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Monroe Doctrine; at least among the President to succeed Menocal and to sino, a palatial structure whose white most advanced of the South American serve until the result of new general towers rise high above the lovely garden nations the chief resentment against the elections should be proclaimed. Our at its base and are seen long before the Monroe Doctrine has arisen because it Government was unwilling to consider traveler reaches the town. The gaming seemed to them to imply a feeling of this proposition. According to the in the Casino is allowed under a conpatronage on the part of the United Crowder report, it would be a "depart- cession granted by the predecessor of States. Certainly there was nothing ure from the procedure provided by the the present Prince of Monaco and has patronizing in President Harding's ad- Cuban Constitution and the Electoral still a considerable period to run. dress—merely a frank recognition of the Code and would create a precedent The society sought by the present obvious fact that the United States is which would menace the orderly devel- Prince is a far remove from the gambling by force of circumstance physically the opment of the stable government in men and women at Monte Carlo. Albert most powerful nation in the Western Cuba contemplated in the treaty obliga. Honoré Charles, Prince of Monaco, is a Hemisphere. A recognition of this fact tions of the Government of the United scientist and benefactor. Oceanography is no more a claim of intellectual States to the Republic of Cuba." In- is the branch of science to which he has superiority than is a recognition of the stead of this course, the more natural dedicated his life. Few men .have done fact that the Andes are higher than the course was taken of having partial elec- more work in a single field of science Appalachians.

than has he in exploring the ocean Reports from South America indicate

depths. In his deep-sea dredging he has that at present the people of Argentina,

accumulated a vast store of material and Brazil, and Chile are, so far as the

his investigations have raised' problems United States is concerned, chiefly in.

of great interest and importance, apterested in the relationship between our

parently involving natural laws of which country and Santo Domingo. A clarifi

we are as yet in ignorance. cation of this situation will perhaps

As a benefactor the Prince has erected have greater effect on our South Amer

two monuments. One is the Oceanoican relations than a reinterpretation of

graphic Museum, at Monaco. It stands the Monroe Doctrine or the payment of

on the rock of Monaco proper, projecting a dole to Colombia.

into the sea. A striking building in

itself, it is also in striking contrast THE PRESIDENT OF CUBA

with the other and better known build

ing at Monte Carlo hard by. Its locaUR Government has recognized the

tion is perfect for its work; the lower election of Dr. Alfredo Zayas as

three stories are below the cliff's sumPresident of Cuba.

mit; they contain a great aquarium, The Platt Amendment of 1901 states:

large and small laboratories, and a hall The Government of Cuba consents

for the preparation of the skins and that the United States may exercise

skeletons of fishes. The other part of the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the

the Museum, two stories high, is above maintenance of a Government ade

the cliff's. summit. The Prince's other quate for the protection of life, prop

monument is at Paris. Seeing the need erty, and individual liberty, and for discharging the obligations with re

for a branch of his Monaco Museum in spect to Cuba imposed by the Treaty

some great city where exhibits, lectures, of Paris on the United States, now Paul Thompson

and scientific courses might reach a to be assumed and undertaken by the

larger number of people than at Monaco, Government of Cuba.

he erected an Oceanographic Institute This section of the Platt Amendment

tions in the districts where the Cuban
courts had decreed the annulment of the

in the Latin Quarter, close to the Sorwas incorporated textually into the

bonne, and thus in the student district. previous elections. Treaty of 1904 between the United States

The radicals, or and Cuba. Liberal party, however, withdrew from

The building is one of the sights of Paris.

No wonder, then, that scientific socieTwice in the past the American Gov. them, alleging conditions of intimida

ties abroad have delighted to honor this ernment has intervened in Cuba, and it

tion and violence. But the Crowder re

port says: is not desirous of intervening again.

