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Herbert Hensley Hensox, M.A., D.D.

Canon of Westminster Abbey and Rector of St Margaret's. Westminster. Proctor
in Convocation since 1902. "Formerly Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford. Select.
Preacher (Oxford), 1895-1896; (Cambridge). 1901. Author of Apostolic Christianity;
Moral Discipline inthe Christian Church;The National Church: Christ and the Nation;

Sir Harry Hamilton Johnston, D.Sc., G.C.M.G., K.C.B.

See the biographical article: Johnston, Sir H. H.

Hues Munro Ross.

Formerly Exhibitioner of Lincoln College. Oxford. Editor of The Times Engineering
Supplement. Author of British Railways.

H. Marshall Ward, M.A., F.R.S., D.Sc. (A. 1905).

Formerly Professor of Botany. Cambridge. President of the British Mycological
Society. Author of Timber and some oj its Diseases; The Oak; Sach's Lectures on
the Physiology of Plants; Grasses; Disease in Plants; &c.

Henry Newton Dickson, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.G.S.

Professor of Geography. University College, Reading. Author of Elementary
Meteorology; Papers on Oceanography; Sk.

Henry William Carless Davis, M.A.

Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College, Oxford. Fellow of All Souls', Oxford. 1895-
1902. Author of Charlemagne; England under the Normans and A ngeeins, 1066-1171.

H. Wickham Steed.

Correspondent of The Times at Rome (1897-1902) and Vienna.

Bible, English: Raised Version.

| Bantu Languages.
| Bell: House Bell.

] Bacteriology (in part);
1 Berkeley, Miles Joseph.

| Baltic Sea.

J Becket;
[Benedlctus Abbas.

{Austria-Hungary: History (in

Israel Abrahams, M.A.

Reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic Literature. University of Cambridge. President, I Rahva
Jewish Historical Society of England. Author of A Short History of Jewish Ultra- 1 •"•»••
ture; Jewish Life in the Middle Ages; &c.

Joseph Anderson, LL.D.

Keeper of the Nationaj Museum of Antiquities, Edinburgh, and Assistant Secretary

of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Honorary Professor of Antiquities to< BaTTOW.'

the Royal Scottish Academy. Author of Scotland in Early Christian and Pagan


John Allen Howe, B.Sc.

Curator and Librarian at the Museum of Practical Geology, London.

John Bagnell Bury, LL.D., Lirr.D.

See the biographical article: L'i Ky, J. B.

Jaiics David Boorchter, M.\., F.R.G.S.

King's College. Cambridge. Correspondent of The Times in South-Eastern Europe*.
Commander of the Orders of Prince Danilo of Moi.tenegro and of the Saviour of
Greece, and Officer of the Order of St Alexander of Bulgaria.

James Fitzmaurice-kelly, Lrrr.D., F.R.Hisr.S.

Gilmour Professor of Spanish Language and Literature, Liverpool University.
Norman McColl Lecturer, Cambridge University. Fellow of the British Academy.

r Avonian; Bajoclan;
I Barton Beds;
1 Bathonlan Series;
I Bed: Geology.

[ Baldwin I. and II.:

1 of Romania;

I Basil I. and II.: Emperors;

I Belisarius.

Balkan Peninsula.

Ayala y Herrera;

Mcmljer of the Council of the Hispanic Society of America. Knight Commander of
the Order of Alphonso XII. Author of A History of Spanish Literature.

("Bible: Old Testament: Texts
University Lecturer in Aramaic. | attd Versions.

John Frederick Stennino, M.A.

Dean and Fellow of Wadham College. Oxford.
Lecturer in Divinity and Hebrew at Wadham College.

f Baron; Baronet;

John Horace Round, M.A., LL.D. (Edin.). I Battle Abbey Roll;

Author of Feudal England; Studies in Peerage and Family History; 'Peerage and"\ Bayeux Tapestry;
Pedigree; &c. [ Beauchamp.


