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Clarendon, Lord, his history, i. 424;
his character, 521, 522; his testi-
mony in favor of Hampden, ii. 448,
468, 472, 400, 493; his literary
merit, iii. 338; his position at the
head of affairs, iv. 29, 31-37, 38;
his faulty style, 50; his opposition
to the growing power of the Com-
mons, 73; his temper, 74; the
charge against Christ-Churchinen
of garbling his history, vi. 130.
Clarke, Dr. Samuel, iv. 303.
Clarkson, Thomas, v. 309.
Classics, ancient, celebrity of, i. 139;
rarely examined on just principles
of criticism, 139; love of, in Italy
in the 14th century, 278.
Classical studies, their advantages
and defects considered, vi. 347-


Clavering, General, v. 35; his op-
position to Hastings, 40-47; his
appointment as Governor General,
51; his defeat, 56; his death, 57.
Cleveland, Duchess of, her favor to
Wycherly and Churchill, iv. 372,

Bengal, 270; his arrival at Cal-
cutta, 270; suppresses a conspir
acy, 275, 276; success of his for
eign policy, 276; his return to
England, 279; his unpopularity
and its causes, 279-285; invested
with the Grand Cross of the Bath
292; his speech in his defence,
and its consequence, 289, 290, 202;
his life in retirement, 291; reflec
tions on his career, 296; failing of
his mind, and death by his owr
hand, 296.

Clizia, Machiavelli's, i. 298.
Clodius, extensive bribery at the
trial of, iii. 421.
"Clouds" (the), of Aristophanes, i.


Clifford, Lord, his character, iv. 47;
his retirement, 55, 56; his talent
for debate, 72.
Clive, Lord, review of Sir John Mal-
colm's Life of, iv. 194-298; his
family and boyhood, 196, 197; his
shipment to India, 198; his arri-
val at Madras and position there,
200; obtains an ensign's commis-
sion in the Company's service,
203; his attack, capture, and de-
fence of Arcot, 215-219; his sub-
sequent proceedings, 220, 221-223;
his marriage and return to Eng-
land, 224; his reception, 225; en-
ters l'arliament, 226; return to In-
dia, 228; his subsequent proceed-
ings, 228, 236, seq.; his conduct
towards Ormichund, 238, 241, 247,
248; his pecuniary acquisitions,
251; his transactions with Meer
Jaffier, 240, 246, 254; appointed
Governor of the Company's pos-
sessions in Bengal, 255; his dis-
persion of Shah Alumn's army,
256, 257; responsibility of his posi-
tion, 209; his return to England,
260; his reception, 260, 261; his
proceedings at the India House,
268, 265, 269; nominated Gover-
uor of the British possessions in

Club-room, Johnson's, ii. 425; vi. 159.
Coalition of Chatham and Nowens-
tle, iii. 243.
Cobham, Lord, his malignity tow-
ards Essex, iii. 380.
Coke, Sir E., his conduct towards
Bacon, iii. 357, 406; his opposition
to Bacon in Peacham's case, 389,
390; his experience in conducting
state prosecutions, 392; his re-
moval from the Bench, 406; his
reconciliation with Buckingham,
and agreement to marry his
daughter to Buckingham's broth-
cr, 400; his reconciliation with
Bacon, 408; his behavior to Ba
con at his trial, 427.
Coleridge, relative "correctness" of
his poetry, ii. 339; Byron's opin-
ion of him, 352; his satire upon
Pitt, vi. 271.

Coligni, Gaspar de, reference to, vi.


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iv. 350-411; have exercised a great
influence on the human mind, 351.
Comines, his testimony to the good

government of England, ii. 434.
Commerce and manufactures, their
extent in Italy in the 14th cen-
tury, i. 276-277; condition of, dur-
ing the war at the latter part of
the reign of George II., iii. 247.
Committee of Public Safety, the

French, v. 463, 466, 475–500.
Commons, House of, increase of its
power, í. 532; increase of its pow-
er by and since the Revolution,
iii. 325.

Commonwealth, iv. 365, seq.
Comus, Milton's, i. 215, 218.
Conceits of Petrarch, i. 89, 90; of
Shakspeare and the writers of his
age, 342-344, 347.
Condé, Marshal, compared with
Clive, iv. 297.

Condensation, bad effect of enforced
upon composition, i. 152.
Condorcet, v. 452, 175.
Conflans, Admiral, his defeat by
Hawke, iii. 245.

