« السابقةمتابعة »
monarch before Tournay. He travels to Munster in Germany, where he falls in with John of Leyden the famous fanatic, and is present at his defeat by the Imperialists; here he meets Lord Henry Howard, Earl of Surry, and accompanies him to Venice, passing through Wittenberg, where he has an interview with Luther and Carloftadius; from thence he repairs to Rome, where he relates a series of strange adventures, by which he is thrown into the hands of a Jew named Zadock, physician to Pope Clement VIII. and having forfeited his life to him by the law, the Jew gets the person of Jack Wilton in limbo with an intent to anatomize him, and whilst he is dieting and bleeding him for that purpose, the Marchioness of Mantua, the Pope's mistress, spies him out from her balcony, and being smitten with his appearance, contrives to get him out of Zadock's hands, by persuading his holiness, to banish all the Jews from Rome and confiscate their effects, upon a charge fhe sets up against them.
With this intelligence Zadock is accosted by a brother Jew called Zachary, “who comes
running to him in sackcloth and ashes, pre“ fently after his goods were confiscated, and " tells him how he is served and what decree “ is coming out againft them all.”
I have made an extract of this interview be. tween Zadock and Zachary, which the reader will observe by the date was published before Shakespear wrote his Merchant of Venice, and as the critics seem agreed that he was conversant in other works of Nashe, it is highly probable that this history of Jacke Wilton had also been in his hands: I do not mean to infer that ShakeSpear took his character of Shylock from this of Nale’s Zadock, for there is nothing that can warrant such an inference; but I shall submit the following dialogue as an extraordinary specimen of strong empaflioned writing, which, though it will not stand by Shakespear's scene between Shylock and Tubal in dramatic terseness, has nevertheless a force of expression, that will bear a comparison with that or any other passage in our old dramatic writers.
Zachary having made his report as above, the author thus proceeds to the introduction of his chief speaker-"Descriptions stand by! here is “ to be expressed the fury of Lucifer, when he
was turned over heaven's bar for a wrangler : « There is a toad-fish, which taken out of the « water swells more than one would think his skin could hold, and bursts in his face that “ touches him; so swelled Zadock, and was “ ready to burst out of his skin, and shoot his
56 bowels like chain-fhot full in Zachary's face, “ for bringing him such baleful tidings; his eyes
glared and burned blue like brimstone and aqua « vitæ set on fire in an egg-Thell; his very nofe
lightened glow-worms; his teeth cracked and “grated together like the joints of a high build
ing rocking like a cradle, when as a tempest “ takes her full-butt against her broadfide : He “ swore and curft, and faid
“.These be they that worship that crucified « God of Nazareth; here is the fruits of their “ new-found gospel ; sulphur and gunpowder
carry them all quick to Gehennah! I would “ spend my soul willingly to have this triple« headed Pope, with all his fin-absolved whores, « and oil-greased priests, born like a black saint ♡ on the devil's backes in proceffion to the pit " nf perdition. Would I might fink presently « into the earth, so I might blow up this Rome, " this whore of Babylon into the air with my “ breath! If I must be banished, if these heathen “ dogs will needs rob me of my goods, I will
poison their springs and conduit- heads, whence
they receive their water all about the city. “ I will ’tice all the young children into my * house, that I can get, and cutting their throats, " barrel them up in powdering beef tubs, and so " send them to victual the Pope's gallies. Ere
" the officers come to extend, I will bestow an “ hundred pounds on a dole of bread, which I “ will cause to be kneaded with scorpion's oil, " that may kill more than the plague. I will “ hire them that make their wafers, or facra“mentary Gods, to mix them after the same
sort, so in the zcal of their superstitious re“ligion shall they languish and drop like car« rion. If there be ever a blafphemous con" jurer, that can call the winds from their bra
zen caves, and make the clouds travel before “ their time, I will give him the other hundred " pounds to disturb the heavens a whole weck
together with thunder and lightning, if it be “ for nothing but to fower all the wines in “Rome, and turn thein to vinegar : As long as " they have either oil or wine, this plague feeds “but pinchingly upon them.'
“ Zadock, Zadock,' said Zachary, cutting “him off, thou threatenest the air, whilft we
perish here on earth : It is the countess Juli"ana, the Marquis of Mantua's wife, and no “ other, that hath complotted our confusion; “ ask not how, but insist on my words, and aflist “ in revenge.'
“ As how, as how?' said Zadock, shrugging " and shrubbing; More happy than the patri“ archs were I, if cruint to death with the
“ greatest “ greatest torments Rome's tyrants have tited, “ there might be quintessenced out of me one
quart of precious poison. I have a leg with
an issue, shall I cut it off, and from this fount “ of corruption extract a venom worse than any “ serpent's? If thou wilt, I will go to a house " that is infected, where catching the plague, “ and having got a running fore upon me, I “ will come and deliver her a supplication, and “ breathe upon her, when I am perfected with “more putrefaction."
Zadock in conclusion is taken up and executed, and the description of his tortures is terrible in the extreme; every circumstance attending them is minutely delineated in colours full as strong as the above,
I persuade myself the reader will not be difpleased, if I lay before him one extract more, in which he ridicules the affected dress and manners of the travelled gentlemen of his day: If we contemplate it as a painting of two hundred years ftanding, I think it must be allowed to be a very curious sketch.
« What is there in France to be learned “ more than in England, but faisehood in friend
ship, perfect flovenry and to love no man, but “ for my pleasure? I have known fome that have & continued there by the space of half a dozen