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Budgell Eustace, one of Addison's
friends, v. 368, 369, 371.
Runyan, John, Life of, vi. 132-150,

ii. 252-264; his birth and early
life, vi. 132; mistakes of his biog-
raphers in regard to his moral
character, 133, 134; enlists in the
Parliamentary army, 135; his mar-
riage, 135; his religious experi-
ences, 136-138; begins to preach,
139; his imprisonment, 139-141;
his early writings, 141, 142; his
liberation and gratitude to Charles
[I., 142, 143; his Pilgrim's Prog-
ress, 143-146; the product of an
uneducated genius, i. 57, 343; his
subsequent writings, vi. 146; his
position among the Baptists, 146,
147; his second persecution, and
the overtures made to him, 147,
48; his death and burial-place,
148; his fame, 148, 149; his imita-

rs, 149, 150; his style, ii. 266;
his religious enthusiasm and im-
agery, iv. 333; Southey's edition
of his Pilgrim's Progress reviewed,
ü. 250-267; peculiarities of the
work, 266; not a perfect allegory,
257, 258; its publication, and the
number of its editious, vi. 145,
146.

Buonaparte. See Napoleon.
Burgoyne, Gen., chairman of the
committee of inquiry on Lord
Clive, iv. 292.

Burgundy, Louis, Duke of, grandson
of Louis XIV., iii. 62, 63.
Burke, Edinund, his characteristics,
i. 133; his opinion of the war with
Spain on the question of maritime
right, iii. 216; resembles Bacon,
489; effect of his speeches on the
House of Commons, iv. 118; not
the author of the Letters of Junius,
v. 37; his charges against Ilast
ings, 104-137; his kindness to Miss
Burney, 288; her incivility to him
at Hastings' trial, 289; his early
political career, vi. 75; his first
speech in the House of Commons,
82; his opposition to Chatham'
measures relating to India, 96; his
defence of his party against Gren-
ville's attacks, 102; his feeling
towards Chatham, 103; his treat-
ise on "The Sublime," i. 142; his
character of the French Republic,
402; his views of the French and
American revolutions, iii. 1, vi.
268; his admiration of Pitt's maid-
en speech, 233; his opposition to
Fox's India bill, 245; in the oppo-
sition to Pitt, 217, 219; deserts
Fox, 273.

Burleigh and his Times, review of
Rev. Dr. Nares's, iii. 1-36; his
early life and character, 3-10; his
death, 10; importance of the times
in which he lived, 10; the great
stain on his character, 31, 32; char-
acter of the class of statesmen he
belonged to, iii. 343; his conduct
towards Bacon, 355, 365; his apol-
ogy for having resorted to torture,
393; Bacon's letter to him upon
the department of knowledge he
had chosen, 483.
Burnet, Bishop, iv. 114.
Burney, Dr., his social position, v.
251, 255; his conduct relative to
his daughter's first publication,
267; his
ughter's engagement
at Court, 281.
Burney, Frances.
Madame.
Burns, Robert, vi. 261.
Bussy, his eminent merit and conduct
in India, iv. 222.

See D'Arblay,

Bute, Earl of, his character and ed.
ucation, vi. 19, 20; appointed Sec.
retary of State, 24; opposes the
proposal of war with Spain on so
count of the family comp act, 30

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bis unpopularity on Chatham's
resignation, 31; becomes Prime
Minister, 32; his first speech in the
House of Lords, 33; induces the
retirement of the Duke of New-
castle. 35; becomes first Lord of
the Treasury, 35; his foreign and
domestic policy, 37-52; his resig-
nation, 52; continues to advise the
King privately, 57, 70, 79; pen-
sions Johnson, vi. 198, 199.
Butler, i. 350; Addison not inferior
to him in wit, v. 375.
Byng, Admiral, his failure at Mi-
norca, iii. 232; his trial, 236; opin-
ion of his conduct, 236; Chatham's
defence of him, 237.