Congreve, his birth and early life,
iv. 887; sketch of his career at the
Temple, 388; his "Old Bachelor,"
389;"Double Dealer," 390; suc-
cess of his "Love for Love," 391;
his "Mourning Bride," 392; his
controversy with Collier, 397, 400-
403; his Way of the World,"
403; his later years, 404, 405; his
position among men of letters,
406; his attachment to Mrs. Brace-
girdle, 407; his friendship with
the Duchess of Marlborough, 408;
his death and capricious will, 408;
his funeral in Westminster Abbey,
409; cenotaph to his memory at
Stowe, 409; analogy between him
and Wycherley, 410.
Congreve and Sheridan, effect of

their works upon the comedy of
England, i. 255; contrasted with
Shakspeare, 295.
Conquests of the British arms in
1768-60, iii. 244, 245.
Constance, council of, put an end to
the Wickliffe schism, iv. 313.
Constantinople, mental stagnation

in, i. 417.

Constitution (the), of England, in the
15th and 18th centuries, compar-
ed with those of other European

states, i. 476, 477; the argunient
that it would be destroyed by ad.
mitting the Jews to power, 807,
308; its theory in respect to the
three branches of the legislature
ii. 25, 26, v. 416.
Constitutional government, decline
of, on the Continent, early in the
17th century, i. 481.
Constitutional History of England,
review of Hallam's, i. 431–543.
Constitutional Royalists in the reign
of Charles I., i. 474–483.
Convention, the French, v. 449-


Conversation, the source of logical
inaccuracy, i. 148, 383, 384; im-
aginary, between Cowley and Mil-
ton touching the great Civil War,

Conway, Henry, vi. 62; Secretary
of State under Lord Rockingham,
74; returns to his position under
Chatham, 91-95; sank into insig
nificance 100.
Conway, Marshal, his character, iv.

Cooke, Sir Anthony, his learning,

iii. 349.

Coöperation, advantages of, iv. 184.
Coote, Sir Eyre, v. 61; his character
and conduct in council, 61, 62; his
great victory of Porto Novo, 74.
Corah, ceded to the Mogul, v. 27.
Corday, Charlotte, v. 486.
Corneille, his treatment by the
French Academy, i. 23.
"Correctness" in the tine arts and in
the sciences, ii. 339–343; in paint-
ing, 343; what is meant by it in
poetry, 339-343.
Corruption, parliamentary, not ne-
cessary to the Tudors, iii. 168; its
extent in the reigns of George I.
and II., vi. 21-23.
Corsica given up to France, vi. 100.
Cossimbazar, its situation and im

portance, v. 7.

Cottabus, a Greek game, i. 30, note.
Council of York, its abolition, fi. 469.
Country Wife of Wycherley, its char

acter and merits, iv. 376; whence
borrowed, 385.
Courtenay, Rt. Hon. T. P., review of
his Memoirs of Sir William Tem.
ple, iv. 1-115; his concessions to
Dr. Lingard in regard to the Triple
Alliance, 41; his opinion of Tein-

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ple's proposed new council, 65; his
error as to Temple's residence, 100,


Cousinhood, nickname of the official
members of the Temple family, iv.


Couthon, v. 466, 475, 498.
Covenant, the Scotch, ii. 460.
Covenanters, (the), their conclusion
of treaty with Charles I., ii. 460.
Coventry, Lady, v. 262.
Cowley, dictum of Denham concern-
ing him, i. 203; deficient in imagi-
nation, 211; his wit, iii. 162, v.
375; his admiration of Bacon, iii.
492, 493; imaginary conversation
between him and Milton about the
Civil War, i. 112–138.
Cowper, Earl, keeper of the Great
Seal, v. 361.

Cowper, William, ii. 349; his praise
of Pope, 351; his friendship with
Warren Hastings, v. 5; neglected
by Pitt, vi. 261.

Cox, Archdeacon, his eulogium on
Sir Robert Walpole, iii. 173.
Cover, Abbé, his imitation of Vol-
taire, v. 377.

Crabbe, George, vi. 261.
Craggs, Secretary, iii. 227; succeeds
Addison, v. 413; Addison dodi-
cates his works to him, 418.
Cranmer, Archbishop
estimate of his
character, i. 448, 440.
Crebillon, the younger, iii. 155.
Crisis, Steele's, v. 403.
Crisp, Samuel, his early career, v.
259; his tragedy of Virginia, 261;
his retirement and seclusion, 264;
his friendship with the Burneys,
265; his gratification at the suc-
cess of Miss Burney's first work,
269; his advice to her upon her
comedy, 273; his applause of her
Cecilia," 275.

in which criticism is to beser
cised upon oratorical efforts, 149,
151; criticism upon Dante, 5-79;
Petrarch, 80-99; a rude state of
society, favorable to genius, but
not to criticism, 57, 58, 325; great
writers are bad critics, 76, 328; cf-
fect of upon poetry, 338; its earlier
stages, 338, 339; remarks on John-
son's code of, ii. 417.
Critics professional, their influer ce
over the reading public, ii. 196.
Croker, Mr., his edition of Boswell 1
Life of Dr. Johnson, reviewed, fi.

