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where the crime was committed sirous of giving all further just of which they hall stand accused, and reasonable satisfaction to his in order to take their trial for the majesty's said good friends and alfame.
lies the republic of Genoa, and Given at our court at St. James's, to maintain inviolably the peace
the 7th day of October 1763, and friendship subliļing between
in the third year of our reign. "his majesty and them, is hereby GOD save the KING. pleased, with the advice of his pri
vy council, ktrictly
to command all At the Court of St. James's, Dec. 29. dition foever they be, that they
his majesty's subjects, of what conPRESENT, The king's most excellent majefty forbear to give or furbith aid, alin council.
sistance, countenance or fuccour, WHereas fignior Francis D’Age- by any ways or means whatsoever,
no, minifter of the most fe. to any of the inhabitauts of the rene republic of Genoa, hath by island of Corsica, in rebellion memorial to his majesty at this against the said most serene - reboard represented, that the advan- public, upon pain, not only of his tages the faid republic have lately majesty's high displeasure, but of gained over the rebellious faction suffering such punishment as by
law. in the kingdom of Corfica, are' may
inficted on-such as now become manifeft, as well by wilfully violate his majesty's treathe happy successes of their arms,
ties, and infringe the peace and as by the great number of inha- friendship, fubfilting between his bitants who daily return to their majesty and any foreign princes or duty towards their lawful sovereign, states, and give the republic the greatest hopes of being able to re-establish Separate alt figned by the plenipotenpeace and tranquility through that tiaries of ber majesty the empress iland, and which would have been queen of Hungary and Bohemia, already accomplished, if the chiefs and of bis majesty the king of Prusof the rebels had not eluded it, fia, in pursuance of the zoth arby exciting the spirit of revolt ticle of the treaty of peace conclude amongit the inhabitants, in hopes ed at Hubertsbourg, the isth of of drawing fuccours from foreign February 1763." (See this treavessels; and therefore the said mi- rty in our lat volume, p. . nilter humbly requested that his WHEREAS it has been ftipulatmajesty would be pleased to give ied in the Zoth article of the the most express orders to all his treaty of peace, concluded between subjects not to have or hold any her majesty the empress apoftolic correspondence with the said re. queen of Hungary and Bohemia, bels, nor to furnith them with any and his majesty the king of Prussia, kind of fuccours whatsoever, agree bearing date the 15th of February able to what was enjoined upon a 17635 that their faid majesties like occasion, by order of his late agreed to include their allies and majesty in council, dated the Toth friends in that treaty of peace, and of May. 1753 : his majesty, having that they reserved to name them in taken the said memorial into his 'a separate act, which should be of royal consideration, and being de- the same force as the said principal
treaty, and should in like manner tified in like manner by the two Be ratified by thic high contracting high contracting parties. Done at parties, they would not defer caro Dresden theʻi 2th of March, andat rying this ftipulation into executi- Berlin the zoth, in the year 1763. on : and for that purpose, her im
Ewald Frederic de Hertzberg. perial majesty, apostolic queen ot
The exemplar of the court of Hungary and Bohemia, and his Vienna is figned, majesty the king of Prusia, declare, that they do by name and
Henry. Gabriell de Collenbach, exprefly include in the aforesaid Although this feparate act be of treaty of peace of the 15th of Fe- itself of no great importacce, yet bruary 1763, their allies and friends, it is remarkable, as it shews that viz. "Oh the part of her majesty either the court of Vienna, or the empress" apoftolic queen of that of Berlin, were not, on the Hungary and Bohemia, his majesty 15th of February, in fo good an the most chriftian king, his majefty humour with their allies, as they the king of Sweden, his majesty afterwards came to be on the i žth the king of Poland elector of Sax- of March'; and if we compare the ony, and all the princes and fates 13th article of the preliminaries of the empire, who are either her between France'and us, with what allies or her friends ;--and on the afterwards happened, we may perpart of his Prafian maiefty, the haps guess at the reason of their king of Great Britain, ele&tor of not naming their friends and allies Branswick Lunenburg, the most in the treaty of peace which they serene duke of Brunswick Lünen- concluded on the 15th of February: burgh, and the most ferene landgrave of Heffe-Callet:
