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2. Previously to the invasion of the Hebrews, Falestine was inhabited by numerous independent tribes, many of whom were exterminated by the conquerors, but some of which kept up a constant warfare,and maintained their independence until they were all subjected to the Romans, who finaliy suljugated the civilized world.
3. The character of the Hebrews was peculiar; for their laws and institutions were calculated to keep them a dis. tinct people, and they maintained the knowledge of the true Goil, when all other nations were idolators. Their territory was extremely limited, their situation almost ertirely inland, the sea coast being inhabited by the Phenicians; and yet they often repulsed the most formidable invaders, vanquished the surrounding nations, and were seldom destitute of able kings and learned lis'orians.
4. Several years before the death of Jesus Christ, they bad become a province of the Roman Empire; but their re. peated attempts to throw off the yoke of bondage at last provoked the Roman Emperor to destroy the city and temple of Jerusalem, and to scatter their nation over the earth.
5. These events, which had been predicted by the Mes siah, whom the Jews had crucified several years before, were attended with circumstances the most dreadful which history records. Whilst the whole nation were assembled at Jerusalem, as was their custom, to celebrate the feast of the Passover, the Roman Emperor surrounded the city with his legions, determining at one blow to ciush the rebellion,
6. The bravery and obstinacy of the besieged was only equalled by that of the besiegers. The sallies were frequent and the slaughter dreadful, while the dissentions of the Jews increased the horror of their situation. At last fimine more dreadful than the enemy, carried of thousands of the wretched inhabitants.
7. Josephus, a Jewish historian, in rel ting the sufferings of his nation by this fümine, mentions the case of a woman who was reduced to the dreadful necessity of killing and eating ber own child; the rapacity of the starving soldiers, however, even envied her this dreadful supply.
8. The city being finally taken, a soldier set fire to the temple, and the conflagration of so vast an edifice led those who beheld it at a distance 10 suppose the winte city was
The number of those who perished in this slege were about eleven hundi ed thousand; the remnant were :ried away captive, and have ever since bien scattered over the world.
3. Notwithstanding the dispersion of the Jews amongst uther nations, and the persecutions which have every where followed them, they have, to a remarkable degree, preserved their national character and religion, and to the number of many millions, are still looking for another de liverer who shall restoie lacro fo their country; thus fulbli. ing the prediction of the very lessian, whom they have obstinately rejected.
10. After the destruction ci the Temple, a considerable number of the Chiistians were sufered to remain in the lloly City; aju at the end of the third Century, 'ike Emperor Constantine, who had emo:aced the Christian faith, ordered the rubbish which had leeö thrown upon those places where cur savinur had suffered, to be removed, and is magnitficent church erected over the spot.
11. Not long afterwards, the Emperor Julian, assisted by the Jews, determined to rebuild their Temple, which prophecy had declared should be destroyed, without one stone's being left upon another. But he never completed the work, in consequenee of earthquakes, fiery eruptions, and other extraordinary events which destroyed their materials and killed many of their workmen.
12. Upon the decline of the Roman Empire, the Saracens made continual inroads upon the Asiatic provinces, and finally obtained possession of Jerusalem ; and the attempts to rescue the Holy City from the hands of the infidels
gave rise to what are con monly called the crusades, At the supposed call of religion, millions of fanatics assembled from every part of christendom and embarked for Palestine.
13. Their efforts were not entirely unsuccessful, for they finally expelled the Saracens, and retained possession about a century:
But of all those who engaged in these expeditions, a very small number ever returned home; the greater part dying with fatigue and disease, or falling in the bloody battles which were fought with the infidels.
14. Judea is still a fertile country, and Jerusalem has the appearance of a splendid city, although it has so often changed masters and suffered so many sieges. We were not prepared, says a late celebrated traveller. for the grandeur of the spectacle which the city alone exhibited.
