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the night before last and I said to the anything to relieve the strain of monot- one operation, and change from one to wife, 'I must have a new pair of shoes.' ony.
another occasionally is a relief. The She said: 'All right; go downtown and The man who solves the problem of broader education of apprentices could get a good pair, because a good pair is monotony of operation in industry would be carried on in every large city with cheaper in the end.' And I said: 'I be another exceedingly great benefactor good results, as it is being carried on have only six dollars to put into shoes of mankind. It is one of the chief in Dayton by the National Cash Register at the most, and I can't get a good pair causes of ineffective production and in- Corporation, the industrial high schools that I would like short of fifteen dol. dustrial unrest. It is an important of the city acting in unison with the lars.' And the best I could do when I factor in a large labor turnover. You plant and with the technical university got downtown was this pair at $4.50 in cannot get men, especially young men at Cincinnati. a bargain sale. They are not what I without family ties, to stay long in one Our superintendent tells me that every want. They don't fit exactly, and I place, on one operation, even at a high week at the foremen's conference is have to take them off once in a while wage. There is danger of the very high adopted the plan of giving each man a until I get them worked in. I would progressive methods of specialization problem to work out and report on at not buy such trash if I could help it; getting rapidly to the point of diminish- the next meeting. He says it doesn't but what can I do?"
ing returns. As one man expressed it to make much difference whether the probWorry seems to be the greatest single me, "It's too near slavery!” We have lem is immediately practical or not. It cause of unrest and inefficiency and lack here a problem not only in industry, but starts the mental activity, develops men, of production-worry about a man's own of course also in citizenship.
and helps to cut down productive hours health or the health of his family, Managers are going at this problem and costs. Breadth of interest makes a worry about what will happen to his of monotonous specialization through better specialist. That is the reason, I family if he is disabled or dies, the training schools within the plant. There suppose, that the keenest managers like haunting fear of the loss of his job. is one here where I am. A great rubber their technical experts to have a good The man who solves the problem of the plant in Akron has a large school for college education. stabilization of employment would just apprentices between fifteen and eighteen There is a fatigue period in machine now be one of the greatest benefactors years of age, where a general high school industry beginning in the morning beof mankind.
education is carried on side by side with tween ten and eleven and in the afterAlso the monotony of modern factory a technical training in many of the noon between three and four. It is specialization contributes greatly to un. operations of the particular industry. therefore of the greatest consequence rest, I believe. The vice-president here' Such an apprentice is not only a better that the lunch hour in a great plant was telling me of a worker who came in citizen, but he can perform more than should have careful attention. If the recently for a job. When they inquired
men rush out to junk hash houses and what he had been doing previously, he
eat hurriedly a coarse and unbalanced said: "Me work on nut 45 in Ford.” A
ration, and then stand outdoors and man performing a simple automatic
bake on the sidewalk in the summer operation, who has nothing to do but In a later issue Senator or freeze in the winter, they are not watch his fellows and brood upon his
prepared properly for the work of the and their unsatisfactory condition, be
Davenport will tell of
afternoon. A great lunch floor, well gins to see red after a while about the
some other experiences
lighted, with a balanced meal, well inadequacy of his wage and the petti
served, at cost, with opportunity for ness of his bosses. And the result is of his as No. 4626 in a smoking and perhaps music or movies, apt to be a desire of change for change's
is one of the most profitable, as well as sake, for larger and larger wages which
one of the most human, of modern inmay be unfair to the employer and the
dustrial developments. Any large facpublic, for violence and excitement
tory without it is a back number.
BY ONE WHO KNEW HIM
FNCLE BEN, the villagers all call kitchen, a sunny sitting-room, and a stiff barn, with comfortable accommodations
him, and indeed most of the folk little parlor where an old rosewood for twenty-five cows. Two hundred acres u along that pleasant New England piano stood. Aunt Abbie graduated of the choicest land in the valley lay countryside are his kin, and proud to from a select female seminary back in about these well-kept buildings, and any acknowledge the relationship. He is a the fifties, and the thin sweet voice of man might well be proud of such posbig man, six feet tall and two hundred the instrument still tinkled bravely sessions. pounds in weight, and when I first under the touch of her roughened fingers. If days instead of years had passed visited the valley fifteen years ago he The bedroom was large and airy, and since my first meeting with Uncle Ben was proudly seventy-five years young. there were pleasant chambers above- and Aunt Abbie, his gentle little wife, Though he had done the heaviest farm stairs that could accommodate a host of my memories of it could not be more work all his life, he stood as straight as grandchildren at holiday time. And yet- vivid. I was spending a summer with a soldier, and his white hair and beard How Adonoram would have gloried in a schoolmate at the other end of the and his jovial face with its round rosy Uncle Ben's farm buildings! They valley, and we had driven over to solicit cheeks made him resemble very closely stretched in an irregular line from the for a Ladies' Aid supper. Aunt Abbie a picture-book Santa Claus.