Bcaubarnais, Eugene de.


In Holland Rose, M.A., Lirr.D. r

Christ's College, Cambridge. Lecturer on Modern History 'to the Cambridge J I
University Local Lectures Syndicate. Author of Life of Napoleon I.; Napoleonic \ \
Studies; the Development of the European Nations; The Life oj Pitt; &c.

John Malcolm Mitchell.

Sometime Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Lecturer in Classics, East London
College (University of London). Joint editor of Grote's History of Greece.

James George Joseph Penderel-brodhurst.
Editor of the Guardian (London).

/Bacon, Francis (in part);
[Berkeley, George (in pan).

/Bed: Purniiun;

Sir James George Scott, K.C.I.E.

Superintendent and Political Officer. Southern Shan States. Author of Burma, a J Bhamo.
Handbook; The Upper Burma Gazetteer, &c.

Jean Paul Hippolyte Emmanuel Adhemar Esmein. t

Professor of Law in the University of Paris. Officer of the Legion of Honour. I BaUlfl: Sailli;
Member of the Institute of France. Author of Cours elemintaire fhistoire du droit \ Basocbe.
]ran(ais; &c.

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Rev. John Punkett Peters, PH.D., D.D.

Canon Residentiary, Cathedral of New York. Formerly Professor of Hebrew.
University of Pennsylvania. In charge of Expedition of University of Pennsylvania
conducting excavations at Nippur, 1888-1895. Author of Scriptures, Hebrew and
Ckrislian; Nippur, or Explorations and Adventure! on the Eupkrala; &c.

Sir John Rahere Facet, Bart., K.C.

Bencher of the Inner Temple. Formerly Gilbert Lecturer on Banking. Author of
The Lax of Banking; &C.

John Smith, C.B.

Formerly Inspector-General in Companies' Liquidation, 1890-1904, and Inspector-
General in Bankruptcy.

John Smith Flett, D.Sc., F.G.S.

Petrographer to the Geological Survey. Formerly Lecturer on Petrology in Edin-
burgh University. Ncill Medallist of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Bigsby
Medallist of the Geological Society of London.

John T. Bealby.

int author o .

agazine. Translator of Sven Hedin's Tkrou^h Asia. Central Asia and Tilxt,


Formerly Professor of Hindustani and Tamil at the Ecole dcs Languee Orientales,
I'aris. Author of Le Basque et Us langues mexicaina; &c.

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Joint author of Stanford's Europe. Formerly Editor of the Scottish Geoyaphical

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Jakes Vernon Bartlet. M.A., D.D. (St Andrews). ,

Professor of Church History, Mansfield College, Oxford. Author of Tin Apostolic ] Barnabas.
Ate; &c. I

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Abbott, D.D.
See the biographical article: Abbott, L.

Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne.

See the biographical article: Duchiski, L. M. (X

Leonard James Spencer, M.A., F.G.S.

AssisUnt/Department of Mineralogy, Natural History Museum, South Kensington.
Formerly Scholar of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, and Harkness Scholar.
Editor of the tlinenlopcal Magazine.


Italian Foreign Office (Emigration Dept.). Formerly Newspaper Correspondent I
in East of Europe. Author of Italian Lift in Town and Country; &c.

Leonard William King, M.A.. F.S.A.

Aasistant to the Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities. British Museum.
Lecturer in Assyrian at King's College, London. Conducted Excavations at
Kuyunjik (Nineveh) for British Museum. Author of Assyrian Ckrestomalhy;',
Annals of the Kings of Assyria; Studies in Eastern History; Babylonian Magic and
Sentry; tie.

Maurice A. Canney, M.A.

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Babylonia and Assyria:

Assistant Lecturer m Semitic Languages in the University of Manchester Formerly 1
Exhibitioner of St John's College, Oxford. Pusey and Ellerton Hebrew Scholar 1 B*"'-
(Oxford), 1892; Kennicott Hebrew Scholar, 1895; Houghton Syriac 1'rize, 1896. (

f Beaumont and Fletcher:

Makcaset Bryakt.

