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grandson of Peter the Great; ask them if they have been aggrieved, and assure them of full redress. I will forfeit my hoary head, if they do not fling down their arms, and fall prostrate before you.” But Peter was infatuated; would not follow his counsels ; and was dethroned.—The Empress Catharine shewed every mark of regard and attention to the son and grandsons of Munich.
This mode of procuring mariners for public service in cases of emergency, is violent, alarming, and often dangerous; bearing hard on a useful body of men, whose exposure to the warring elements, seems to render addi. tional calamity unnecessary, and apparently inconsistent with the genius of a free government.
Yet this harsh proceeding, so contrary to British liberty, seems a prerogative inherent in the crown, from general immemorial usage, grounded on common law; and though not directly, and in express terms, authorized by any particular statute, is recognised by many acts of Parliament, which it is not reasonable to suppose would mention a practice, illegal and repugnant to the principles of the constitution, without some mark of disapprobation.
War is confessedly a great evil, and pressing, one of the mischiefs which accompany it, but it is a maxim in law as well as sound policy, that private mischiefs must be submitted to, for the prevention of national calamity, and a greater calamity cannot be imagined, than to be weak and defenceless at sea, in time of war.
I will not harrass the reader or myself by a long and pompous recitation of acts from the petitions, as they were then styled, of the fifty-seventh year of the reign of Edward the third, to the statute of the second and third of Philip and Mary, which “ layeth a penalty on watermen, for obstinately withdrawing and hiding themselves in secret places and out-corners, till the time of pressing is over-passed."
I come at once to that'auspicious period, the revolú. tion, when the principles of liberty were understood and asserted,
During the reign of King William, as well as that of Queen Anne, persons under certain qualifications, and of a certain description, were exempted from pressings under proper precautions to prevent abuse.
These exemptions clearly and incontestibly pre-sunpose and prove the expediency, the necessity and legality of pressing, as without such remedies or protections the law considers every seaman as liable and subject to an inconvenience, unavoidable in a maritime country.
This subject which was thought important by that great constitutional lawyer, Sir Michael Foster, will, I hope, be considered as not wholly unworthy the attention of general readers, stript of technical phrase, and legal jargon.
It may also tend to quiet men's minds when they are convinced, that this temporary invasion of liberty, after other various and ineffectual methods of manning the navy, have been repeatedly tried, is necessary for the welfare, and even the existence of the state, and that it is the law of the land ; observing that the question of pressing freemen or landmen, is not at all affected by this declaration.
I should hope that this statement of a question, which has often afforded matter of declaration to ill-designing men, would stimulate all who are inmediately or remotely concerned in commanding, or supplying the wants of the British navy, to exert themselves in alleviating the hardships, and administering to the comfort of English seamen, more particularly in preventing their being caned and insulted by upstart striplings.
Let us place ourselves in the situation of a man pressed at the moment of return from a long and perilous voyage, and exposed by the hard law of inexorable necessity, to be dragged from the dearest objects of love, and doinestic affection, to seek for wounds and death, amidst the raging of tempests, and the noise of many waters.
C. P. B.
PAINT AND WASHES.
To you, my fair readers ! this article is particularly addressed--and, Heaven send it may have a happy infuence upon some of you !
What a collection of filth and trumpery have we here !-Paint and PASTES ! GREASE and Washes! choicely disposed and carefully preserved in boxes and gallipots-in pans and platters !
What a labour to live, if all these are necessary!
Know ye not the wretches who invented and compouuded them!-Why then I'll tell you
They were, of human form, such as made a livelihood of cheating and corrupting the understanding of frailest humanity-
They would, by the gross, sell lovely ladies (once sparkling) eyes-for no more than twelve-pencel--to be afterwards dissected, displayed and retailed in object-glasses ! -
Strip softest skins ! (once pure and lilly-white, now parched and crusted !) --and vend them to beastly chapınen, for basest purposes-at less than half-a-crown a hide !-(they deserved not a comelier name, nor a better price, by that time)-
Pluck out their pearly teeth !-and waptonly sell them to idle boys, for chuck-stones, at doits a dozen !.
Their delicate nails !--they valued no more than the rude parings of their own!
