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position of the animal, impossible by the old method of stuffing.

The site of the new Museum is more practical than that of the old building. It is accessible to every shopper or clerk with only an hour to spare at lunch time.

At present there is not only not a tree, but not even a blade of grass within a half-mile of the Museum,

But every one who knows the people of Chicago will realize the wonderful possibilities always open to people of their enterprise.

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AN “UNDESIRABLE CITIZEN”
DEPARTS

HERE were forty-six members of the

T'Industrial Workers of the World

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who were sentenced to prison following conviction on charges of violating the Selective Service Law and the Espionage Act during the war. Among these men was “Big Bill” Haywood, formerly secre

tary of the I. W. W. and its ablest THE NEW FIELD MUSEUM, CHICAGO

organizer for the cause of revolution.

On the eve of entering upon his ended, since the power to declare war replaces the old Field Museur at Jack- sentence of twenty years in the Fedimplies the power to declare peace. son Park, once the Fine Arts Building eral prison at Leavenworth, Haywood of the World's Fair.

jumped his bail and departed, it is be CAN THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS The collections for the World's Fair lieved, for Russia, where, it is said by BE TAKEN OUT OF THE

so important that a permanent some, he is expected to play an impor. TREATY OF VERSAILLES ?

location was the result, made possible tant part in propaganda work for the HE passage of the Knox Resolution by Marshall Field's gift of a million dol. Lenine Government. Statements to this

did not attract as much attention as lars. Mr. Field died in 1906, leaving effect, however, have had no authentic did the suggestion during its debate, by four million dollars for the erection of corroboration. Mr. Lodge, that a treaty with Germany a permanent building and four millions Haywood will be remembered not was all the.more necessary because the for endowment.

only for his work for the I. W. W., but Treaty of Versailles could not be amend- The new Museum is, as the illustra- also for the dramatic and bitter trial in ed to meet American requirements, it tion indicates, compact, massive, 1907, at which he was charged, together being practically impossible to separate. white marble structure. Its proportions with Moyer and Pettibone, with comthe League of Nations from the rest. make of it an artistic Ionic unit. It plicity in the murder of ex-Governor Senator Lenroot, the contrary, covers eleven acres.

Steunenberg, of Idaho. . The only direct thought that the League could be elim- The chief feature of the interior is the evidence against Haywood offered at inated without destroying the Treaty, great nave, stretching backward from this trial was in the testimony of the and asked if the sections on reparations, the main entrance and dividing the self-confessed murderer Harry Orchard, boundaries, and the right of occupation building from north to south. At right and the jury released Haywood and his would remain after the League was taken angles to the nave are the thirty exhibit associates on the grounds that a reason. out. Mr. Lodge admitted that they would, halls on the two main floors. On the able doubt existed as to their guilt. but added that to eliminate the League third floor the curators and assistants There can be no doubt, however, that from the Treaty would require no less have their rooms. There are also a Haywood and his fellow-defendants were than seventy-two amendments. This is theater seating a thousand people, a lec- guilty of enough to justify completely not surprising. It would not, however, ture hall, and several small class-rooms. President Roosevelt's allusion to them necessarily prevent the adoption of the The library comprises over 70,000 policy laid down by the President in his volumes. address of April 12 to Congress:

The exhibits represent an expenditure It would be idle to declare for sep

of more than a million dollars. Besides arate treaties of peace with the Cen- the departments of botany, zoölogy, geoltral Powers on the assumption that ogy, and anthropology, the Museum these alone would be adequate. ...

houses a public school extension exhibit. The wiser course would seem to be the acceptance of the confirmation of

The finest exhibit of meteorites in the our rights and interests as already world is owned by the Field Museum. provided and to engage under the

Also in this Museum was first estabexisting Treaty, assuming of course

lished the method of mounting mamthat this can be satisfactorily accomplished.

mals instead of stuffing them. By this

method a plaster cast is made of the THE FIELD MUSEUM OF

animal in some natural position, and NATURAL HISTORY

over this the skin is stretched. No N May 3, 1921, the new Field bones are used, though hoofs and horns

Museum of Natural History, in are retained. This method makes pos- International Chicago, was opened to the public. It sible the perfect formation and natura!

