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ing; Lord Touchwood three times has recourse to this expedient.
Of the characters in this comedy Lady Touchwood, though of an unfavourable cast, feems to have been the chief care of the poet, and is well preserved throughout; her elevation of tone, nearly approaching to the tragic, affords a strong relief to the lighter sketches of the episodical persons, Sir Paul and Lady Pliant, Lord and Lady Froth, who are highly entertaining, but much more loose than the stage in its present state of reformation would endure: Nothing more can be said of Careless and Brisk, than that they are the young men of the theatre, at the time when they were in representation. Of Maskwell enough has been said in these remarks, nor need any thing be added to what has been already observed upon Mellafont and Cynthia, As for the moral of the play, which the author says he designed in the first place and then applied the fable to it, it should seem to have been his principal object in the formation of the comedy, and yet it is not made to reach several characters of very libertine principles, who are left to reform themselves at leisure; and the plot, though subordinate to the moral, seems to have drawn him off from executing his good inten
tions so compleatly as those professions may be understood to engage for.
Ulcera animi fananda magis quam corporis.
(Ex SENTENT.) Canst thou not minister to a mind diseas’d?
T seems as if most of the antient writers of
history thought no events worth recording to posterity but accounts of båttles and sieges and the overthrow of empires; as if men were to be celebrated only in proportion to the devastation they had made of the human species. As my respect, on the contrary, is directed chiefly to those peaceable characters, who have been the benefactors of mankind, it is with pleafure I discovered an anecdote of an antient king of Egypt of this description, named Olymanduas : This good prince, amongst other praise-worthy actions, has the credit of making the first public library in that learned nation, before books were collected at Athens by Pisistratus: Ofymanduas made no
fcruple scruple to convert one of the chief temples to this generous use, and gave it in charge to the priests belonging to it to digest and arrange his collection; when this was done, he laid it open to the public, and by a very apposite and ingenious device, which he caused to be inscribed upon the front of the edifice, invited all his subjects to enter in and partake of his benefaction: He confidered it as the duty of a good king to provide against the mental as well as bodily ailments of his people; it appeared to him that books were the best medicines for the mind of man, and consequently that a collection of books, such as his library contained, might well be intitled a magazine or warehouse of medicines for the mind; with this idea he directed the following words to be engraved over the door of his library in conspicuous charactersyuxñs iatpilov. There is a beautiful simplicity in the thought, which seems to give an insight into the benevolent design of the donor ; and, as I hold it a more noble office to preserve the mind in health, than to keep the body after death from corruption, I cannot hesitate to give Ofymanduas more credit for this benefaction of a library, than if he had been founder of the pyramids.
As the distempers of the mind may be figuratively clafled under the several characters of those
maladies, which are incidental to the body, so the several descriptions of books may very well be sorted into the various genera of medicines, which practice has applied to those respective diftempers. A library, thus pharmaceutically disposed, would have the appearance of a dirpenfatory, and might be properly enough so called; and when I recollect how many of our eminent collectors of books have been of the medical faculty, I cannot but think it probable that those great benefactors to literature, Ratcliffe, Mead, Sloane, Hunter and others have had this very idea of Olymanduas in their minds, when they founded their libraries. If therefore it should be thought agreeable to the will of the donors, and a proper mark of respect to their memories, so to arrange their collections, now in the repositories of Oxford and the British Museum, it will be necessary to find out a different set of titles, and instead of forting them as they now are into the compartments of The Historians; The Poets ; The Divines, it will be right to set up new inscriptions in their places, and intitle them, The Alteratives; The Stimulatives; The Narcotics. I need not point out to the learned keepers of these libraries how to proceed in an arrangement, to which their own judgments are so fully competent ; nathing more will be required of them, but to ascertain the particular fpecies of disease, which the mind of the patient is affected with, and send him forthwith to the proper class of authors for his cure.
For instance; if the complaint arises from cold humours and a want of free perfpiration by a stoppage and constipation of the pores of the mina, oy which the feelings are rendered inert, and deprived of that proper emanation and expansion, which the health of the foul requires ; let such an one be shut into the warm bath of the Sudorifics, which I need not explain to be the Satyrifts, and they will soon open his pores and disperse all obstructions. If the mental disease be of the inflammatory and feverish fort, attended with fits and paroxysms of anger, envy, revenge, and other atrabilious fymptoms, which cannot be mistaken, it will be proper to turn the patient into the cell of the Moralists, who will naturally be found under the title of The Coolers and Sedatives : On the contrary, where the complaint is of the lethargic nature, in which Irritation is necessary, the Controverfialists will furnish him a remedy: In short, we need only fay, that when the several authors are properly arranged, every case may find its cure.
. The comic writers will act as Carininatives to