"All necessary safeguards

scientist and benefactor and that in this The Cuban elections were held last Noand guaranties had been provided."

country our National Academy of Sci

ences is about to confer on him its

The final result of the elections emvember, but it was not known during

Agassiz gold medal, a work of art in the winter who would assume office when phatically signifies the victory of Zayas. President Menocal's term expires on May Our Government urges the Cuban people

itself, for it was designed by that emi20. On the face of the returns, Zayas, to accept this decision. In particular it

nent medalist, Theodore Spicer-Simson.

The Prince has now come to this counthe candidate of a coalition known as the

'urges that "no attempt should be made
by the members of the minority in the

try for the ceremony. He speaks EngEnough Liga Coalition, was elected.

lish fluently. The results of his investiCuban Congress to impede the orderly votes, however, were missing or found

gations have been published in Frenchfraudulent to furnish a possibility of

procedure provided by the Constitution
and the laws by preventing the Congress

some thirty or forty large, well-illusthrowing the victory to his opponent,

trated folio volumes. José Miguel Gomez, the Liberal-Radical

from proclaiming the successful candi. candidate. President Wilson sent Ma

date President of Cuba." jor-General Enoch Crowder to Cuba to

EDUCATION “BY THE PEOPLE” confer with President Menocal as to the A PRINCELY SCIENTIST

He late Dr. Henry M. Leipziger, for best means for remedying the situation. DISTINGUISHED visitor to this coun. The Radicals of the Liberal party, whose try is the Prince of Monaco.

of lectures under the New York Board candidate was Gomez, had proposed that A chief feature of Monte Carlo, in of Education, used to style the courses the Cuban Congress elect a Provisional the Principality of Monaco, is its Ca. of popular lectures which he made




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famous throughout the country, "the

economic and professional stability of University for the People.” Its cur

THE student who works his way

practical undertakings. The New Antiriculum was largely cultural. Ernest L.

through college is a familiar figure

och, while stressing technical and ecoCrandall, recently appointed as his sucin American life. An experiment is to

nomic subjects, will make every effort cessor, is changing this and, to use his be tried in the reorganization of Antioch

to give its students a broad cultural own words, is expanding it into a “Uni. College, in Ohio. It looks towards the

basis for their professional studies. Mr. versity of and by the People.” Current creation of a self-supporting college.

Morgan, for instance, believes that the events, discussions of day-by-day prob

study of English is an essential even

Under the presidency of Arthur E. lems, and forum meetings in a large Morgan, a drainage engineer whose con.

for a scientist. A friend of Mr. Mormeasure overshadow the courses in

gan's recently told us that once when structive ability has been applied to exElizabethan literature, travel, and such

the head of New Antioch had received tensive works in the Mississippi Valley cultural topics, which characterized the

several illiterate letters from the graduand who has been responsible for the lectures. The latter, of course, are not development of the great flood preven

ates of a great university who were apomitted, but occupy a less important place.

tion project in the basin of the Ohio, plying to him for a position, he promptly For instance, in the course of the last the New Antioch has laid out a project

sent some of the choicest specimens to six months, which saw the beginning of tremendous promise.

the president of that institution. Later, of this development of the Board of

President Morgan has secured the sup

when he visited the university, he found Education lecture system, in eighteen port of a remarkable Board of Trustees,

that the students of composition were lecture centers speakers discussed

busily engaged in writing practice letwhich numbers among its members such weekly “The Trend of the Times," by men as C. F. Kettering, a successful

ters to his company, applying for posiwhich is meant interpretation of cur

tions with his firm. Evidently his adresearch scientist, who is chief engineer rent events. There were weekly inter- of the General Motors Company; Henry

monition had been taken to heart. pretations of the "book of the hour" by

The New Antioch experiment is one S. Dennison, President of the Dennisuch men as Professor J. G. Carter son Manufacturing Company of Bos

which educators and the general public Troop, formerly of the University of

will and should watch with interest. ton, who is well known for his views Chicago. Topics such as “The Milk

on relations of capital and labor; Edwin Situation,” “The Taxation of Real Es

F. Gay, formerly Dean of the Harvard tate," "Trade Unionism in Industry,” School of Administration and now Presi- PROPERTY RIGHTS “Buying Real Estate,” and “Landlord dent of the New York “Evening Post;"

