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exactness to poetry, i. 325; but Arithmetic, comparative estimate of
grows more accurate as criticism by Plato and by Bacon, iii. 448.
Arlington, Lord, his character, iv
30; his coldness for the Triple Al-
liance, 37; his impeachment, 56.
Armies in the middle ages, how con
stituted, i. 282, 478; a powerful
restraint on the regal power, 478;
subsequent change in this respect,
Arms, British, successes of, against
the French in 1758, iii. 244-247.
Army, (the) control of, by Charles
I., or by the Parliament, i. 189;
its triumph over both, 497; dan-
ger of a standing army becoming
an instrument of despotism, ii.
Anaverdy Khan, governor of the
Carnatic, iv. 211, seq.
Angria, his fortress of Gheriah re-
duced by Clive, iv. 228.
Anne, Queen, her political and relig-
ious inclinations, iii. 130; changes
in her government in 1710, 130;
relative estimation by the Whigs
and the Tories of her reign, 133–
140; state of parties at her acces-
sion, v. 352, 353; dismisses the
Whigs, 381, 382; change in the con-
duct of public affairs consequent on
her death, 397; touches Johnson for
the king's evil, vi. 173; her cabi-
net during the Seven Years' War,
Arne, Dr., set to music Addison's
opera of Rosamund, v. 361.
Arragon and Castile, their old institu
tions favorable to public liberty
Arrian, i. 395.
Art of War, Machiavelli's, i. 306.
Arundel, Earl of, iii. 434.
Asia, Central, its people, v. 28.
Asiatic Society, commencement of
its career under Warren Hastings,
Assemblies, deliberative, iii. 240.
Assembly, National, the French, iii.
46-48, 68-71, v. 443–446.
Astronoiny, comparative estimate of
by Socrates and by Bacon, iii. 452.
Athenian jurymen, stipend of, i. 33,
note; police, name of, 34, note;
magistrates, name of, who took
cognisance of offences against re-
ligion, 53, note; orators, essay on,
139-157; oratory unequalled, 145;
causes of its excellence, 145; itz
quality, 151, 153, 156; Johnson's
ignorance of Athenian character,
146, ii. 418; intelligence of the
populace, and its causes, i. 146-
149; books the least part of their
education, 147; what it consisted
in, 148; their knowledge necessari-
ly defective, 148; and illogical
from its conversational character,
149; eloquence, history of, 151,
153; when at its height, 153, 154;
coincidence between their progrese
in the art of war and the art of
oratory, 155; steps by which
Athenian oratory approached to
finished excellence contemporane
ous with those by which its
character sank, 153; causes of this
phenomenon, 154; orators, in pro-
portion as they became more ex-
pert, grew less respectable in
general character, 155; their vast
abilities, 156; statesmen, their
decline and its causes, 155; ostra-
cism, 183; comedies, impurity of,
iii. 2; reprinted at the two Uni-
"Athenian Revels," Scenes from, i.
Athenians (the) grew more sceptical
with the progress of their civiliza-
tion, i. 383; the causes of their
deficiencies in logical accuracy,
383, 384; Johnson's opinion of
them, ii. 418.
Athens, the most disreputable part
of, i. 31, note; favorite epithet of,
36, note; her decline and its char-
acteristics, 153, 154; Mr. Mitford's
preference of Sparta over, 181;
contrasted with Sparta, 186, 187;
seditions in, 188; effect of slavery
in, 189; her liturgic system, 190;
period of minority in, 191, 192;
influence of her genius upon the
world, 200, 201.
Attainder, an act of, warrantable, ii.