WILLIAM D. HAYWOOD

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as "undesirable citizens." It was this phrase (which promptly entered into our National political vocabulary) that called forth from the gentle-hearted Eugene Debs the charge that President Roosevelt had condemned workingmen as murderers because they were objectionable to the trusts that controlled his Administration. Mr. Debs manifested his customary restraint by saying of President Roosevelt that "he uttered a lie as black and damnable, a calumny as foul and atrocious, as ever issued from a human throat." In a later statement President Roosevelt put Haywood and Debs in the same class and said that they “stand as representatives of those men who have done as much to discredit the labor movement as the worst speculative financiers or most unscrupulous employers of labor and debauchers of legislatures have done to discredit honest capitalists and fair-dealing business men. They stand as the representatives of those men who by their public utterances and manifestoes, by the utterances of the papers they control or inspire, and by the words and deeds of those associated with subordinated to them habitually appear as guilty of incitement to or apology for bloodshed and violence. If that does not constitute undesirable citizenship, then there can never be any undesirable citizens."

The subsequent history of both Hay. wood and Debs have quite vindicated this statement.

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EMIL JANNINGS AS HENRY VIII IN "DECEPTION” AT THE RIVOLI THEATER, NEW

YORK CITY (POSED AND DRESSED AFTER HOLBEIN'S PAINTING)

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was there a single close-up of a tear- which we may hope is based upon a THE MOVIES: THREATENED COM. stained heroine or of the villain's genuine awakening to the real situation. PETITION AND CONTROL

twitching fingers, nor was there a single With a full appreciation of the provoOME leaders in the movie world are example of that murderous assault upon cation which has caused the demand for

alarmed because of two threats to the imagination entitled "the flashback." a censorship, it seems to us a demand their industry—we refrain advisedly In “Deception," in particular, there were which should not be granted. Every from using the word art. One is a

half a dozen occasions which an Ameri- argument which can be made for a centhreat of foreign competition, and the

can director would have seized upon sorship of the movies is equally cogent other a threat of domestic control.

with avidity as excuses for "flashbacks” in regard to every other form of public The fear of foreign competition has to make the obvious more obvious. We expression. Likewise every argument arisen from the recent importation of sighed with relief each time one of these against censorship of speech and the several films which have the right to danger-points was safely passed.

press is equally valid against the censoruse that once potent slogan "Made in Photographically, the German camera ship of the movies. If you censor Germany." These films have been so work is not the equal of the American movies, as some States are even now successful that there is talk of a tariff standard, but in the presentation of doing, you open the door to a general measure to protect American producers.

their themes the German directors are censorship which is contrary to every To any one who has seen such German very much the superiors of our own. American tradition. If you do not cenfilms as “Passion,” “Deception," or “The Let us, by all means, refrain from put- sor the movies, the State still has the Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" the explanation ting a tariff upon foreign movies. Bet- same opportunity for control which it has of the perturbation of our producers is ter yet, perhaps the Germans might be over the spoken and the written word. obvious. The German film companies, permitted to pay part of their repara- The American and the British system despite some obvious shortcomings, tion money in films rather than marks! is not to prescribe in advance what a seem to be guilty of employing directors The second threat to our American man shall or shall not say. It is to perwho have ideas in their heads, and these film producers is contained in the grow- mit him to'say and write what he directors have mastered the art of tell- ing demand for the censorship of films, wishes and then to hold him responsible ing their stories logically, directly, and a demand which has been caused by the for the effect of his utterances. The forcibly. Their actors somehow seem able flood of cheap, tawdry, and degrading American system is not to give to any to depend on acting to convey the ideas films which have been put forth. The authority the right to say in advance which the director wishes to convey. The more responsible film companies are at- what may or may not be given the pubfilms, compared with most American tempting to combat this demand by a lic. It is to throw our citizens upon productions, are virtually captionless. plea to permit the industry to have a their own responsibility and then to de

