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his fituation, or pity for his bodily strong are so ready to oppress the infirmities, they began their procefs weak, and to load the stranger by ordering him to be clapped into with chains, without hearing his prison. Thus they would have had defence, withoat knowing whether him taken out of his bed, and drag- the act he is accused of be criminal, ed from his house, to be thrown or, being so, whether he hath, inamong infamous criminals, to rot deed, committed it. in a jail. Nay, who knows but He abandons with regret the they might have burnt him at a pleasing folitude he had chosen, flake, without suffering him to speak leaving all his possessions, his few, in his own defence? for what realon but valuable friends behind. Weak is there to think, they would have and infirm as he is, he is obliged to proceeded more regularly afterwards undergo the fatigues of a long than at first, in a prosecution fo vio journey ; hoping at the end of it to lently commenced, as to be almost breathe in a land of liberty; he apwithout example, even in the coun- proaches his own country, flactering tries of the inquisition ! Thus it himself his reception there will conis, in my case alone, that this fasole bim for his palt disgrace.-But gacious tribunal forgets its pru- what am I going to say? My heart dence ; it is against me alone, that finks, my hand trembles, and my a people, who boast so much of pen falls to the ground: let me be their politeness, and by whom I filent, therefore, on this affecting thought myself beloved, act with fubject. the strangelt barbarity; it is thus the country I have preferred as an afylom above all others, justifies me Anecdotes of eminent and illustrious in giving it that preference! I know personages, communicated by the not how far fuch proceedings may the Rev. Mr. Watkinson; to whom be confitent with the law of na the public is indebted for the Metions; but I know very well, that moirs of bishop Hoadley, in our where they are practised, a man's - last volume. liberty, and perhaps his life, lies at the mercy of the firft printer who Of doctor Thomas Herning, laté pleases to set his name to a book.

Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. A citizen of Geneva owes no re

He was born at Walloken, in fpect to such unjuft magiftrates, who Norfolk, in 1693, his father, order persons to be apprehended, Mr. John Herring, being rector of and committed to prison, upon a that parish. His education was at scandalous information given them, Welbech school, in the isle of Ely, without citing the accused to appear under Dr. Carter, afterwards feland answer for himself. Not have low of Eton college. In June 1710, ing been cited to appear, he is not he was admitted into Jesus college, obliged to it. But being thus pro Cambridge, Dr. Warren being his ceeded against by force and vio tutor. While member of this collence, he is justified in flying from lege he took the degree of batchepersecution. He thakes the dust lor of arts; but seeing no prospect off his feet, therefore, and leaves there of obtaining a fellowship, he . an inhospitable country, where the removed in July 1714 to Corpus


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Chrifti college, of which he was mated by the most benevolent princhose fellow in 1716; and the year ciples, and adorned by his happy following created master of arts. He elocution and unaffected delivery. and the learned Dr. Denne (now He feldom entered into the disputes archdeacon of Rochester) were joint canvaffed amongst christians, havtutors there upwards of seven years. ing observed, that these more freMr. Herring read classical, Dr. quently exasperate, than convince. Denne philosophical lectures. The Bat he explained and enforced, former entered into priests orders in with the utmost perspicuity and 1719, and was successively minister warmth, the fundamental duties of of Great Shelfield, Stow cum Qui, christianity. and Trinity in Cambridge. În He was of opinion with a very 1722, Dr. Fleetwood (Bishop of ingenious writer, that “ True reEly) made him his chaplain. His « ligion is true reason, which lordship had generally preached him “ smiles at pointed wit, mocks felf in the chapel belonging to Ely o the fcoffer's tongue, and is ahouse during the winter season, but “ like invulnerable by ridicule or in the decline of life, when his “ rage."--Once, indeed, a great health was greatly impaired, Mr. clamour was raised on Herring preached for him ; and this of his alluding to a popular theaexcellent prelate declared to his trical entertainment * then exhifriends, that he never heard a fer- bited, and presuming to condemn mon from Mr. Herring, but what it, as of pernicious tendency with he should have been proud to have regard to the interests of morality been the author of himself. In the and virtue. He was not fingular in latter end of this year, the bishop this opinion, and experience hath presented him to Rettingdon in El- confirmed the truth of his animadsex, and afterwards to the rectory of versions. In 1731, Dr. Herring Barly in Hertfordshire. In 1724, was presented to the rectory of Mr. Herring took the degree of Blechingly in Surrey; and towards batchelor of divinity, and about the the close of the year, promoted to same time was presented by his ma the deanery of Rocheiter, where jefty to Allhallows the Great, in he was initalled February 5th 1732. London, which he gave up before In 1737, he was consecrated bishop institution. In 1726, the honourable of Bangor, and in 1743, translated fociety of Lincoln's-inn (on the death to the archiepiscopal fee of York, of Dr. Lupton) chofe him their on the demise of Dr. Blackburn, preacher. About the same time he was. In 1745, the rebellion broke out appointed chaplain in ordinary to his in Scotland, which gave this remajesty; and in 1728, took the de- spectable prelate an opportunity of gree of doctor of divinity at Cam-' displaying that noble patriotic arbridge.

