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could be.” “When a clown is on a mule he remembers neither God nor the world." (Spanish). “When the poor man grows rich, he beholds the stars at noonday." (Bengalese). “The Turk, if he be but mounted on a horse, thinks, 'I am become a bey. (Osmanli). “Put a beggar on horseback-he does not trot but he gallops.' (Dutch). "A man well mounted is always proud." A clown enriched knows neither relation nor friend.”. “There is no pride like a beggar grown rich." (French). "Just put a mulatto on horseback and he'll tell you his mother wasn't a negress. (Louisiana Creole). “As soon as a mulatto is able to own an old horse, he will tell you that his mother wasn't a nigger.'' (Martinique Creole). “When the slave is freed, he thinks himself a nobleman.” (Oji-West African). "A wild boar in place of a pig would ravage the town; and a slave, made king, would spare nobody." (Yoruba-West African). “No pride like an enriched beggar's.” “The man in boots does not know the man in shoes." "Set a beggar on horseback and he will gallop.”

(English). If a Derwaysh were to head the armies of El Islam, they would soon reach the ends of the world.”

Saadi. "Such is the sad effect of wealth-rank pride. Mount but a beggar, how the rogue will ride!"

John Wolcot. "A proud beggar, when he is once mounted so high

as to keep his coach-which was only invented for cripples-to carry him in triumph above the earth, thinks it below him to look down upon his inferiors, and inconsistent with his grandeur to take any notice of little people that stand in the way of his impetuous career or imperious contempt. Every page or skinkennel, who formerly waited upon my lord, or my lady somebody, that has got preferment and money, sets up for a gentleman now-a-days and is proud as any beggar in the proverb upon horseback that gallops headlong without either fear or wit upon the precipice of ambition and the brink of ruin. .. Like Alexander's great horse, Bucephalus, which, when he was naked, would let anyone back him, mount, and welcome; but with his royal trappings on, would admit no rider, save only the king his master."-Oswald Dykes.

When one bat visits another, “ You hang and I will do the

same." (Tamil).
The last clause is supposed to be spoken by the

bat acting as host.

When the crane attempts to dance with the horse she gets

broken bones. (Danish).

Wipe wi' the water and wash wi' the towel. (Scotch).

Used as a kind of reproof to children who when told

to wash their hands do so in an imperfect way. Ye hae put a toom spune in my mouth. (Scotch).

Toom spune-i.e. empty spoon.
A proverb used by way of complaint after hearing a

poor sermon. Ye'll sit till ye sweat and work till ye freeze. (Scotch).

"He'll eat till he sweats and work till he freezes."

(English). “ Ye're a fine sword," quo' the fool to the wheat braird.

(Scotch).

Ye're an honest man and I'm your uncle—that's twa big

lees. (Scotch).

Young man, you'll be troubled till you marry, and from

then you'll never have rest. (Irish). You've got the hiccough from the bread and butter you

never ate. (Irish).

LOCAL AND NATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

AND PREJUDICES IN PROVERBS

A fighting Frenchman runs away from even a she-goat.

(Russian).
This opinion of French valour is quite different from

that entertained by the French themselves who
say: "Were the devil to come from hell to fight,
there would forthwith be a Frenchman to accept
the challenge."

A horse is the ruin of the Osmanli; obstinacy ruins the

Turk. (Osmanli).
“One great weakness of the Osmanli is the passion

for possessing a fine horse; whilst the Turks are
of a slow, stubborn, obstinate character."

E. J. Davis.

An Arab with an Arab your face is like a black tooth.

(Osmanli).
The Osmanli, knowing how they are hated by Arabs,

use this proverb to indicate that should one of
their number be so unfortunate as to come be-
tween two of them he would be crushed and
beaten until he became like a black tooth. They
also say: "Neither the sugar of Damascus, nor
the face of an Arab," I do not like either of them.
They are both bad. This same dislike is shared
by the Turks who declare: “I do not wish for
camel's milk nor the sight of an Arab.”

A Portuguese apprentice who knows not how to sew and

would cut out. (Spanish).
In olden times the Spaniards held the Portuguese
in contempt.

Arab diligence, Persian genius, Greek intelligence.

(Osmanli). Arabic is a language, Persian a sweetmeat, and Turkish an

art. (Persian).

A right Englishman knows not when a thing is well.

(English).

A Russian without the knout seldom does good. (Ger

man).
The Russian knout, or whip, was formerly used for

flogging criminals.

A Scotchman and a Newcastle grindstone travel all the

world over. (English).
“A Scotchman, a crow, and a Newcastle grindstone

travel a' the world ower. (Scotch).

A Scotch mist will wet an Englishman to the skin. (Scotch). A Scotsman is one who keeps the Sabbath and every other

thing he can lay his hands on. (American). Beware of a white Spaniard and a black Englishman.

(Dutch).

By the side of an Osmanli, beware how you look; by the

side of a Secretary, beware what you say. (Osmanli). The Osmanli is quick-tempered and passionate. It

is therefore wise to control yourself and not offend him, even in your looks. The Secretary of Government may report your remarks to the authorities; it therefore behooves you to be

careful what you say in his presence. Choose a Brabant sheep, a Guelder ox, a Flemish capon,

and a Friezeland cow. (Dutch).

Do not speak Arabic in the Moor's house. (Spanish).

Do not attempt to speak a language with which you

are not familiar in the presence of one who uses it constantly; do not seek to show your wisdom by talking with strangers and the well informed on subjects about which you are ignorant.

England is the paradise of Women. (English).

"England is the paradise of women, the purgatory

of men, and the hell of horses." (Italian-old Tuscan). Another form is: England is a prison for men, a paradise for women, a purgatory for

servants, a hell for horses." Gae to Scotland without siller, and to Ireland without

blarney. (Scotch).

Used ironically, Get an Irishman on the spit and you'll easily find two

others to turn him. (Irish). Gie a Scotchman an inch and he'll take an ell. (Scotch).

This saying is evidently borrowed from the familiar

English proverb: "Give him an inch and he'll

take an ell.” “Give a rogue an inch and he'll take an ell."

(Danish, Dutch). "If you give him a foot he will take four." (French). Give a clown your finger and he will take your hand.' (Italian, Dutch, English, Spanish, Scotch).

“Give me a seat and I will make myself room to lie down." (Spanish). “If he is allowed to touch your finger, he will speedily seize your wrist.” (Hindustani). “Give a priest a small veranda, and he will by degrees take the whole house." (Mara

thi). God keep the kindly Scot from the cloth-yard shaft, and

he will keep himself from the handy stroke. (Scotch). In this proverb the Scotch acknowledge the superi

ority of the English in archery. “Every English archer beareth under his girdle

twenty-four Scots." (English). He appears to have been bred in the mountains of Batue

cas. (Spanish).
“Batuecas is a wild part of Spain, being a branch

of the mountains known by the name of the
French Rock, in the kingdom of Leon, and in the
bishopric of Coria, on the confines of that of
Salamanca. The inhabitants are remarkable for
their rustic manners.”—John Collins.

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