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WORKS OF

WILLIAM MATHEWS,

IN THE ORDER OF THEIR PUBLICATION.

GETTING ON IN THE WORLD; or,

Hints on Success in Life. 1 volume.
12mò. Pages 374. Price.....

......... $200

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WORDS, THEIR USE AND ABUSE.

1 volume. 12mo. Pages 381. Price............. 2 00

HOURS WITH MEN AND BOOKS,

1 volume. 12mo. Pages 381. Price ............

2.00

MONDAY-CHATS; A Selection from the

* Causeries du Lundi" of C.-A. Sainte-Beuve.
with a Biographical and Critical Introduction by
the Translator. 1 volume. 12mo. Pages 386.

............ 2 00 ORATORY AND ORATORS. 1 volume.

12mo. Pages 450. Price ....... ............ 200

Price .........

BY

WILLIAM VATHEWS, LL.D.,

ACTHOR OF "GETTING ON IN THE WORLD," "THE GREAT CONVERSERS,"

" WORDS; THEIR USE AND ABUSE,"' ETC. ETC.

L'éloquence est le talent d'imprimer avec force, et de faire passer avec
rapidité, dans l'ame des autres le sentiment profond dont on est pénétré.

D'ALEMBERT.
Criticism is nearly useless, unless the critic quotes innumerable examples.

DAVID HUME.

CHICAGO:
S. C. GRIGGS AND COMPANY,

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PREFACE.

TN saying that his object in writing this book has I been to aid in awakening a fresh interest in oratory in this country, the author will probably provoke a smile from his readers. “What!" he hears some one exclaim, ** have we not an excess of public speakers already? Is not the flux de bouche,—which is said to be the epidemic of republics,- one of the greatest evils that can afflict a country? Does not Carlyle declare that "silence is the eternal duty of man,' and that ‘England and America are going to nothing but wind and tongue’?" In reply, we would say that we have no wish to let loose a fresh troop of shallow declaimers upon the country; on the contrary, we feel intensely the social misery which a single declaimer, with a powerful memory, leathern lungs, and a fluent tongue, may inflict on the public. The Roman poet, Horace, speaks of one Novius, an office-holder at Rome,-a tribune, — who was elevated to the station he held, chiefly by the force of his lungs. “Has he not à voice," demanded his supporters, “ loud enough to drown the noise of two hundred wagons and three funerals meeting in the forum? It is this that pleases us, and we have therefore made him tribune:

“'At hic, si plostra ducenta Concurrantque foro tria funera, magna sonabit

Cornua qnod vincatque tubas: saltem tenet hoc nos.'" We fear that the United States has more than one Novius who owes his seat in a state legislature, in Con

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