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undoubtedly to fortify the victory for liberty and justice which is not even yet any too secure. In the second place, Germany has been made to realize that the United States, notwithstanding President Wilson's strange policy of attempting the double rôle of belligerent and mediator, is not neutral and cannot be depended upon to make it easy for Germany to escape the just consequences of her misdeeds. That too is a gain. It helps to remove one of the chief obstacles which France has encountered in securing safeguards for herself and for the rest of Europe.
These gains, however, are psychologi. cal, and what the world needs now is something tangible. Psychology alone will not rebuild ruined towns, restore to use inundated mines, set factories to running, re-establish commerce, or vindicate the public law of nations. Until Germany does what she has promised to do the burden which Germany's deeds have laid upon others than herself will continue to rest on her victims. That burden must be shifted from the shoulders that are unjustly bearing it, if destroyed towns are to be rebuilt, flooded mines rendered accessible, and commerce renewed.
Two years ago Germany promised to assume the burden that belongs to her. Now she promises to keep that promise. The nations do not crave any more promises from Germany. What they want is performance. They want her to disarm according to the Treaty. They
EVA LE GALLIENNE AS "JULIE" AND HORTENSE ALDEN AS “MARIE.” IT IS JULIE
WHO FALLS VICTIM TO THE STRANGE LURE OF "LILIOM," THE TITLE CHARACTER want her to try her real war criminals.
IN FRANZ MOLNAR'S PLAY AT THE GARBICK THEATER, NEW YORK CITY They want her to pay, not in promises, but in real wealth, reparation.
will be amortized in thirty-seven years occupancy of the Ruhr District as merely The Allies have worked out a plan by from the day of issue.
postponed. It is certain that the only which Germany can pay. The amount The administration of this plan is in- assurance the world has rests upon the of the debt, which is less than the trusted to an international Committee clear-headed and undismayed French. amount of damage she inflicted, is set on Guaranties. This is not unpreceat something over $33,000,000,000. dented. In 1881 the Turkish Govern
LILIOM Of course Germany cannot pay this at ment, which could not meet its liabilionce. She has not the wealth available. ties, was placed in the hands of an HE Theater Guild has placed the She must therefore bond herself to pay international debt commission, which
theater-goers of the metropolis unit. On July 1 she must hand to the received and distributed to bondholders
der a heavy debt this past winter, Reparation Commission three billion certain proportion of the moneys de- for it has produced a series of notable dollars' worth of bonds to bear interest rived from the Turkish excise duties plays adequately staged and more than from May 1, and on November 1 she and other funds.
adequately acted. The Guild is a group must hand nine and one-half billion smaller scale the American Government of professional actors, producers, artists, dollars' worth more.
has acted as a sort of debt commission and executives who have banded toThese first two series of bonds must for Santo Domingo, meeting the de- gether for the production of good plays. pay five per cent. In addition there mands of Santo Domingo's creditors The Guild is self-supporting and looks must be paid over to the Reparation from funds derived from Dominican to no philanthropist for sustenance. It Commission a sum equivalent to twenty- customs. This is the plan. The world is a healthy organization, which justisix per cent of all German exports. will feel easier when it begins to work. fiably lays claim to high dramatic The guaranties for the interest pay- As an initial settlement, Germany has ideals, but which, thank Heaven, lays ments and for the additional charge cal- agreed to pay on June 1 about a quarter no claim to a monopoly of artistic ambiculated on the exports are to consist of of a billion dollars.
tions; wherein it shows in brilliant conthe entire proceeds of the German mari- If Germany should fail to keep her trast to some of the small groups who time and land customs, of taxes, or of promises, Allied forces will occupy Ger- are now attempting to “uplift” the stage. any other available public revenues. man territory. It is therefore necessary The latest performance of the Guild is
The bonds are to be distributed among for France and the other Allies to con- an extraordinary Hungarian play called the Allies, which can sell them to pri- tinue to mount guard. The French, who "Liliom." It is the story of a barker vate individuals or retain them in their with reason have little faith in any Ger- at a merry-go-round, a perfectly useless treasuries. The bonds, it is expected, man promise, regard their proposed bully with "a way with him" which
does not desert his spirit even when
A DAY OFF
middle-aged men hastening out in a confronted by the judgment of Heaven
motor on some crisp morning, their itself.
HERE is nothing that clears the golf-sticks piled beside them, while The story of “Liliom" is not an easy
cobwebs so effectually out of others trudge to dreary tasks. They one to tell. Perhaps is best to refer
one's brain as a day off," the have earned their liberty, no doubt-let the reader who is not fortunate enough
saying. us hope so, at any rate; and they will to have a chance to see this play to the "Just as we plan our work, we should be all the better to-morrow for those few printed edition published by Boni & plan our play; only, most of us, in the hours of delightful sport and health. Liveright. Briefly, however, the pro- clamor of the times, forget that to loaf giving freedom. logue shows street fair, of occasionally is necessary as to drudge; “Too soon the curtain is rung down the most extraordinarily well-directed and we confuse leisure with laziness. on this glowing world we live in; and scenes of this kind which has been “I know in my own case how difficult it is heartbreaking to consider how staged in a long time. Liliom, capti. it is for me to make up my mind, many spots there are close at our gates vator of the hearts of servant girls, is definitely and unbendingly, that I re- which we never find the time to see and there, in front of the merry-go-round in quire, now and then, a morning away enjoy. Partly it is our own fault. The all the glory of his striped sweater and from my desk; that it is as essential as green earth cries out to us to come and his blustering youth. Gypsies, soldiers,
the turning out of decent copy. Spirit- tread the corridors of the countryside; peasants, townspeople, a vender of bal- ual baths we crave and need; baptisms instead, we cling to the granite of the loons, and a strong man all contribute in the elemental things—in the wind and city, and pace desolate hallways-the to a colorful hubbub which gives a most rain on a day dripping with sunlight. more desolate because they are crowded effective background for the play which "Once when I was in a beautiful coun- with people we do not know. And all is to follow.