AND HUMAN WELFARE and Tenant” were presented by au- and Jerome D. Greene, formerly secrethorities such as the Commissioner of tary of the Rockefeller Foundation. A SUPREME COURT Health, well-known New York real es- There are also Frank A. Vanderlip,

DECISION tate men,

tax commissioner, and the New York banker; Gordon S. others. Non-partisan symposiums on Rentschler, who contributed so notably WO weeks ago the United States "What Shall the American Woman Do

to the war by the organization of the Supreme Court handed down its with Her Vote?" and debates upon the process of manufacturing of steam-en

decision on what are known as the subject "Shall the United States Enter

gines for American ships; Ellery rent cases. The decision is not likely the League of Nations?" occupied the Sedgwick, editor of the

"Atlantic to attract wide public attention or inplatforms of some of the centers. At Monthly;" George M. Verity, Presi- terest, because it will actually affect life other centers were lectures on sub

dent of the American Rolling Mills in only a few of the largest cities of jects relating to industry and

Company, Middletown, Ohio; and other the country. Nevertheless there are merce. Teachers seeking to advance men of equal prominence and achieve- some things about the decision that themselves in their profession were ment.

really deserve wide public attention. given opportunities to take courses in The programme of the New Antioch Two cases were involved, one from the "Community Civics," "Nature Study," aims to achieve self-support by the loca- courts of the District of Columbia, one "Motion Picture-Machine Operation,” tion of industries in a factory building from the courts of the State of New "Social Hygiene," and "The Peoples of on the campus. In this building it is York. The latter is typical, and we Greater New York." The study of the planned to house a variety of small in- therefore briefly describe it. During the operation of motion-picture machines is dustries which can be operated by stu- inflation period immediately following by way of preparation for a wider use dent labor with experienced men em- the World War rents enormously inof visual aids to instruction in the pub- ployed by the College in control. It is creased in New York City. Thousands lic schools of the city.

also planned to place students in the of people found it difficult or impossible "Education was formerly of the doc. various industries in which the neigh- to get homes. Under the pressure of tors, by the doctors, for the doctors, a borhood of Antioch is so rich. The stu- public opinion, the New York State Legconscious effort to create a learned class, dent who works his way through college islature passed a law which provided a privileged class apart," said Mr. by cleaning furnaces and waiting on the that a tenant might stay in his house Crandall recently. "Education has been table may gain self-discipline, but that or apartment at the expiration of his taken over by the people. People are benefit is indirect rather than direct. By lease without being dispossessed by the proceeding with education in democracy the Antioch plan the student will not landlord. He would go on paying the through democracy in education. ... It only work his way through college, but previous rate of rent until the courts seems to us that the best civic training he will also gain his support by means had an opportunity of deciding what consists in training our people to think which will directly educate him for use- was a reasonable rent. The law was an for themselves on the problems of the fulness in after life.

emergency law and automatically ceases day. ... It is true that at the centers The New Antioch is working to secure to operate in October, 1922, unless the controversial subjects are discussed, but a faculty of men with records of practi- Legislature re-enacts it. In a test case why not?"

cal accomplishment. It nas already ar- the complaining landlord claimed that So far as details are concerned, the ranged to secure men who have been this legislation, resulting in the confisnew plan is of course in the experi- attracted to its service by the fact that cation of property without due process of mental stage.

they will be held responsible for the law, was therefore unconstitutional. The



New York courts sustained the constitu- case, but, after all, it is desirable that tionality of the act, and the Supreme the Court should have both radical memCourt by a vote of five to four has also bers and conservative members, that it sustained its constitụtionality.

