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State of the supplies and ways and means for the rear 1764 ; as pub
lished by good authority. Of the debt contracted during the last war, the government will this year pay off 2.771,8671. 135. 6d. namely,
'£so d. German extras
500,000 Navy debt
650,0000 Army extraordinaries
987,434 15 Deficiencies of land and malt
300,000 To the landgrave of Heffe
50,000 Deficiencies to finking fund
147,593 18 Deficiency of grants for 1763
129,489 Advanced on addresses
2.771,867 13 6 establishment for the navy, the most constitutional force, and best security for Great Britain, is enlarged; the number of seamen being the same as last year, and 100,000l. more employed in ship-building, to keep our navy on a footing to be respected by all Europe
£. 1.443,568 11 9 The establishment of the army is not increased, and the staff much less than at peace ; for though the whole sum is
1.509,313 14 Yet it is to be observed, that the forces, ordnance, and staff in Amemerica, are
295,833 : 0 The half
158,250 Chelsea hospital, &c.
122, 1250 The two last articles of which are deducted, being properly the tail of the war The miscellaneous articles of expence amount to £. 295,354
viz. Government of Nova Scotia
5,703 14 Ditto Weft Flórida
5,700 Ditto East Florida
5,700 Ditto Georgia
4,038 8 Militia
80,000 African forts
20,000 Foundling hospital
39,000 Princess of Brunswick's fortune
80,1:00 Subsidy to Brunswick
43,901 0 British Museum
2,000 Mr. Blake
2,500 General survey of America
1,818 Paving the streets
295,354 Besides this, the government found 1.800,occl.of Exchequer bills at an alarming discount.
This they have provided for, by transferring one million of them to the bank for two years, with a reduction of a fourth part of the interest on them.
The other 800,00ol. old exchequer bills are to be paid off by issuing new ones for the like fum. -So that the whole state of the supplies is this : Debt paid
2.771,167 13 6 Exchequer bills
1.800,000 Establishment for the navy
1.443,568 11 9
1.509,313 14 Miscellaneous articles
7.820,102 19 3 To raise this large, necessary fum, the subject has not been oppreffed with additional tax. It has not encouraged the spirit of gaming, by accepting a lottery, or taking to itself the not unpleasing power of disposing of tickets, commiffions and subscriptions.
It has avoided going to market for money, at a time when, thoagh it might have been advantageous to individuals, it must have been very detrimental to the public.
The ways and means are said to be these : Lapd-tax and malt
2.750,000 Exchequer bills taken by the bank
1.000,000 New exchequer bills to be issued
809,000 Of the bank, for the renewal of their contract 110,000 Savings
163,558 3 Militia money
150,000 Annuity fund, 1961
3,497 99 To this account, the government has brought to account what had long been unaccounted for, The saving of non-effective men, which in the pre
140,000 o To this the bounty of the king has added the produce of the French prizes taken before the declaration of war
700,000 The king has freed the public from the expence of all the new governments, except that of the two Floridas.
And to make up the deficiency, the government has taken, with peculiar propriety, the surpius of the finking fund, which in this year amounts to 2.000,000 QO
fent year is
So that the total of ways and means is
7.817,055 12 9 7.820,102 19 3
S T A T E P A P E R S.
His Majelly's most gracious speech to the blessings of peace through every
both boujes of parliament, April part of Europe. 19, 1763.
I acquainted you with my firm
refolation to form my government My lords and gentlemen,
on a plan of strict economy. The I Cannot put an end to this fef- reductions necessary for this par.
fion of parliament, without ex. pose shall be compleated with all presling my thanks for the fignal poslible expedition; and although zeal and dispatch which you have the army maintained in these kingmanifested in your proceedings, doms will be inferior in number to and which make it unnecessary for that usually kept up in former times for me to continue it any longer. of peace, yet I trust that the force
I informed you at your first meet- propofed, with the establishment ing that preliminary articles were of the national militia, (whose ferfigned by my minister and those of vices I have experienced, and canFrance and Spain ; I ordered them not oo much commend) will
prove to be laid before you, and the fa- a sufficient fecurity for the future. tisfaction I felt at the approaching
Gentlemen of the house of com. re-establifament of peace, upon con
mons, ditions fo honourable to my crown,
I have seen with the highest conand fo beneficial to my people, was cern the great anticipations of the highly increased by my receiving revenue, and the heavy debts unfrom both houses of parliament the provided for during the late war, trongest and most grateful express which have reduced you to the unfions of their entire approbation. happy necessity of im pofing further These articles have been established, burthens upon my people. Under and even rendered still more advan- these circumstances it is my earnes tageous to my subjects, by the de- wish to contribute by every means Anitive treaty, and my expectations to their relief. The utmost frugahave been fuily answered by the lity shall be observed in the dispofihappy effects which the several al- tion of the supplies which you have lies of my crown have derived from granted ; aad when the accounts of this falutary measure. The powers the 'money arising from the fale at war with my good brother the of such prizes as are vested in the king of Proffia, have been induced crown shall be closed, it is
in. to agree to such terms of accom tention to direct that the produce modation as that great prince has fall be applied to the pablic ferapproved, and the success which has vice. attended my negotiation has ne My lords and gentlemen, ceffarily and immediately diffused The extension of the commerre
of my subjects; the improvement in such a manner, as may moft efof the advantages we have obtain- fectually contribute to extend the ed; and the increase of the public commerce and to augment the haprevenue, are the proper works of piness of my kingdoms. peace. To these important and ne For these great purposes I have cesary objects my attention shall be called you together. It will ever directed. I depend upon your con be my earnest with and endeavour ftant care to promote in your fe
to demonstrate to my people, by veral counties that spirit of con- my actions, the love which I bear cord and that obedience to law, them; and I doubt not of receivwhich is essential to good order, ing from them the grateful and and to the happiness of my faith- just returns of duty and affection, ful fubjects. It is your part to dif Gentlemen of the house of courage every attempt of a contrary commons, tendency; it shall be mine firmly to I will order the proper estimates maintain the honour of my crown, for the service of the year to be and to protect the rights fo my laid before you. The heavy debts people.
