صور الصفحة


cowrie shells, and coir are exrted. The inhabitants resemle the Sinhalese, and are Mohammedans. The climate is unhealthy. Pop. (1901) 30,000. Maidonado, cap. of dep. of same name, in S.E. Uruguay, S. America, on the N. side of estuary of La Plata, 67 m. E. of Montevideo. It is a fortified naval station and a seaside resort. Its fine harbor is well sheltered. It exports hides and cattle, and has limestone quarries. Malebrancher, NicoLE (1638– 1715), French philosopher, born in Paris, and educated as a Roman Catholic priest. . In his philosophy the general features of the system of Descartes, were, combined with elements derived from Platonism. According to Malebranche, we know nothing of the external world directly; we know external things only as they exist in idea in the divine reason the ideas of them being presented to our minds on occasion of the corresponding impressions, bein made upon our bodies. The rea existence of the external world itself thus becomes for Malebranche (as Christian believer rather than as philosopher) an article of faith, involved in the doctrine of creation. Or, as he said, “We see all things in God.” While his philosophical position has a certain resemblance to that of Berkeley, Malebranche is more directly connected with English philosophy by means of his disciple John Norris, an acute critic of Locke. Malebranche's two chief works are Recherche de la Vérité (1674; Eng. trans. 1694). and Entretiens sur la Métaphysique (1688). See Adamson's De:* of Modern Philosophy 1903). Male Fern. A fern o, teris [Aspidium] filix-mas), which is commón in the 'Old World, and is also found on our Pacific Ślope and in the Rocky Mountains. H: is a robust growing species, with sturdy, green, bipinnate fronds, often three feet or more in length, usually forming a sort of truncated inverted conical tuft round a central crown. The stipe is densely, scaly, the sori are circular, and the involucre is reniform. The dried rhizome in used in medicine as a cure for tapeworm. Maler Kotla, chief th: of Maler Kotla state,. Punjab, India, 30 m. s. of Ludhianā. Pop. (1901) 21,122. The state has an area of 162 sq. m., and a population (1901) of 77,506. Malesherbes, CHR#TIEN GUILLAUME DE LAMoIGNoN DE (1721– 94), French statesman, born at Paris. In 1750 Malesherbes, who had become a counsellor of the Parlement of Paris, succeeded his father as president and became superintendent of the press. In

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tion of the bad effects of trying to make the muse walk in, fetters, even when these are gilded and polished. His CEuvres Complètes were edited by Lalanne (1862-9). See also Sainte-Beuve's Causeries, vol. viii., and Gournay's Vie (1852). Malibran, MARIA FELICITA so operatic singer, born in aris, a daughter of the Spanish tenor Manuel Garcia. She made her début in 1825 in London, carrying the musical world by storm. She then came to the S., and while singing in New York, where she met with great success, was married to a French banker, Malibran. From 1830 she sang continuously in Paris, Rome, ndon, and elsewhere. Her voice was a mezzo-soprano, perfectly developed and of phenomenal range. Malic Acid §§ uccinic acioğołłłłoś. is a dibasic o: occurring, in unripe fruits, particularly in the berries of the mountain ash, from which it may be obtained as a calcium salt by boiling with milk of lime. It may be... prepared synthetically b boiling bromosuccinic acid wit silver oxide and water, and forms hygroscopic crystals (m.p. 100° c. #. gr. 1.56), which in the case of the synthetically prepared variety are a mixture of dextro- and levo-rotatory forms, the natural

variety being dextro-rotatory.

Malic acid, on reduction yiel succinic acid, and when heated loses water, and yields, the isomeric fumaric and malêic acids.

Malice. . . A term of varying signification in , the law, ranging from active malevolence to criminal intent. It is in the latter sense that the term is used in criminal law, and in this sense it is an essential ingredient in every crime; and in the case of murder premeditation, called “malice aforethought,” must be present: (See MURDER.) In the case of civil wrongs, the presence or absence of malice in the sense of bad motive is, as a general rule, immaterial. The exceptions are:— § Actions, for slander of title; 2) actions for malicious prosecution; (3) maliciously inducing others to break their contracts. The question of malice also becomes important in actions for defamation, in which the defence of privilege, when it is set up may be rebutted, by evidence o actual malice. An act lawful in itself is not converted by a malicious or bad motive into an unlawful act so as to make the doer of the act liable to a civil action. There is a presumption, as to infants between seven and fourteen that they cannot commit a felony; but this presumption is rebutt by evidence of malice—i.e. conMalicious Injury