should exercise both a centrifugal and In considering a decision of the Su- centripetal force. The history of the Supreme Court it must always be borne in preme Court does not indicate that it ever mind that the Court's function and gen- has exercised or ever is likely to exereral practice is to determine, not whether cise a dangerously radical influence upon a law is wise and beneficial, but whether American life. We see nothing in this it is Constitutional. This case is rather decision to indicate that the Supreme a striking illustration of this principle. Court has ceased to be what it has been We have read the sustaining opinion de- since the days of John Marshall, both livered by Mr. Justice Holmes, and the the foundation stone and the binding dissenting opinion delivered by Mr. Jus- capstone--if that is not a mixed metatice McKenna. We do not find anything phor-of our Government. in Mr. Justice Holmes's opinion that in- In these rent cases the rights of propdicates that the majority of the Court erty and the welfare of the individual think the law is a very wise one. We were involved in a rather picturesque certainly do not think it is a very wise and striking way. It is perhaps a good one, and doubt if it will accomplish the time to recall the doctrine which Theopurpose which it was framed to accom- dore Roosevelt laid down in his address plish. On the other hand, we cannot at the Sorbonne, in Paris, in 1910: see that permitting a tenant to retain

My position as regards the moneyed his house or apartment without im- interests can be put in a few words. mediate dispossession by the landlord

In every civilized society property until the courts have adjudicated the

rights must be carefully safeguarded;

ordinarily, and in the great majority matter is confiscating property without

of cases, human rights and property due process of law. In that respect the rights are fundamentally and in the law seems to us to be Constitutional. It long run identical; but when it clearly is, to be sure, another extension of the

appears that there is a real conflict

between them, human rights must police power of the State, but in that

have the upper hand, for property berespect the decision of the Supreme longs to man and not man to property. Court is not radical, for the whole tendency of the Court during the last twenty-five years has been steadily to

A NEW BILL OF maintain and develop the doctrine of

AMERICAN RIGHTS police power. The doctrine of the police power of the State has now been firmly ROM a pin-prick on the map of the established in American social and gov

Pacific Ocean the little island of ernmental life.

Yap seems somehow to Americans It is true, as Mr. Justice McKenna to have suddenly spread over the world, intimates, that under this doctrine so vital, in the defense of our rights, is government in the United States has the international question involved. become something very much more A brief review of the facts will make than the mere protection of life and clear the emphatic assertion of Amerproperty. In his dissenting opinion he ican rights contained in the recent note asks: "What is going to happen if Gov- from Secretary Hughes: When in the ernment can fix rent in an emergency spring of 1919 the Paris Peace Conferon the ground that public welfare de- ence and a little later the Supreme mands it? ... If such exercise of gov- Council awarded to Japan the island of ernment be legal, what exercise of gov- Yap, in the Pacific, formerly a German ernment is illegal?" The answer is that possession, it was despite notice from the Legislature is to determine, in the this country through President Wilson first place, what exercise of government and Secretary Lansing that the question is legal or illegal, and the Supreme Court as to Yap should be reserved with a is to determine whether the judgment of view to a possible future agreement the Legislature is obnoxious to the Con- which might make of Yap an interstitution of the United States. The wis- national cable station. But it was not dom, expediency, or social effect of a law until November, 1920, that Secretary may be very bad indeed, but if it does Colby told Japan that Yap should not be not violate a principle of the Constitu- included in the assignment of German tion the Legislature, and not the courts, islands to Japan because of the Wilson are to determine its enactment.

reservation just mentioned. Japan Some people have said that this decis- promptly declined to accept this view ion of the Supreme Court shows that it and declared that the mandate of the is composed of five radicals and four Peace Conference and the Supreme conservatives. It is always unfortunate, Council did in fact include Yap in the we think, in an important decision of territory committed to Japan. the Supreme Court that the Court To this note from Japan Secretary

award did not assign “all," but "certain" German possessions north of the equator, to Japan, and that we held that this left the matter open to negotiation in view of our repeated objections. The next diplomatic move was Japan's reply, dated February 26, 1921. This included the following statement:

If a decision in favor of the exclusion of the island of Yap ... had really been made ... at the meeting of May 7, in which Japan was not represented, it could not but have been regarded as an act of entire bad faith. It is therefore inconceivable to the Imperial Government that such a decision could have been reached at a meeting at which no Japanese delegation was present.

