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hey gums, like that which apprecis M. Poitou in France, at the age

girl, and what is very remarkable, Surprifing atcount of a person's sudthese three children bear evident denly losing his beard, the hair of marks of the old age of their father

his bead, &c. and partially reand mother. Their hair is already Govering them again. grey, and they have a vacuity in their appears. after the loss of teeth, though they never had any teeth ;; they have not of 60, had his beard come then Strength enough to chew solid food, the hair of his head, afterwards his but live on bread and vegetables. eye-brows and eye-lashes, at latt They are of a proper size for their all the hair on his body, without age, but their backs are bent, their any alteration in his health. Three complexions are fallow, and they or four months after this event, his have all the other symptoms of de- beard began to grow again, but not crepitude. Their father is still quite so thick as before. Six months alive. Though most of these par- after, he had a flight fever, during ticulars may appear fabulous, they which his eye-brows and his eyeare certified by the parish registers. lathes returned; the former pretty The village of Ciwouszin is in the thick, but the latter much less fo. diftri&t of Stenzick, in the palati- The hair of his head, and other nate of Sendomir;"

parts of his body, is not returned at all:

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It is with great pleasure that we I durft hardly venture to walk, as can, at the head of our article of I almost trembled to behold the Proje£ts for this year, fet one, which large 'river Irwell underneath me, is an honour to our country, and, in- across which this navigation is cardeed, one of the greatest works of the ried by a bridge, which contains age. It is that stupendous undertak- upon it the canal of water; with ing of an inland navigation begun the barges in it, drawn by horses, and directed by bis grace the duke of which walk upon the battlements Bridgewater.

of this extraordinary bridge. This

navigation begins at the foot of An account of the duke of Bridgwa. some hills, in which the duke's ter's new inland navigatior. coals are dug, from whence a ca

nal is cut through rocks, which To the Author, &c. day-light never enters. By this

means large boats are hauled to the SIR, Manchester, Sept. 30. innermost parts of those hills, and Have lately been viewing the being there filled with coals, are

artificial wonders of London, brought out, by an easy current, and the natural wonders of the which fupplies the whole navigaPeak; but none of them gave me tion, for the space of about ten so much pleasure

as the duke of miles. At the mouth of the caBridgewater's navigation in this vern is erected a water bellows, becountry. His projector, the inge- ing the body of a tree, forming a nious Mr. Brindley, has indeed hollow cylinder, standing upright: made such improvements in this upon this a wooden bason is fixed, way, as are truly astonishing. At in the form of a funnel, which reBarton-bridge he has ere&ted a na ceives a current of water from the vigable canal in the air ; for it is higher ground. This water falls as high as the tops of trees. Whilst into the cylinder, and issues out at I was surveying it with a mixture the bottom of it, but at the fame of wonder and delight, four barges time carries a quantity of ait with passed me in the space of about it, which is received into tin pipes, three minutes, two of them being and forced to the innermoit receffes chained together, and dragged by of the coal-pits, where it isfues two horses, who went on the terras out, as if from a pair of bellows, of the canal, whercou, I muftown, and rarifies the body of thick air,



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which would otherwise prevent the bourhood are reaping the benefit of workmen from subsisting on the Mr. Brindley's inventions; he hav. {pot where the coals are dug. ing taught them a method of drain.

From Barton I steered my course ing coal-pits by a fire-engine, contowards this place, and in my way structed at the expence of 1501. saw the navigation carried some. which no one before knew how to times over public roads, and in make at less than 500l. In these some places over bogs, but gene- he uses wooden chains, which are rally by the side of hills ; by which preferable to iron ones, and cylinmeans it has a firm natural bank on ders made of deal, which supply one side, while the other, composed the place of those which were of earth and gravel thrown up, is usually made cf caft iron. Chanabout eight yards broad. At pro- nels are now cutting also in many per distances, foughs are formed other coal-pits, and boats are ufed near the top of the canal, which instead of wheel-barrows, to conprevents it from overflowing dur- vey the coals to the mouths of the ing immoderate rains.

pits; nay, it is even faid, that In some places, where Mr. Brind- fome Dutch engineers are coming ley has been forced to carry his na over hither to perfect themselves in vigation across a public road, be- the art of inland navigation. ing obliged to keep the water on a

I am, &c. C. S. level, he has sunk the road gradually, so as to pass under his canal, which forms a bridge over the short account of the cambrick manuroad ; 'the carriages, by an easy factory at Winchelsea, in Sussex, descent, going down on one side, in a letter to a member of the foand by the fame easy ascent, com ciety for the encouragement of arts, ing up again on the other. Near

manufactures, and commerce. this town, where Cornebrook comes athwart the duke’s navigation, the You may not perhaps be dif current of the brook is stopped, pleased that the public should, and let into a large bason, from through the channel of your colwhence it falls gradually into a lection, be made acquainted with finaller one, which is within it, and an infant manufactory, lately eftais open at the bottom; by which blished at Winchelsea; I mean means the water finks into a drain, that for making the very fine linens and is conveyed under-ground to called cambricks, equal to thofe the other side of the canal, where which used formerly to be imported it rises into its old channel.

from France. -. At this place, which is about a The public-spirited gentlemen mile from Manchester, the duke's who first ventured on this arduous, agents have made a wharf, and as well as hazardous undertaking, are selling coals at three-pence half- have reason to flatter themselves

, penny per basket, which is about that their scheme will succeed, and leven score weight; and next sum- turn out, not only to the great bemer they intend to land them in nefit of their country, but likewife this town.

to their own particular emolu: Many gentlemen of this neigh- ment.


