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It will be asked, no doubt, if in the inteftines of the horke, that these bort worms are not danges they make their way towards the ons to horses ! --The mares which ftomach and indeed a very few afforded me, for several years, those ties must be enough to overstock on which I made my obfervations, the inside of a horse, provided, did not appear to be less in health, they should depofit all their eggs, than those which had none;- but and such thould all be animated, it may sometimes happen, that they M.Vallisnieri having counted feven are in fo great a quantity in the hundred and odd in the body of body of the horse, as to prove fatal one single fly. to him. - M: Vallifnieri fupposes. When one of thefe botts has left these bott/ worms, to have been the anus of the horse, it falls on the cause of an epidemical disease, the ground, and immediately seeks that destroyed a great many horfes out for some place of fafety, where about Verona and Mantua in the it may tetire, to prepare for the year 1913-the observations com last itage of its transformation, by municated to him by Dr. Gaspari which it is to become a fly. fufficiently confirm his fuppofi-i And now by degrees the skin tion. his
hardens and thickens, and at length * This gentleman, supon diffecting forms a solid shell or cad, the form Some horses that died of this diftem- of which scarce differs from that of per, found in their ftomachs a fur- the worm. prising quantity of short worms, of. It is first of a pale red colour which, to give us fome idea, he which changes into chefput, and at compares them to the kernels of a length, by the addition of gradual pomegranate opened each of and successive shades of brown, the these, by gnawing on the coat of Hell is rendered black. the stomach, had made for itself a The worm or bott before it paffes kind of cellule therein--each of into a nymph is of the form of an thefe cavities would eafily contain oblong ball; it remains in this a grain of Indian wheat.
form much longer than worms of It is easy to imagine by this the filefh-Ay kind. - I have met means the stomach must be reduced with worms, that isetained this to a wretched condition; the outer figure five or fıx days -- as yet membranes were inflamed, and the one can perceive no traces of the inner ones ulcerated and corrupted; legs, wings, and head of the a very small quantity of these worms nymph. Hence I first learned, were found in the small intestines, that these bott worms do not and only a few in the larger, to become nymphs immediately upon - which last they were found affixed, their first change, but that, in orbut had not corroded them. der to become flies, they muft ux
It is only perhaps when these dergo one change more than caterbott worms are in great numbers, pillars ordinarily do to become and thereby incommode each other, butterflies, t) 10 I VISI!! ;* : fost 33 En
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decount of a marine produttion of a Priapus; give as leave, therefore,
query ambiguous nature, from tht to name it Priapus pendunculo filio 2. Philofophical Transactions for formi corpore aucts. The body was the year 1762. do mi
oval; and in fize between a pigeon
and pullet's egg, smooth, memIn the month of Jane, 1759; branous, and of a silver afh colour.
the squadron destined againit What appeared to be the mouth Quebec: arrived in the river St. was fituated a little below the Laurence, when being in the lati apex, and was quadrivalvular, in tude 49. 50. north, and about ten the form of a (+) cross. The leagues to the eastward of Anti. anas was on the fame fide, a little costi (an island in the mouth of above the base, or infertion of the the river) we founded, and struck talk, and also quadrivalvular. To: ground in 42 fathoms; the found wards the apertures of the mouth ings white fand and black fpecks. and anus, the body felt more calHaving, at the same time, thrown lous. From this body issued a over a fiffing-line, the hook was peduncle, or stalk, of ten inches found strongly attached at the in length, the extreme end of bottom; and, after some efforts, which was fixed to a piece of rock, brought up a piece of rock into This stalis was of a light brown the surface of which was inserted colour, about the thickness of a a strong tendinous substance, of a large hen's: quill, round, hollow, light brown colour, in length rough, and of a membranous, about feven inches; it was round, leather-like fubftance, and nearly of the thickness of a When the body was opened, the common goose-quill; the other end internal coat appeared to be comformed a fack, or bag, of the size posed of reticular fibres. The inand hape of a pigeon's egg.
terior orifice of the mouth was surThe whole of this fubftance was rounded by a radiated fubstance, elastic; and, upon pressing the about the size of a silver penny, bag, I plainly discovered a con- thicker, and more callous than the tained substance, and imagined, coats of any other part. The inthat it was attended with motion, ternal aperture of the anus was
These, Sir, are all the particu- composed of fibres interwoven with lars I have got to offer upon one another. From the apex to this unknown subject, whether the base on each fide descended animal, zoophite, or submarine obliquely, and winding, a smooth plant, I leave. to your decermina- , folid body, in width about one tion.