back door to the edge of the home won my heart at once, and when she Surely there was nothing in this meadow: the carriage house, with slatted suggested that I stop and rest while my man's appearance to suggest Adonoram, shelves for seed corn above the ample friend went on to the next house I was the well-drawn character in Mary Wil. floor space; the large chicken-house, only too glad to comply. Presently she kins Freeman's story "The Revolt of with row upon row of nests; the ice- invited me upstairs to look at a wonderMother," nor did his home resemble in house, filled each winter from the near- ful old quilt that had been her mother's, the least the dreary place in which by river; the milk-house, equipped in and we were soon in the midst of an Lizzie and Sammie had been brought up. the most up-to-date way; the big horse animated discussion of patchwork deThe house was comfortable, with a good- barn, an imposing structure with huge signs. Suddenly a thunderous voice sized pantry adjoining the cheery haymows above the stables; and the cow bellowed from below, “Mother!” The
BY AMELIA JOSEPHINE BURR
A The Stars are all too
large and near;
At dusk the peepers in the pool
little lady sprang to her feet and flew of a spoiled child. It was evident that begin the way I did. At the start a down the stairs as though some one's he neither knew nor cared where any man is glad to consider his wife, and life depended upon her haste. I fol- of his belongings were—“mother"always don't you let yours know any different. lowed, expecting some awful calamity. laid out his clothes and supplied him He'll be happier that way, and you'll Apparently nothing unusual was going with clean collars and handkerchiefs. live to do for him longer." on. As I reached the door the big man She fastened his shoes and put on his There came a time when there was remarked, calmly: “Going to town. rubbers. She kept his diary and made dust on the old piano and the cookie Where's my pocketbook?" As she out his checks. She cooked the food he jar was often empty. More and more handed it to him Aunt Abbie was look- brought according to his direction, and frequently Aunt Abbie was roused from ing him over carefully. “Wait a minute, at the end of the day she read aloud the sofa by her husband's voice, and we father. I must brush your hair, and you from his agricultural papers while he noticed that her hands shook when she need a clean collar. Come in, child, dozed on the sofa. Just how she man- tried to fasten collar buttons and shoecome in." And while I visited with aged to keep her home so exquisitely strings with the old haste. Every one Uncle Ben his wife put on his collar, neat, her cookie jar filled, and her grand- except Uncle Ben knew that the little fastened his tie, tucked a clean hand- children supplied with knitted socks and lady was wearing out. If we who loved kerchief into his pocket, and smoothed mittens was a mystery. She was a won- her voiced our fears, he was indignant his thick white hair, derful manager.
-he was hale and hearty at eighty, and During the five years that followed I Adonoram's wife was mistress within was she not a full ten years younger? spent many a happy day with Aunt her tiny house, with its shabby walls A bit tired to-day, that was all. Aunt Abbie. The scene which I had witnessed and scant furnishings; but Uncle Ben's Abbie was tired—tired out-and we on my first visit to the house I found to wife, in her more comfortable home, was could not grieve when she fell asleep one be a daily, almost an hourly, occurrence. merely valet, secretary, and cook. Her soft spring morning, though we should Every time Uncle Ben entered the house husband bought, not only cows, but miss her sadly. that commanding cry of “Mother!” rang household supplies as well, without her Uncle Ben is ninety now. He is not through the quiet rooms. No matter knowledge and consent. No great crisis as spry as he used to be, but he is still what Aunt Abbie was doing-cleaning came to bring the thought of revolt to wonderfully hale and hearty; while the the attic, shaking the furnace, rolling Aunt Abbie's patient soul. For years devoted daughter who has answered his out cookies, or taking a nap-she hur- no word or look betrayed the fact that summons since "mother" slipped away is ried to his side. I have sometimes won- she realized the slavery of her life. aging fast. As in the days when Aunt dered what would have happened if just When, flushed with happiness, I went to Abbie met his demands with such lovonce she had answered with that her to tell of my own coming marriage, ing, loyal patience, he is proud of his familiar phrase, “In a minute." The however, she said: "Husbands are what age, proud of his strength, and utterly old man's imperious demands were those we make them, child. Don't you ever unconscious of his tyranny.
