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The larger share of the tibia taken hectic patient, such a large open
out, and afterwards supplied by a ing as would otherwise have been callus. By Mr. David Laing, necessary. Jurgeon at Jedburgh.
I dressed the fore with tincture
of myrrh, caused the patient to A Girl in the parish of Maxton, take a decoction of the woods,
about seven years old, who with a small quantity of aq. calcis, never had any discase except the twice a day, and gave her an antismall-pox, accidentally hurt her fcorbutic and aperient medicated right leg, and soon after the tegu- ale for ordinary drink. ments on the fore-part of the ti After continuing thefe drefsings bia swelled a little, but were not and medicines about fix months, discoloured till two months after, I took out the whole body of the when a redness about the breadth tibia, the length of the superior of a sixpence appeared on the skin, part of what remained towards the and an ulcer soon followed, which knee being three fingers breadth, made the patient's parents ask my and the inferior extremity towards advice.
the ancle being only one and a half The child was at this time much long. In fix weeks the fore was decayed, her flesh and strength cicatrized, and in a month after being wasted, and her frequent the child began to walk, before pulse, great thirst, and want of ap the callus was sufficiently hardened, petite, with other appearances
of which made it turn a little crook. hectic disposition, made the prog- ed, as it still remains, but it is nosis very indifferent.
otherwise smooth and as hard and I caused the part to be well fo- firm as any other bone in her body; mented with emollients, and ap- so that the walks, dances, leaps, plied cataplasms of the fame kind; &c. without the affiftance of a but finding no advantage by the crutch or staff, and without the use of these, and discovering by leaft observable halt. the nature of the matter that came
Towards the end of her cure I out of the fore, and by the colour, gave her tincture of antimony to foftness, &c. of the flesh, signs of remove a dry itch that was over the bone's being affected, though her whole body; a considerable it was not yet in fight, I made a time after her leg was found, a small incision in the tegument to
new ulcer appeared on the superior lay the bone bare, by which my part of the arm, and now there fufpicions were fully confirmed. are two fharp points of the os hu
I foon now faw that the disease meri standing out at the orifice in in the bone extended farther than the teguments. This attack on a the opening of the teguments ; and part that never received any injury, and therefore from time to time I makes me of opinion that the ulcer enlarged the incifion, till it came of her leg was not occafioned by a to the extremities of the affected hurt at school, which the parents piece of bone ; which method I ra- assign as the cause of the disease, ther chose to follow than to hazard but that it was rather owing to her making at once, in this feeble, bad habit of body.
Mr. William Carlyle, apothe In our laft we gave an account of cary in Carlisle, favoured us lately a poor family at Wartilham, in with an hiftory of a cafe very like Suffolk, who were afflicted with the to this: the part of the tibia which loss of their limbs. Vid. vol. 5. was taken out is feven inches long; p. 67. The reader, probably, will the boy to whom it belonged was be curious of further information contwelve years old ; the cure, which cerning the fupposed causes and illut was almoft performed by nature, of a disease, which has not been was two years in being completed, more severe than fingular, and there is not any inconveniency remaining, except that the patient Further account of the poor family cannot stretch the heel of the leg at Wattilham afflicted last year out of which the bone was taken, with the lofs of their limbs from fo well to the gronnd as he does Some letters in vol. li. of The the other.
Philosophical Transactions for the year 1762. "
Extraordinary difpofition for mufic in IN these letters, the family
is faid an infant.
to have been all thin, weakly
people, but in general healthy; to Brookefield, N. America, Apr. 6. have lived just as other poor peo THE following is as remarkable ple in the neighbourhood did, and an instance of singing as ever
neither to have eaten or drank any happened, the truth whereof may thing that disagreed with them, be relied upon; for numbers of except fome pork and peafe, on credible persons can testify there. which they dined the day the two to, viz. That one Thomas Ban- first were seized, and which made pifter of this town has a son not three of the children fick at the yet four years old, who would át ftomach.