15. Instead of a wreiched and ruined town, by some de. erribed as the desolated remnant of Jerusalem, we beheld as it were a flourishing and stately metropolis, presenting a magnificent assemblage of domes, towers, palaces, churches and monasteries. As we drew nearer, our whole atten. tion was engrossed by its noble and interesting appear
16. There is much, he continues, to be seen at Jerusa lem, independently of its monks and monasteries, much to sepay pilgrims of a very different description from those who usually resort thither, for all the fatigue and danger they must encounter.
17. At the same time, the men interested in tracing the antiquities referred to by the documents of sacred history, no spectacle can be more mortifying than the city in its present state; for the mistaken piety of the early Christians, in attempting to preserve, either confused or annihilated the memorials it endeavoured to perpetuate.
18. Viewing the city from the Mount of Olives, the most conspicuous object is the mosque erected upon the site and foundation of Solomon's Temple. The sight was so graod, that we did not hesitate in pronouncing it the most magnificent piece of architecture in the Turkish empire.
19. The buildings erected by the superstition or reneration of the different sects of Christians, are fast decaying; and the donations of the few pilgrims who resort thither, are hardly sufficient to maintain the few priests who have the care of the sacred edifices, and are oppressed by the Turks, to whom they are obliged to pay an enormous triaasa vos aing the little freedom which they are permitted to enjoy
THE FAITHFUL AMERICAN DOG.
N officer in the late American army, on his station at the westward, went out in the morning with his dog and gun, in quest of game. Venturing too far from the garrison, he was fired upon by an Indian, who was lurking in the bushes, and instantly fell to the ground.
2. The Indian, running to him, struck him on the head with his tomahawk, in order to despatch him; but the button of his hat fortunately warding off the edge, he was only stunned by the blow. With savage brutality he applied the scalping knife, and hastened away with this trophy of his horrid cruelty, leaving the officer for dead, and none to relieve or console him, but his faithful dog.
3. The afflicted creature gave every expression of hiş attachment, fidelity,and affection. He licked the wounds with inexpressible tenderness, and mourned the fate of his beloved master. Having performed every office which sympathy dictated, or sagacity could invent, without being able to remove his master from the fatal spot, or procure from him any signs of life, or his wonted expressions of affection to him, he ran off in quest of help.
4. Bending his course towards the river, where two men were fishing, he urged them with all the powers of native rhetoric to accompany him to the woods. The men were suspicious of a decoy to an ambuscade and dared not venture to follow the dog; who finding all his caresses fail, returned to the care of his inaster; and licking his wounds a second time, renewed all his tenderness; but with no better success than before.
3. Again he returned to the men; once more to try his skill in alluring them to his assistance. In this attempt he was more successful than in the other. The men, seeing his solicitude, began to think the dog might have discovered some valuable game, and determined 10 hazard the conseqliences of following him.
6 Transported with his success, the affectionate creature hurried them along by every expression of ardor. Presently they arrive at the spot, where, behold!-an officer wounded,
scalped, weltering in his own gore, and faint with the logs of blood.
7. Suffice it to say, he was yet alive. They carried him to the fort, where the first dressings were performed A suppuration immediately took place, and he was soon conseyed to the hospital at Albany, where in a few weeks, he entirely recovered, and was able to return to his duty.
8. This worthy officer owed his life, probably, to the fidelity of this sagacious dog. His tongue, which the gentleanan afterwards declared gave him the most exquisite pleasure, clarified the wound in the most effectual manner, and his perseverance brought that assistance, without which he must soon have perished.
THE MILLER OF MANSFIELD.
Enter the King alone, wrapped in a cloak.
king. No, no, this can be no public road, that's certuin. I have lost my way undoubtedly. Of what advantage is it now to be a king? Night shows me no respect. I can neither see better, nor walk so well as another man. When a king is lost in a wood, what is he more than other men? Ilis wisdom knows not which is north, and which is south: his power a beggar's dog would bark at, and the beggar himself would not bow to his greatness. And
yet how often are we puffed up with these false attributes! Well, in losing the monarch, I have found the man. But hark! somebody is near. What were it best to do? Will my majesty protect me? No. Throw majesty aside then, and let man. hood do it.
Enter the Miller.
Miller. Little better, friend, I believe. Who fired that gun?
King. Not l, indeed.