Byron, Lord, his epistolary style, ii.
325; his character, 326, 827; his
early life, 327; his quarrel with,
and separation from, his wife, 329-
331; his expatriation, 332; decline
of his intellectual powers, 333; his
attachment to Italy and Grecce,
335; his sickness and death, 336;
general grief for his fate, 336; re-
marks on his poetry, 336; his ad-
miration of the Pope school of
poetry, 337; his opinion of Words-
worth and Coleridge, 352; of Peter
Bell, 353; his estimate of the poc-
try of the 18th and 19th centu-
ries, 353; his sensitiveness to crit-
icism, 354; the interpreter between
Wordsworth and the multitude,
356; the founder of an exoteric
Lake school, 356; remarks on his
dramatic works, 357-363; his ego-
tism, 365; cause of his influence,
336, 337.

C.

Cabal (the), their proceedings and
designs, iv. 46, 54, 59.
Cabinets, in modern times, iv. 65,
vi. 235.

Cadiz, ploit of Essex at the siege
of, iii. 107, 367; its pillage by the
English expedition in 1702, iii. 108.
Cesar Borgia, i. 307.
Cesar, Claudius, resemblance of
James I. to, ii. 440.

Cesar compared with Cromwell, i.
504; his Commentaries an incom-
parable model for military de-
spatches, i. 404.
Caesars (the), parallel between them

and the Tudors, not applicable, ii.
21.

Calcutta, its position on the Hoog.
ley, iv. 230; sc ne of the Black
Hole of, 232, 233; resentment of
the English at its fall, 235; again
threatened by Surajah Dowlah,
239; revival of its prosperity, 251;
its sufferings during the famine,
285; its capture, v. 8; its suburba
infested by robbers, 41; its festivi-
ties on Hastings's marriage; 56.
Callicles, i. 41, note.
Calvinism, moderation of Bunyan's,
ii. 263; held by the Church of
England at the end of the 16th
century, iv. 175; many of its doc.
trines contained in the Paulician
theology, 309.
Cambon, v. 455.
Cambridge, University of, favored
by George I. and George II., vI.
36, 37; its superiority to Oxford
in intellectual activity, iii. 344;
disturbances produced in, by the
Civil War, iv. 15.
Cambyses, story of his punishment
of the corrupt judge, iii. 423.
Camden, Lord, vii. 233, 247.
Camilla, Madame D'Arblay's, v.

314.

Campaign (the), by Addison, v. 355.
Canada, subjugation of, by the Brit-
ish in 1760, iii. 244.
Canning, Mr., ii. 45, 46; vi. 286, 411-
414, 419.

Cape Breton, reduction of, iii. 244.
Caraffa, Gian Pietro, afterwards Pope
Paul, IV. his zeal and devotion, iv.
318, 324.
Carlisle, Lady, ii. 478.
Carmagnoles, Barère's, v. 471, 472,
490, 491, 498, 499, 502, 505, 529.
Carnatic, (the), its resources, iv. 211
212; its invasion by Hyder Ali, v
71, 72.
Carnot, v. 455, 505.
Carnot, Hippolyte, his memoirs of
Barère reviewed, v. 423-539; failea
to notice the falsehoods of his au
thor, 430, 431, 435, 557; his chari-
tableness to him, 445, 485; defends
his proposition for murdering pris
oners, 490; blinded by party spirit,
523; defends the Jacobin adminis
tration, 534; his general charao
teristics, 538 539.
Carrier, v. 404.

Carteret, Lord, his ascendency at
the all of Walpole, iii. 184; Sir
Horace Walpole's stories about
him, 187; his defection from Sir
Robert Walpole, iii. 202; succeeds
Walpole, 219; his character as a
statesman, 218, 219; created Earl
Granville, 220.
Carthagena, surrender of the arse-
nal and ship of, to the Allies, iii.
119..

Cary's translation of Dante, i. 68,
78, 79.

Casina (the), of Plautus, i. 298.
Castilo, Admiral of, iii. 109.
Castile and Arragon, their old insti-
tutions favorable to public lib-
erty, iii. 86.

Castilians, their character in the 16th
century, iii. 81; their conduct in
the war of the Succession, 121;
attachment to the faith of their
ancestors, iv. 316.
Castracani, Castruccio, Life of, by
Machiavelli, ii. 317.
Cathedral, Lincoln, painted window
in, i. 428.