ftomach. The part moft worthy three years and an half old fing' of attention in these articles, contwenty different tunes in pfalmody, tains answers by the reverend Mr. by rules commonly used in the Bones, the minister of the parish, books ; exactly conforming him to fome queries put by Dr. Baker, self thereto without any asistance, tending to discover the cause of enly name the particular tune to this uncommon and deplorable dil him. And when the child was but ease. They are as follows: 22 months old, he would fing the Water.] This they have taken tane of Dr. Watts's ode with ano out of a ditch, or pool of ftanding ther person, who only sung bass to water, at their own door (as is the same, and carry it through common in this clay country.) We without mising one note. (We are have no spring or well in the painformed that a clergyman in London rish. has a for, who, though but five Beer.] They have generally years old, plays readily in the harp. bought their beer at a public-house. fichord, any tune, bowever difficult, But, in August last, the poor man on barely hearing it played by another, brewed two bushels of malt, in a or sung by a good voice.)
large brass kettie, which is very commonly let out to the poor.
is an old one, but belongs to a do, at the shop; and they have never cleanly housewife.
disagreed with any of the family, Bread.) We have no rye. This except only on Sunday, January family have been used to buy two
10. Three of the children were buhels of clog-wheat, or rivets, then fick after eating them; but or bearded wheat, (as it is variously became easy after they had vocalled in this county) every fort- mited. night. Of this they have made Pork.] This, I find, they getheir houshold bread. This wheat nerally bought pickled, of the they have bought of the farmer, farmer whom I lodge with. The whom I lodge with, who tells me, farmer's family, and several others, that last year he had some wheat have conftantly eaten it. laid, which he gathered, and In this part of the country, threshed separately, left it hould there is a deal of old ewe-mutton, fpoil his samples. Not that it was killed between the first of Novemmildewed, or grown, but only ber and January, some of which discoloured, and smaller than the is very poor, and rotten, and is other. This damaged wheat he usually fold at three halfpence, or threshed last Christmas; and then perhaps one penny, a pound. In this poor family used no bread, December laft, this family lived but what was made of it, as like- for three weeks, at least, upon wise did the farmer's own family, this mutton, of which they bought and fome others in the neighbour- a quarter at a time, weighing seven hood. We observed, that it made or eight pounds, for one shilling. bad bread, and worse puddings; The man is so prepoffeffed with but I do not find, that it disagreed notions of witchcraft, and is so with any body. A labouring man obftinate in his opinion, that I of the parish, who had used this cannot excite in him even a defire bread, was affected with a numb- of attributing this diseafe to any ness in both his hands, for about other cause. four weeks from the ninth of Ja Since my last letter to you, nuary. His hands were continu. Mary, (aged fixteen years) who ally cold, and his fingers ends sat for fourteen weeks in a great peeled. One thumb, he says, chair, and for seven days without itill remains without any sensation. any feet, or flesh on her leg bones,
Kitchen utensils.] They have has confented to have the bones two small iron pots, which have taken off. She is now in bed : long been in use. In these they the abscess is healing, and the boiled their pork, peale, &c. They seems likely to do well. have likewise two brass skillets, The father's fingers are almost rather old, in which they boiled healed. But he every day feels milk, &c. The man tells me, severe darting pains in many parts they are in constant use, and never of his body. were cankered,
The mother lies in bed, with Pcafe.] They have now and then her leg-bones bare, which she will eaten pease and pease-broth. These not suffer to be taken off. Her they have always bought, as others hands are ftill benumbed, but not
black.. Her fingers are contracted. (of which M. Noël had sent no acThe rest of the family seem to be. count) was produced by bad hourecovering perfect health.
rishment, particularly by bread;
in which there was a great quanWattilham,
tity of ergots. This substance is April 30, 1762.