try place, I remember how I planned all of them are hurrying—where? The play tells the story of Liliom's one summer that I would rise with the "I wonder. And so, no doubt, do they." conquest of the heart of a servant girl lark some morning and see the miracle and of her strange and unacknowledged of the sunrise. Living as I do in a
THE RAILWAY AS conquest of his own callous heart. For crowded city, I have no time and no inher he deserts his merry-go-round and clination--and, tragically enough, no
PHOTOGRAPHER side-show and its gypsy owner.
He facilities—for a glimpse of the sun com- TOWADAYS the railway man does starves her, beats her; he is ashamed ing up at dawn; for the sky-scrapers
something more than oil and reof nothing except of acknowledging the would hide his face for hours, and I am
pair locomotives, run trains, keep hold which she has upon him. When not in a high window where I could roadbeds in repair, and prepare timehe learns that she is to be a mother, he view his bright countenance. But tables. He also takes photographs. consents to a murder in order that he though I said that I would certainly This is because the modern railway may take her and his child in comfort give myself the tonic experience of wit. man has come to a broad understanding to America—and murder is a crime nessing Old Sol's brilliant début, I never of his function. He is not merely a which is not a natural one for his did it. I slept each morning until seven transmogrified bus driver. He is a merbrutal yet cowardly nature.
o'clock or so, always pretending that chant. He sells transportation, as a But the murder is not to be. He is to-morrow surely would be the day of piano dealer sells pianos, and he desires trapped by the police and commits sui- days, and that nothing would deter me to make his product attractive. The cide. Haled before a fantastic court in then. And so the weeks drifted on, and beautiful casing of a piano does not add an unbelievable heaven, his spirit re- autumn came—too soon, alas!—and I to its musical qualities, but it makes the fuses to acknowledge his crimes, and he was driven back to town without once prospective purchaser pleased with it in is sentenced to fifteen years in purga- indulging in the luxury of looking upon advance and contented with it after he tory, the gate of which he enters such wonder. Why is it that we thus purchases it. A photograph does not jauntily puffing a cigarette which he has delude and fool and cheat ourselves, transport a passenger or make his jour. borrowed from an attendant of the fail to take advantage of such pleasing ney safe, but it pleases the prospective celestial court. and exhilarating experiences?
traveler and adds an element to his At the end of fifteen years he is per- "Another time I visited a lake in the journey which makes it more valuable mitted to return to earth in order that northern part of New York, and, struck to him both in anticipation and in he may perform some deed which will by the beauty of the summer foliage that memory. wipe out the record of his past. He adorned the trees down to the water's But the railway man is even more finds his wife and daughter in a humble very edge, I said to a friend, “This must than a merchant. He is as truly as an cottage. Try as he will to express his be glorious in October. Let us come to. officer of the Government a social serlonging for their happiness, he succeeds gether then and see it.' And we made vant. Civilization is a product of travel. only in quarreling with his wife and a solemn compact; it remains unkept to Whoever not only promotes travel but striking his daughter. He is taken back this day, and nine years have hurried helps to give it significance is a leader to the celestial court by two policemen by. There was no good reason why we in civilization. And this is what the of the beyond, to what fate the spectator should not have made the pilgrimage; railway man does. is left uninformed, except by the fact but we just didn't. Fools, you say? It is in this capacity, not merely as a that the bewildered child tells her Certainly. I admit it. And seldom am merchandiser of motion, but as an enmother that the harsh blow that she has I more ashamed than when I break my larger of the environment of men and received did not hurt, but felt strangely word with myself. A friend forgives one; teacher of what travel has to offer to like a kiss!
we do not find it easy to forgive ourselves, men's minds and souls, that the railway Surely, the play is as unusual as much to erase those personal debts which we man employs the camera. which has come from the pen of Sir pile up with our own inner spirits.
Thus it happens that when The OutJames Barrie, though it is fantastic and “So the day off that means so much look wished to give to its readers a bizarre where Barrie is humorous and to us, mentally and physically, why are graphic survey in brief of many parts whimsical. Its exotic flavor has not been we afraid to take it when the oppor- of America it turned to the great raillost in translation from the original of tunity arrives? I like nothing better way lines and there found the pictures its Hungarian author, Franz Molnar. than to see, in the big town, a group of reproduced on the following pages.
Courtesy of the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railway
THE ROYAL GORGE, GRAND CANYON OF THE ARKANSAS, COLORADO This is declared to be "the most remarkable chasm in the world through which a railroad passes." The height of the walls above the tracks of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad is over 2,600 feet. Trains of open sightseeing cars annually carry thousands of visitors through this wonderful chasm