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of expreffion in the law, when the only parts elearly understood are those which it has not committed to writing.

I shall say very little in this place upon the facred profession of divinity: It is to be lamented that the church of England is not provided with a proper competency for all who are engaged in performing its functions; but I cannot close with their opinion, who are for stripping its dignities, and equalizing those {plendid benefices, which are at once the glory and the support of its establishment. Levellers and reformers will always have the popular cry on their fide, and I have good reason to know with what inveteracy a man is perfecuted for an opinion which opposes it; and yet it is hard to give credit to the fincerity and disinterestedness of him who courts popularity, and deny it to the man who facrifices his repose and stands the brunt of abuse in defence of what he believes to be the truth.

And now having fallen upon the mention of Popularity, I shall take leave to address that divinity with a few lines picked up from an obfcure author, which, though below. poetry, are not quite prose, and on that account'.pretty nearly fuited to the level of their subject.

“ O Popularity, “ O Popularity, thou giddy thing!

“ What grace or profit dost thou bring? “ Thou art not honesty, thou art not fame; “ I cannot call thee by a worthy name :

To say I hate thee were not true; “ Contempt is properly thy due; ks I cannot love thee and despise thee too.

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* Thou art no patriot, but the veriest cheat

66 That ever traffick'd in deceit;

“ A state empiric, bellowing loud • Freedom and phrenzy to the mobbing crowds

« And what car'st thou, if thou canst raise

« Illuminations and huzzas, “ Tho' half the city funk in one bright blaze?

" A patriot! no; for thou doft hold in hate
“ The very peace and welfare of the state;
• When anarchy assaults the sovereign's throne,

“ Then is the day, the night thine own;
“ Then is thy triumph, when the foe

« Levels some dark insidious blow, " Or strong rebellion lays thy country low.

56 Thou canst affect humility to hide

“ Some deep device of monstrous pride; “ Conscience and charity pretend

« For compaffing some private end; “ And in a canting conventicle note

“ Long scripture passages canft quote, " When perfecution rankles in thy throat.

* Thou

« Thou hast no sense of nature at thy heart,
“ No ear for science, and no eye for art,
“ Yet confidently dost decide at once

« This man a wit, and that a dunce ;
“ And, (strange to tell !) howe'er unjust,
“ We take thy dictates


trust, “ For if the world will be deceiv'd, it must.

“ In truth and justice thou haft no delight,

66 Virtue thou dost not know by sight;

“ But, as the chymist by his skill “ From drofs and dregs a spirit can distill,

“ So from the prisons, or the stews,

“ Bullies, blasphemers, cheats or Jews “ Shall turn to heroes, if they serve thy views,

« Thou dost but make a ladder of the mob, “ Whereby to climb into some courtly job ;

“ There safe reposing, warm and snug,

“ Thou answer 'st with a patient shrug, “ Miscreants, begone! who cares for you,

Ye base-born, brawling, clamorous crew ? “ You've serv'd my turn, and, vagabonds, adieu !"






HEN it had entered into the mind of

Shakespear to form an historical play upon certain events in the reign of Henry the fourth of England, the character of the Prince of Wales recommended itself to his fancy, as likely to supply him with a fund of dramatic incidents ; for what could invention have more happily fuggested than this character, which history presented ready to his hands ? a riotous disorderly young libertine, in whose nature lay hidden those seeds of heroism and ambition, which were to burst forth at once to the astonishment of the world and to atchieve the conquest of France. This prince, whose character was destined to exhibit a revolution of so brilliant a sort, was not only in himself a very tempting hero for the dramatic poet, who delights in incidents of novelty and surprize, but also offered to his imagination a train of attendant characters, in the persons of his wild comrades and associates, which would be of themselves a drama. Here was a field for invention wide enough even for the genius of Shakespear to range in. All the humours, paffions and extravagancies of human life might be

brought brought into the composition, and when he had grouped and personified thein to his tafte and liking, he had a leader ready to place at the head of the train, and the truth of history to give life and interest to his drama.

With thefe, materials ready for creation the great artist fate down to his work; the canvafs was spread before him, ample and capacious as the expanse of his own fancy i nature put her pencil into his hand, and he began to sketch, His first concern was to give à chief or captain to this gang of rioters ; this would naturally be the first outline he drew. To fill up the drawing of this personage he conceived a voluptuary, in whose figure and character there fhould be an affemblage of comic qualities in his person he fhould be blonted and blown up to the fize of a Silenus, lazy, tuxurious, in fenfuality á fatyr, in interiperance a bacchanalian: As he was to stand in the post of a ringleader amongst thieves and cutpurses, he made him a notorious'lar, a fivagsering coward; vain-glorious, arbitrary, kliavifh, crafty, voracious of plunder, lavish of his gains, without credit, honour or honesty, and in debt to every body about him : As he was to be the chief feducer and milleader of the heir apparent of the crown, it was incumbent on the poet to qualify him for


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