scious wrongful intent. As malice constitutes a state of mind, it must either be proved by the admission of the accused, which would be most unusual, or , by inference from the nature of his words and conduct, which is the common method, and therefore it is a question of fact for the jury. See CRIME. Consult Bishop's New Criminal Law. Malicious Injury to Property. The various criminal acts constituting malicious injury to #. are now generally dened and regulated by statute. In every case the act must be done “unlawfully and maliciously;’ and malice towards the particular owner of the property need not be proved—it is sufficient to prove a general intent to injure. The following are offences: Riotously assembling and destroying or injuring buildings or machinery, wilfully damaging goods in course of manufacture: wilfully injuring shrubs, trees, growing vegetables etc., damaging walls, houses, an outbuildings: flooding coal mines or damaging mine, engines: destroying sea or river banks: damaging a fishery or poisoning fish: destroying a bridge: attempting to throw a train off the track: injuring telegraphs, etc.: o works of art in museums an public places: killing or maiming cattle or other domestic animals: exhibiting false lights for ships: removing buoys: destroying wrecks. Penalties vary from , a fine to penal servitud for life, according to the gravity of the offence. Malicious Prosecution. The institution of a criminal action against a person from a malicious motive and without probable cause. If a man is prejudiced in his person, or property by a malicious criminal prosecution, he has a right of action against the wrongdoer. In an action, for malicious prosecution the plaintiff, to succeed, must prove, (1) that he was innocent; (2) that there was want of reasonable and probable cause for the prosecution; (3) that the prosecution was initiated maliciously—i.e. from an indirect or improper motive, and not in the furtherance of justice. Actions will also lie for maliciously making a man bankrupt, or having him arrested, petitioning to wind up a company, or obtaining a search warrant. Malignant Pustule. See ANthrax. Malignants, a name generally applied by the Puritans to the supporters of the king against Parliament and even as a term of reproach to the kings themselves. After the restoration it was used by the Covenanters and others as descriptive of those in authority.

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Malinao, pueb., Albay prov., Luzon, Philippines 18 m. N. b w. of Albay, on , Lagonoy Gulf and on the main highroad. Pop. (1903) 12,437. . Malindi, ": of dist. of Malindi, British E. Africa, 70 m. N.E. of Mombasa. Pop. 5,000. The district has about 10,000 inhabitants. Malines, or MECHLIN, th:, o 13 m. s.s.E. of Antwerp; is the see of the cardinal-primate of Belgium, and is noted for its vast othic cathedral, dating partly from the 13th century, and containing Van Dyck’s Crucifixion and Rubens's t Supper. Other works of Rubens are in the churches of Notre Dame and St. !. A.", other, interesting uildings are the Cloth Hall, the law courts, and the archbishop's alace. Formerly important É. ace, shawls, and linen, its chief manufactures, are woollen goods and ‘Gobelin' tapestry, with cabinet-making and carpentry. Pop. (1900) 55,705. Malitbog, pueb., Leyte, Philipines, 79 m. s. of Tacloban. Pop. 1903) 11,034. Mallalieu, WILLARD FRANCIS 1828), American bishop of the ethodist Episcopal Church, born in Sutton, Mass., and graduated from Wesleyan University in 1857. He was pastor at Sutton, Boston, Chelsea, South Boston, and Worcester 'Mass. and presiding elder of the Boston foistrict (1882–84). In 1884 he was elected bishop, and has been stationed at New Orleans (1884– 92), where he was active in aid of the New Orleans University and of the Freedman's Aid Society, at Buffalo (1892–96), and at Boston. Mallard, or CoMMON WILD Dück, "a bird which is widely distributed over Europe, Asia, and N. America, and common as a breeding species in captivity. The term mallard is strictly ap

plicable only to the drake, but it is convenient to use it for both sexes. In the drake the head is reen with a white collar, the É. of the neck and the breast dark chestnut, the rump black, the wing-spot greenish purple fringed with white, and the under surface grayish white. The four central upper tail coverts are


black and curly. The female is brown and buff, with a green wing-spot, and is smaller than the male. In , captivity the bird breeds freely with almost any species of duck. It is more abundant in the interior of North America than on the coasts, con#o: especially, near lakes and rivers where wild rice grows, and making its nest in marshes all over the Mississippi valley and the region of the Great Lakes. It migrates southward in winter.