Sir Mackenzie Dalzell Chalhers, K.C.B., C.S.I., M.A.

Trinity College, Oxford. Barriuer-at-Law. Formerly Permanent Under-Secretary J BUI of Eichanie.
of State for Home Deoartment. Author of Difttt ofiluLawoJ BUlttf Exckantf ; &c. I

Moses Caster, Pn D. (Leipzig).
Chief Rabbi of the Sephardi

— •phardic Communities of England. Vice-President, Zionist

Congress, 1898, 1899. 1900. Ilchcster Lecturer at Oxford on Slavonic and By- \ Bassarab.
zantinc Literature, 1886 and 1891. Author of A New Hebrew Fragment of Ben-Sira;
Tke Hebrew Version of tin Stentum Secreioriun of Aristotle.

Hughes Crackahthokpe, K.C., D.C.L.

Honorary Fellow, St John's College, Oxford. Bencher of Lincoln's Inn. President),.- ... arUir.iinn
of the Eugenics Education Society. Formerly Member of the General Council!' ' "ll"" '-"-'--
of the Bar and of the. Council of Legal Education, and Standing Counsel to the
University of Oxford.

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Morris jAsrtow, Ph.d. [ Brtyleiih and Assyria:

Professor of Semitic Language*, University o( Pennsylvania. Author of Religion -I f roper A anus;

of Ike Babylonians and Assyrians; Ac. I Babylonian and Assyrian

I Religion; Bel; Belli.

f Avaray; Bar-Ie-Duc;

Lf On Jacques Mammf Punet. Batarnay; Bauflremont;

•Auxiliary of the Institute of France (Academy of Moral and Political Sciences). •( Reauharnals- Boaulau-
Author of L' Industrie du ill en Fratunt-CmOi. a a,,

i D0anviuiert


Formerly Lecturer on Sanskrit at the Robert Money Institution, Bombay. Vice- I , __

President of the London Indian Society. Author of Industrial Development of] Bnau DaJL
India ;&c. I.

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Joseph Marie Noel Valois.

Member of the Academic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres'.' Honorary Archivist at

the Archives Nationals. Formerly President of the Societe dc 1'Histoire de France

and of the Societe de 1'Ecole de Charles. Northcote Wkitdrtdce Thomas, H.A.

Government Anthropologist to Southern Nigeria. Corresponding Member of the-( Automatism.

Societe d'Anthropologie d« Paris. .Author 3 Tkou[U Transference; Kinship and

Marriage in Australia; Ac.
Oswald Barron, F.S.A.

Editor of The Ancestor, 1902-1005.

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Oscar Briuant. -I Austria-Hungary:

Otto Henker, Ph.d. r _

On the Staff of the Carl Zeiss Factory, Jena, Germany. ]_ Binocular Instrument

Paul Dasifl Alphandery. . (

Professor of the History of Dogma,Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne, Paris, i Auto-da-Fi.
Author of Us Idics morales ilei Us Utirodoas talines an debut du Xlil- siette. I

tmuT A. Ashworth, M.A., DocJnRis. f Bavaria- Statiaia

New College. Oxford. Barrister-at-Law. Translator of H. R. von Gneist'a History •{ STIiTl"•• • "'••'•••i
of Ike English Constitution. I awrun.

Prince Peter Alexeivitch Kropottin. J* Baikal; Baku;

See the biographical article: Krofotuh, P. A. \ Bessarabia (in part).

Pen* Chalicers Mitcheu, M.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., D.Sc., I.I. Ii. r

Secretary to the Zoological Society of London. University Demonstrator in Com- Bloeenesls-
parativc Anatomy and Assistant to Linacre Professor at Oxford, 1888-1891. 1 m-in-J^'
Examiner in Zoology to the University of London, 1903. Author of Outlines of *"olo&y.
Biology; Ac. I

Pinup Chesney York, M.A. /•.if,,,, ci, .,„.,

Magdalen College, Oxford. \ BaUoar, Sir James.

