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est and most spontaneous welcome yet granted to any play from the West. Two performances were given to large audiences composed of Chinese and for. eigners living in Peking. The occasion was made brilliant by the picturesque costumes and ornate head-dresses worn by the Mandarin ladies, most of whom were seeing for the first time a foreign play which had scenery and in which Chinese young women modestly and graciously took their parts.
Among Chinese students there is a very natural, almost instinctive, sense of the dramatic, which makes it easy for them to interpret their parts with much intelligence, grace, self-confidence, and poise. Usually the Chinese theater does not depend on scenery at all In this presentation of "The Blue Bird" simple scenery was used which, with costumes and "properties," was cleverly adapted to expressing through the medium of Chinese the beautiful symbolism of the play from the West.
The play was translated into Chinese MEMBERS OF JAPANESE DIET VISITING AMERICA
from the English version by Miss Ruth Nine members of the Japanese House of Representatives, accompanied by two secretaries, Cheng, a graduate of Yenching College are making an extensive tour in America. The photograph shows the party arriving at
who later completed her advanced work San Francisco
in England. With rare simplicity and Diet. · The present Prime Minister, Kei tion has been the traveling theatrical feeling, the spirit and charm of the Hara, is the head of the Seiyukai, the troupe playing either on the permanent original have been preserved in the "Political Friends Party.” The princi- open-air stage found in the courtyard translation. It is believed by the wellpal Opposition party is the Kenseikai, of many large temples or on their own informed on the subject that the transor the “Constitutional Political Party.” portable stage erected with bamboo lator has made a very real contribution These rivals are similar to our mo- poles which they carry with them. to modern literature in China. cratic and Republican parties. The Ken- It long has been a mooted question The morning after the play a critic seikai is headed by Viscount Kato, a whether Western plays could be adapted in the Peking “Morning Post” said: former Cabinet member. The two par- to China; the doubt has been dispelled “This play is a great success. Western ties have been pronounced in their not a little by a recent and very suc- plays in China have just begun their opinions, not only on domestic, but cessful presentation of "The Blue Bird" vogue, and Yenching College has given especially on foreign policies.
by the students of Yenching College, the such a remarkable performance that it Again, with regard to the withdrawal Women's College of Peking University. is a glorious beginning to the introduc. of Japan both from the Chinese prov- The play was given in behalf of the tion of Western drama. Apart from the ince of Shantung and from the Russian Famine Relief, and received the warm- thanks we owe these students for their Far Eastern provinces, as well as with regard to Japan's relations to the Pacific coast land laws, the Opposition in the Diet has endeavored to make its views, wherever possible, divergent from the Government's. Of all these subjects, the one which most nearly concerns us in America is the agreement negotiated by our late Ambassador to Japan, Mr. Morris, and the present Japanese Ambassador to this country, Baron Shidehara. Taking this as a basis, Secretary Hughes is, we understand, broadening and deepening it, doubtless also taking into consideration our attitude on the internationalization of the cable communications in the island of Yap, now assigned to Japan.
efforts in behalf of the famine, it seems we ought to thank them also for their contribution to art.”
ECRETARY DENBY has administered the expected public repri
mand to Admiral Sims for his “highly improper" conduct and the Admiral has accepted the reproof in good part, with the remark, “I did not know my speech was loaded as much as it was." We all know now that it is not etiquette for a distinguished officer who has done service of the first order for America and England against a common foe to speak in public with scorn of "people who are now trying to destroy the good relations between our two countries,” or to make any comparisons in which horses and jackasses figure, or to hope that some time an interEnglish-speaking policy may bring peace and prosperity to the world. Those who
(C) Paul Thompson think that discipline is higher than
ADMIRAL AND MRS. SIMS ON THEIR ARRIVAL IN AMERICA patriotism and that blood-brothership in race and shoulder-to-shoulder fighting in Sims had in mind when in his recent with red hoods over their heads; and if the trenches confer no privilege of speech he spoke of anti-British agitators a prim row of brick edifices doesn't rehearty friendliness are now satisfied.