Mallarmé, STÉPHANE (1842– 98), French, poet , and man of letters, born in Paris. His verses contain, much that is beautiful in sentiment and crystallized in mode of expression; but owing to the theorizing nature of his temperament, and the sway, of a too critical faculty, his ideas were often clouded and obscure. In 1888 he issued a translation of the poems of Edgar Allan Poe, His Poésies Complètes appeared in 1887 {*}. ed. 1899), and a volume of Vers et Prose in 1893. See Edmund Gosse, Questions at Issue (1893). Malleability, , the property almost exclusively possessed by a number of the metals, in virtue of which they can be flattened by hammering or pressure without crushing. This feature is most marked in the case of gold, which can be beaten out to such a degree of tenuity that one ounce will cover 189 sq. ft. Mallee Scrub, an Australian species of eucalyptus, which forms ense thickets about eight feet in height. It will thrive in almost ure sand, and will tolerate both rost and scorching winds. Much of the eucalyptus oil of commerce is derived from this species. Mallein, a poisonous compound obtained from the products of the bacillus of glanders, and used in veterinary practice to diagnose the disease. Mallery, GARRICK (1831–94), American ethnologist, born at Wilkesbarre, Pa. e graduated at Yale in 1850, and in law at the Pa. state college in 1853. He practised law in Philadelphia, from 1853 to 1861, and served in the Civil War as captain of the 71st Pennsylvania volunteers, and in the regular army as captain of the 43d Infantry. After serving several years in the signal office, Washington, in 1876 he was given command at Fort Rice, Dakota Ter. While holding this position he became interested in the Indians, and in 1877 he was apE.; ethnologist to Major owell's Rocky Mountain . Survey. Afterward, he was chief of the Bureau of Ethnology. He was founder of the Anthropological and Cosmos societies, and an active member of many other scienMalleson


tific societies. His chief works are: Calendar of the Dakota Nation (1877); The Former and Present Number of Our Indians (1878); Introduction to the Study of Sign, Language Among the North American Indians (1880); Sign Language Among the North American Indians (1881); Pictographs of the North American, Indians (1886); Manners and Meals (1888); Philosophy and Specialties o Israelite and Indian, a Parallel in Planes of Culture (1889); ourtesy (1890). Malleson, GEORGE BRUCE (1825–98), English writer on military history, was born in London. In 1852 he served in the first Burmese War, and subsequently was sanitary commissioner in Bengal and controller of military finance. For some time he was Indian correspondent of the Times. Chief works: History of the French, in India (1868; new ed. 1893); History of Afghanistan (1879); The Founders of the Indian Empire 1882). He also completed Sir |. Kaye's History of the Inalian Mutiny (3 vols. 1878–80). Mallet, originally MALLOCH, DAVID (?1705–65), Scottish poet and author, was born near Crieff Perthshire, and became a friend of James Thomson, author of The Seasons. After 1720 he wrote William and Margaret, a ballad; Eurydice, a tragedy (1730– 31), produced in London; Mustapha (1738–9, which met with success largely on account of its political reference. He edited the Works of Bolingbroke in 1754, and produced the masques Alfred (1746), Britannia (1755), and Elvira (1762–3). His works were ublished in 1759 (3 vols.), and is Ballads and Songs, annotated by F. Dinsdale, in 1857. The masque Alfred , was written in conjunction with James Thomson, and it is uncertain whether Mallet or Thomson wrote the song “Rule, Britannia’ which is introduced. See Johnson's Lives of the Poets (1791), vol. iv. Mallock, WILLIAM HURRELL (1849), English author, was born at Cockington, Devon. He has written brilliantly, if not very profoundly, on religious, philosophical, and social questions, and is the author of several novels. His writings, are , often highly poetic as well as divertingly, humorous and sarcastic. Chief works, The New Republic (1877),

Custom of

The New Paul and Virginia {:}; Is Life worth Living? (1879); Property and Progress—a

work on economics in answer to Henry George's theories of Prog: ress and Poverty—(1884); Social Equality (1882); A Human Docu

