he wold be slain of Simekin
With pavade, or with knif or bodekin;
(For jalous folk ben perilous evcrmo,
Algate they wold hir wi»es wenden so.) J9«*
And eke, for she was somdel smoterlich,
She was as digne as water in a dich,
And al so ful of hoker and of bifmare,
Hire thoughte that a ladie ftiuld hire spare,
What for hire kinrede and hire nortelrie 396J
That she had lerned in the nonnerie.
A doughter hadden they betwix hem two Of twenty yere, withouten any mo, Saving a child that was of half yere age j In cradle it lay. and was a propre page. 397*
This wenche thieke and wel ygrowcn was,
The person of the toun, for (he was faire, 3975
For holy chirches good mote ben despendtd
Grct soken hath this miller out ofdoute 3985
$■. 3988. the Sohr baft] This is the true reading; it means the ball with the filer. Before the students in our universities were incorporated .they lived in lodging-houses called inns, halls, and hostels, which were often distinguished by names taken from Tome peculiarity in their construction: Oneat Cambridge was called Tylid <jjlle, [Parker's Seek Cantab, ap. Lei. ColleQ. t. v. p. !?9.3 And at Oxford Oriel-College probably derives its name from a large messuage vulgarly known by the name of Le Oricle, upon the site of which it stands, Ayltffe's Hljl. v. i. p. 287. An oriel or oriol was a porch, [Dz< Cange, in x.Oriohm\2 as afoscr seems originally to have signified an open gallery or balcony at the top of the house, though latterly it iias been used fos any upper room, loft, or garret. [Idem, in v. Sslarium. malts, GloJ. ad Mat. far.J Intffart, v.L c. J 34,