Criticism, Literary, principles of, not
universally recognized, i. 21; rare-
ly applied to the examination of
the ancient classics, 139; causes of
its failure when so applied, 143;
success in, of Aristotle, 140; Dio-
nysius, 141; Quintilian, 141, 142;
Longinus, 142, 143; Cicero, 142;
ludicrous instance of French criti-
cism, 144; ill success of classical
scholars who have risen above ver-
bal criticism, 144; their lack of
taste and judgment, 144; manner

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Cromwell, Oliver, his elevation to
power, i. 502; his character as a
legislator, 504; as a general, 504;
his administration and its results,
509, 510; embarked with Hamp-
den for America, but not suffered
to proceed, ii. 459; his qualities,
496; his administration, iii. 286,
292; treatment of his remains,
289; his ability displayed in Ire
land, iv. 25-27; anecdote of his
sitting for his portrait, v. 2.
Cromwell, Richard, vi. 15.
Crown (the) veto by, on Acts of Par-
liament, i. 487, 488, its control
over the army, 489; its power in
the 16th century, iii. 15; curtail-
ment of its prerogatives, 169-171;
its power predominant nt begin.
ning of the 17th century, iv. 70;
decline of its power during the
Pensionary Parliament, 71, 72; its
long contest with the Parliament
put an end to by the Revolution,
78; see also Prerogative.
Crusades (the), their beneficial effect

upon Italy, i. 275.
Crusoe, Robinson, the work of an
uneducated genius, i. 57; its effect
upon the imaginations of children,
Culpeper, Mr., ii. 474.

Cumberland, the dramatist, his man-
ner of acknowledging literary
merit, v. 270.
Cumberland, Duke of, i 280; the

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Dante, criticism upon, i. 55-79; the
earliest and greatest writer of his
country, 55; first to attempt com-
position in the Italian language,
56; admired in his own and the
following age, 58; but without due
appreciation, 59, 829, 830; unable
to appreciate himself, 58; Sismon-
di's remark about him, 58; his
own age unable to comprehend
the Divine Comedy, 59; bad con-
sequence to Italian literature of
the neglect of his style down to
the time of Alfieri, 60, 61; period
of his birth, 62; characteristics of
his native city, 63, 64; his rela-
tions to his age, 66; his personal
history, 66; his religious fervor,
66; his gloomy temperament, 67;
his Divine Comedy, 67, 220, 277;
his description of Heaven inferior
to those of Hell or Purgatory, 67;
bis reality the source of his power,
18, 69; compared with Milton, 68,
69, 220: his metaphors and com-
arisons, 70-72; little impressed by
the forms of the external world
72, 74; dealt mostly with the
sterner passions, 74; except in the
story of Rimini, 74; his use of the
ancient mythology, 75, 78; igno-
rant of the Greek language, 76;
his style, 77, 78; his translators,
18, 79; his admiration of writers
inferior to himself, 329; of Virgil,
829; 66 correctness,"
"of his poetry,
fi. 338; story from, vi. 3.

Danton, compared with Barère, ▼
426; his death, 481, 434.
D'Arblay, Madame, review of het
Diary and Letters, v. 248-320; wida
celebrity of her name, 248; het
Diary, 250; her family, 250, 251;
her birth and education, 252 254;
her father's social position, 254-
257; her first literary e2orts, 258,
her friendship with Mr. Crisp, 259,
265; publication of her "Evelina,"
266, 268; her comedy," The Wit-
lings," 273, 274; her second novel,
"Cecilia," 275; death of her friends
Crisp and Johnson, 275, 276; her
regard for Mrs. Delany, 276; her
interview with the king and queen,
277, 278; accepts the situation of
keeper of the robes, 279; sketch
of her life in this position, 279-
287; attends at Warren Hastings'
trial, 288; her espousal of the
cause of Hastings, 288; her incivil-
ity to Windham and Burke, 288,
289; her sufferings during her
keepership, 290, 204-300; her mar
riage, and close of the Diary, 301;
publication of "Camilla,'
subsequent events in her life, 302,
303; publication of "The Wan-
derer," 303; her death, 303; char-
acter of her writings, 303-318;
change in her style, 311-314; spec-
imens of her three styles, 315,
316; failure of her later works,
318; service she rendered to the
English novel, 319, 320.
Dashwood, Sir Francis, Chancellor
of the Exchequer under Bute, vi.
36; his inefficiency, 51.
David, d'Angers, his memoirs of
Barére reviewed, v. 423-539.
Davies, Tom, ii. 384.
Davila, one of Hampden's favorite
authors, ii. 450.