Catholic Association, attempt of the
Tories to put it down, iv. 413.
Catholic Church. See Church of
Rome.

Catholicism, causes of its success,
iv. 301, 307, 318, 331-336; the
most poetical of all religions, i.

65.

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Censorship, existed in some form
from Henry VIII. to the Revolu
tion, iii. 329.
Ceres, i. 54, note.
Cervantes, iii. 81; his celebrity, i
80; the perfection of his art, 328,
329; fails as a critic, 329.
Chalmers, Dr., Mr. Gladstone's
opinion of his defence of the
Church, iv. 122.
Champion, Colonel, commander of
the Bengal army, v. 32.
Chandemagore, French settlement,
on the Hoogley, iv. 230; captured
by the English, 239.
Charlemagne, imbecility of his suc-

cessors, iv. 205.

Charles, Archduke, his claim to the
Spanish crown, iii. 90; takes the
field in support of it, 109, accoin-
panies Peterborough in his expe-
dition, 112; his success in the
north-east of Spain, 117; is pro-
claimed king at Madrid, 119; his
reverses and retreat, 123; his
re-entry into Madrid, 126; his
unpopularity, 127; concludes a
peace, 131; forms an alliance with
Philip of Spain, 138.
Charles I., lawfulness of the resist
ance to, i. 235, 243; Milton's de-
fence of his execution, 246, 249;
his treatment of the Parliament of
1640, 457; his treatment of Straf
ford, 468; estimate of his character,
469, 498-500, ii. 443; his fall, i.
497; his condemnation and its
consequences, 500, 501; Hanp
den's opposition to him, and its
consequences, ii. 443-459; resist-
ance of the Scots to him, 460; bis
increasing difliculties 461; bis

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conduct towards the House of
Commons, 477-482; his flight,
483; review of his conduct and
treatment, 484-488; reaction in
his favor during the Long Par-
liament, iii. 800; cause of his
political blunders, 410; effect of
the victory over him on the nation-
al character, iv. 7, 8.
Carles I. and Cromwell, choice be-
tween, i. 490.

Charles II., character of his reign, i.
251; his foreign subsidies, 523;
his situation in 1660 contrasted
with that of Lewis XVIII., iii.
282, 233; his character, 290, iv.
30, 47, 80; his position towards the
king of France, 296; consequences
of his levity and apathy, 209, 300;
his court compared with that of
his father, iv. 29; his extrava-
gance, 34; his subserviency to
France, 87-44, 46; his renuncia-
tion of the dispensing power, 55;
his relations with Temple, 58, 60,
63, 97; his system of bribery of
the Commons, 71; his dislike of
Halifax, 90; his dismissal of Tem-
ple, 97; his characteristics, i. 349;
his influence upon English litern-
ture, i. 349, 350; compared with
Philip of Orleans, Regent of
Franco, iii. 64, 65; Bunyan's grat-
itude to him, vi. 143; his social
disposition, iv. 374.

Charles II. of Spain, his unhappy
condition, iii. 88, 93-100; his dini-
culties in respect to the succession,
88-93.