dour, which reflected equal honour His sermons at Lincoln's-inn on himself, and the instruments of chapel were received with the his advancement. He pofleft the highest approbation by that learn- fpirit of a Roman senator, the eleed and judicious fociety. They gance of an Atticus, and the inabounded with manly sense, ani- tegrity of a Cato. The progress

then * The Beggar's Opera.

them made was so artfully concealed which brought him to the brink by their friends in England, that of the grave; and though he did it was scarce known or believed in some measure recover, yet from that the Highlanders were up in that time he might be rather faid arms, before certain advice came to languish than live. that they had actually defeated the He retired to Croydon-declinking's troops at Preston-pans t. ed all public business,--and law The pannic with which all were little other company than his relathen seized, is well remembered. tions and particular friends. After The archbihop gave the first a- languishing for about four years, larm, and awakened the nation he expired March 13, 1757 ; and, from its lethargy. This willeter- agreeable to the express direction nize his name, and place his image of his will, was interred in a priin the heart of every sincere pro-, vate manner in the vault of Croyteftant. His example was success- don church. He left to the infúlly followed by the bishops and corporated fociety for the relief of clergy in general. An association the widows and fons of poor clergywas entered into at York, and a men, the sum of 10001.-- To the subfcription proposed, for money master and fellows of Corpus Chrifti to raise troops for the defence of college 1000 l. He also expendthat county The neighbouring ed upwards of 6000 l. in repairnobility, gentry, and clergy, met ing and adorning the palaces and for that purpose at York-castle, gardens of Lambeth and Croydon. September 24, 1745 ; where his

One circumstance reflects pecugrace addrefied them in a noble Liar honour on this worthy prelate fpeech, which had such an effect that the dignities conferred on upon his auditory, that a subscrip- him, were unsolicited, and owing tion ensued to the amount of solely to his merit, which alone re40,000l. In 1747, he was tranf- commended him. He poffest the lated to the fee of Canterbury, on virtues of public and private life the demise of Dr. Potter. His ac in a moft eminent degree-and cession to the highest dignity in the was a true friend to civil and relichurch, gave great joy to the gious liberty. Adorned with the friends of the present happy and

most valuable of all moral and excellent conititution in church intellectual accomplishments, he and state. He resembled arch.. lived in the eteem of the wise, bishop Tillotson in his known re and good, and great, and died finluctance to accept of the firft fta- cerely lamented by every friend to tion in the church, with this pe- learning, truth, and virtue, culiar circumstance of having be His fermons, lately published, fore shewn the higheit qualifica- bear the strongest marks of unaftions for it, by 'a conduct in the fected piety and benevolence; and second, from which the public in- though, when read in the closet, terest received its earliest support they lose the graces of that elocuat its most dangerous crisis. tion, which attracted admiration

In 1753, he was seized with a , when pronounced from the pulpit, violent fever. at Lambeth-house, yet they will be read with plea

fure + " Conjurationem nofcentcm non credendo, corroboraverunt,Cicero,

fyre by every sincere christian, as printed in 1701, o&avo. The debreathing the true spirit of free- sign of this piece (as his lordship dom.

declares in the preface) is to ex

pose the folly and presumptions of of Sir WILLIAM Daws, Bart. those, who are arrived at that pitch Archbishop of York. of prophaneness, as to think it

wit to deny the existence of a HE

E was descended from an an- deity, and to ridicule that which

cient and honourable family they cannot argue against. Such in the county of Essex (born in impious characters are well de1671) educated at Merchant-taylors lineated in the following lines : school, London and from thence elected to St. John's college in Ox