PICTURES OF THE CITY OF VILNA AS SEEN BY A RED CROSS WORKER
A VIEW OF THE CITY OF VILNA AND OF THE WILSKA RIVER ON
WHICH IT IS SITUATED
century, and other buildir.gs of historic interest. A plebiscite to determine the city's future From Wanda M. Caswell, Elmhurst, L. I.
governmental allegiance will soon be held
WILLIAM DE MORGAN'S LAST NOVEL the two is not the same. Mr. De Morgan
himself stated that of "Joseph Vance” -T is not often that the relation be. Probably not; but it was not like De in these words: “The highest good is tween reader and writer is so inti- Morgan to dispel the mystery of a situ- the growth of the soul, and the greatest ation until he simply had to do so. In
man is he who rejoices most in great in the case of the author of "Joseph the main Mrs. De Morgan's chapters fulfillments of the will of God." It is Vance," "Somehow Good," "It Can carry on the tale clearly.
true that Joseph Vance had a happy old Never Happen Again," and the many A single passage may be quoted from
age and that Eustace John Pascoe died other long, rambling, and entertaining “The Old Man's Youth" as an illustra- in an institution, and that the tone of stories that in varying degrees have
the one life is warm satisfaction and given pleasure to all those English and
that of the other gentle depression and American readers who are not afraid of
hopelessness, but the spirit of the two being called lovers of the Victorian type
men is alike sweet and unselfish. of fiction. De Morgan quietly but in
The passage above quoted from "Jocessantly cultivated this intimacy. It
seph Vance" was selected by Professor was of the kind that existed between
William Lyons Phelps as the motif of Thackeray and his admirers, but not be
that novel, and the choice was affirmed tween Dickens and his countless readers,
as correct by the author. A prize had and this although De Morgan always
been offered to a class at Yale for the stoutly maintained that as a writer he
best essay on De Morgan's novels, and owed most to Dickens. However that
in corresponding with Professor Phelps may be, De Morgan had a way of his
De Morgan had remarked that he always own of taking the reader into his con
tried to have a dominant motif in his fidence, of slyly sharing a joke with him,
book and wondered whether the contesof involving him by what he once called
tants would detect that in “Joseph his "button-holey" manner in a sort of
Vance," adding, “None of the reviewers sotto voce discussion of situation and mo
did." This appears in an article by tive. The result is that one feels a per
Professor Phelps in a recent issue of the sonal loss now that he can no longer
New York “Times's" Book Review seclook forward to "the next De Morgan,"
tion. The article should be read by all and even in a measure a personal grief
who care for De Morgan, as it contains that so delightful and lovable a person
many extremely interesting and charality as William De Morgan has finished
acteristic letters hitherto unpublished. his course.
De Morgan's literary career, and his To be perfectly frank, neither “The
whole life for that matter, was remarkOld Man's Youth”i (no one can reason
able and unusual. We will repeat here ably be expected to quote the complete
its outline as it was given in our cumbrous title, given in the foot-note)
WILLIAM DE MORGAN
columns when the first of the two postnor the preceding posthumous novel,
humous novels appeared: "The Old Madhouse," may be ranked tion of the author's fashion of playing "He was sixty-four years old before he with the three novels named above in about in a byway of criticism:
ever thought of novel-writing. Then, virility and charm. In both the manner
Few of us have the hardihood to like Scott with 'Waverley,' he wrote a is the same; the quality is there, the
express opinions about color to real chapter of 'Joseph Vance,' laid it aside talk is clever and humorous, but the artists, but now and then a meek unfinished, and only at his wife's solicitotal impression is fainter, as might be voice rises in protest against emerald tation finally completed it and sent it expected of a man doing creative imagi- green eyes and blackberry-juice lips,
to a publisher. Between 1905 and 1917 native work after his seventy-fifth year.
and is told that its owner is color
(when he died at the age of seventyblind. How can he know that he isn't? But, if one would not select "The
eight) he published eight novels and
And when he points out that another Old Man's Youth" as a reader's intro
real artist has painted the same orig
romances, most of them .quite unusual duction to De Morgan, it should surely
inal with emerald green lips and black
in length and notable also for their be read by all confirmed admirers. It
berry-juice eyes, he does not score a vivacity, optimism, and cheerful phihas his touch and his charm, if not his single run. Because that is interpre- losophy; in other words, written with full flood of vitality. It is not, more- tation. It is always a case of heads, the spirit of youthful vigor rather than over, a work half De Morgan's and half Inspiration wins; tails, you lose. Re- what might be expected from a man who not, as some erroneous advance notes spectful silence is always open to by
began his apprenticeship to fiction in have stated. His wife, who has also
standers, whose consolation it must
late middle-age. Apart from his noveldied since the work was completed, has
writing, Mr. De Morgan's career was one
and powerful neosophies may pass stated that, with the exception of a very
and be forgotten.