The Governments of Great Britain and France, being of the same opinion as the Japanese Government on the matter, made statements to that effect in their replies to the American note in November last. ... The question seems to be one which should be freely settled by the nation which has charge of the place, namely, Japan.

Meanwhile another statement from Secretary Colby, called out by the approval of the Council of the League of the action of the Supreme Council, declared in substance that, though not a member of the League, the United States as a participant in the late war could not consider any of the Associated Powers "debarred from discussion of any of its consequences or from participation in any of the rights and privileges secured under the mandates."

This position was amplified and emphasized by the clear and forceful statement issued early in April by Secretary of State Hughes, and addressed, not only to Japan, but to Great Britain, France, and Italy. The outstanding and important point made by Secretary Hughes was the assertion of our right to be considered in the assignment of any territory to any one of the five principal Allied and Associated Powers. The United States was an important factor in the winning of the war. Apart from this, our international rights are what they always have been and are not in any degree made less by action of other Powers taken without our assent. And, as the United States did not sign the Treaty of Versailles, we are not bound by any of its provisions.

Secretary Hughes, assuming that President Wilson's statement as to the reservations regarding Yap is correct, elaborated the position indicated above in a convincing manner. Thus, he said:


In particular, as no treaty has ever been concluded with the United States relating to the island of Yap, and as no one has ever been authorized to cede the rights or interest of the United States in the island, this Government must insist that it has not

lost its right or interest 4+ aviated


Council or the League of Nations and ing their spleen on something too awful cannot recognize the allocation of the

to have been produced could make an island or the validity of the mandate

equally strong assertion to the effect to Japan.

that they too were but expressing a priAmericans will welcome the definite

vate opinion. But no; they hedge and ness of our position as laid down by Mr.

hem and haw. They are exactly the Hughes and approve the refreshing

type of people who were neutral during vigor of his language. Both atone in

the World War; and, fearful of hurting some degree for the “more than a year

any one's feelings, failed to gain the reand a half” which, as the Japanese Gov

spect of any of us who had honest conernment acidly points out, was allowed

victions. “to pass by before electing to question

"I have noticed that if one starts out the decision.”

to offend nobody, he ends by pleasing A situation of considerable inter

nobody. The indefinite article, we must national tensity has naturally developed.

all admit, has hardly the force of the But it is relieved by the statement from

definite; and if one fears to take a the French Government that it also is

stand, but prefers to run with both the prepared to accept the principle of our

hares and the hounds, the straddling beunsurrendered rights. It even volun

comes a hopeless business and both facteers to be our champion at the Supreme

tions desert one-even when we are not Council's forthcoming meeting.

anxious to drop them. Although Secretary Hughes's note re

In other words, it is not good policy lates to the tiny island of Yap, its ap

to 'play safe' continually. One must plication is world-wide, for he not only

stand or fall on one's own firm beliefs; notifies Japan that the United States

and it was no more possible to be neuwill maintain its position regarding

tral in the late war, where grave issues Yap both as to fact and principle, but

were at stake, than it is to be neutral he also notifies the Powers of a new

as between Christ and Judas Iscariot. American Bill of Rights-a declaration

Or so it seems to me. In every historithat, League or no League, the United

cal episode there comes a moment when States has international rights and will

one wavers no longer if he be of the maintain them.