Abstra&t of the convention made bez The high contracting parties do tween the king of Sardinia, the likewise inclade in the aforefaid Moft Christian king, and the Car treaty of peace of the 15th of Fe tholic king, concerning the pretend bruary 1763, her majesty the em froiss of his Sardinian majesty to the press of all the Russias, in confer duchy of Placentia. quence of the bonds of friendship Art. 1. THEIR moft christian which fubfift between her and the
and catholic majefties two high contracting parties, and acknowledge again, in favour of the of the interest which her majesty king of Sardinia, the right of reverhas declared that she takes in the fion to the sovereignty of the city re-establishment of the tranquility of Placentia, and to the part of the of Germany
Placentine as far as the river Nura; In witness whereof, we the ple- as mentioned in the 'creaty of Aixnipotentiaries of her majesty the la-Chapelle, in case of failure of empress queen, and of his majesty the male line of the infant don the king of Pruffia, have, by vir- Philip, as also in case this prince tue of our full powers and initrucá or his heirs should fucceed to one tions, signed the present act, which of the crowns of his family. fhall have the fame force, as if If. Their most christian and cas it was inferted word for word in tholic majesties guaranty the aforethe treaty of peace of the 15th of faid reverfion against all powers February 1763, and shall be raa, that might attempt to oppofe it.
cas, the re
III. Till such time
this shall not be considered as of verfion may happen, his Sardinian any consequence, nor be drawn into majesty thall enjoy the same an a precedent. Dual revenue (deducting the charges of government) which the city and territory mentioned in the firft ar- Subliance of a memorial delivered on ticle would yield were he in ac the 16th of July, by the chancellor tual possession thereof: to which of Rusia to the Polish resident af end his most christian majesty will Petersburgh. remit to his Sardinian majesty the capital sum of the revenue of the IN this memorial herimperial malaid territories.
jefty first sets forth her great love IV. Whenever the reverfion of peace, and how careful the has happens, the king of Sardinia is been to preserve it; and then proto restore the capital sum mention- ceeds thus: “Filled with these sen, ed in the preceding article, timents, it is with regret, that the
V. The king of Sardinia fhall empress fees his Polith majefty folenjoy the equivalent for the re low different maxims with regard venues of the Placentine, from the to her, and make no return to her 1oth of March of the present year, friendly proceedings but by probeing the day of exchanging the ceedings directly opposite, racifications of the treaty of peace In the first place, in the affair of of France and Spain, with England; Courland, her imperial majesty, atagreeable to the most christian tentive to every ching concern: king's letter to his Sardinian ma ed the dignity of the king of Pojesty, dated the sth of February land, has nor cealed to claim his 1799.
justice, in which the always placed VI. The present convention the greatest confidence. shall be communicated to the other Secondly, the has not only paid powers concerned in the treaty of all poslibe regard to the representa Aix-la-Chapelle, and the three tiops made to her, touching the da contracting monarchs will require mage which the Poles might have their guaranty thereof.
luffered by the passage of the RulVII. The ratifications of the sian troops, but even at this mo present convention shall be exa ment the waits only for the naming changed within a month, or sooner, of commiffaries by the republica if pollble.
to settle and give orders for indemDone at Paris the oth of June, nification.