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The Reconstruction of Belief (1905). Mallorca. See MAJORCA. Mallow, or MALVA, a genus of herbaceous plants booi, to the order Malvaceae. They be white or purplish flowers. The musk-mallow (M. moschata) has been cultivated, and has escaped; but the most common malsow, in America, is the little ‘cheeseplant’ (L. rotundifolia), creep; ing along roadsides, with rounded leaves, and small pink flowers, followed" by numerous fruits, which are mucilaginous when green, and a favorite tidbit for children. Malmaison, LA, château on l. bk. of Seine, 5 m. w. of Paris, France; was purchased by JoséFo Beauharnais in 1789. After er divorce from Napoleon (1809), she lived and died in it (1814). Malmesbury, JAMES HARRIS, EARL of (1746–1820), English diplomatist, born at Salisbury; became minister at Berlin in 1772, at St. Petersburg (1777), and the Hague (1784). e is best known as one of the Whigs who seceded from Fox to Pitt in 1793, and as §: o * was o with the duty of marrying, by proxy, the Princess ë. §§ *: brought to England in 1795.AMEs HowARD HARRIS, THIRD ARL (1807–89), edited his grandfather's diaries and correspondence, and published his own Mcmoirs of an Ex-Minister (1884). He entered Parliament for Wilton in 1841. He served as Foreign Secretary in 1852 in Derby's administration, and again in 1858–9; and later (1866-8 and 1874–6) was Lord Privy Seal. Malmesbury, WILLIAM of (c. 1095–1143), Anglo-Norman chronicler, was reared in the religious house of Malmesbury, of which he was afterward librarian. His Gesta Regum Anglorum (from the earliest times to 1127-8) and Gesta Pontificum Anglorum were finished in 1125, and revised 1135– 40; and De Antiquiate Glastoniensis Ecclesiae was written between 1129 and 1139. The Historia Novella (sequel of the Gesta Regum) ends with, Matilda's escape, from Oxford (1142). See Stubb's edition of Gesta Regum Anglorum (1887–9). Malmö, cap., Swedish co. of Malmöhus, on the Sound. The artificial , harbor (1775) is one of the largest in Scandinavia. Malmö has iron works, woollen mills, dockyards, machinery sugar, steam-mill factories, and breweries. Pop. (1900) 60,857. Malmsey, also known as Malvoisic, a rich, sweet, luscious white wine formerly produced in Candia o Masvasia (Morea), and certain of the Greek islands. Vines of this variety were planted in Teneriffe, Madeira, Canary


Is., and the Azores. The wine contains about 19 per cent. of alcohol by volume. It is said that George, Duke of Clarence (1477), was drowned in a butt of this wine. Malmström, BERNHARD ELIS (1816–65), Swedish poet, was born at Tysslinge (Nerike). His works are perfect in , form, lofty in sentiment, and lucid in expres– sign, in contrast to the romantic school, which he criticised severely. His greatest work is Angelika (1840), a series of elegies, which made him famous. He also wrote ####" frón , Tynnelsö (‘The Fisher Maid of Tunnelso'), besides shorter poems. His complete works appeared in 8 vols. in 1866–9. Malolos, pueb., Philippines, cap. of Bulacán prov. Luzon, 20 m. Now. of Manila. It is a rail. road and telegraph station, is situated at the head of the delta of the Pampanga Grande and is an important trade centre. It was a tentative capital of the Filipinos under Aguinaldo. Pop. (i903) 12,575. Malone, vil., N. Y., co. seat of Malone co., 50 m. w.s.w.. of Rouse Point, on the Salmon R., which flows into the St. Lawrence 15 m. N.W. of the village, and on three branches of §: N.Y. Cent. R. R. The river affords good water power. The chief manufactures are pants, woollen oods, H. and pulp, shirts, rooms, lumber, sashes and doors, etc. It is a collecting and distributing point of the American Hide and Leather Co. and has extensive railroad repair shops. Hops are the chief crop of the district. The Northern New York Institute for Deaf Mutes is situated here, and also St. Joseph's Ursuline Academy. The prominent buildings include the state armory, county buildings, Chinese detention-house, and the U. S. custom-house. Features of interest are Memorial Park and Arsenal Green. Malone is the northern gateway to the Adirondacks. It was settled in 1805 and incorporated in 1853. It was an American base in the War of 1812 and a base of the Fenians in their Canadian raids. Pop. (1905) 6,478. Malone, EDMUND (1741–1812), Irish author and critic. was in Dublin. In 1777 he went to London, where he became well known in o and political circles. In 1778 he published an Attempt to ascertain the Qrder in which the Plays of Shakespeare were written, which remains substantially correct. His critical and historical supplement to Johnson's, edition of Shakespeare appeared in 1780. Malone's edition of the plays (1790) embodied the results of long and elaborate research. In 1800 he published