who are “Americans when they want mind you of quiet little ladies gossiping Those who think that Secretary Denby money but Sinn Feiners when they are in the sun or a platoon of smart soldiers might have approached the matter with the platform." Whether Ireland at drill, then you have missed half the more regard for the dignity and respect shall be a republic, or a dominion, or fun of life. due a great war leader are almost in- two dominions, is a perfectly fair ques- “Now, a building can be made to smile clined to thank the Department for giv- tion, but those who would involve just as definitely as a person. You don't ing them a chance to re-read these de- America in aid of a campaign of assassi. believe me? Then walk through a street lightfully improper and stirringly pa- nation are something a good deal more I know, and I will show you one dwelltriotic words again. Officially we must than "indiscreet."
ing that is as stern and forbidding, as deplore, but Americans without
bleak and as sober, as the most serious hyphens we admire.
footman who ever foolishly got himself In fact, we wish that the Secretary THE HOUSE THAT
up in a somber livery and thought he had quoted a little more fully than he
was something or somebody. Its windid from Admiral Sims's talk. If he
dows like sealed eyes without had, it would have been evident that its
HERE certain thorough- lashes. The iron railing in front of it tenor was not in the least to express an
fares," the Young-Old Philoso- reminds me of a barbaric piece of armor, opinion about British questions—such
pher said, "which seem to me defying the world to penetrate it. The as how Ireland should be treated. It like rainy days. They are dark and door is barred all day, and the shades was to express wrath and contempt for damp and filled with gloom. One never and shutters are drawn in funereal those who traitorously dealt blows from sees a face in the windows, and the fashion, like thick colored spectacles behind when England and America shadows fall heavily—the sunlight never that conceal the expression of the eyes. were fighting a common foe and who quite peers down on the pavement. One thinks of hideous secrets when he later have tried to sow dissension be- There is a sense of perpetual darkness. passes such a structure; of a character tween the two countries. Sir Roger Warehouses are on such streets, with like Eugene Aram, and the dread he Casement at least risked his neck—and great iron shutters and bolted doors, knew. lost it; but others saved their skins but and one could readily imagine a hold-up "Next door to it, brushing elbows were as openly pro-German as they here—a sinister figure leaping from an with it, is a trim, gay little abode; yet dared be. In his book “The Victory at alley on an unsuspecting passer-by. it is built of the same material, is just Sea" Admiral Sims said: “The fact is, “The curious thing is that such as narrow, just as tall, exactly duplithat part of Ireland in which the Ameri- streets are invariably contiguous to cating the other in every line. Yet it cans were stationed was a headquarters pleasant, sunny avenues—just a stone's laughs all day. For at every windowof the Sinn Fein. The members of this throw from a park, let us say; and when sill there is a box of bright flowers; and organization were not only openly dis- I go through them I think of certain just beyond the brilliant curtains of loyal; they were openly pro-German. people of my acquaintance who never by chintz one can sense, if he cannot see, They were not even neutral; they were any chance permit themselves to smile, the warm hearth fire, the rows of books, working day and night for a German though their neighbors forever deep armchairs, gleaming candles, and victory, for in their misguided minds a beaming—like the avenue not far away. silver-haired old ladies and gentlemen German victory signified an Irish Re- "Inanimate objects have always and young and happy folk, all as rapublic."
seemed animate to me. Houses are in- diant within as their house is without. It was that sort of thing that Admiral dividuals; barns are lonely old women The tiny brick walk leading to the gate
is clean and spruce, and the knocker on In the Western Hemisphere the great what may happen in case of future hosthe door cries out to you to lift it. The est sea power is that of Great Britain. tilities as in the suspicion that the Allimat has 'Welcome' upon it-and means In the Eastern Hemisphere the greatest ance may prove to be a screen for poliit;. and when a rosy-cheeked maid sea power is that of Japan. America cies in the Far East that do not have comes out to get the letters that the lies between these two nations. With- the approval of the English-speaking postman leaves—and oh, how many he out any hint of suspicion, it is right for peoples of the Western Hemisphere. always has for No. 18!-she smiles in America to be concerned with any ar- Americans, Canadians, Australians, that way which makes you know there rangement between her neighbors Great and New Zealanders think very much is a garden behind the house, for all Britain and Japan.