(fifth part of an inch, part of which [Thus far. Dr. Nasmyth, who feparated in the examining. Wecansent this production over to Eng- not give a clearer idea of this body, land. The following description : than by saying, that it had greatly is by fome learned and ingenious, the appearance (except in fize) of members of the Royal Society, one of the smallett intestines, and who examined it.]
was attached to the interior surface Upon our examination, it ap- of the main body, much in the peared to us to come nearest to what way as they are to the mesentery. has been, by naturalilys, called
Remarks upon some offervations made the Spanish coift, ftood over to
by Henry More, E.; on the the Parbary coaft, where he found tides in the fraits of Gibral. the tide for him, and carried him tar.
clear off the capes; in which case
a little reflection would have ascer[We do not infert Mr. Mori's el. tained the true course of the tides öblervations, because tbey are farm on both shores, and need not any tiently implied in thejë rimarks conjectures about tides, halftides, 2fca them.]
&c. it being notoriously true, that
the tides are as regular on both THERE appears in the Philof. the Spanish and Barbary shores, as
Tranf. Mr. More's obferva- in the Thames or Medway, and tions on the tides in the traits which, until the appearance of of Gibraltar, which has so long Mr. More's observations, I never puzzled the ingenious: the which, conceived to be a mystery ; and if If they were new to him, are real. it has been so to the royal society, lý ingenious, and the more fo as I shall here, from fome years expebeing generally true ; and if they rience, give an ample explanation, are likewise new to the roval fo The tide on the Spanish fhore, ciety, some further remarks may at full and change of the moon, not be amiss.
makes high water at Gibraltar at I can fay of my own knowledge, three o'clock. that, forty years past, there was The tide on the Barbary fhore, nothing new in this to seamen. at the fame time of the moon, The notion of vapour, and under- makes high water in Tangier bày current, we always esteemed un likewise at three o'clock. philofophical, and were certain it The food on the Spanish shore was mere whim; and the expcri- is into the Mediterranean ; the ment of letting down a bucket, flood on the Barbary fhore is into mentioned by Mr. More, was really the Atlantic ; fo that when with a no experiment, nor any way proves wefterly wind a fhip leaves Gib: an under-current.
raltar, she takes the advantage of That there are tides on both the the ebb on the Spanish coast, and Barbary and Spanish coasts is cer- when she has beat up within a certainly true; and by knowing the tain distance of Tariffa, and the course of those tides, a fhip may tide near
ar ended, the stands over at any time, when the winds are for the coast of Barbary, and then contrary and moderåte, beat up by the aid of the flood tide, may, into the Mediterranean against a if a tolerable failing ship, attain a Levant, or the ocean from Gib Tangier bay, and the next tide raltar, when the wind is wefterly; get clear of the capes. but it seems strange that the same I do not speak this from conperson, who informs us of this, jeture, but experience ; and had I could not inform us what is the dreamed that it had been a mystery course of those tides, though by now, which forty years' part was his own account he went through known to many, I should have the experiment; having, as he thought it my duty to have men. fays, at the finishing of the tide on tioned it beforç.