“ See then our atheift all the world ford, of which he was afterwards oppofe, fellow. He was the youngest of « And, like Drawcanfir, make all four brothers, three of whom dy

men his foes ; ing young, the title and estate of “ See with what faucy pride he of the family fell to him. As soon does pretend, as he had taken his first degree in " His wiser father's notions to arts, and upon the family estate

amend; devolving to him, he resigned his « Huffs Plutarch, Plato, Pliny, fellowship, and left Oxford. For Seneca, fome time he applied his attention 6s And bids even Cicero himself to the affairs of his estate ; but give way; finding a greater propensity to in «s. T'ells all the world they follow a tellectual studies, than rural pur

falfe light, fuits, he entered into holy orders.

« And he alone, of all mankind, Sir William did not long remain in is right.” the church without preferment his fortune and family conduced to This amiable prelate was distinhis advancement, which is no un- guished for candour, humility, and common case, -for these advantages that universal benevolence, which often tend more to a perfon's pro- is the peculiar characteristic of true motion in the ecclesiastical, as well christianity, Secure in his own as civil stations of life, than all greatness, he feared no diminution other natural or acquired abilities of it ;-with a happy facility, he without them. Sir William was made united the dignity of the prelate, master of Catharine-hall, in Cam- with the ease of the gentleman. bridge, chaplain to Queen Anne, He was efteemed an eloquent and dean of Bockin. In 1708, he preacher, and his charity was very was consecrated bishop of Chester, extenfive. He expired April 30, and in 1713, translated to the 1724, in the 53d year of his age. archiepiscopal fee of York, on the He had a genius for poetry, but the demise of Dr. Sharp. Whilft he duties of his exalted station divertwas at the university, before he ed him from a pursuit of the muses. went into orders, he wrote the He published fermons onvarioussubAnatomy of Atheism, a poem, de- jects, particularly on the Eternity of dicated to Sir George Darcy, Bart. Hell-torments, a doctrine which he



endeavoured to vindicate, His derable part of Dr. Gibson's life; humanity and candour was and when his judgment was mamarkably conspicuous to all; but tured by age and experience, and with regard to his clergy, so easy consequently qualified for the comof access,--so affable and courteous, pletion of such an elaborate peras to be entirely beloved by them. formance, had he executed no other

work, he might juftly be said to

have spent the best of his days in Of the Right Reverend Dr. Gib- the service of the church and SON, Lord Bishop of London. clergy;-but as he had the warm

est zeal for the interest of both, fo THIS eminent prelate was born he gave other fignal

inftances of in & life, and made an uncommon pro- time.--His judicious collection of ficiency in the most useful branches the principal treatises against poof literature. Nothing was too pery, and in defence of the refordifficult for his ftudious ardour, mation,-at a time * when our liindefatigable diligence, and pro- berties (both civil and religious) found erudition : the numerous were in the most imminent danger, productions of his pen display his must render his memory dear to : Thining talents, abilities, and in- every fincere protestant, --- every tense application to the improve- true friend to our present most hapment of the mind in arts and py and excellent constitution in sciences. He was honoured with church and state. His Pastoral the patronage of archbishop Ten- Letters are juftly esteemed as the nison, and was appointed domeftic most masterly productions against chaplain to his grace; who had a infidelity and enthusiasm. due fenfe of his

eminent qualifica With regard to bishop Gibson's tions, and rewarded his merit ac- private life, he was, in every recordingly. To enumerate his fpect, a perfect economist. His works would be unnecessary; they abilities were so well adapted to are in the cabinets of the curious; discharge the duties of the facred esteemed by the literati; and have function, that during the incapadone signal service to the interests city of archbishop Wake, the of religion, morality, truth, and transaction of ecclefiaftical affairs virtue. That work for which Dr. was committed to the bishop of Gibson was most distinguished, is London. He was a true friend to his celebrated Codex (published in the established church and govern1713.) The scheme of this com- ment, and as great an enemy to prehensive work was formed and persecution. He was usually conprofecuted by the particular en- fulted by the most learned and excouragement and deserved patron- alted personages in church and state, age of archbishop Tennison, whose and the greatest deference was paid alsistance tended to the improve- to his judgment. He poffeft the ment of that plan, and to the exe social virtues in an eminent degree, cution of so great a design. This and his beneficence was very excelebrated work engaged a confi-. tensive. His intense application


* In the reign of ling James the Second.

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