In none of the three films mentioned chance to clean its own house, a plea termine by due process in open court

M

W

At

whether or not they have misused that man the same love for his child or for visited this refuge recently. Here are responsibility. his mother that an American has? And

two Chinese girls running this refuge what more terrible problem can be pre

in a strange place, all by themselves,

without any direct supervision. Surely GO THOU AND DO LIKEWISE sented to a son and father who sees on China is making progress, especially

IAMI UNIVERSITY has set an example the one side of him his child and on the the women of China. well worth following. It has es

other side of him his mother slowly Of the scores of students of Peking tablished a fellowship in creative art dying of hunger? Which shall he save?

University and Indemnity College

who have volunteered for relief work and has chosen as the first holder of That is the exact situation in some dis

I want to mention one in particular, this fellowship Mr. Percy MacKaye. Mr. tricts of northern China to-day.

Mr. C. F. Woon, who probably more MacKaye's only obligation is to devote Last January we published an article than any other has inspired his himself to the work which pleases him on the Chinese famine which quoted

fellow-students to volunteer for fam.

ine relief. He has been out in the best. He is not required to teach nor from the report on famine conditions by

famine region himself, writing up the to take part in the details of University Mr. J. J. Underwood, of the Seattle conditions and making strong appeals administration. He has been awarded “Times.” This report, while unques- to his wealthy relatives and friends. the fellowship because Miami University tionably accurate in its general picture,

He stayed with me on his way into

the famine country, leaving this believes that he has something definite was perhaps misleading in some details.

place on a cold morning before dayto offer to American literature and that Mr. Underwood said of the four light, when the temperature was behe ought to have a chance to do creative provinces suffering from famine:

“In low zero, riding on a load of clothing

for the famine sufferers. Do you call work free from financial worry. A simi- all these provinces there is scarcely a

this "sitting placidly by"? lar scholarship has been given to Edgar girl from twelve to twenty years left. Stillman Kelley, the composer, by The They have been sold into slavery and

It is clear from this testimony that Western College. President Hughes, of prostitution and deported." A trust

the Chinese are endeavoring to help Miami University, has said: worthy American

themselves as well as they can. correspondent in

They I believe there are between fifty China takes exception to this statement.

certainly deserve all the help that the and a hundred colleges and universi- He says that, while there are too many

sympathetic, charitable, and fortunate in ties in the country which could cases in which the girl children are sold,

other parts of the world can give them. finance a fellowship of from $2,500 to

it is unjust to say that all Chinese par$10,000 out of their own budgets for a year or two, and I am convinced ents take this method of saving both INEXORABLE FRANCE that such a fellowship fortunately themselves and their children from · started could be supported from priphysical death. Mr. Underwood criti

HEN Germany, about a week bevate sources. The development of art cised the Chinese further by saying:

fore the first of May, offered to has always appealed to the wealthy, and an institution that can secure a “The rest of China, much of it blessed

pay the Allies two hundred billdistinguished creative artist on such with abundant crops, sits placidly by

ion gold marks, a great many Ameria fellowship could, I believe, after superstitiously believing that the spirits

cans blamed France for saying no. demonstrating the worthwhileness of the enterprise, find those among her intended the drought and famine as a

first Germany's offer sounded very reafriends who would gladly maintain it. means of regulating the overwhelming

sonable. The Allies had demanded two The Miami plan deserves the compli- population of the land." Our corre

hundred and twenty-six billions, and ment of imitation. spondent in China says on this aspect of

