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Lord Ieige and I.ordis have in remembrauncc
Lord of all is the blissfull Trinite.
Of whose vertue the mightie habundaunce
You herten and strengthen in faithfull unite. 64

Eight goodly Qucflions ■with their Answers *.
Sometime in Grece, that noble region,
There were eight clerkis of full grete science,
Philosophers of notable discrecion,
Of whom was asked, to provin their prudence,
Eight Questions ofderke intelligence,
To which they answered after their entent,
As here doth appere plaine and evident. 7

The first question was, What erthly thing

Is best and unto God most commendable?

The first clerke answered without tarying,

A mann'is soule ever sirme and stable

In right, [and] from the trouth not variable;

But now alas! full fore may we wepe,

For covetise hath broughte trouth asleepe. 14

The second, What thing is most odious?
A double man, fayed the philosopher,
With virginb face and a taile venomous,
With a fair view and a falle profer,
A corrupt carien in a golden tree.

* Septem Sapientum Sentential apud Alison.
Bias Prieneus.

Quznam summa boni! Mena qui libl conscia recti.
Pernicicthomini qua maxima? Solus nomoalter.
QjtU dive. > qui nil tupial. qiili pauper I Avarus.
qua: dos matrons: puicslerrima; Vita pudica.
Qua: caita est » Dc qua metitiri fama veretur
quod prudentii op„, | Quum peffit, nolle noeere.
Ojud stulti proprium > Non pofle, ct vellc nocerc.

One man to havin a double visage, jjjr

The third, Cqueftlon] What is too beste dowcf

That may be to a wife appropriate?

A clene life, was the clerkis answer,

Without finne; all chaste, and inviolate,

From all deceits and speches inornate,

Or countenaunce which (hall be to dispise:

No fire make, and then no smoke woll arise. z8

The fourth question, [was] What maiden: may

Be called clene in chastitie.'

The fourthe clerke answered, Which alway

Every creature is alhamde on to lie,

Of whom men reporten great honestie.

Good maidens kepe youre chastitie forth,

And remember that good name is gold worth. &g

[The fifth] Who' is a pore man ever full of wo.'

A covetous man which is a nigon,

He that in -his herte can never fay ho;

The more gode the lesse distribution;

The richer the worse of condition:

Men in this coast clepen him a niggard,

[And] Sir Guy the bribour is his steward. 4^

[The fixthj Which is a rich man without fraud?

He that canne to his gode suffise;

Whatever he hath he yeveth God the laud,

And kepeth him clene from all covetise;

He desires nothing in ungodly wife j

His body is here, his mind is above;

He is a rich man, for God doth him love. ^^ Who is a foole ? is the seventh demand;

He that wotde hurt and hath no ptfwere;

Might he mickell much wolde he command;

His malice grete, his might nought were;

He threteth full fast, full little may he dere:

He thinketh not how men have fayed besofne

God scndeth a shreude cowe a short home. 56

Who is a wife man ? is the eightquestion;
He that might any* and doth no annoiance,
Might punish and leaveth punission;
A man mercifull; without vengeaunce: . .
A wife man puttith in rememberaunre
ri"hisj faying, Had I venged all mine harme .:.:'
My doke had not been furrid halfe so wanne. 6j

Cbautcr's Prophetic *.

VV Hen faith faylith in priest'is sawes,
And lordis hestes are holde for lawes,
And robberie is holde purchace,
And lecherie is holde solace,
Then (hall the lend of Albion
Be brought to great confusion. 6

It falleth for a gentleman
To fay the best that he can
Alwaies in mann'is absence,

And the sooth in his presence. 4

It commeth by kind of gentil blood
To cast away all hevinesle
And gather togither wordis good;
The werke of wisdome bearetli witnefle. 8

* So this stanza is entitled in a book in the Allimolean muftum, N° 6086,731, p. 16;.

T/je Reader to Geffrey Chaucer, prefixed to Speght1! edit, o/l6oi.


\athere haft thou dwelt, good Geffrey, all thiswhile Unknown to us, save only by thy bookes?

Ch. In haulks and hearnes, God wot land in exile, Where none vouchsaft toyeeld me words or lookes, Till one which law me there, and knew my friends, Did bringmeforth : such grace sometime God fends. 6

Read. But who is hethathath thy bookesrepair'd, And added moe, whereby thou art more graced?

Ch. The seise same man who hath no labor spar'd To helpe what time and writers had defaced, And made old words, which were unknown of many, So plaine that now they may be known of any. la

Read. Well fare his heart: Hove him for thy fake, Who for thy fake hath taken all this pains.

Cu.WouldGod I knewsome means amends to make, That for his toile he might receive some gains. But wot ye what? I know his kindnelle such That for my good he thinks no pains too much. 18

Upon the pifiurfqs CJ}Jiic?r, prefixedto Speght's edit, of l6oj.

What Pallas' citie owes the heav'nly mind
Of prudent Socrates, wife Greece's gferie,
Whaf fame Arpinas I'yV'VKdi-vHy doth find
■Ky TuiKe's eltoitien'-e and oratorit,
What lasting praise fliar^c witted Italic:

By Tasso's and by Pctrarke's penne obtained,
What fame Bartas unto proud Fiance hath gained,
By Seven Daies work] poetically strained;

What high renoune is pWrchas1d unto Spainc,
Which fresh Drinaes verses do distill, Ib

WTiat praise our neighbour Scotkird doth rctaine
By Gawine Douglas WMs Virgin quill,
Or other motions by sweet potts,skills
The same, and more, faire England challenge may'
By that rare wit and art tliofl doeII display t$

In'verse, which doth ApblweS Muse bewray:
Then Chaucer live, for still thy verse shall live
T unborne poets, which life and light will give. 18


See Te/li'monies of learned men concerning Chaucer and hit Works, vol. xiii.

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