Peter Giles, M.A., Lirr.D., LL.D. f

Fellow and Classical Lecturer of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. University J n
Reader in Comparative Philology. Formerly Secretary of the Cambridge Philological |
Society. Author of Itantul of Comparative Philology; to. I

Philip Schidrowitz, PH.D., F.C.S. [

Member of Council, Institute of Brewing; Member of Committee of Society of J Beer.
Chemical Industry. Author of numerous articles on the Chemistry and Technology |
of Brewing, Distilling, &c. I

Robert Anchel.

Archivist of the Department de 1'Euif.

r Bacon, Francis;

-j Bacon, Roger; Benek*;

I Berkeley, Bishop.


St John's College, Cambridge. Director of Excavations for the Palestine Explore- < STrS.'
lion Fund. Joint author of Excavations in Palestine, 1898-1900. \ Bethlehem.

Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb, LL.D., D.C.L.. Lrrr.D.
See the biographical article: Jebb, Sin RicaAU) C

Six Robert Gitten, F.R.S. f Bafehot;

See the biographical article: Gif Fes, Sir R- "j Balance ot Trade.

Rev. Robert Henry Chabi.es, M.A., D.D., Lrrr.D. (Oxon.). f

Grinheld Lecturer and Lecturer in Biblical Studies, Oxford. Fellow of the British I
Academy. Formerly Senior Moderator of Trinity College, Dublin. Author and •{ Barucn,
Editor of Book of Enoch; Book of Jubilee*; Attocalypse of Bnrvch; Assumption of I
Uoses. Asansion of Itaiak: Testaments of XJI. pojnarcks; Ac. "»

Robert Adauson, M.A., LL.D.

See the biographical article: Adauson, Robert.

Robert Alexander Stewart Macauster, M.A., F.S.A.

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Sib Router Harry Incus Palgravt, F.R.S. f „ .

Director ot Barclay & Co., Ltd., Bankers. Editor of the Economist, 1871-1883. J «•»•> •»
Author of Notes an BanUitf in Crul Britain and Inland, Safin, Denmark tnd \ General.
Hamburg; &c. Editor ot Dictionary of Political Economy. I

Ronald John McNeiLL, M.A.

Christ Church, Oxford. Barristcr-at-Law. Formerly Editor of the St Janus'! -
Gaulle (London).

Richard Lydekker, F.R.S., F.G.S., F.Z.S.

Trinity College, Cambridge. Member of the Staff of the Geological Survey of India,
1874-1882. Author of Catalogues of Fossil Mammals, Reptiles and Birds in British
Museum; The Deer of alt Lands; Uk.

Robert Louis Stevenson.

See the biographical article: Stevenson, R. L. B.

Robert Mum, M.A., M.D., F.R.C.P. (Edin.).

Professor of Pathology, University of Glasgow. Professor of Pathology at St'
Andrews, 1898-1899. Author of Manual oj Bacteriology; &c.

Robert Nisbet Bain (d. 1909).

Assistant Librarian, British Museum, 1883-1909. Author of Scandinavia: the
Political History of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, Iflj-iooo; The First Romanovs, .
1613-1725: Slavonic Europe: the Political History of Poland and Russia from 1460
to 1706; Charles XII. and Ike Collapse oj the Swedish Empire; Customs 111. and
his Contemporaries; The Pupils 0} Peter ike Great: &c.

Stanley Arthur Cook, M.A.

Editor for Palestine Exploration Fund. Lecturer and formerly Fellow, Gonville
and Caius College. Author of Glossary of Aramaic Inscriptions; The Lavs of Hoses
and Code of Hammurabi; Critical Notefon Old Testament History; Ac.