alike certain great international its hedged-in situation. Peace broods Twenty years ago the British thought policies. They do not like methods over it, and the birds swarm to the they detected a desire on the part of which nations in the past have used to basin that a kind hand has placed near Russia for India. To check it, Great further their special interests at the the pergola, and an old tree peeps in at Britain made an Alliance with Japan. expense of weaker peoples. For examthe back windows every morning to Japan had just thrashed China, and a ple, they do not like the drastic way make sure that all is well with the few years afterwards won the war with with which Japan some time ago im. friendly, lovable people who dwell in Russia. Japan was evidently a rising posed upon China her famous Twenty. such serenity and joy. Oriental Power.
one Points. They find that that method "Why is it that this house can smile, Ten years ago the Alliance was re- is quite inconsistent with the sort of and the other cannot? Both are occu- newed for a ten-year period. It expires policy that was pursued by John Hay. pied. Both know the sound of human the middle of this month.
When in 1900 China lay prostrate, John footsteps. Then why is one dead, and Elsewhere in this issue Sydney Green- Hay, alone of foreign secretaries, showed the other valiantly and gloriously alive? bie, in special correspondence to The himself her friend. He openly insisted It is because a house takes on some- Outlook, gives some reasons for believe upon China's administrative, commerthing of the spirit and heart and soul ing that this Alliance is no longer cial, and territorial integrity and indeof those who dwell beneath its roof. If
necessary for the welfare of the world. pendence. Now, though not so prosthere are warmth and light in the eyes Opposition to it does not come alone trate, China is really more than ever of the owners, there are bound to be
from other nations. There is opposition under the influence of Japan. Russia warmth and light in the fireplace. Even in the British Dominions. Many loyal too is now open as never before to on rainy days my cozy little No. 18 is subjects of the British Empire feel very Japan's intelligent and shrewd adfull of sunlight, for it has soaked so strongly that the interests of the Brit- vances. It is right that Japan should much away, stored so much in its cor
ish Dominions are so closely identified look to the East for her trade and for ners, that the gloomiest weather cannot
with the interests of the United States such expansion as she may legitimately rob it of its hoard.
that any alliance, such as the Anglo- make; but there is a general feeling “There are people just like those
Japanese, which seems to ignore those among the English-speaking peoples of houses. But it is curious to note one interests is not to the advantage of the the New World that some of Japan's interesting fact: For all its solemn, dim
British Empire. As originally agreed relations with China and Russia are not aristocracy, no other house in the row to, this Alliance obliged Great Britain the sort that they can indorse. Some of seems to wish to emulate No. 16. A
to support Japan in any war with any Japan's doings in the Far East have bay-window on the other side is forever
Power (tacitly inclusive of the United been at least winked at by elements in looking over enviously at tiny No. .18,
States) which might seem to be the Great Britain, but are none the less disas much as to say, 'As soon as I can,
When the Alliance was re- tasteful to the people of the Dominions I'm going to be like you! And in a
newed, it was changed by the addition and of the United States. The Indian short while there will be so many happy of a provision, introduced by Great part of the British Government, for eximitators of the loveliness of my favor
Bșitain and accepted by Japan, to the ample, has followed much the same ite that No. 16 will topple over and die
effect that nothing in the Alliance course as Japan in permitting or enof shame. And I, for one, will help should oblige either contracting party couraging the illicit opium traffic. It is to carry her shell away; for she is like
to go to war with any Power with which such things as these, whether in accord a grouch at a party—a stiff-necked, sour.
it had a treaty of arbitration. Inas- with some elements in Great Britain or visaged old miser who couldn't smile if
much as Great Britain in the mean time not, which the peoples of the New World she wanted to, poor soul!”