Daylesford, site of the estate of the
Hastings family, v. b; its purchase
and adornment by Hastings, 142
De Augmentis Scientiarum, by Ba
con, iii. 888, 433.
Debates in Parliament, effects of
their publication, i. 538.
Debt, the national, effect of its abro-

gation, ii. 153; England's capa
Bities in respect to it, ii. 186.
Declaration of Right, iii. 317.
"Declaration of the Practices and

Treasons attempted and commit

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ted by Robert Earl of Essex," by
Lord Bacon, iii. 373.
Dedications, literary, more honest
than formerly, ii. 191.
Defoe, Daniel, i. 57.
De Guignes, v. 256.
Delany, Dr., his connection with Swift,
v. 276; his widow, and her favor
with the royal family, 276, 277.
Delhi, its splendor during the Mo-
gul empire, iv. 204.
Delium, battle of, iv. 21.
Demerville, v. 521.
Democracy, violence in its advocates
induces reaction, iii. 11; pure,
characteristics of, i. 513, 514.
Democritus the reputed inventor of
the arch, iii. 438; Bacon's estimate
of him, 439.
Demosthenes, Johnson's remark, that
he spoke to a people of brutes, i.
146; transcribed Thucydides six
times, 147; he and his contempo-
rary orators compared to the Ital-
ian Condottieri, 156; Mitford's
misrepresentation of him, 191-193,
195, 197; perfection of his speeches,
376; his remark about bribery,
iii. 428.
Denham, dictum of, concerning
Cowley, i. 203; illustration from,
1. 01.

Denmark, contrast of its progress
to the retrogression of Portugal,
iv. 340.

Dennis, John, his attack upon Addi-
son's "Cato," v. 393; Pope's nar-
rative of his Frenzy, 394, 395.
"Deserted Village" (the), Gold-

smith's, vi. 162, 163.
Desmoulin's Camille, v. 483.
Devonshire, Duchess of, v. 126.
Devonshire, Duke of, forms an ad-
ministration after the resignation
of Newcastle, iii. 235; Lord
Chamberlain under Bute, vi. 38;
dismissed from his lord-lieutenan-
cy, 47; his son invited to court by
the king, 71.
Dewey, Dr., his views upon slavery
in the West Indies, vi. 393, 401.
Diary and Letters of Madame
D'Arblay, reviewed, v. 248-320.
Dice, i. 13, note.

Dionysius, of Halicarnassus, i. 141,

Discussion, free, its tendency, ii. 167
Dissent, its extent in the time of
Charles I., ii. 168; cause of, in
England, iv. 333; avoidance of in
the Church of Rome, 334; sea
also Church of England.
Dissenters (the), examination of the
reasoning of Mr. Gladstone for
their exclusion from civil offices,
iv. 147-155..

Dionysius, tyrant of Syracuse, i.
178; v. 143.

Disturbances, public, during Gren-
ville's administration, vi. 70.
Divine Right, i. 236.
Division of labor, its necessity, iv.
123; illustration of the effects of
disregarding it, 123.
Dodington, Bubb, vi. 13; his rind
ness to Johnson, 101.
Donne, John, comparison of his
wit with Horace Walpole's, iii.


Dorset, the Earl of, i. 350; the pa-
tron of literature in the reign of
Charles II., ii. 400; iv. 376.
Double Dealer, by Congreve, its re-
ception, iv. 390; his defence of its
profaneness, 401.
Dougan, John, his report on the cap-
tured negroes, vi. 362; his human-
ity, 363; his return home and
death, 363; Major Morly's charges
against him, 370.

Dover, Lord, review of his edition of
Horace Walpole's Letters to Sir
Horace Mann, iii. 143-193; see
Walpole, Sir Horace.
Dowdeswell, Mr., Chancellor of the
Exchequer under Lord Rocking.
ham, vi. 74.

Drama (the), its origin in Greece, i
216; causes of its dissolute charac-
ter soon after the Restoration, iv.
366; changes of style which it ro-
quires, i. 365.

Dramas, Greek, compared with the
English plays of the age of Eliza
beth, ii. 339.
Dramatic art, the unities violated in

all the great masterpieces of, ii. 341.
Dramatic literature shows the state
of contemporary religious opinion,
iii. 29.

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