Sidney Colvin, M.A., Litt.d.

See the biographical article: Colvin, Sidney.

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Samuel Rolles Driver, p.D..LnT.D. f

See the biographical article; Driver, S. R.] \

Thomas Athol Joyce, M.A. f

Assistant in Department of Ethnography, British Museum. Hon. Sec., Royal'
Anthropological Institute.

Thomas Ashby, M.A., D.Lrrr. (Oxon.), F.S.A.

Director of British School of Archaeology at Rome. Formerly Scholar of Christ
Church, Oxford. Craven Fellow (Oxford). Corresponding Member of the Imperial •
German Archaeological Institute. Author of the Classical Topography o] the Roman
Campagna; &c.

Thomas Allan Ingram, M.A., LL.D. f

Trinity College, Dublin. \

Sir Thomas Barclay, M.P. f

Member of the Institute of International Law. Member of the Supreme Council of J
the Congo Free State. Officer of the Legion of Honour. Author of Problems of \
International Practice and Diplomacy: &C. M.P. for Blackburn, 1910.!

Thomas Erskine Holland, K.C., D.C.L., LL.D.

Fellow of the British Academy. Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford. Formerly
Professor of International Law in the University of Oxford. Bencher of Lincoln s
Inn. Author of Studies in International Law. The Elements of Jurisprudence;
Alberici Gentilis de jure belli; The Laws of War on Land; Neutral Ditties in o Mari-
time War; &c.

Thomas G. Carver, M.A., KiC. (d. 1906).

Formerly Scholar of St John's College, Cambridge. 8th Wrangler, 1871. Author of

On the Law K< luting to the Carriage of Goods by Sea.

Rev. Thomas Herbert Darlow, M.A.

Literary Superintendent of the British and Foreign Bible Soeity. Sometime
Scholar of Clare College, Cambridge. Author of Historical Catalogue of Printed
Editions of Holy Scriptures (vol. i. with H. G. Moule); ftc. "'

Thomas Henry Huxley, F.R.S.

See the biographical article: Huxley, Thomas H.

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\ Biology (in fori).

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T. W. Rhys Davids, M.A., 1.1. l >., Ph.d. f

Professor of Comparative Religion in the University of Manchester. Formerly
Professor of Pali and Buddhist Literature, University College, London. Fellow of 4 Bharahat.
the British Academy. Secretary and Librarian of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1885- I
1902. Author of Early Buddhism; Buddhist India; Sic. I

Vesnon Herbert Blackman, M.A., D.Sc. j

Professor of Botany in the University of Leeds. Formerly Fellow of Si John's , Bacteriology: Botany.
College, Cambridge. L

Rev. William Augustus Brevoort Cooudce, M.A., F.R.G.S., Ph.d. f **AeTM Switzerland;

Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. Professor of English History, St David's I Baicolonnette, Basel, College, Lampcter, 1880-1881. Author of Guide to Switertand; The Alfn in Nature } Basses-Alpes; Bcaulieu; and in History; Sec. Editor of the Alpine Journal. 1880-1881!. I BeUlnzona; Bern; Bienno.

Walter Armstrong Graham. f

His Siamese Majesty's Resident Commissioner for the Siamese Malay State of I
Ketantan. Commander, Order of the While Elephant. Member of the Burma \ Bangkok.
Civil Service, 1880-1901. Author of The French Kara* Catholic Uissum in.Siam;
Kelantan. a Handbook; etc. I

Waiter Alison Phillips, M.A.

Formerly Exhibitioner of Merlon College and Senior Scholar of St John's College, •
Oxford. Author of Modern Europe; T& War of Creek Independence; &c.

Austria-Hungary: Biliary

(in part),

Babeul; Balance of Power;
Baron; Bates;

Bavaria: History; Begulnes;
Berlin: Congress and Treaty of;
Bernard, St; Blretta.