has made a treaty with the United believe should not be covered up, and States by which the two Powers agree which would not be covered up if it
to refer disputes to an arbitral court, were not for the screen of the Alliance. THE ANGLO-JAPANESE the Anglo-Japanese treaty cannot be in That the Anglo-Japanese Alliance is
any sense regarded as hostile to Amer- no longer needed as a measure of miliALLIANCE
ica. Nevertheless the opposition within tary defense seems clear from facts EA power is power to control in the British Empire to the Alliance per- such as those which Mr. Greenbie in his times of crisis the international sists. The representatives of the Do- Special Correspondence mentions. What
highways of the world. It was minions are urgent in favor of a clause good purpose can it serve? That is the Britain's sea power, supplemented by distinctly mentioning America and ex- question which has not yet been an. that of France and Italy, and finally in- empting Great Britain from aiding swered wholly to the satisfaction of the creased by the United States Navy, that Japan against America in any possible United States and a large part of the made it possible for the Allies to win hostilities.
British Empire. the World War. By commanding the That such a clause would seem to be The most prominent field of develophighways of the sea a nation may com- unnecessary makes it all the more ap- ment dụring the next quarter of a cenmand the access of other nations to the parent that the point of view of the tury is very likely to be the Far East. sources of prosperity and even life. It British Dominions with respect to Japan In that development three Powers will is therefore of the highest importance and Far Eastern questions is very much play the principal parts-Japan, Britain, that any arrangement between nations like that of the United States.
and America. Can Britain do justice which involves sea power should be The fact is that the opposition to the to her rôle if her hands are tied? made in the interests of the whole world, Alliance lies not so much in a fear of Certainly we do not wish to tie them
to our own. We need no alliance with Great Britain, not even an agreement.
Brothers do not need such things. But we do want the assurance that we are
working for common purposes in the Far East, as elsewhere.
DID THE CONSORTIUM KILL THE ANGLO-JAPANESE
THE Dollar is in a dilemma. Europe avowed and was the reason, largely, why
is clamoring for his assistance; Australia refused to usher in conscrip
China is sending him an S.O.S. tion-she wanted some of her men kept Both Europe and China have been com- at home for use in self-defense if necesmitting suicide for several years. Το sary. It seems they hadn't all the conwhom shall the Dollar rush in rescue? fidence in alliances that the undiploAnd then, too, we have enough trouble matic are expected to have. And Ausof our own. Our farmers want money, tralia looked to America, seeing that and want it badly. Where is all this America also guaranteed, without an coming from? American financiers have alliance, the integrity of China and the it, in a sense, all their own way, and Open Door for her pet—the Dollar. they are moving cautiously. For that In the meantime the Yen was having reason they have been playing possum it all his own way, because the Soverfor a while in the case of China, telling eign and the Franc and the Dollar were her that they have plenty of place for very busy doing things in Europe. And, their investments, and yet wisely hold- in good Oriental fashion, the Yen was ing up to Europe and America the great breeding and breeding rapidly. He was demand from China. Now this is going going to China by the million and was to be no revelation of the workings of keeping China's interests and integrity, frenzied finance. It is merely going to which all had guaranteed, in a very allude to certain factors at work to-day feverish state--notwithstanding that the that may involve the average reader if Anglo-Japanese Alliance had come into he has dollars and cents to invest. He existence with an avowed purpose of ought to know, for those dollars and maintaining China's interests and incents, if they are going to go to China tegrity. I cannot refer to China's Dolinstead of Europe, are also going to de- lar, because not only is it a so-called cide largely whether the Anglo-Japanese “Mex-Dollar," but the whole currency of Alliance is going to work or not, and China needs such serious overhauling whether Australia and New Zealand are that it is somewhat unnamable. And going to remain a real part of the Brit- so many Yen were coming in that the ish Empire or not. Frightfully involved, poor Chinese “Cash" was getting into this sounds, but extremely simple.
