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cakes and a great bunch of raisins in my pouch, for my food, - I began my journey. When I had passed the vale where

my bower stood, I came within view of the sea to the west, and it being a very clear day, I fairly descried land,—whether an island or a continent I could not tell; but it lay very high.

I could not guess what part of the world this might be, otherwise than that I knew it must be part of America ; for I concluded, from all my observations, I must be near the Spanish possessions. Perhaps this part was all inhabited by savages, where, if I had landed, I would have been in a worse condition than I was now. I therefore submitted to the dispositions of Providence, which I began now to own and to believe ordered everything for the best; I say I quieted my mind with this, and left off afflicting myself with fruitless wishes of being over there.

Besides, after some thought upon this affair, I considered that if this land were the Spanish coast, I should certainly, one time or other, see some vessel pass one way or another. But if not, then it was the savage coast between the Spanish country and the Brazils, where are found the worst of savages; for they are cannibals, or men-eaters, and fail not to murder and devour all the human beings that fall into their hands.

With these thoughts, I walked very leisurely forwards. I found that side of the island, where I now was, much pleasanter than mine,-the open fields sweet, adorned with flowers and grass, and full of very fine woods. I saw abundance of parrots, and fain would I have caught one, if possible, for the purpose of taming, and teaching it to speak to me. I did, after some painstaking, catch a young parrot, for I knocked it down with a stick, and having recovered it, I brought it home.

I did not travel in this journey above two miles outright,

or thereabouts, in a day; but I took so many turns and returns, to see what discoveries I could make, that I would arrive weary enough at the place where I chose to sit down all night. Then I would either repose in a tree, or surround myself with a row of stakes set upright in the ground, so as that no wild creature could come at me without waking me.

As soon as I came to the sea-shore, I became sure that I had taken up my lot on the worst side of the island; for here, indeed, the shore was covered with innumerable turtles, whereas, on the other side, I had found but three in a year and a half. Here was also a large number of fowls of many kinds, some of which I had not seen before.

I confess this side of the country was much pleasanter than mine; but yet I had not the least inclination to remove, for as I was fixed in my habitation it became natural to me, and I seemed all the while I was here to be, as it were, on a journey, and from home. However, I travelled along the shore of the sea towards the east, I suppose about twelve miles, and then setting up a great pole upon the shore as a mark, I decided to go home again ; and that the next journey I took should be on the other side of the island, east from my dwelling, and so round till I came to the post again.

On my return, my dog started a young kid, and seized it, while I, running in to take hold of it, caught it, and saved it alive from the dog. I had a great mind to bring it home if I could, for I had often been musing whether it might not be possible to get a kid or two, and so raise a breed of tame goats, which might supply me when my powder and shot should be all spent. I made a collar for this little creature, and with a string, which I made of some rope-yarn, which I always carried about me, I led him along, though with some difficulty. When I came to my

my bower, I enclosed him and left him; for I was very impatient to be at home, whence I had been absent above a month.

I cannot express what a satisfaction it was to me to come into my old hutch, and lie down in my hammock-bed. This little wandering journey, without settled place of abode, had been so unpleasant to me, that my own house seemed to me comfort itself in comparison. In short, I resolved I would never go a great way from it again, while it should be

my lot to stay on the island.

I remained here a week, to rest and refresh myself after my long journey ; during which, most of the time was taken up in the weighty affair of making a cage for Poll, who began now to be quite a domestic, and to be well acquainted with me. Then I began to think of the poor kid which I had penned in within my little circle, and resolved to go and fetch it home, or give it some food. Accordingly I went, and found it where I had left it, for indeed it could not get out; and it was almost starved for want of food. I went and cut boughs of trees, and branches of such shrubs as I could find, and threw it over, and having fed it, I tied it as I did before, to lead it away; but it was so tame from being hungry, that I had no need to have tied it, for it followed me like a dog. As I continually fed it, the creature became so loving, so gentle, and so fond of me, that it was numbered from that time as one of my

domestics; and it never left me afterwards.


About the latter end of December, which was the second harvest-time of the year, my corn was ripe. I was sadly at a loss for a scythe or sickle to cut it down, and all I could do was to make one, as well as I could, out of one of the broad swords, or cutlasses, which I had taken, from among

me; for I

the other things from the ship. However, as my first crop was but small, I had no great difficulty in cutting it down. In short, I reaped it my own way; I cut nothing off but the ears, and carried them

away in a large basket which I had made, and rubbed them out with my hands. At the end of all my harvesting, I found that out of my half peck of seed I had about two bushels of rice, and about two bushels and a half of barley ; that is to say, as nearly as I could guess, for I had no measure at that time.

However, this was a great encouragement foresaw that, in time, it would please God to supply me with bread: and yet, here I was perplexed again, for I neither knew how to grind or make meal of my corn, or indeed, how to clean it and part it; nor, if made into meal, how to make bread of it; and if how to make it, yet I knew not how to bake it. These things being added to my desire of having a good quantity for store, and of securing a constant supply, I resolved not to use any of this crop, but to preserve it all for seed against the next season. I resolved, in the meantime, to devote all my leisure and working hours to making preparations for accomplishing this important business of providing myself with corn and bread. It might be truly said, that now I worked for


bread. I believe few people have thought much upon the strange multitude of little things necessary in providing for the producing, curing, dressing, making, and baking of this one article of diet. I, who was reduced to a mere state of nature, found this to my daily discouragement; and I was made more sensible of it every hour, even after I had got the first handful of seed-corn, which, as I have said, came up unexpectedly, and indeed took me by surprise.

First, I had no plough to turn up the earth ; no spade or shovel to dig it. Well, this I conquered by making a wooden spade, as I observed before, but this did my work

but in a wooden manner; and though it cost me a great many days to make it, yet, for want of iron, it not only wore out soon, but made my work the harder and the more slovenly. However, this I bore with, and was content to work it out with patience, and bear with the badness of the performance. When the corn was sown, I had no harrow, but was forced to go over it myself, and drag a great heavy bough of a tree over it, to scratch it, as it may be called, rather than to rake or harrow it. When it was growing, and grown, I have observed already how many things I wanted to fence it, secure it, mow or reap it, and carry it home; then thrash, and save it. Then I wanted a mill to grind it, sieves to dress it, yeast and salt to make it into bread, and an oven to bake it. But all these things I managed to do without, as shall be presently shown.


Within doors—that is, during the wet season, when I could not go out — I found employment in the following occupations, — always observing, that all the while I was at work, I diverted myself with talking to my parrot, and teaching him to speak; and I quickly taught him to know his own name, and at last to speak it out pretty loud. Indeed, “ Poll” was the first word I ever heard spoken in the island by any mouth but my own. This, therefore, was not my work, but an assistance to my work; for now, as I said, I had a great deal of work upon my hands, as follows: I had long studied to make, by some means or other, some earthen vessels, which indeed I wanted sorely, but knew not how to get at them. However, considering the heat of the climate, I did not doubt but if I could find out any clay, I might be able to make some pots, that, being dried in the sun, might be hard and strong enough to bear handling, and to hold anything that was dry, and that required

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