right stuff, and certain events blast all
one's previous conceptions of right and

wrong. There comes an instant of beRIGHT AND WRONG

trayal. Whatever Judas, or Germany, WHERE is a type of person,” said may have been in the years preceding the Young-Old Philosopher, “who their base acts, they were of a differ

grows rather wearisome to me. I ent mold in one astounding and revealmean the man or woman who, ever on ing second. A forger may be a worthy guard, cannot be induced to speak of a man up to the moment when he puts book or a play as downright poor. Such another's name on a check. Through a person in any open discussion always that act he becomes something else. In leaves a loophole. As if it were a shame the twinkling of an eye his whole conto condemn a thing that one feels in ception of morality changes; and our his heart should be condemned.

judgment of him should likewise change. "Invariably you will find people like If one says, 'But how do you know the that quite as niggardly of just praise. difference between right and wrong?' I Here too they will leave an opening always answer, 'By the same intuition for themselves; be eternally cautious. that tells me the difference between my Theirs is a middle course. They always own good acts and my own evil acts.' ‘play safe.' Too anæmic to cast out the Despite the sophists, there are degrees stupid in art, they are equally too blood- of good and evil which we can measure less to go into raptures over anything and appraise; and no man, left alone that has obviously caught some of the with his conscience, can tell me that divine fire.

he does not know this. Life would be "Now there are many things produced unbearable unless we could discriminate in all the arts that need, and should re- between two opposing forces. Fortuceive, hearty condemnation. Why not nately, we can, and do. And that is give it? One can add to any criticism, why the world grows better, despite a to save himself from the accusation of slight setback now and again. The combeing oracular, the statement that this mand is Forward, on the whole; and, is but his own personal opinion, which though Judas had his little hour, no may not be worth while. And such a doubt, when he was happy with his illreservation, far from detracting from gotten thirty pieces of silver, don't forthe force of a statement, rather backs get that he went out and hanged himit up more powerfully. It proves one self afterwards. The evil do not triumph thing, at any rate: that you do not long. And we need hardly punish them; consider yourself 'infalliable,' in the for they put the rope around their own charming word of Barrie's Policeman. necks in the end and finish the painConversely, our anæmic friends in vent- ful business without our lifting a finger."

TOT every play which is given a

stage production deserves

studied criticism. Pleasant comedies, the average light opera, the generality of detective plays, serve their purpose if they amuse and entertain. It is therefore a compliment rather than the reverse if a critic is interested enough in a drama to want to take it apart and see why the wheels go round or why they fail to revolve with the expected speed. Emphatically deserving of such interest is John Drinkwater's "Mary Stuart," a play which deals with the relationships of that much-debated lady with Darnley, Riccio, and Bothwell.

"Mary Stuart" is a one-act play, with a prologue and a suggestion of an epilogue. It opens in a house in Edinburgh of the twentieth century. There are two characters on the stage as the curtain ascends-Andrew Boyd, a man of seventy, and a young man who has come upon a great unhappiness. The evil which the young man fears is the loss of his wife's love, for she has confessed to him that she cares for another man. In this confession he can see nothing but the destruction of all that is worth while in his life. He has no ears for the argument of his friend, who offers him in consolation a theory which is to him unthinkable. His friend points his theory with the story of Mary Stuart, and says: “Such women can sometimes love so well that no man's nature can contain all that they have to give. There are men like that, too. And it is not a light love. The light lover has many and rapidly shifting aims, but never two loyalties at once. But these others may love once, or twice, or often, but changelessly. They do not love unworthily-it is lamentable when they love unworthy men."

Neither the arguments of Boyd nor the story of Queen Mary moves young Hunter from his despair. He cries out, "What does a dead queen know about me? ... Mary Stuart can tell me nothing, I say." And as he utters the words Mary herself appears in the window answering his cry with a quiet “Boy, I can tell you everything." The light fades. The figures vanish, and when the darkness disappears, instead of a room in the Edinburgh of the twentieth century, there is Mary Stuart in her chamber in Holyrood Castle, waking from a dream of a youth in a far generation who has shared in the sorrow which has burdened her life.

ith such a mystic introduction, the spectator is prepared to find in this new portrait of Mary a picture of a woman who love more than one

man greatly; but Mr. Drinkwater, strangely

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1 Mary Stuart: A Play. By John Drinkwater.