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Bellows and Blowing Mir.hinw.


Wilhelm Bousset, D.th. f

Professor of New Testament Exegesis in the University of Gottingen. Author of • Basllldes.
Das Wisen der Religion; The Antichrist Legend; &c. I

W. Brouchton Cau.

Formerly Editor of the British Bet Journal and the Bee-Keepers' Record.

William Charles Popplewell, M.Sc., A.M.I.C.E.

Lecturer in Engineering in Manchester School of Technology (University of Man* •
cheater). Author of Compressed Air; Heat Engines; &c.

William Ernest Dalby, M.A., M.lNsr.C.E., M.I.M.E.

Professor of Civil and Mechanical Engineering at the City and Guitds.of London
Institute Central Technical College, South Kensington. Associate Member of the •
Institute of Naval Architects. Author of The Balancing of Engines; Valves and
Valve Gear Mechanisms; &c.

Sl» William Edmund Garstin, G.C.M.G. f

Governing Director, Suez Canal Co. Formerly Inspector-General of Irrigation, • Bahr-el-Ghazal (in part"}.

Egypt. Adviser to the Ministry of Public Works in Egypt, 1904-1908. I

William Henry Bennett, M.A., D.D., D.Lirr. (Cantab.). f

Professor of Old Testament Exegesis in New and Hackney Colleges, London. I Balaam;
Formerly Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. Lecturer in Hebrew at Firth ] Beelzebub

College, Sheffield. Author of Religion of tht Post-Exilic Prophets; &c. I.

William Henry Hadow, M.A., Mus.Doc. [

Principal. Armstrong Collcce. Newcastle-on-Tyne. Formerly Fellow and Tutor of J ts.,,,i. y p p
Worcester Collie. Oxford. Member of Council. Royal College of Music. Editor ] Bacn> R> r' *•
Oxford History of Music. Author of Studies in Modern Music; Axe. L

William Tames Huchan.

Past Senior Grand Deacon of Freemasons of England, 1874. Hori. Senior Warden • Banker-Harks,
of Grand Lodges of Egypt, Quebec and looa, &c. I.

William Leslie Davidson, LL.D. f

Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, Aberdeen University. Author of The Logic ej< Bain, Alexander*
Definition; Christian Ethics; &c. Editor of Alexander Bain's Autobiography. \_

William Milligan Sloane, Ph.d., LL.D. _ f

Columbia University, New York. Secretary to George J ».„,,„.»* /<m*m
'' "" 'Author of L,fe "/I Bancrolt' George.

Professor of History, Columbia nversty, ew or.
Bancroft while American Ambassador hi Berlin, 1872-1875.
Napoleon Bonaparte.

William Prideaux Courtney.

See the aniclc: Courtney, L. II., Baron.

f Bath, William Pulteney, \ Marquess of.

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William Price James.

Uuivcrsity College, Oxford. Barristcr-at-Law. High Bailiff of County Courts, < Barrie, J. M.
Cardiff. Author ol Romantic Professions; &c.

Hon. William Pember Reeves.
.Director of London School of Econ
for New Zealand, 1896-1009. Mil
Zealand, 1891-1896. Author of The Long White Cloud, ,

W. R. Lethady,

Ballance, John.

onomics. Agent-General and High Commissioner I
Minister of Education, Labour and Justice, New |
"he Long While Cloud, a History of New Zealand; &c. I

R. Lethady. F.S.A. f

Principal of the Central School of Arts and Crafts under the London County Council. - Baptistery.

Author of Architecture, Mysticism and Myth; Sec. I

William Sanday, D.D., LL.D.. LiTT.D. f

Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity, and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford. Chap- I

lain in Ordinary to His Majesty the King. Hon. Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford. •) Bible: New Testament: Canon.
Fellow of the British Academy. Author of Inspiration (Bampton Lecture, 1893); I
Commentary Oh the Epistle to the Ramans ;&&. \

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