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to the Whigs in opposition, 207:
his qualities as an orator, 211--213;
dismissed from the army, 215; it
made Groom of the Bedchamber
to the Prince of Wales, 161; de.
claims against the ministers, 218;
his opposition to Carteret, 219,
legacy left him by the Duchess of
Marlborough, 219; supports the
Pelham ministry, 220; a pointed
Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, 221
223; overtures made to him by
Newcastle, 230; made Secretary
of State, 235; defends Admiral
Byng, 237; coalesces wit the
Duke of Newcastle, 230; success
of his administration, 230-250; his
appreciation of Clive, iv. 260, 289,
breach between him and the great
Whig connection, 289; review of
his correspondence, vi. 1; in the
zenith of prosperity and glory, i.
221, 222; his coalition with New-
castle, 7; his strength in Parlia-
ment, 13; jealousies in his cabi-
net, 25; his defects, 26; proposes
to declare war against Spain on
account of the family compact,
29; rejection of his counsel, 30; his
resignation, 80; the king's gra-
cious behavior to him, 30; public
enthusiasm towards him, 31; his
conduct in opposition, 33-46: his
speech against peace with France
and Spain, 49; his unsuccessful
audiences with George III. to
form an administration, 58; Sir
William lynsent bequeaths his
whole property to him, 63; bad
state of his health, 64; is twice
visited by the Duke of Cumber-
land with propositions from the
king, 68, 72; his condemnation of
the American Stamp Act, 77, 78; is
induced by the king to assist in
ousting Rockingham, 85; morrid
state of his mind, 87, 88, 95, 99;
undertakes to form an administra
tion, 89; is created Earl of Chat-
ham, 91; failure of his ministerial
arrangements, 91-99; loss of his
popularity, and of his foreign in-
fluence, 91-99; his despotic man-
ners, 89, 93; lays an einbargo en
the exportation of corn, 95; his
first speech in the House of Lords,
95; his supercilious conduct tow
ards the Peers, 95; his retira

hathum, Earl of, character of his
public life, iii. 196, 197; his early
life, 198; his travels, 199; enters
the army 199; obtains a seat in
Parliament, 206; attachos himself

ment froin office, 100; his policy
violated, 101; resigns the privy
seal, 100; state of parties and of
public affairs on his recovery, 100,
101; his political relations, 103;
his eloquence not suited to the
House of Lords, 104; opposed the
recognition of the independence
of the United States, 107; his last
appearance in the House of Lords,
108, 229; his death, 109, 230; re-
flections on his fall, 109; his fu-
neral in Westminster Abbey, 110;
compared with Mirabeau, iii. 72,
73.

Chatham, Earl of, (the second), vi.
230; made First Lord of the Ad-
miralty, 276.

Cherbourg, guns taken from, iii. 245.
Chesterfield, Lord, his dismissal by

Walpole, iii. 204; prospectus of
Johnson's Dictionary addressed to
him, vi. 187, 188; puffs it in the
World, 194.

Cheyto Sing, a vassal of the gov-
crument of Bengal, v. 75; his
large revenue and suspected treas-
ure, 79; Hastings's policy in desir-
ing to punish him, 80-85; his
treatment made the successful
charge against Hastings, 118.
Chillingworth, his opinion on apos-
tolical succession, ív. 172; became
a Catholic froin conviction, 306.
Chinese (the) compared to the Ro-
inans under Diocletian, i. 415,
416.

Chiusurab, Dutch settlement on the

Hoogley, iv. 230; its siege by the
English and capitulation, 259.
Chivalry, its form in Languedoc in

the 12th century, iv. 308, 309.
Cholmondeley, Mrs., v. 271.
Christchurch College, Oxford, its re-
pute after the Revolution, iv. 108;
issues a new edition of the Letters
of Phalaris, iv. 108; vi. 116, 118;
its condition under Atterbury, vi.
121, 122.
Christianity, its alliance with the
ancient philosophy, iii. 444; light
in which it was regarded by the
Italians at the Reformation, iv.
310; its effect upon mental activ-
ity; i. 416.

:

Christophe, vi. 390, 391.
Church (the), in the time of Ja nes
II., i. 520.

Church (the), Southey's Bock cf, i-

137.

Church, the English, persecutions in
her naine, i. 113; High and Low
Church parties, v. 862; vi. 119, 120.
Church of England, its crigin and
connection with the state, i. 152,
453; iv. 190; its condition in the
time of Charles I., ii. 166; en-
deavor of the leading Whigs at
the Revolution to alter its Litur-
gy and Articles, ii. 321; iv. 178;
its contest with the Scotch nation,
822; Mr. Gladstone's work in de-
fence of it, iv. 116; his arguments
for its being the pure Catholic
Church of Christ, 161-166; its
claims to apostolical succession
discussed, 166-178; views respect-
ing its alliance with the state,
183-193; contrast of its operations
during the two generations suc
ceeding the Reformation, with
those of the Church of Rome, 331,
332.

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