1763, figned by the Baili Selar Her imperial majesty is not conde Breille, on the part of Sara tent with convincing his Polish madinia, Choiseuil duke de Pral- jelty of her friendship in those two lin, for France, and the mar- general objeds which regard the te, quis Grimaldi for Spain. spective estates, the has no less at There are two separate articles, heart the giving proofs
, of her perthe first of which is only matter of fonal regard for his majesty and his form, about titles in the full powers family. She has already interested of the miniflers; and the other iti- herself, and will still intereft her: pulates, that though the conven- felf, at every favourable opportu, iion is made in the French tongue, nity, to procure a proper establish
ment for his royal highness the who had no time to prepare myself king's fon, prince Charles : Dever for it. The grief with which I theless, his majesty the king of Po am juftly oppressed cannot make land has hitherto refused to listen me forget a kingdom which was so to any overtures for an accommo- dear to the kings my father and dation, or for making fatisfa&tion grandfather, or those faithful ferfor the many complaints of the em vants who gave them so many prefs : not to mention the treaty of proofs of a fincere attachment. perpetual peace established between I feel the irreparable loss you have Russia and the republic of Poland, suffered ; and it would give me the and which has been infringed by Po- highest consolation to be able to land, in many points; her impe- mitigate it. rial majefty complains, first, that, I propose to make the republic notwithstanding the requifition made an offer of my service, and of all by her ambassador, the king has not be allistance that is in my power given her satisfaction with regard to give her, if, by conferring the to the irregular conduct of the four crown on me, she will entrust me ministers, who figned a memorial with the reins of government : and highly offenfive to the court of Ruf. I have all reason to hope, that if fia and its sovereign. Secondly, the Polish nation be disposed to give that the king has not yet acknow me this mark of their affection and ledged the lawful duke of Cour- confidence, all the neighbouring land. Thirdly, that the laws and powers will chearfully acquiesce in liberties of Poland are oppressed, as it. You gave the last king, my well as the friends of Rufia, who father, so many proofs of yoor are kept from all employments, attachment, that I flatter myself and from all favours, because they you will fhew the fame affection to support liberty and the laws; and me: and I am very sensible how who, on that very account, merit much it is in your power to conthe protection of Russia; who, being tribute to procure me the fatisfacthe guarantee of the rights of the tion I aspire after, of governing an i republic, most not fuffer any change illuftrious nation, which will ever in its constitution, but muft be its be distinguished by its fidelity and firmelt support, &c. &c."
attachment to their kings. Be perfuaded that my gratitude fhall be
in proportion to the greatness of A circular letter, sent by the Elečtor the fervice done me: of this you of Saxony to all the nobles of Pou can have no doubt, if you do me
the justice to believe me animated
with the same spirit as my anSIR,
cestors. I pray God to direct the YESTERDAY it pleased the deliberations of the republic, and
Almighty zo afiat me with a to keep you, Sir, in his holy problow, no less tersible than onex- te&tion. I am, your affectionate pected. He has taken to himself friend, the king my father, by a death
FREDERICK, easy to him, but very cruel for me,
E conceived, that we could not able enough, that the coffee-house,
more agreeably open this part of which this species of men frequent, our design, than by laying before the stands within the precincts of the reader the present state of a people, ancient Poikile. Some of their now opprefjed by Javery and Junk ir priests have the reputation of being the gredejt ignorance, who were once learned men, and excellent preach, the most famous in the world for va. ers : the most admired of them, in lour and genius, for arts and learning. our time, was the abbot of St, The opportunity Mr. Stuart had, du, Cyrianée, a convent on Mount Hy ring bis long residence at Athens, of mettus , he is a man of great readbecoming intimately acquainted with ing, and delivers himself with bethe genius and diJposition of that peo- coming gesture, and a pleasing ple, and his well known abilities to fluency of elocution. Here are discern and to describe, will naturally two or three persons who practise give the following article all posible painting; but whatever genius weight.
we may be tempted to allow them,
they have indeed very little science; Same account of the modern, Athenians. they seem never to have heard of From Stuart's antiquities of Athens. anatomy, or of the effect of light
and fade; though they still re*HE Athenians have perhaps tain some imperfect notions of more genius, and a politer address, The Athenians are great lovers of than any other people in the Tur- music, and generally play on an kich dominions. Oppressed as inftrument, which they call a Lyra,
are at present, they always though it is not made like the anoppose, with great courage and cient lyre, but rather like a guitar, wonderful fagacity, every addition or mandola. This they accomto their burden, which an avari- pany with the yoice, and very frecious or cruel governor may at. quently with extempore verses, tempt to lay on them, During which they have a ready faculty at our ftay, they; by their intrigues, composing. drove away three of their gover
There is great sprigheliness., and nors, for extortion and mal-admiey expresion in the countenances of nistration ; two of whom were im both sexes, and their persons are prisoned, and reduced to the great- well proportioned. The men have eft diftrefs. They want' not for a due mixture of trength and agi artful speakers and busy politicians, lity, without the least appearance so far as relates to the affairs of of heaviness. The women have their own city; and it is remark- peculiar elegance of form and of VOL. VI.