enough, seems to have shifted his theme from this to the story of a woman who can find no man worthy to be greatly loved. Riccio, Darnley, Bothwell—there are these three to choose from, and this is her measure of the choice: "Riccio sings, yes, ravishingly. And no more. Darnley cannot sing even, and he's my husband. Just a petulance—one cannot even be sorry for it. How he hates Riccio—I wish David were better worth hating. That would be something. And Bothwell wants to take me with swagger. It's a good swagger, but that's the end of it. I think he will take me yet, the odds against him are pitiful enough. But it's a barren stock of lovers, .. I, who could have made the greatest greater."

The contemptible Darnley, the suave and timorous Riccio, and the bold Bothwell are shown forth in the act which follows with a touch which makes these mordant words of the Queen seem, if anything, too kind. Darnley, who sings gross songs under the window of the Queen who is his wife; Riccio, who mars the tragedy of his death with his whining; and Bothwell, who knows himself that his love is a thing of passion without endurance or depth; none of these does the Queen love as the wife of the young man in the prologue is pictured as caring for her husband and another. The tragedy of Drinkwater's Mary is not that she is prevented from sharing her love, but that there is no one to whom she can give it all.

The play ends with the murder of Riccio outside the door of the Queen's chamber and the vow of the Queen that the reckoning for the death of this "fantastic nothing" "shall be as though for a great lover." She is left alone in her room singing to herself a song she has made: Though brighter wit I had than these,

Their cunning brought me down, But Mary's love story shall please

Better than their renown.

[graphic][merged small]

Not Riccio nor Darnley knew

Nor Bothwell how to find
This Mary's best magnificence

Of the great lover's mind.

From a distance come the voices of the two figures of the prologue, the voice of the younger man crying, “What does a dead queen know about me?" and Mary answers again, “Boy, I can tell you everything."

There are power and dignity in the character of Mary Stuart as John Drinkwater paints her. There are moments in the play when, aided by the art of Clare Eames, this personification of the Scottish queen is touched with the

vitality of a Shakespearean' character. The language of the play is thoroughly worthy of the situation which it shadows forth. Yet the production as a whole fails to satisfy as “Abraham Lincoln" satisfied. The elimination of the prologue and the epilogue and the completion of the fragmentary tragedy of Mary's life by a portrayal of the death of Darnley, her relations with Bothwell, and her mighty conflict with the great Queen who gave her name to an age of English history may not be a task which Mr. Drinkwater would care to undertake, but is a task which we would be grateful to him for attempting.




EMOCRATIC, reactionary Republi- the Colombian Treaty is an act of jus

can, and pacifist papers welcome tice tardily performed. ... With inex

the passage of the Colombian cusable delay, but yet with finality, Treaty.

we have repaired a wrong, so far as the Democratic opinion is voiced by the payment of money can repair it. ... We New York "World” and the Brooklyn congratulate President Harding upon “Daily Eagle.” The first declares that his courage in reviving Mr. Wilson's it is "conceded in principle that the policy.” United States owed the South American The Buffalo, New York, “Commercial” Republic substantial compensation for gives the view-point of the Republican the taking of Panama in defiance of leaders who put the treaty through the solemn treaty obligations" and as "a Senate: primary condition provided the payment

The country will experience a genof $25,000,000 to Colombia.” The “Eagle"

eral feeling of relief over the ratificaasserts that “the Senate's ratification of tion of the treaty with the Republic

of Colombia for a $25,000,000 indemnity growing out of the partition of Panama. ... The amount, so far as the ability of the United States to pay is concerned, is insignificant. The misunderstandings that it clears up were of a character likely to imperil the whole Central and South American policy of the Harding Administration.

It was all right to say that approval of this pact would be an insult

to the memory of President Roosevelt so long as there was the clause in it expressing "regret" to Colombia for the loss of Panama. But that clause in the treaty was elimi

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