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BOSTON:
JAMES R. OSGOOD AND COMPANY,
LATE TICKNOR & FIELDS, AND FIELDS, Osgood, & Co.

1871.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1870, by

FIELDS, OSGOOD, & Co., in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

UNIVERSITY PRESS : Welch, BIGELOW, & Co.,

CAMBRIDGE.

PREFACE.

SERIES of designs - suggested, I think, by

Hogarth's familiar cartoons of the Industrious and Idle Apprentices – I remember as among the earliest efforts at moral teaching in California. They represented the respective careers of The Honest and Dissolute Miners : the one, as I recall him, retrograding through successive planes of dirt, drunkenness, disease, and death; the other advancing by corresponding stages to affluence and a white shirt. Whatever may have been the artistic defects of these drawings, the moral at least was obvious and distinct. That it failed, however, - as it did, - to produce the desired reform in mining morality may have been nowing to the fact that the average miner refused to recognize himself in either of these positive characters ; and that

even he who might have sat for the model of the Dissolute Miner was perhaps Jimly conscious of some limitations and circumstances which partly relieved him from responsibility. “Yer see,” remarked such a critic to the writer, in the untranslatable poetry of his class, “it ain't no square game. They 've just put up the keerds on that chap from the start.”

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