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less than 1oś. unless such omission exceed 40s. .nor be less than 2cs. shall be satisfactorily accounted for. No miller, mealman, Or baker,

Bread made of any other grain shall act as a justice in the execution than wheat, thall be impressed with of this act, on penalty of sol. A such letters as the justices shall or baker making it appear, that any der; they causing an entry to be offence, for which he thall have paid made of such order, in a book the penalty, was occafioned by the kept for that purpose; which shall neglect or default of his servant, the be free for inspection; and a copy justice shall issue his warrant for thereof shall be set up in some bringing the offender before him; market, or other public place, or and on conviction, shall order a fum published in the country news pa to be paid by way of satisfaction; pers. Where the justices neglect and on non-payment thereof, shall to make such order, the maker commit fuch servant to hard lashall mark every such loaf with any bour, for any time not exceeding two distinct capital letters; on pain one month, unless payment shall be of forfeiting not exceeding 40s. nor made fooner. less than

such un-

The other clauses of this act dimarked loaf. Justices and peace reč how penalties are to be reofficers (authorised by warrant of a covered before justices, and give justice) may enter the houses of persons, who deem themselves agbakers, and search for, examine, grieved by the determination of any and weigh all bread made for, or juftice, a power of appealing to exposed to sale, &c. 'and bread the quarter-feflion; and all profound defective in the weight, or secutions must be commenced withno: duly marked, or wanting in in three days, after the offence due baking, or goodness, or being committed ; and one moiety of all fraudulently mixt, &c. may be seiz- money forfeited, given to the pered and given to the poor, unless fon who shall inform against, and such default shall be satisfactorily profecute to conviction the offenaccounted for; and the maker and der; and the crier moiety. thereof feller ihall also forfeit not exceed is to be applied as the justice being 51. nor less than 20s. for every fore whom any offender againit the such offence, unless the default shall act shall be convicted, fhail order, be fatisfactorily accounted for. to carry into execution the pure

The penalty of opposing any poses of the act, and to defray the legal search, view, weighing, try- charges attending the carrying the ing, or feizing of bread, shall not fame into execution.

* Under the statufe 31 Gen. II. every miller, mealman, baker, and seller of bread, in whole houlé, mill, Thop, bakehouse, itall, bolting house, pantry warehouse, outhouse, or possession, any mixture or ingredient hall be found, which fhall be adjudged by any justice to have been lodged there with intent to have adulterated the purity of meal or bread, incurs a penalty not exceeding 10l. nor less than 4os. and the justice, before whom any such offender fall be convicted, is out of the money forfeited, to cause the ofrender's name, place of abode, and offence, to be published in tone news paper, which ibali be printed or published in or near the county, city, or place, where any suche offence hall have been committed.

An account of the Proceedings in the charged, witbour farther enquiry.

Honourable Ho:ile of Commons with Dr. Battie declared, upon exaregard to private Mad-boufes. mination, that private mad-houses

require farther regulation ; that freTHE committee appointed by quent vifitation is necessary; that he

the house of commons to'en has frequently seen persons conquire into the ftate of private mad- fined who were not, nor pretended houses, made their report on the to be lunatics ; that upon expoftu22d of Feb. 1763, with respect to the lating with the husband of one such manner of admitting patients, and person brought to a house under the the treatmentofthem after admiffion. doctor's direction, he frankiy de

It appears, that at a mad-house clared, that he considered the house kept by one Turlington, at Chelsea, as a kind of bridewell, or house of all persons, who were brought, were correction. admitted without enquiry; that Dr. Battie also related the case of some persons were admitted, and a person whom he visited in a madforcibly confined in that house who house kept by one Macdonald, were not even pretended to be mad, where he had been some years conunder the denomination of lodgers ; fined without any medical aflftance, that one Mrs. Smith was received and where, without any medical into the house, and confined mere. aslistance, he died of a fever some ly at the desire of her husband, who time afterwards, when a sum of modid not pretend the was a lunatic, ney devolved upon a person who but only that the neighbours were

had the care of him. afraid she would set che house on Dr. Monroe concurred in Dr. fire, and that fix guineas a quarter Battie's opinion, that private madwere paid for her maintenance. houses ought to be under proper inThat others were admitted for fpection, and that many persons, drunkenness, and other reasons of not mad, nor pretending to be the same kind, alledged by those mad, are, and have long been, conwho brought them.