Germany had apparently replied with a the question:

round two hundred. Twenty-six billions I am willing to admit that most

of anything sounds like a good deal; but THE CHINESE FAMINE

of what Mr. Underwood has to say out of two hundred and twenty-six it is E have kept our readers in- on this subject is all too true; and a rather small proportion-certainly of formed from time to time about I would be the last one to defend the

itself not worth a war. Why, it was Peking Government or most Chinese the progress in China of that officials on this point. But there are

asked, could not France waive her most terrible and inexorable form which noble exceptions. Some of these rights to this extent for the sake of a death takes-famine. As Mr. Malone, noble exceptions will undoubtedly common peace? Many Americans found an American teacher in China, puts it

read your editorial, and I should have

in France's refusal a confirmation of

to blush with shame the next time in his Special Correspondence printed in

their suspicion that France was looking

I see them did I let this statement this issue, it is not a question, Whom from an American newspaper repor

for something else besides reparation. shall we save? but, Whom shall we let ter pass unchallenged. Does Mr. In part these Americans are right. die? It seems to be difficult sometimes

Underwood not know that the Inter

Important as it is to France that Ger

national Committees in the large for Americans to appreciate that Chi

cities of China which are raising

many should pay as much as she can nese mothers and fathers love their chil

funds for famine relief are mostly, to repair the damage she wantonly and dren with the same kind of love which not all, Chinese and foreign, and wickedly did in her effort to cripple her makes the American mother and father

that large contributions have been

neighbor, it is still more important to

given by the Chinese themselves? willing to sacrifice themselves for their

France that Germany should be kept at children. It has always seemed to us

Our correspondent relates individual

a safe distance and be rendered incapawhen thinking of the so-called downcases of Chinese governors and county

ble of aggression. But to suspect the trodden races that the plea of Shylock officials who are doing fine and efficient

French people as a whole, or the French in “The Merchant of Venice" is one of

relief work, raising money, establishing Government, of attempting to dominate the most pathetic and the most arrestgruel kitchens, purchasing grain in

Europe because France does not acManchuria and shipping it into the fam- quiesce in the offers that Germany ing passages of English literature: "Hath not the Jew eyes? Hath not a ine districts, and organizing the starving

makes and because she wants some more Jew hands, arms, dimensions, sense,

into self-supporting groups. He reports tangible safeguards than paper promises affections, passions? Fed with the same that Chinese university students are do

is just what Germany wants our people food, hurt with the same weapons, subing notable relief work.

to do and is what she will find our peoject to the same diseases, healed by the Two women students of Peking ple will refuse to do when they know same means, warmed and cooled by the

University are in Wangtu, where

the facts.

they are running a refuge for girls same winter and summer, as a Christian

In the first place, Germany's offer was who had been sold or were in danger is?” So we wonder, Hath not the China- of being sold, but were rescued. I not what it seemed to be.

When ex

W

amined, it proved to be very far from thing about credit in business should reparation for damage done to France in even an approximation of the Allies' be able to appreciate.

the past or protection against damage considerate demand.

In the fourth place, there are other to France in the future is concerned, In order to understand how far Ger provisos in Germany's offer. Among looks battered. By this Treaty the Germany's offer fell short from what she them are that the present basis of pro- mans agreed to disarm, to deliver coal, justly owes it may be well to refresh duction should not be decreased, which to bring war criminals to trial, and to one's memory by a recapitulation of the means, of course, that the whole of Up- make reparations. The Germans have facts which led up to it.

per Silesia should go to Germany, re- evaded every one of their agreements. The Treaty of Versailles, signed by sults of the plebiscite to the contrary So long as that evasion continues, the Germany and the Entente Allies, author- notwithstanding; that the German trade

world will not have peace and the proized the Reparation Commission to fix be set free, which means that German ducers of the world will not receive the amount of damages suffered by coal deliveries under the Treaty stop; their rewards for their effort. What Germany's civilian victims. The Rep- that Germany should be subject to an Mr. Gregg says in his special correaration Commission, after months of International commission of experts, spondence in this issue France very well study, fixed the amount at a sum less which means that she should be free understands: "Every dollar Germany than the claims of the victims. If paid from the control of the Reparation Com- pays in increased wages to her workmen to-day, the amount set by the Reparation mission established by the Treaty; and and to France and Belgium for her wanCommission would be somewhat over that German property abroad should be ton destruction insures our workmen $32,000,000,000.