of versatile talents; he was artist, infew brief connecting and concluding
ventor, and craftsman; he took part in chapters (which are pointed out by It is odd that De Morgan's last book William Morris's mover ent for housebeing called “The Story," while the rest should have had in part the same theme hold art; he designed and, we believe, is “The Narrative of Eustace John"), as his first. "Joseph Vance" appeared manufactured tiles and stained glass; he the book is left exactly as her husband in 1906—and it is a pleasure to record invented a duplex bicycle, a sieve, and wrote it. At least nine-tenths is De that The Outlook's reviewer then re- a smoke-consuming fire-grate; he had an Morgan verbatim. The chief structural ferred to it as "a novel that aligns itself intense interest in aviation; during the defect of the story is the premature dis- with the best English fiction." The Great War he abandoned work on "The closure, dramatically speaking, of the reviewer noted also that Joseph Vance Old Madhouse' to study out scientific inpeculiarly heartless criminal act of a (the narrator, not his father) is “a ventions for war use. In art, science, and self-seeking woman. This is told in one sweet-spirited old man who has loved literature his mind was active and his of the interpolated short chapters, and much, known many friends worth know- knowledge extensive; his ceramics and one wonders whether Mrs. De Morgan ing, and suffered in silence for love's luster-ware work were said by Holman could have misunderstood the intention. sake.” Almost these words might be Hunt to compare well with the best 1 The Old Man's Youth and the Young Man's
used of the old man who narrates his Italian periods." Old Age. By William De Morgan. Henry Holt
life in this last work. The message of After her husband's death Mrs. De Mor& Co., New York.
28 gan wrote an excellent account of some actions of the Darkes to house and for- "inspired," though his sub-title (“Com. of his literary methods, part of which est contrast the longing for liberty of piled from Statements, Private Documay also be here repeated:
spirit against superstition and ments, and Personal Letters of the Em“When my husband started on one of slavery of thought. There is imagina press") would indicate the contrary. Be his novels, he did so without making tive quality here.
this as it may, his material came from any definite plot. He created his char
intimate Court sources. The account is
BIOGRAPHY acters and then waited for them to act
also valuable in its comprehensiveness. LIFE AND WORK OF SIR WILLIAM VAN and evolve their own plot. In this way
In comparison, “Empress Eugénie in
HORNE (THE). By Walter Vaughan. Illusthe puppets in the show became real, trated. The Century Company, New York.
Exile" offers a glimpse of less than a living personalities to him, and he There is romance in the railway world.
year of the Empress's life. The author waited, as he expressed it, 'to see what As proof, note this well-written life of was a member of her household and saw they would do next.' ... As the story the boy telegrapher in Illinois who re
her subject at close range. The informawas always read to me while in prog. ported the Lincoln-Douglas debates, who
tion in this volume is more definitely ress, I, too, got to believe in the reality rose in the Chicago and Alton system
at first hand than that in Count Fleury's; of the characters, and found myself from train despatcher, telegraph super
the Empress's personality is revealed thinking of them as real, live people, intendent, transportation superintendent, more vividly and more appealingly than and I have frequently asked him, when to the general superintendence of the
in the larger work. he came down to lunch or had finished Kansas City, St. Louis, and Western,
MUSIC, PAINTING, AND OTHER ARTS writing for the day, such a question, as, to the presidency of the South Minne
FAN BOOK (THE). By MacIver Percival. Illusfor instance, 'Well, have they quarreled sota, and, finally, with all the expert
trated. The Frederick A. Stokes Company. yet?' and he would reply, as the case knowledge thus acquired, who built the New York. might be, 'No, I don't know if they will
Canadian Pacific Railway; and he re- The art of fan-making, especially as come to a quarrel; after all, I must wait
mained in Canada to play a great part developed in the seventeenth and eightand see what they will do.' However, in the national life of that country. eenth centuries, is here described with toward the end of the book, when an Then he constructed the Cuban Railway, the enthusiasm of a devoted collector of intelligible winding up of the story be- and for the first time the island's rich fans. A vast amount of information is came imperative, the plot was taken up interior was opened to trade, transporta given, accompanied with many illustraand carefully considered, all the strag- tion, and prosperity. He had now be- tions of notable fans. gling threads gathered together and come an empire builder. Shortly before
HISTORY AND METHODS OF ANCIENT AND ally decided upon, though latitude
his death he said: "When I think of all MODERN PAINTING. By James Ward. E. was always allowed for details to shape I could do, I should like to live five P. Dutton & Co., New York. themselves after their own fashion." hundred years." The grim fight he This volume is the third of a fourR. D. TOWNSEND.