The workmen that are now.em

linen made in Ireland for thirting, ployed are chiefly French ; but heeting, &c. for this reason they English children are daily bound proceed, in the culture of their apprentices to them, that the se- fax, in a manner very different crets and myiteries of the several from the practice of the Irish branches may soon become our farmers, own.

The land on which the plant is From the specimens already ex to be sown must be very fresh t, hibited, there is great reason to but not rank, for that would defeat conclude, that this manufactory their intentions of having the fibres will succeed : the establishing it fine. If it will do without dunghas already had a wonderful effect ing, so much the better. For the on this town and neighbourhood: crop to succeed well, the soil of every thing feems alive, and old this land should be reduced, by Winchelsea is, as it were arisen, frequent tillage, as fine as garden like the phenix, out of its alhes. mould; the stones Mould be all

It was a very difficult matter to picked; and the land, whilft it procure workmen skilful enough to lies fallow, that is, before the feed manufacture this fine cloth : and is fown, should be kept as clear as it was still more difficult to get possible from every kind of weed. flax proper for making yarn fine After every preparation is made, enough: yet both these difficulties the best feed that can be procured are furmounted ; the first by pro- is sown very thick on the land, and curing proper hands from France, if the weeds have been previously and from among the French pri well destroyed, they will not aftersoners, who were maintained here wards hurt the


the plants for so many years during the late standing very thick run up fiender war; and the latter by improving without branching; but in order the culture of the flax they sowed still to promote their growth, the in the neighbourhood, in the fol- planters stick the crop very full of lowing particulars.

long sticks l; and on these they It was necessary for them, that lay bushes, which, Thading the the fibres of the flax should be fine, plants from the intense heat of the Slender, and long, and that in a sun-beams, make them run up very much greater degree than in the fender; and they yet enjoy air

Old Winchelsea, which was two or three miles froin the scite of the present town, had eighteen parishes, and was of great consequence. It was fwallowed up by the sea before the time of Edward the First, in whose reign the present town was built.

# The foil on which they grow the finest flax about Cambray, wherë great quantities of cambrick are made, and from whence it is called Cambrick, though good and fruitful, is drý ; and this, perhaps, prevents the crop from being too rank. .:|| This method is also frequently practised in Ireland by some of the curious flax

-growers, who would have very fine yarn ; and it is said to answer that intention, by causing the fibres to grow long and flender, H 3


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and warmth enough to prevent thread is so fine and delicate, that their Items, or stalks, from rotting it will not before weaving, bear by too much moisture.

the influence of the upper and This method may posibly by frecly circulating air for after fome of your readers be thought being but a very little time exposed very troablesome and expensive, to it, the yarn becomes unfit for and not to be practised in large the loom, as it would be brittle, concerns; and this is certainly the and in working break into short truth': but we are then to consider lengths, as if it was rotten. that in thefe fine manufactures a Before French cambricks were small quantity of Alax will go a. prohibited by act of parliament, great way; -and that the planter's the quantities of them consumed in aim is to procure not a large crop, England was almost incredible : it but a valuable one.

de is therefore to be hoped, that our If the flax is of a proper growth, ladies will not be less fond of this for inaking very fine yarn, fit to Winchelsea linen, (which equals be used in the Winchelsea manue the French cambricks in quality) 1 fa&ory, it fetches a great price; merely because it happens to be if, on the contrary, by the planters manufactured in England. Foreign saving either pain or expence, it fripperies have been too long adshould be too coarfe or fort, it mired : it is time that a patriotic will not there be faleable.

spirit of emulation should take place For the reason above recited, it among us, and that we should is the planter's interest to be as with each other in our endeavours nice as posible in the culture of to promote the commerce of our this plant, and to procure every native land. intelligence he cán, that may en On the quantity of commodities able him to improve the quality manufactured in this kingdom de. not the quantity of his crop; for pends, in a great meafure, the on that only, in a great measure, preservation of the balance of trade, depends his future profit

which has been of late 'years fo The manufacturing the yarn, by much in our favour; muft we not weaving it into hinen, is very de- therefore be infatuated to prefet licate work; and, this is chiefly making any part of our apparel of done in the fine stone vaults, with foreign materials particularly which this town abounds. ; for when every article, necessary for the kilful workmen fay, that the the dress of the rich or poor of



- The stueets of this town were all Paved, and at right angles, so that they were divided into thirty-two squares or quarters. The stone works of its three gates are tapding, though three miles afunder over the fields, and in many places of the town are fine stone arched yaults for merchants goods, in which the weavers now work; and many ruinous materials of ancient buildings, fo buried, that the Streets have been turned into corn fields, and the plough goes over the first floors of houses, The commion thread used by the sempitresses foon becomes

şoften þreaks in the working, unless itis carefully kept from the air,


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