contracted in the course of the late war, for many of which no pro
vision is yet made, call for your ut. His Majesty's most gracious speech to
most attention and the stridteft froboth houses of parliament, Novem
gality. I must however earnestly ber 15, 1763.
recommend to you the support of My lords and gentlemen, my fleet, to which oar past fucceffes THE HE re-establishment of the pub; have been so much owing, and up
lic tranquility, upon terms of on which the future welfare and honour and advantage to my king. importance of Great Britain do moft doms, was the first great object of effentially depend. To ease my my reign : that falutary measure people of some part of those burhas received the approbation of thens, I have directed, as I promy parliament, and has fince been mised at the end of last session of happily compleated, and carried parliament, that the money arising into execution, by the definitive from the sale of the prizes vested in treaty.. It has been, and shall be, the crown, should be applied to my endeavour to ensure the conti- the public service. It is my innuance of the peace, by a faithful tention to reserve, for the fame use, and steady adherence to the condi- whatever sums shall be produced tions upon which it was concluded: by the sale of any of the lands beand I have the satisfaction to ac- longing to me in the islands in the quaint you, that the several powers Weft Indies, which were ceded to of Europe, who were engaged a us by the late treaty. gainst us in the late war, have given The improvement of the public me the strongest assurances of the revenue, by such regulations as fame good disposition. Our prin- shall be judged most expedient for cipal care ought now to be em that purpose, deserves your seriployed to improve the valuable
Ous confideration. This will be the acquisitions, which we have made, fureft means of reducing the na: and to cultivate the arts of peace tional debt, and of relieving my
fubje&ts from those burthens, which to your royal family, by the auspithe expence of the late war have cious birth of a second prince, brought upon them; and will, at and of exprefsing our most fincere the fame time, establish the public wishes, that the same divine blera ? tredit upon the most folid founda- ling may be continued to your man
jesty's illustrious house, on which My lords and gentlemen,
the preservation of our holy reli. As the intereits and prosperity, of gion, and our rights and liberties, my people are the sole objects of do, under God, fo essentially demy care," I have only to defire, that pend. you will pursue such measures, as We beg leave also to declare'our are conducive to those ends, with utmost gratitude to your majefly,, dispatch and unanimity. Domeftic for the re-establishment of the pubunion will be essentially necessary lic tranquility upon terms of honour to remedy those evils which are the to your crown, and advantage to consequences of war, to enable us your people. We have the firnto reap the most permanent advan- est reliance on your majesty's most tages from the conclusion of the gracious affurances of your endeapeace, and to discourage that li vours to secure the continuance of centious spirit, which is repugnant
a peace so necessary to the relief of to the true principles of liberty, your subjects, who have long laand of this happy conftitution. In boured under the burthen of a most this opinion I trust that my subjects expensive, though successful war, will be confirmed by your example; in every part of the globe; and and that they will be taught by we receive, with great satisfaction, your proceedings, to unite their the communication which your mautmost endeavours to support such jesty has been pleased to make to measures, as may equally tend us, of the good disposition of the to the honour and dignity of my several powers engaged in the late crown, and to their own' security war, whose concurrence in your and happiness.
majesty's falutary intentions will, we truft, long ensure the tranqui
lity of Europe. To the king's most excellent majesty. We are deeply sensible of your The bumble address of the right majesty's paternal care and attenbonourable the house of lords, No- tion for the improvement of your
conquefts, and the extension of the Most gracious sovereign,
commerce of your subjects,' in
which the fublic welfare is so maWE, your majefy's most dutiful terially concerned; and we will not and loyal subjects, the lords fail, on
our part, to exert our fpiritual and temporal, in parliament 'wartheft endeavours in forwarding assembled, beg leave to return your your majefty's great and gracious majesty our unfeigned thanks for purposes. For we have nothing your moft gracious speech from the more sincerely at heart, tian diat throne.
your majcfty, having by your conPermit us, Sir, to take the ear dua impressed on the minds of lieft opportanity of congratolaung your faithful subjzes a full conyour majesty on the happy edition viction of your tru: affection, may VOL. VI.
vember 15, 1763.