waged in his earlier years against volume work on "The History and
poverty and the driving, dynamic force Methods of Ancient and Modern PaintTHE NEW BOOKS
of his later acts are revealed in what ing.” It deals with Italian painting in he said some time ago:
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, inBOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS Our whole civilization is the out
cluding the work of the great masters of FAIRY TALES FROM FRANCE. Adapted by growth of wars. Pain and distress the Florentine school and of the early William Trowbridge Larned. Illustrated. accompany
wars, and so they do Venetian painters. The text is discrimi. The P. F. Volland Company, New York.
childbirth.. The human race con- nating and the pictures are unusually DLD FRENCH FAIRY TALES. By Comtesse de
tinues and is the better. .. I hold segur. Illustrated. The Penn Publishing
well chosen and reproduced. that every nation should be prepared Company, Philadelphia.
for war.... Napoleon was a curse to Here are two volumes of French fairy
TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION the world, but armies are not.
MAYFAIR TO MOSCOW: CLARE SHERIDAN'S tales. One is a little book; the other is a big book. But both are exquisite in By a curious coincidence the first
DIARY. Boni & Liveright, New York. paper, print, and illustration. In the President of the Canadian Pacific found
Mrs. Sheridan is a vivacious writer. little book we find “Cinderella," "The out that his greatest rival in the rail
She is of English and American descent.
She is a sculptor and, as she says, in Sleeping Beauty," and other well-known
way world was the man who had warmly tales, told in a way not to suggest fear recommended him as the best person to
Moscow portrait work, not politics, was
her concern. build that road, namely, James J. Hill.
But she saw many outcause fright. In the other book there are less well known legends; the The Canadian by birth and American by
standing figures in the queer Bolshevik book comprises "Blondine,” “Good Little
adoption was the rival of the American menagerie-Lenine and Trotsky, both of Henry," "Princess Rosette," "The Little by birth and Canadian by adoption.
whom she "sculped," and others. She
tells how they looked, acted, and talked. Gray Mouse," and "Ourson.'' The lan
MEMOIRS OF THE EMPRESS EUGENIE. By Like most diaries, this is scrappy, but guage is well adapted to youngest read- Comte Fleury. 2 vols. D. Appleton & Co.,
it has sharp descriptive passages. ers and hearers.
EMPRESS EUGENIE IN EXILE. By Agnes TOPEE AND TURBAY. By Lieut.-Col. H. A. FOR THE GAME'S SAKE. By Lawrence Perry.
Carey. Illustrated. The Century Company, Newell. The John Lane Company, New Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. New York.
York. A volume of commonplace stories for Here are two accounts—one French, A faithful, detailed account of motor boys written according to the time-worn one English—of a singularly picturesque trips in various parts of India, with a formula. Why a sport writer of Mr. woman, the Empress Eugénie. She died
humorous slant that is often entertainPerry's reputation should be guilty of recently, ninety-four years old. In re- ing and with plenty of the author's snagsuch an inaccuracy as to write, “It was counting her life Count Fleury has much shots. seven-thirty precisely and one bell was to say about the connection of the French
EDUCATIONAL striking from each of the yachts," we do Court with the three great wars which KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN'S HOUR (THE). not know. This is not the only error of happened during her reign: the Crimean, Vol. 1-STORIES FOR LITTLE CHILDREN; a similar nature in this volume.
Vol. II -- CHILDREN'S OCCUPATIONS; the Italo-Austrian, and the War of 1870
Vol. III-TALKS TO CHILDREN; Vol. IVbetween Germany and France; indeed,
TALKS TO MOTHERS.
These volumes are well compiled, comThe George H. Doran Com
matters, leaving to the first the more pany, New York.
personal side. In that first volume we bined, and arranged. Much of the maIn this house on the forest's edge live find many an illuminating glimpse into terial is original and the selected matter the Darkes. The forest stands for free. the lives of the members of the French is admirably adapted for the general dom, nature, and beauty; the dull, com- Court-Princess Mathilde, for instance. purpose. That purpose is clearly exmonplace house facing it stands for re- Because of the Empress's well-known plained by the titles of the volumes. The straint and convention. Thus the novel aversion to publicity, the author's state. complete set of books should be of value is symbolic; it is also idyllic. The re- ments may not in general be directly in home and public library.