fined in them. It appears also, that the persons The committee also declare, that confined in this house were denied the enormities committed at Turthe ufe of pen, ink, and paper, and lington's are not fingular, his house secluded from all commerce with not being a select case, but only of the world, being constantly denied, fering in the course of enquiry, with if any enquiry was made after them many others, that it was not thought at the house. In this house not one necessary to go into the exmination person had been admitted as a la- of, as the facts already ascertainnatic during fix years past; and ed are sufficient to ground their King, who was deputed by Turling- opinion upon, viz. that the present ton, declared, upon his examina- state of private mad-houses requires tion, that if tu o persons had come the interpofition of the legislature. to the house, one calling herself the In pursuance of this report, a mother of the other, and charge bill was ordered to be brought into ing the supposed daughter with the house for that purpose. drunkenness, he should have ad For many extraordinary partimitied and confined the person foculars relating to persons confined


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by Turlington at Chelsea, and pieces of cannon, and lay their arms Miles at Hoxton, the reader is re at general Amberit's feet; proferferred to the report itself.

ing at the same time they had no pique at him or their officers, whoin

they loved and esteemed, but that Ar account of the Mutiny at Quebec it was imposible for them to live

on the 18th of September 1763, by without their provisions. an officer of that garrison.

All the officers of the garrison

had now joined the governor, and N the 18th of Sept. in confe- the town major, lieutenant Mills of

sequence of orders received the 49th regiment, had prudently, from the commander in chief in with the few men that Itaid with America, general Murray gave out him, shut the gates. Though ide orders to itop four-pence sterling soldiers appeared mad with rage, not for each ration of provisions to be one man being drunk, and had ai. issued to the troops under his com- ready struck several officers, yet the mand, the 15th, 27th and 2d bat- governor lucceeded so far as to keep talion of the 60th regiment.

them together, and by that means, This order being made known in all probability, prevented the to the soldiers, that very evening, town from being plundered, to which immediately after roll calling, they the darkness of the night was at that assembled to a man, but without hour but 100 favourable. Farms, and paraded before the gover By the urgent sollicitations of nor's house. Before they saw him, the officers, who exerted themsome of the English merchants hav- selves to the utmost on this occaing the boldneis to reproach them fion, the soldiers were at lait prefor this behaviour, they began to vailed on to march to the grand pelt them with stones; some of- parade, where the governor adficers interfered and drew their dressed them file by file, and did {words, on which the soldiers ran in all he could to appeale them, but a tumultuous manner to their bar- in vain. They obftinately peruitracks, took their arms, and march- ed, that they would not submit to ed in good order, with drums beat- the stoppage of provisions, but still ing, towards St. John's Gate. made proteltations of loyalty, and

They were met by the gover- of perfonal regard to their officers : oor, who, in the beginning of the and when the governor ordered tumult, had in vain endeavoured to them to march to their barracks, and assemble the piquets. He came then behave as soldiers ought, till their from visiting the guards, and was grievances were laid before the attended only by a few officers and commander in chief, they obeyed, Terjeants, with whose assistance he repeating their declaration, that opposed their going any further. En: they would not ferve without proraged at this stop, some of the music vifions. The remainder of the neers fired their pieces, but happi- night all remained quiet. ly no mischief was done. Notwith Next day the guards mounted landing the repeated instances of the in good order, as dual. General governor, they would not hear him, Murray called rogether the com. but loudly declared their resolution miffioned and non-commiflioned of. to march to New York, with two ficers, to whom he repreienied the


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their country.

neceffity of reducing the soldiers to as good foldiers, and restored the obedience, or perishing in the at- battalions to their colours. tempt. This garrison being the Their behaviour fince has been strongest in America, should these such as it was ever before chis afmutineers obtain their desire, their fair, deserving of the highest praise

, example would be followed by all and such as gives reason to all who the troops throughout America, and know them, to wish that no indulan universal revolt from order gence (if lo necessary an article as would be the consequence. Their provisions to soldiers in America situation therefore required their must be called fo) may be taken utmost exertion, and the most vi- away from troops, who have de. gorous measures were necessary for served so well as they have done of the service of their country.