The return of the waters into about-the feet of the candlesticks the ocean is here explained, by, the bed undamaged, the blankets the ebb on the Spanish, and by and fheets only raised on one side, the flood on the Barbary shore, as when one gets out of bed : the and the caufe of the inflax obvi whole furniture fpread over with ous enough, as the indraught from moist afh-coloured foot, which pethe ocean is very great, between netrated the drawers, and fouled two bold shores from cape Trefal- the linen. This foot even got into gar to Europa point, and the op- a neighbouring kitchen, hung on posite capes, and which the seem- its walls and utenfils, and a bit of ing intervention of the Tariffa bread covered with this foot, thoals, in no insignificant manner refused by several dogs. In the interrupts,
room above, the said soot flew Jane 6, 1763. W. HORSELEY. about, and from the windows
trickled down a greafy, loathsome,
yellowish liquor, with an unusual An account of the death of the coun: Aink. The foor of the chamber
teps Cornelia Baudi or Cefena; was thick smeared with a gluish avbo was consumed by a fire kindled moisture, not easily get off, and in ber ozon body. With an in- the stink spread into other chambers. guiry into the cause, supported by
The narration is followed by an instances of a like nature. By 1. enquiry into the cause of this conBianchini, prebendary of Verona. flagration ; the refult of which is,
that it was not from the lamp, nor THIS lady was in her 62d year, fupernatural, nor from a fan of
and well all day till night, lightening, but from her own bowhen the began to be heavy ; after dy; though fome concluded that fupper she was put to będ, and it must be the effect of a fulmen. talked three hours with her maid; The dogs refused the bread, 'beat laft falling alleep the door was cause of the sulphureous stink, and shut. In the morning, the maid nothing but a fulmen could reduce going to call her, faw her corpse a body to impalpable ashes. 'But it in this deplorable condition. Four feems there was no sulphureous or feet distant from the bed was a nitrous smell of fulmen, and the heap of alhes, two legs untouched, effects of it would not reduce tockings on, between which lay the a body to impalpable ashes. Our head, the brains, half of the back- author thus maintains his opinion: part of the skull, and the whole “ The fire was caused in her enchin burnt to ashes, among which trails by inflamed effluvia of her were found three fingers blackened. blood, by juices and fermentations Aì the rest was ashes, which had in the stomach, and many
comburphis quality, that they left in the tible matters abundant in living hand a greasy and stinking moif- bodies, for the uses of life; and ture. The air in the room had foot lastly by the fiery evaporations Hoating in it; a small oil lamp on which exhale from the settlings of the floor was covered with alhes, spirit of wine, brandies, &c. in but no oil in it. Of two candles the tunica villosa of the stomach, on the table, the tallow was gone, and other fat membranes, engenbut the carçon left, fome moisture dering there (as chymists observe)
a kind of camphor ; which, in By fermentation, magazines of sleep, by a full breathing and re- gunpowder, sea coal, woollen cloths, spiration, are put in a stronger, oil cloths, barns, paper-mills, and motion, and, confequently, more hay-cocks, have been set on fire. apt to be set on fire.
There is further to be consThat fat is an oily liquid fe- dered the vast quantity of effluvia parated from the blood by the that emanate from our bodies. glands of the membrana adiposa, Sanctorius observed, that of eight and of an easy combustible nature, pounds of food and drink in a day, common experience shews. Also there is an insensible perspiration our blood, lymph, and bile, when of about five; computing with dryed by art, famie like spirit of them those effluvia which go out wine at the approach of the least of the mouth by breathing, and fire, and burn away into ashes, which might be gathered in drops [Observ. 171, in the Ephemeris of on a looking-glass. (Sect. 1. Aphor. Germany, anno x.]
6.] As also, that, in the space of Such a drying up may be one night, it is cukomary to dis. caused in our body by drinking charge about fixteen ounces of rectified brandy, and strong wines, urine, four of concocted excre. if mixed with camphor; as mon. ments by stool, and forty and more fieur Litre observed in the dissec- by perspiration. [Aphor. 59. He tion of a woman 45 years old, in teaches also, that numbness is an the history of the Royal Academy effect of too much internal heat, of Sciences, 1706, p. 23.
.: by which is prevented such an inBesides, although the falts in fenfible transpiration, as in this living and vegetable creatures are very case. not naturally inclined to kindle, The friction of the palms of they often contribute to it, when of our hands, or of any other parts Joined by a strong fermentation. of our body, may produce those Thus the mixture of two liquors, fires commonly called ignes lamalthough cold to the touch, pro- bentes. duces a flaming fire.
“ We learn of Eusebius Nierem. Becher was the first discoverer bergius, that such was the properof this marvellous phænomenon, ty of all the limbs of the father of by mixing oil of vitriol with that Theodoricus: fuch were those of of turpentine. Borrichius after. Charles Gonzaga, dukeof Mantua, wards did the fame, by mixing oil as the celebrated Bartolin took now of turpentine with aqua fortis ;9 tice of. By the testimony of John and at last monfieur Tournefort, Fabri, M. D. a noted philosopher, by joining fpirit of nitre with oil who saw it, sparkles of light fathed of fassafras ; and monsieur Hom, out of the headofa woman, while he berg with this acid fpirit, tagethen combed her hair. wScaliger relates with the oil and quintessences of the fame of another. Cardanus, of all the aromatic Indian herbs: nay," a Carmelite monk, whose head conMr. Homberg afserts, that with a tinued 13 years to falh out sparkles certain cold water cannons were : every time he taffed his cowl on his fired anno 1710, in the abovęsaid shoulders. Ezekiel a Castro, M. Du History of the Academy of Sciences, wrote a treatise, intituled, Ignis p. 66.