Atterbury, Francis, life of, vi. 112-
131; his youth, 112; his defence
of Luther, 113; appointed a royal
chaplain, 113; his share in the
controversy about the Letters of
Phalaris, 115-119; iv. 110; promi-
nent as a high-churchman, v. 119,
120; made Dean of Carlisle, 120;
defends Sacheverell, 121; made
Dean of Christ Church, 121; de-
sires to proclaim James II., 122;
joins the opposition, 123; refuses
to declare for the Protestant suc-
cession, 123; corresponds with the
Pretender, 123, 124; his private
life, 124, 125, 129; reads the funer-
al service over the body of Ad-
dison, 124; v. 420; imprisoned for
his part in the Jacobite conspiracy,
v. 125; his trial and sentence,
126, 127; his exile, 128, 129; his
Javor with the Pretender, 129, 130;
vindicates himself from the charge
of having garbled Clarendon's
history, 130; his death and burial,
Attila, iv. 300.
Attributes of God, subtle speculations
touching them imply no high de
gree of intellectual culture, iv
Aubrey, his charge of corruption
against Bacon, i. 413; Bacon's
decision against him after his
Augsburg, Confession of, its adoption
in Sweden, iv. 329.
Augustin, St., iv. 300.
Aurungzebe, his policy, iv. 205, 206.
Austen, Jane, notice of, v. 307, 308.
Austin, Sarah, her character as a
translator, iv. 299-349.
Austria, success of her armies in the
Catholic cause, iv. 337.
Authors, their present position, ii.
Avignon, the Papal Court transferred
from Rome to, iv. 312.
Baber, founder of the Mogul empire,
Bacon, Lady, another of Lord Bacon,
Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Mon-
tagu's new edition of the works of,
iii. 336-495; his mother distin-
guished as a linguist, 349; his ear-
ly years, 352-355; his services
refused by government, 355-356;
his admission at Gray's Inn, 357;
his legal attainments, 358; sat in
Parliament in 1593, 359; part he
took in politics, 360; his friendship
with the Earl of Essex, 365-372;
examination of his conduct to Es-
sex, 373-384; influence of King
James on his fortunes, 383; his ser
vility to Lord Southampton, 384;
influence his talents had with the
public, 386; his distinction in l'ar-
liament and in the courts of law,
388; his literary and philosophical
works, 388; his "Novum Orga-
num," and the admiration it ex-
cited, 388; his work of reducing
and recompiling the laws of Eng
land, 389; his tampering with the
judges on the trial of Peacham,
389-394; attaches himself to Buck
ingham, 396; his appointment as
Lord Keeper, 399; his share in the
vices of the administration, 400
Balance of power, interest of the
Popes in preserving it, iv. 338.
Banim, Mr., his defence of James II.
as a supporter of toleration, iii.
bis animosity towards Sir Edward
Coke, 406, 407; his town and coun-
try residences, 408, 409; his titles
of Baron Verulam and Viscount
3t. Albans, 409: report against him
of the Committee on the Courts of
Justice, 413; nature of the charges,
413, 414; overwhelming evidence
to them, 414, 416; his admission
of his guilt, 416; his sentence, 417;
examination of Mr. Montagu's ar-
guments in his defence, 417-430;
mode in which he spent the last
years of his life, 431, 432; chief
peculiarity of his philosophy, 435-
447; his views compared with
those of Plato, 448-459; to what
his wide and durable fame is chief-
ly owing, 463; his frequent treat-
ment of moral subjects, 467; his
views as a theologian, 469; vulgar
notion of him as inventor of the in-
ductive method, 470; estimate of
his analysis of that method, 471-
479; union of audacity and sobri-
ety in his temper, 480; his ampli-
tude of comprehension, 481, 482;
his freedom from the spirit of con-
troversy, 484; his eloquence, wit,
and similitudes, 484; his disci-
plined imagination, 487; his bold-
ness and originality, 488; unusual
development in the order of his
faculties, 489; his resemblance to
the mind of Burke, 489; specimens
of his two styles, 490, 491; value
of his Essays, 491; his greatest
performance the first book of the
Novum Organum, 402; contem-
plation of his life, 492-495; his
reasoning upon the principle of
heat, ii. 96; his system generally
as opposed to the schoolmen, 78,
79, 103; his objections to the sys-
tem of education at the Universi-
ties, vi. 445.
Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character,
Baconian philosophy, its chief pecu-
liarity, iii. 435; its essential spirit,
439; its method and object differ-
ed from the ancient, 448; compar-
ative views of Bacon and Plato,
448-459; its beneficent spirit, 455,
458, 463; its value compared with
ancient philosophy, 459-471.
Baillie, Gen., destruction of his de-
tachment by Hyder Ali, v. 72.
Banking operations of Italy in the
14th century, i. 276.
Baptists, (the) Bunyan's position
among, vi. 146, 147.
Bar (the) its degraded condition in
the time of James II., i. 520.
Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr. Ad.
dison, v. 325.
Barbarians, Mitford's preference of
to Greeks, i. 196.
Barcelona, capture of, by Peterbor-
ough, iii. 116.
Barère, Bertrand, Memoirs of, re-
viewed, v. 423-539; opinions of
the editors as to his character, 424;
his real character, 425, 427-429,
467; has hitherto found no apolo-
gist, 426; compared with Dantor
and Robespierre, 426; his natural
disposition, 427; character of his
memoirs, 429, 430; their mendac-
ity, 431-436, 445; their literary
value, 436; his birth and educa-
tion, 436, 437; his marriage, 438,
first visit to Paris, 439; his jour-
nal, 439; elected a representative
of the Third Estate, 440; his char-
acter as a legislator, 441; his or-
atory, 442, 471, 472; his early
political opinions, 442; draws
report on the Woods and Forests,
443; becomes more republican,
443; on the dissolution of the Na-
tional Assembly he is made
judge, 446; chosen to the Conven-
tion, 449; belongs to the Giron-
dists, 455; sides with the Moun-
tain in condemnation of the king,
456, 457; was really a federalist,
460; continues with the Girondists,
461; appointed upon the Commit
tee of Public Safety, 463; made its
Secretary, 463; wavers between
the Girondists and the Mountain,
464; joins with the Mountain, 465;
remains upon the Committee of
Public Safety, 466; his relation
to the Mountain, 466-468; taken
the initiative against the Giron
dists, 468, 469; moves the exec:1.
tion of Marie Antoinette, 469, 470
speaks against the Girondists, 434,
435, 474; one of the Committee of
Safety, 475; his part during the
Reign of Terror, 482-485, 486; his
cruelties, 485, 486; his pleasan-
tries, 487, 488; his proposition to
murder English prisoners, 490-
492; his murders, 495-497; his
part in the quarrels of the Com-
mittee, 497-500; moves that Robes-
pierre be put to death, 499, 500;
cries raised against hin, 504; a
committee appointed to examine
into his conduct, 505; his defence,
505, 506; condemned to imprison-
ment, 507; his journey to Ole-
ron and confinement there, 507-
609; removed to Saintes, 510;
his escape, 510; elected a member
of the Council of Five Hundred,
511; indignation of the members
and annulling of the election, 511,
512; writes a work on the Liberty
of the Sens, 512; threatened by
the mob, 512, 613; his relations
with Napoleon, 514-518, 521-527;
a journalist and pamphleteer, 523,
624; his literary style, 525; his
degradation, 527; his treachery,
528; becomes a royalist, 529; elect-
ed to the Chamber of Representa-
tives, 529; banished from France,
531; his return, 531; involved in
lawsuits with his family 531;
pensioned, 532; his death, 532; his
character, 534, 535, 537, 539; his
ignorance of England and her his-
tory, 536; his religious hypocrisy,
Baretti, his admiration for Miss Bur-
ney, v. 271.
Barillon, M., his pithy words on the
new council proposed by Temple,
iv. 67, 76.
Barlow, Bishop, iv. 370.
Barré, Col., vi. 233, 248.
Barrington Lord, vi. 13.
Barwell, Mr., v. 35; his support of
Hastings, 40, 54, 55, 62.
Bastile, Burke's declainations on its
capture, v. 113.
Bathos, perfect instance of, to be
found in Petrarch's 5th sonnet, i.
Battle of the Cranes and Pygmies,
Addison's, v. 331.
Bavaria, its contest between Protes-
tantism and Catholicism, iv. 328.