Their dainty locks (once descending in sweetest ringlets !)- hy wicked artifice much chaanged in huewould they next mischievously eradicate !--still drawing out, from day to day, by hairs and handfulls-till they had not left them a single hair upon their heads !
" That was wanton cruelty indeed !--for what end could they answer ? "
None, but the most vile - for the life was gone! much better might be gathered among the mansions of the dead, even after several years interinent !-Still they might be useful in soine sort-nothing is cast away in a trading nation-they might serve to stuff cushions and pack-saddles.
Think what time you waste in deforming ; where you propose decoration and amendment !
Think to what nobler purposes, that time might be alloted !
Think what pains you take to render yourselves distasteful, whom nature had made so charming, so inviting !--sweetest of all her sweets !
A moment's reflection will point out to you, that no ingratitude towards Heaven can equal yours !
Figure to yourselves the most ghastly and horrible spectre, that ever affrighted Fancy made up !-Such is the figure of that monster, INGRATITUDE TOWARDS HEAVEN!
What lifts the head, and gracefully falls the shoulders—like conscious INNOCENCE?
What vermillion can vie with the maiden-blush of MODESTY ? Only BENEVOLENCE can add lustre to the
eye. The ear is deaf to true harmony, at which the voice of Distress finds not a ready entrance.
No feeling, like Pity-no smell like the fragrant breath of Love --no taste, without GOODNESS.
All Paint and Washes are pernicious !mye bedaub your Minds, in the self-same instant that ye decorate your BODIES !
leave stains there, which no fullersearth nor time can expunge.
Believe me, LADIES ! -nothing clears the complexion, smooths the skin, and keeps wrinkle at due distance like Fair VIRTUE and Fair WÀTER.
ORIGINALITY. THERE are few things in which critics are more liable to mistake, than in their decisions on the originality of a writer. A man who will adopt and maintain the most monstrous paradox ; who will assert that Virgil was no poet; that Homer never existed : that Xerxes was an inferior satrap dependent on the great king; that Alexander was son of Darius ; and that Jason was Noah, and the ship Argo, Noah's ark; such a writer will be cried up as a miracle of original sentiment and research by some of the superficial critics of the present daywhile the man of active and penetrating genius, who is really original in his perceptions and combinations, shall, because these are clearly defined, and bring conviction at once to the understanding, be considered as the retailer of trite and common-place opinions : as every man fancied he could have discovered the way to make an egg stand on its end, after Columbus had shewn the method of doing it.
VIEW OF BARTOLOzzi's STUDIES, AND OF HIS STYLE: HIS
WORKS COMPARED WITH THOSE OF OTHER ARTISTS,
Respectfully addressed to
SIR M. M. SYKES, BART, SLEDMERE.
BY MR. CAREY.
Bartolozzi had the good fortune to be born on the classic ground of Italy, among scenes rendered illustrious by heroes, and sages, and patriots, celebrated by the Muses, and enriched by the noblest productions of the pencil and chissel. From his childhood he was familiar with the purest forms of nature, and the most sublime combinations of art. He was endowed with a mild temperament; a mind susceptible of the most exalted ima pressions ; an eye quick, faithful, and discriminative ; a hand, bold and capable; dispositions to profit by every great exemplar; habits of earnest application, and an ardent ambition to excel, which rarely fails to point out the path to success, and to ensure the means of celebrity,
Where other artists terminated their career, Bartolozzi commenced. His studies were founded on the only certain basis ; a perfect knowledge of the human figure, in its sexual oppositions, and in all its stages of infancy, youth, manhood, and age. He was not contented with the superficial precepts of the day. He made himself master of every part of the internal structure, from the configuration and knitting of the bones, to the insertion, swell, and fall of the muscles as alternately changed in appearance by the richest varieties of action and repose, He as sedulously attended to the contours of the head, and to the bold flexible lines which mark the play of passions and distinguish characters of majesty, deep thought, and superior intelligence, from the sterile front and unmeaning flatness of mental vacuity.
Fortunately he did not confine himself to the copying of forms. Nor did he fall into the cominon error of mistaking the means for the end. He drew incessantly from