The Critical and Miscellaneous Prose Works of John Dryden. A new edition of . Shakespeare, for which Malone left material, was published by the younger Boswell (1821). See Life by Sir James Prior (1864), also Memoir in Boswell's edition of Shakespeare (1821). Malone, JoHN (1854–1906), an American actor, born in Westfield, Mass. In 1880 he began acting in San Francisco and afterwards played with Edwin Booth (1886–7), Mrs. o (1888), Salvini (1889–90), Modjeska (1897), and Richard Mansfield. He settled in New York .# in 1900 and devoted himself to writing newspaper criticisms upon theatrical matters. Malonic Acid, CH2(CO OH)2, is a dibasic acid occurring in beet, and is prepared, synthetically b the hydrolysis of cyanacetic acid. It crystallizes in large tables, is soluble in water (m.p. 134° c.) and is decomposed when heated onto carbon dioxide and acetic acid. Its ethyl ester is a valuable agent in the synthesis of carbon eompounds. Molo, SIR THoMAs (fl. 1470), author of Le Morte Arthur, has been identified by Professor Kittridge—Who was Sir Thomas Malory? (1895)—with a certain Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revell in Warwickshire, who apars to have succeeded to the amily estates in 1433 or 1434. He has condensed his matter ruthlessly, all the great prose branches (Merlin, Tristan, ncelot, with Queste and Morte Arthur) being represented in a mutilated form. The modifications which he introduced into the on to the parting of the lovers in bk. xx., and their final meeting at Almesbury —together with the simplicity and virile force of the language, have caused among English readers an entirely mistaken view of the story, as a love story, and the moralit of the Arthurian legend as a whole. It was first printed by Caxton in 1485. From 1634 until 1816 it was not reprinted. The best edition is that by Dr. Sommer (3 vols. o Šoš the critical section is far from accurate. There is a popular edition in the Globe Series. See also Sir Thomas Malory’s “LeMorte Arthur’ und die Englische Arthurdichtung des XIX. Jahrhunderts, by Schüler (1900); Baldwin, Inflections and Syntax (1894); and Mead, Selections (1897). Malpighi, MARCELLO (1628–94), Italian anatomist, born at Crevalcuore, near Bologna; was professor of medicine at Pisa, Messina, and Bologna (1666–91). He was one of the first to apply the microscope in anatomical study, and made important discoveries as to the structure of the kidneys,

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lungs, skin, and spleen, giving his name to various, organs, or parts of such. He also carried out important investigations in the anatomy of plants, his Anatomia Plantarum (1675–9) being a classic in vegetable histology. His Opere were published in 1686–1734. Malpighia, a genus of tropical American evergreen trees and shrubs belonging to the order Malpighiaceae. *T. bcar pink or white flowers food by fleshy drupes. They are sonnetimes cultivated as stove Plao, a peaty soil being required. M. glabra, the Barbados cherry, is extensively cultivated in the W. Indies for its acid fruit, in appear. ance like a small cherry, but inferior in flavor, to the latter. Malplaquet, vil., dep. Nord, France, 10 m. s. of Mons; was the scene of the victory of Marl. borough and Prince Eugene over the French under Villars and Boufflers on Sep. 11, 1709. Malstatt-Burbach, th:, Rhine prov., Prussia, on r. bk., of Saar 35 m. N.E. of Metz; has coal mines and iron works. Railway carriages and cement are manufactured. Pop. (1900) 31,195. Malt. See BREWING. Malta, ANCIENT AND ILLUSTRIOUs, ORDER OF KNIGHTS OF. A fraternal beneficiary order incorporated in 1889. It comprises 6 grand commanderies and 243 ub-commanderies, with 27,000 members, and during the fiscal year ending in 1905 disbursed $50,183 to beneficiaries. . Recorder, Frank Gray, Philadelphia. Malta (anc. Melita), isl. in Mediterranean, 58 m. s. of Sicily; with Gozo and Comino, it covers an area of 117 sq. m. Malta itself has an area of 95 sq. m. Its coasts are deeply indented. The highest point is 845 ft. above sealevel. The climate is mild and healthy in winter, but in summer the heat is intense. The soil is thin, but very fertile, and is cultivated with untiring energy by the natives. Corn, potatoes, vegetables, oranges, figs, and cotton are produced for export. Maltese honey is famous. . . Marble, alabaster, and building-stone are quarried. Filigree, lace, and lucifer matches are manufactured. Malta is a British crown colony and a strong fortress. It is one of the most important ports of call in the world, being also the naval base of the Mediterranean fleet. The common Maltese language is mainly debased Arabic. Roman Catholicism is the chief, religion. ...The island has a university. The trade is mainly transit; in 1904–1905 the imports were valued at $48,679,295, and the exports at $42,220,120. Valetta is the capital. A railway connects it with the old