described by M. Fagon, first phy
fician to the king, and is said by There is, in l’hiffoire de l'aca- him to be a kind of moniter in demie royale des sciences, for the vegetation, which a particular fort year 1710, à paper, the title of of rye, fown in March, is more which is, Súr le * bled cornu appellé apt to produce, than what is sown Ergot. Here it is íaid, that M. in the autumn, and which often Noël, surgeon of the hôtel-dieu at abounds in moist cold countries, Orleans, had sent an account to a
and in wet seasons. How far it is member of the academy, that, true, that this substance was really within about a year's time, he had the cause of the French epidemical received into the hospital more gangrene described, I cannot dethan fifty patients afficted d'une termine. On comparison, we find, gangrene feche, noire, et livide, which that the present disease at Watti began at the toes, and advanced sham, and that recorded by the more or less, being sometimes con- French academy, do agree extremetinued even to the thighs; and ly in their effects. However, it that he had only seen one patient, is now certain, that rye made no who had been first reized with it in part of the nourishment of the the hand. He adds, that he ob- poor family at Wattilham. ferved, that this disease affected Although we undoubtedly excel the men only, and that, in gene
the ancients in the knowledge of ral, the females, except some very poisons, yet a great deal of that young girls, were quite free from subjeet still remains unknown to
It will, therefore, be very In the same paper is mentioned, difficult for us to discover, to what ás a fact well kriown to the acás cause, or to what combination of demy, the case of a peasant, who causes, so uncommon a malady is lived near Blois. In this patient, to be attributed. a gangrene, ät its first attack, deftroyed all the tocs of one foot, then those of the other, afterwards the remaining parts of both feet; Account of the corn butterfly, which then the flesh of both his legs, in its vermicular state lately raand that of his thighs, rotted off svaged whole provinces in France. fucceffively, and left nothing but The gentlemen of the academy A Very small infect, which till
within a few years, has been were of opinion, that the diseale unknown to the naturalifts of every
. Secale corniculatum nigrum, mentioned as a poison by Hoffman. $ This degenerated rye is called ergos, from its resemblance to a cock's fpur. Vom. VI.
Country, has attracted the attention not flying, 'meet over its back, of the French government, by the floping like a pent-house, and are ravages which it has committed rather long for the breadth; they in the province of Angoumois, are of a colour fomewhat resemiwhere it is called the corn-butterfly. bling that of milk coffee, yet they It was first perceived about thirty shine in the sun, and are bordered years ago, and it has since in- with a deep fringe, especially on creased to a degree fo alarming, the inner fide; its head is hairy; that it has, in its vermicular ftate, the hair parts under the head into destroyed the most plentiful harveft two tufts; it unites above, and in a few months. It begins to de- passes between the antennæ ; iz vour the grain while it is yet grow- runs up from thence higher than ing in the ear, it continues its ra- the eyes, where it rises into a tuft vages in the barn, and destroys like a tossel behind : at firft view it what is left in the granary, so that would be taken for what is called the inhabitants of the province the false moth, but it is an infect are reduced to the neceflity of eat- of a different species. ing bread made of maize or oats ; This butterfly seems to be emand the rich have retired to the ployed wholly, in multiplying its neighbouring provinces. These kind; it couples in the night, or facts having been represented to in fome dark place, and the conthe miniftry by M. Pagot de Mar- junction lasts many hours; fomecheval, the intendant of Limoge, times the sexes unite a second time by a memorial dated some time in after separation : the eggs are de1760; the comptroller-general posited almost immediately after wrote to the royal academy of they are fecundified, in small parsciences, recommending it to them cels, each consisting of a certain to fend proper persons to examine number from 6 to 30, and each this insect, and find some remedy female lays in all from 60 to 90: for the mischief it produces.
eggs are covered with a viscous In consequence of this letter, juice, which causes them to adhere Meff. Duhamel and Tillet were de. to whatever they happen to be puted to this service, and upon deposited upon, and are fo fmall, entering the province, they found that they will drop through a hole no less than 200 parishes entirely made in a piece of paper with the desolated by this infect. They point of the finest needle. When were affined in their enquiries and examined with a microscope, they experiments by the neighbouring appear to be friped long ways
: clergy and gentry, and in a parti- from top to bottom, and with a cular manner by a lady, madame rough surface, resembling fagreen. de Chasseneuil, whose abilities in After the egg has been laid to be making and pursuing experiments or 8 days, aceording to the temof this kind, are equal to those of perament of the scalon, it prothe best naturalists in the kingdom. duces a caterpillar about the thick:
The corn-butterfly of Angou- ness of an hair, and about the formois is of the class of the phalenæ, tieth or fiftieth, part of an inch it has antenne that resemble á long; this worm immediately. beknotted thread, its wings, when gins to introduce itself into the