worse and worse difficulties. For the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, Now America, not believing in alliwhose fate has been in the hands of the ances, had an agreement with Japan British Premiers who have been meeting known as the Root-Takahira Agreement, at the Imperial Conference in London, which, except for the fact that it made was a scheme on the part of Great no promises to the effect, "My ally, right Britain to guarantee the security of her or wrong, but still my ally," was just interests in China and India. Since it like the Alliance. In other words, this was first signed two Powers against agreement realized that an ally could whom it was formed have disappeared be wrong, and it would not promise to from the Far East-Russia and Ger- fight for him if he was, and if any mismany. As a protective alliance there is understanding arose a talk might clear no reason for its existence, except to it up. Otherwise, it also guarantees to guarantee Great Britain against Japan, China her interests and her integrity. and Japan against Great Britain. On Hence it was an understanding with the other hand, there is a reason for its Japan that the American Dollar had as non-existence, and that is that Canada, much right to earn a living in China Australia, and New Zealand do not like as the Yen did. the alliance. It threatens to undermine This at bottom is what the whole Far their anti-Asiatic policies. But as far Eastern problem is; and all the Powers as Britain's interests in ina go, the now interested in China have guaranAlliance was formed to guarantee the teed to her that the Open Door shall integrity of China and the Open Door. remain open and that no one will interThat is, that Japanese Yen and British fere with her internal affairs. With the Sovereign should have full freedom to go exception of America, no one has ever to China to earn a living. That was the lived up to this. England has a slice sum and substance of the Alliance till of China; France has; and Japan is Russia and Germany were eliminated. aiming at the rest-virtually has it, in
But when I was in Australia and New fact. Alliances and agreements notZealand I discovered that notwithstand- withstanding, China's integrity is rapiding these facts they felt that, even with ly ceasing to be an integer. Germany and Russia eliminated from Now if that were all there was to it, possible sources of conflict, there was this article would end. But integers, still a disconcerting factor for them, and like the atom, are not easily divided that factor was Japan. That was openly without creating something new.
atom becomes an electron; but the integer, when a nation, becomes a source of international conflict. Hence it is of the utmost importance that China remain an integer. Something must be done. That something has been done. Another agreement was arrived at, and it is known as the Consortium.
Now the Consortium Agreement, which was signed in New York in October last, was not an idealistic scheme. It simply saw that the future peace of the world depends on how the Powers manage their affairs in China. And those affairs could be managed only by co-operation. China wants money. The Consortium is a plan by which the bank. ers of the world—the British, French, American, and Japanese-shall pool their loans to China on a twenty-five per cent basis. They have agreed not to let a cent go to China except for reconstruction work that will actually develop the country, such as railways, highway construction, the straightening of rivers, the building or repairing of canals, and last but by no means least, the reorganization of China's currency system. First, last, and all the time, it guarantees the integrity of China and expresses sentiments that promise only the good of China. When, for more than a year, Japan refused to permit her bankers to enter the Consortium until the Powers assured her that Manchuria and Mongolia would be left out of Consortium projects for Japan and Japan alone to squeeze, the Powers refused to consent, as that sounded very much like smashing the integrity of China. Finally, Japan was given assurance that, in view of the fact that these two Chinese provinces were near her, she would be acknowledged as having certain special interests in them. And the matter was left hanging somewhat in the air. The Consortium was signed.
Well, if that were all there was to it, I would have to end here. But there are still a few little possibilities. However, if the Consortium throws secrecy to the win and comes out openly and at all times for the principles on which it was formed and under which the several Governments have guaranteed to protect these several banking groups, what use is there going to be for the Alliance? None, so far as the interests of the world are concerned. And perhaps, to paraphrase President Wilson's remark about the freedom of the seas, Great Britain and Japan will have to say to the world: "Gentlemen, the joke's on us. If the Consortium works in China, there is no need of an alliance."
From J. Wade, Plymouth Meeting, Pa.
OF ISLAY, NORTH OF SCOTLAND
during the war, while on their way to France
CLARA BARTON AND HER LITTLE
RED SCHOOLHOUSE Below is the picture of the schoolhouse which Clara Barton, later founder of the American Red Cross, established as one of the first free public schools in New Jersey in 18.73. The building has been restored, very much as it was when she taught there, by funds raised by New Jersey school-children. The building was dedicated as a public museum on June 11. It
is situated at Bordentown, New Jersey