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Vestibulum ante ipsum, primisqıle in faucibus orci,
Luctus, et ultrices posuere cubilia Cure;
Pallentesque babitant morbi, tristique Sene&tus,
Et Metus, et malesuada fames, et turpis Egefias,
Terribiles visu forme ; Lethumque, Laborque ;
Tum confanguineus Lethi Sopor, et mala mentis.
Gaudia, mortiferumque adverso in limine Bellum,
Ferreique Eumenidum thalami, et Discordia demens
Vipereum criņem vittis innexa cruentis,

(VIRGIL.)

Just in the gates, and in the jaws of Hell,
Revengeful Cares and sullen Sorrows dwell,
And pale Diseases, and repining Age ;
Want, Fear, and Famine's unreffed rage ;
Here Toils, and Death, and Death's half-brother, Sleep,
Forms terrible to view, their centry keep :
With anxious Pleasures of a guilty mind,
Deep Frauds before, and open Force behind:
The Furies iron beds, and Strife that makes
Her billing trefes, and unfolds her snakes.

(DRYDEN.)

Protinus infernas ad limina tetra forores
Concilium deforme vocat; glomerantur in unum
Innumere pestes Erebi, quafcunque finiftro
Nox genuit fæta : Nutrix Discordia belli;
Imperiosa Fames; leto vicina SeneEtus;
Impatiensque sui Morbus; Livorque fecundis
Anxius, et scislo Mærens velamine Luetus,
Et Timor, et cæco præceps Audacia vultu;

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Et luxus populator opum ; cui femper adbærens
Infelix humili grellu comitatur Egefias;
Fadaque Avaritia complexa pectora matris
Infomnes longo veniunt examine Cure.

(CLAUDIAN.)

« The infernal council, at Alecto's call
“ Conven'd, assemble in the Stygian hall;

Myriads of ghastly plagues, that Thun the light,
sDaughters of Erebus and gloomy Night :
« Strife war-compelling ; Famine’s wasting rage;
“ And Death just hovering o'er decrepid Age ;
« Envy, Prosperity's repining foe,
“ Reitless Diseafe, and self-dishevell & Woe,
- Rashness, and Fear, and Poverty, that steal's
« Close as his shadow at the Spendthrift's heels;
And Cares, that clinging to the Miser's breast,
« Forbid his fordid soul to taste of rest."

The productions of the human genius will borrow their complexion from the times in which they originate. Ben Jonson says, that the players often mentioned it as an honour to Shakespear, that in his writing (whatsoever. he Denned) be never blotted out a line. My answer bath been adds he) Would he had blotted out a thousand! which they thought a malevolent speech. I had not told posterity this, but for their ignorance, who chose that circumstance to commend their friend by, wherein he most faulted; and to justify mine own candour, for I loved the

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man, and do honour his memory on this side ido latry as much as any: He was indeed honest, and of an open, and free nature; had an excellent phantafie, brave notions and gentle expressions, wherein he flowed with that facility, that some time it was necessary he should be stopped; Suffiaminandus erat, as Augustus said of Haterius : His wit was in his own power; would the rule of it had been so too!

I think there can be no doubt but this kind of indignant negligence with which Shakespear wrote, was greatly owing to the flight confideration he had for his audience. Jonson treated them with the dictatorial haughtiness of a pedant; Shakespear with the carelessness of a gentleman who wrote at his ease, and gave them the first flowings of his fancy with.

dread of their correction. These were times in which the poet indulged his genius without restraint; he stood alone and supercminent, and wanted no artificial scaffold to raise him above the heads of his contemporaries; he was natural, lofty, careless, and daringly incorrect. Place the same man in other times, amongft a people polished almost into general equality, and he shall begin to hesitate and retract his fallies ; for in this respect poetical are like military excurfions, and it makes a wide

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difference in the movements of a skilful general, whether he is to fally into a country defended by well-disciplined troops, or only by an irregular mob of unarmed barbarians. Shakespear might vault his Pegasus without a rein; mountains might rise and feas roll in vain before him; Nature herself could neither stop nor circumscribe his career. The modern man of verse mounts with the precaution of a riding-master, and prances round his little circle full-bitted and caparisoned in all the formality of a review. Whilft he is thus pacing and piaffering with every body's eyes upon him, his friends are calling out every now and then 6 self firm in the saddle! Hold your body “ straight! Keep your spurs from his fides for « fear he fets a kicking! Have a care he does

not stumble ; there lies a stone, here runs a “ ditch; keep your whip still, and depend upon

your bit, if you have not a mind to break your neck!"-On the other quarter his enemies are bawling out “How like a taylor " that fellow fits on horseback! Look at his se feet, look at his arms! Set the curs upon “him; tie a cracker to his horse's tail, and « make sport for the spectators !!! - All this while perhaps the poor devil could have performed passably well, if it were not for the

mobbing mobbing and hallooing about him: Whereas Shakespear mounts without fear, and starting in the jockey-phrase at score, cries out, “ Stand "clear, ye fons of earth! or, by the beams of my * father Apollo, I'll ride over you, and trample “ you into dust!”

N° LXXXV.

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young gentleman, who had newly succeeded to a considerable estate, and was a good deal ftruck with the conversation of an elderly person present, who was very deliberately casting up the several demands that the community at large had upon his property.—“ Are you aware,” says he,“ how small a portion of your revenue will “ properly remain to yourself, when you have 6 satisfied all the claims which you must pay to « society and your country for living amongst us « and supporting the character of what is called “a landed gentleman ? Part of your income « will be stopt for the maintenance of them who “have none, under the denomination of poor“ rates; this may be called a fine

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