It was agreed that mild methods should be taken ; and that day and the next were spent by the officers, Account of the Sums granted this Year in ufing all manner of persuasions, by the Irish House of Commons, for to induce the soldiers to submit to

promoting the Manufacture., Trade, the order, but with small success.

and Commerce of Ireland. On the afternoon of the 20th, the governor harangued each battalion T O John Wetherell, for in the strongest and most affecting preparing and framing .. manner, which seemed to have some the new intended book of effect. He then ordered the gar rates, rison to be under arms next day at For carrying on the inland naten o'clock, on the grand parade. vigation from Limerick to When they were assembled, the

Killaloe, governor himself read the articles For ditto, from Inishanon to of war, and after painting to them

Dunmanway, in the ftrongest terms the enormity For ditto, from the tide water of their crime, he declared his fix at St. Mullins, to the town ed resolution, with the assistance of

of Monasterevan, the officers, to oblige them to fub- For ditto, from Kilkenny to mit, or to perish in the attempt.


1500 He then went to the head of Am- For improving Cork harbour, ijro herft's grenadiers, determined to For the pier of Balbriggan, 1500 put to death the first man that re For carrying on the inland fused to obey. He commanded navigation by making the them, in fign, of compliance of river Lagan navigable, and orders, to march betwixt two royal for opening a passage from colours, planted for that purpose. Loughneagh to Belfast, 2000 They did fo, and returned with For ditto, for compleating chearfulness to their duty, exprell, a navigation for thips of ing sorrow for their past behaviour ; 100 tons burthen, from Fa. and all the rest followed their ex

thom Point near Newry, to ample. The general then declared Drumglass Colliery, in the they had recovered their charnier county of Tyrone,







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To St. Patrick's hospital, 1000 the tumultuous proceedings
For Dunlary Pier,

of the late mobs

800 For finithing a harbour at For widening the passage Wicklow,

leading from Anglesea-ftreet, For carrying on the Ballaft

to College-green, Office-Wall, 4000 To the city work-houfe,

377! For rebuilding St. John's To Hugh Boyd, Esq; for his Church, Dublin,

1000 having made a harbour at To Meffrs Colvill, Civill, Bally-castle; and for his and Bryan, to afliit them in keeping the "faid harbour lefsening the expence of their in repair for 21 years compleating a dry dock in

To the Dublin society, 2000 the city of Dublin, 1000 To ditto, to be applied for To the Lying-in-Hospital,

the encouragement of such To the widow and children of trades and manufactures, Dr. Mosse,

500 and in such manner and subTo the incorporated society 12000 ject to such regulations, as For carrying on the inland shall be directed by parlianavigation from Dublin,


good throngh the bog of Allan to For compleating a convenient the Shannon,


way, ftreet, and passage from For carrying on a whale Effex-bridge, to the castle of fishery on the north-weft


5000 coast of this kingdom, idoo For widening the passage leadFor finishing St. Catharine's ing from the Inns.quay to church, Dublin,

Arran-quay, Dublin, 1000 For enlarging the quay at Londonderry,

1600 For carrying on the inland

General State of the Land Carriage navigation, by making a na

Fishery, as it flood on the 30th of vigable canal between the

September 1763. Loughs Foyle and Swilly, in the county of Donegal, 4000 CAPITAL advanced fi s. d. For erecting a pier at Killi

by the society car leagh, in the county of Addition made by Mr. Down,

600 Blake at his own risk, Por rebuilding John's, and being borrowed of the Green's bridges, in the city society, on transferof Kilkenny, and Bennet's, ring 2cool. three per Thomaftown, and Caftle

cent. consolidated ancomer bridges in the county

huities, as a security of Kilkenny, and for repair repay such loan on 6 ing the bridge of Enisteage,

months notice

1500 in the said county of Kil. A further addition by kenny,

8000 the superintendant on To Henry Cottingham, and the 30th of SeptemJames King, to reimburse ber 1763, being wanttheir lofres, occafioned by ed to make good all VOL. VI.





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