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CONSTITUTION,

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of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, or other public ministers and consuls; to " all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States,.,,,""* between a State and citizens of another State; between citizens of different States ; between citizens of the same State, claiming lands under grants of different [*RestricStates, and between a State or the citizens thereof, and 11 of foreign States, citizens or subjects.*

wiiii 2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, or public ministers or consuls, and those in which a State shall be a of Supreme party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdic. Court. tion. In all other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall bave appelate jurisdietion, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make. 3, The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- Trial of

Crimes. ment, shall be by a jury; and such trial shall be held in the State where the said crime shall have been committed; but wheu not committed in any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have direeted. '

Jurisdiction

SECTI

e asson,

1. Treason against the United States shall consist Trea only in levying war against them, or in adhering to " their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. .. .

2. The Congress shall have power to declare the its punishpunishment of treason; but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood or forfeit, except during the life of the person attained. '. *}...,

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ARTICITU' .
ARTICLE IV.:

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1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State Faith to bo to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may, by general States, laws, prescribe the mapner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

SECTION 2.

ship.

Criminals
to be deliv-
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Reciprocity : 1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all

privileges and immunities of citizens in the several

States. , - 2. A person charged in any State with treason, fel

ony or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, shall, on demand of executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered

up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of Find the crime. Also, runa- _ 3. No person held to service or labor in one State,

under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in .consequence of any law or regulation therein, be, discharged from such seryice or labor; but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due insis ....Lisión

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Admission of new Statos,

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11. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union, but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State,, nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the Con

gress.

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2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of, and 'make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States ; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice' any claim of the United States, or of any particular State. ! " .rosu

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Guarantee and protec

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State,

The United States ehall guarantee to every State in tion of each this Union, a republican form of government, and

shall protect each of them against invasion; and on
application of the legislature, or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened,) against domestic
violence.
[in 's! q; ARTICLE V: iii!!! ilik

The Congress, whenever two-tbirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to

CONSTITUTION.

23

tution,

this Constitution; or on the application of the legisla- Mode of

amending tures of two-thirds of the several States, shall call a the Consticonvention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided, That no amendment, which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and tbat no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.

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United Sth shall "Tsuance

1. All debts contracted, and engagements entered Debts into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States, under this Constitution, as under the confederation. . .,

2. This Constitution, and the Laws of the United The suStates which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and of the land. all treaties made, or which shall be made under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the laud, and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby; anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 3. The Senators and Representatives, before men- Re

Representationed, and the members of the several legislatures, support the and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution ; but

No religious no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification test. to any office or public trust under the United States,

tives, etc, to

Constitution

ARTICLE VII.

The ratification of the conventions of nine States Ratification shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Consti- States sufi tution between the States so ratifying the same.

of nine States su filcient.

Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the

States present, the seventeenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred

and eighity seventh, and of the Independence of the :United States of America, the twelfth.

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In witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our
names.
GEO. WASHINGTON, President, .

and Deputy from Virginia. . New Hampshire: . Massachusetis :

John Langdon, . Nathaniel Gorman,

Nicholas Gilman. : : Rufus King,
Connecticut :

John Dickinson, Wm. Samuel Johnson, Richard Bassett, • Roger Sherman,

Jacob Broom. '
New York:

Maryland:
Alexander Hamilton. James M'Henry,
New Jersey :

Dan'l of St. Tho. Jenifer,
William Livingston, Daniel Carroll.
David Brearley, Virginia:
William Paterson, John Blair,

Jonathan Dayton. James Madison, Jr.
Pennsylvania :

North Carolina:
Benjamin Franklin, ; William Blount,
Thomas Mifflin,

Richard Dobbs Spaigbt,
Robert Morris,

Hugh Williamson.
George Clymer, South Carolina:
Thomas Fitzsimmons, John Rutledge,
Jared Ingersoll,

Chas Cot'sw'th Pinckny,
James Wilson,

Charles Pinckney,
Governeur Morris. Pierce Butler.
Delaware:

Georgia: .
George Reed,

William Few,
Gunning Bedford, Jr. Abraham Baldwir.
ATTEST: WILLIAM JACKSON, Secretary.

AMENDMENTS TO THE COMSTITUTIONA

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AMENDMENTS TO THE OONSTITUTION.

1. }' int) i 17" o ri, lls ut 2018

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.. ARTICLE I! 15. 01
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Congress Bhall make no law respecting an establishi-The free orment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise precios thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, ior of the dom of the

jigion, froepress; or the right of the people peacably to assemble spooch, oto.

pross, of and petition the government for a redress of grievu to the

guaranteed ances.

people.

ARTICLE II.

bbetets10 A well regulated militia beiog necessary to the sea curity of a free State, the right of the people to keepl. bear Arms. and bear arms shall not be infringed. 7!! Hills

Right to

ARTICLE III.

ing soldiers

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in or quarter. any house without the consent of the owner; nor in in time of time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law, poace* tica

ARTICLE IV.

on oath,00)

The right of the people to be secure in their per- No search sons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable isa. exeopt searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no way many to od warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported* **** by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized, ARTICLE V..

01900 No person shall be held ito angiver for a neapital of capital and otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or crimos-indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in I prooood the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in aet.' ual service, in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled, Islobber in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be tas ken for public use without just conipensation, S.

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