Maltese Terrier

capital of Città Vecchia, 6 m. w. Pop. (1903) 193,315; garrison, about 10,115. Malta was colonized by , the Phoenicians, and thereafter held É. the Greeks, and then by the arthaginians, until the Romans took it in 216 B.C. St. Paul's Bay, on the N.E., was the scene of St. Paul's shipwreck in 62 A.D. Subsequently the island was occupied by Vandals, Arabs (870), and Normans (1090) from Sicily. After the capture of Rhodes by Solyman in 1522, Malta was §§ 1530) by Charles v. to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. . . Taken by Napoleon in 1798, Malta surrendered to the British in September, 1800. See Malta under the Phaenicians, Knights, and English, by Tullack 1861); and Malta and the Knights ospitallers, by Bedford i. Malta, KNIGHTS of. See PITAL Lers. Malte-Brun, Konrad (1775– 1826), Danish geographer, was born at #.. o and; but being exiled, he settled in France. With Mentelle and Herbin, he produced a geography of the world far superior to anything o existing. Chief works: récis de la Géographie Universelle (8 vols. 1810–29), Mélanges Scientifiques et Littéraires (3 vols. 1828). One of the founders of the Société Géographique. Maltebrun, VICTOR ADOLPHE (1816–89), French floor son of Konrad Malte-Brun, was born in Paris. He was professor of history at several, colleges, but in 1847 devoted himself to geographical studies, became general secretary to the Geographical Society, and was chief editor of Nouvélles Annales des Voyages. His chief work was La France slotte (1855–7; new ed. 1879–

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vice and misery. Consequently Godwin’s theories were refute }. the facts of nature. The say on Population (1798) created a tremendous sensation at the time, and the author has probably been the best abused man in the 19th century. . He almost formulated the law of diminishing returns, and he had elaborate controversies with Ricardo regarding rent... See Bonar's Malthus and his Work o Mal to se, C12H22O11H2O, a sugar produced by the action of the diastase of malt on starch, about four-fifths of the latter being changed into maltose. It forms crystalline crusts (sp. gr. 1.54), reduces Fehling's solution, is fermented by yeast, and is hydrolyzed to grape sugar by boiling with

to form the ovary. Among the genera are Hibiscus, Malva, Althata, and Lagunaria. Malvastrum, a genus of American herbaceous plants, bearing spikes of yellow or scarlet flowers, and belonging to the order Malvaceae. Malvern, GREAT, watering-pl., Worcestershire, England, 8 m. s.s.w.. of Worcester, on E. slope of Malvern Hills. . The parish church formerly belonged to an 11th-century Benedictine priory and contains 15th-century stained lass. Here is Malyern College. alvern owes its celebrity to its springs, and to its clear, dry, and equable climate... . The first hydropathic establishment in the United Kingdom was erected here in 1842. Pop. (1901) 16,448.

Clellan was not himself with his fighting troops during the battle, and military critics generally agree in considering Lee's j on this occasion, defective. Malvern, Hills, range, with abrupt heights, running 9 m. N. and s. between Worcestershire and Herefordshire, England. The highest summit is Worcestershire Beacon, 1,395 ft. Malwa, prov. of Central India, occupying plateau (alt. 1,500– 2,000 ft.) bounded on w. by Aravalli Mts., and s. by the Vindhya chain. It contains the following feudatory states: Indore, Bhoal, Dhar, Jaora, Raj arh, Ratam, Narsinghgarh, .# Nimach. Opium is largely cultivated. Malwan, seapt. Ratnagiri dist. Bombay, india, 50 m. N.w.. of

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