returned to Germany. In all this Ger- just so much more wages and work." Anticipating the decision of the Rep- many acts as if the Treaty were still It would be better for the world if aration Commission, the Supreme Coun- in the making. If France were to con- the wage-earners of England and Americil of the Allies scaled the expected sum sent to this, the only safeguard she has, ca understood this as well as France down to a figure representing not what the Treaty of Versailles, would be gone. does. But the Germans will not do this Germany should pay but what she could In the fifth place, under the Treaty of unless they are required to do so. Force pay. So the Council presented to Ger- Versailles, which was signed nearly two is the only language they understand. many a bill which, if paid at once, would years ago, Germany agreed to pay by The French, who have the habit of amount to about $21,000,000,000, plus an this, time, May, 1921, the equivalent of thinking clearly, consistently, and in export tax.

five billion dollars in gold, commodities, terms of reality, propose that the Allied In March the Germans made a coun- ships, securities, or otherwise. On this ter-proposal of only $7,500,000,000, plus account Germany has paid some two

Kirby in the New York World the export tax.

billion dollars. There is a balance of Upon this totally inadequate offer be- three billion dollars still owing, which ing refused, Germany sought to involve was due on the first of this month. This the United States as a mediator and fact alone is enough not only to justify made an offer which, if paid to-day, a refusal to make any more concessions would amount to about $12,000,000,000. but also justify proceedings to occupy

Thus the sums may be represented in German territory in order. to collect billion dollars as follows:

the bill. No business man having exAmount due

32 perience with such a debtor as Germany Bill presented

21 has proved to be could be blamed under First German offer..

712 such circumstances for resorting to a Second German offer..

12

collection agency.

If France is inexorable, there seems to In the second place, the Allies offered

be some reason in her favor. At present Germany the privilege of paying rep

the Treaty of Versailles, so far as any aration over a period of forty-two years with interest at 5 per cent. What Germany asked is that the period over which payment could be extended should be seventy-two years and the interest be at 4 per cent. So Germany's offer amounts to putting the payment off into a very far distant field with payment of interest at 4 per cent. And France has to pay 9 per cent in order to borrow!

In the third place, Germany demands that the so-called system of sanctions shall cease. This simply means that there shall be no occupation of her ter

EUROPE ritory except, as the Germans hastily explained on hearing from the rest of the world, that she did not mean that the troops at the bridgeheads should be withdrawn. Of course what Germany

KIRST demands in this case is that the Allies should virtually accept her word and not demand security. The cool presumption

WHETHER HE LIKES IT OR NOT of this proviso is something which the

Europe sits on the doorstep of America. Her problems of reparation and reconstruction are our ordinary business man who knows some

problems. Until they are solved, there will be no peace within our household

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troops shall occupy the entire Ruhr coal region. This region is the stronghold of German production. When France first stood at the Marne, she saved herself, but also, though our people did not understand it very clearly, she served the rest of the world. Again she is saving herself, but she is serving the rest of the world as well, as she stands at the borders of the Ruhr.

easily. He is expected to know everything, observe everything, foresee everything, in all fields of knowledge. And he not only must not make any mistakes himself but he must not allow anybody else whose writings he permits to appear in print to deviate from the straight line of perfect accuracy. The evidence of this accumulates from day to day in the letters which are laid upon the editorial desk.

We therefore say that letters of protest against inaccuracies are among the greatest compliments that an editor receives. They indicate the high standards to which he is held and they prove that readers expect of editors more than they expect of any other men.

For example, we have received a letter from A. I. Loop, of North East, Pennsylvania:

Referring to lower corner page 685: If this sketch is correct, Colon and Panama City have been moved across the Canal since 1915.