Raxter's testimony to Hampden's ex-
eller ii 130.
Bayle, Peter, iv. 300.
Beatrice, Dante's, i. 66.
Beauclerk, Topham, vi. 201.
Beaumarchais, his suit before the
parliament of Paris, iii. 430, 431.
Beckford, Alderman, vi. 96.
Bedford, Duke of, vi. 11; his views
of the policy of Chatham, 26, 41;
presents remonstrance to George
Bedford, Earl of, invited by Charles
I. to form an administration, ii. 472.
Bedfords (the), vi. 11; parallel be
tween them and the Rockinghams,
73; their opposition to the Rock.
ingham ministry on the Stain
Act, 79; their willingness to break
with Grenville on Chatham's acces-
sion to office, 89; deserted Gren-
ville and admitted to office, 110.
Bedford House assailed by a rabble,
Begums of Oude, their domains and
treasures, v. 88; disturbances in
Oude imputed to them, 87; their
protestations, 88; their spoliation
charged against Hastings, 121.
Belgium, its contest between Prot-
estantism and Catholicism, iv. 326,
Belial, iv. 355.
Bell, Peter, Byron's spleen against,
Bellasys, the English general, iii.
Bellingham, his malevolence, v. 309.
Belphegor (the), of Machiavelli, i.
Benares, its grandeur, v. 74; its an
nexation to the British dominions,
"Benefits of the death of Christ,"
Benevolences, Oliver St. John's op-
position to, and Bacon's support of,
Bengal, its resources, iv. 228, seq.
Benthain and Dumont, iii. 38-40,
Bentham and his system, ii. 53, 54,
59, 80, 87-91, 115, 116, 121, 129
his language on the French revo
lution, iii. 264; his greatnes
Benthamites, ii. 5, 89, 90.
Bentinck, Lord William, his memo
ry cherished by the Ilindeos, iv
Blackstone, iii. 334.
Blasphemous publications, policy of
Government in respect to, ii. 171.
Blenheim, battle of, v. 354; Addison
employed to write a poem in its
Blois, Addison's retirement to, v. 339.
'Bloombury Gang," the denomina-
tion of the Bedfords, vi. 11.
Sedley, Sir Thomas, founder of the
Bodleian Library, iii. 388, 433.
Bohemia, influence of the doctrines
of Wickliffe in, iv. 313.
Boileau, Addison's intercourse with,
v. 340, 341; his opinion of modern
atin, 341; his literary qualities,
343; his resemblance to Dryden,
Bolingbroke Lord, the liberal patron:
Borgia, Cæsar, i. 301.
Boroughs, rotten, the abolition of, a
necessary reform in the time of
George I., iii. 180.
Boswell, James, his character, ii.
391-397; vi. 204, 205.
Boswell's Life of Johnson, by Cro-
ker, review of, ii. 368-426; charac-
ter of the work, 387.
Boswellism, i. 265.
Bourbon, the House of, their vicissi-
tudes in Spain, iii. 106-130.
Bourne, Vincent, v. 5, 342; his Latin
verses in celebration of Addison's
restoration to health, 413.
Boyd, his translation of Dante, i. 78.
Boyer, President, vi. 390-392.
Boyle, Charles, his nominal editor-
ship of the Letters of Phalaris, iv.
108; vi. 113-119; his book on
Greek history and philology, v. 331.
Boyle, Rt. Hon. Henry, v. 355.
Boys" (the) in opposition to Sir
R. Walpole, iii. 178.
Bracegirdle, Mrs., her celebrity as an
actress, iv. 407; her intimacy with
Brahmins, iv. 306.
"Breakneck Steps," Fleet Street, vi.
Breda, treaty of, iv. 34.
Bribery, foreign, in the time of
Charles II., i. 525.
Brihuega, siege of, iii. 128.
"Broad Bottom Administration"
(the), iii. 220.
Brothers, his prophecies as a test of
faith, iv. 303, 306.
Brown, Launcelot, iv. 284.
Brown's Estimate, iil. 233.