We refer to the sketch in question. It is as follows:

roughs seven years ago, reported a late neighbor of his as calling Mr. Bur. roughs “Johnny;" said that she went across a swamp from stump to stump and from the last stump regarded the back of Woodchuck Lodge; and described the lodge as a low cabin of slender boles (though she did, we note, add "one could not say 'logs' to them"). Mr. Buck says that no one who ever knew “Oom John," particularly the people of Roxbury, could have called him “Johnny;" that, as Woodchuck Lodge stands against the side of the mountain facing the village, no one could approach it from the rear; and that, as Woodchuck Lodge is an old farmhouse substantially clapboarded, it is not built of logs or boles; and he says that these "glaring inaccuracies" are an indication of the "new slipshod tendency in magazine editing generally.” We referred the matter to Miss Lacy herself. We hope we will not be accused of attempt. ing to "pass the Buck;" because we think it only Miss Lacy's due. In reply we have received this very nice letter:

Thank you for your letter of April 21. I have delayed answering in the hope of seeing a picture of Woodchuck Lodge, but so far have not been able to find one. My landlady in Roxbury spoke of and to John Burroughs as "Johnny"-quite nat. urally, I thought, since she told me they were school-fellows. As to the approach to Woodchuck Lodge, I but recorded the way I took to it-over a swamp and fields in the rear to the highroad. My impressions of Woodchuck Lodge are of a low, rough, cabin-like building, very rustic, and with slender boles in its makeup. But, as I only saw it once, nearly seven years ago, and for a few moments, and as my interest during that brief visit was centeredof course, on John Burroughs's personality, it may well be that surrounding details were not photographically impressed on my memory.

The real regret is that the slight sketch, meant only to portray a delightful glimpse of John Burroughs, should so unhappily have stirred any of his friends to protest over a detail that, to them, would appear real carelessness. That I would not knowingly have done.

To Mr. Loop and to Mr. Buck we wish to extend our acknowledgment and thanks. We have not only derived profit from the corrections, but a sense of gratification that we were supposed to know so much and observe so meticu. lously.

ATLANTIO

THE CONTEST LET:

TERS
E have read many wise editorials

upon the effect of the war upon W morals and manners. There have not been wanting Jeremiahs who have seen as an effect of the war the total destruction of idealism, and there have been prophets of a more sanguine temperament who have proclaimed that the war has made for the spiritual regeneration of mankind.

We have read these opinions and pondered upon them, without any very great temptation to be pontifical upon the subject ourselves.

Within the last few weeks we have had a chance to study an extraordinary amount of first-hand evidence as to the effect of the war, for in The Outlook's War Prize Contest more than half a thousand readers have made The Out. look their confessor for the revelation of their intimate personal reactions to the great conflict. To judge by these letters, many of which we shall, in this and subsequent issues, share with our readers, it seems obvious that each man and woman took out of the war what he or she put into it. Those who gave themselves whole-heartedly, whether in Red Cross work at home or in bitter combat in France, received in return a broader understanding of human nature, greater depth of character, and that strength to face danger and disaster which is much more than callousness or indifference.

OOEAN

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ACCURACY
EW greater compliments come to

an editor's desk than those which

call him to account for some inaccuracy. When an ecclesiastic makes a mistake, he can usually escape censure by pointing out that that mistake occurred in a field in which he is not regarded as infallible. When a physician makes a mistake, it is not counted seriously against him unless there can be traced to it consequences of physical pain or death. When a lawyer makes a mistake, it may even be accounted to him for righteousness on appeal, and, if not, it is forgotten provided he wins his case. But an editor is not let off so

It is evident that the author's type. THE PROFESSION OF writer when it made the periods which

HOME-BUILDING indicate the location of these two cities on his sketch map failed to skip a space. VIVE years ago, in a visit to WorcesWe have also been called to account by

er, Massachusetts, I learned that Mr. Glen Buck, of Chicago. He notices

in the Girls' Trade School of that with exasperation that Miss Edith Lacy, city a new department had been opened in her account of a visit to John Bur. in which girls were to be taught the

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