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consistent with the delicacy and ho- tion of his office, he retired to his nanour of a gentleman; for at every pe tive county, where he died; and never riod of his life, his honour was truly was any person more sincerely la. “ Castilian.” Without patronage, po- mented by all who kuew him, and litical or professional, he rose to con- particularly by bis domestics, who in siderable eminence; and in the year their master always found a friend. 1783 became a member of the House Soon after bis promotion to the Bench of Commons, and continued in Par- he had the gratification of seeing bis liament until 1794. lu that assembly Son distinguished at the Bar, and in he was equally respected by the Mi the Senate, for his talents and his va. nister and the Opposition; he did not rious and elegant attainments, and look to party or promotion, and was who, at the early age of 35 years, was at all times ready to resist any en- appointed a Baroo of the Exchequer, croachment upon the Constitution, having previously filled the office of either by the Crown or the people ; Solicitor-general.-Let us now look he did not look abroad for casual ap at Sir Michael Smith in private life: plause, he looked within for appro in his family, oo man could be more bation, and found it there; such he truly what a master, husband, and conceived to be the proper discharge parent ought to be, kind, loving, and of his parliamentary duty.--As a law. indulgent; bis conversation and exyer, no man considered his client's ample entertaining and instructive ; case with more care and attention; if and his temper and habits even and be felt the justice, or legal right of his cheerful. To his friends he was afclient's claim, he was more zealous fectionate, constant, and generous ; than if he entertained a different opi- to the distressed, humane and chanion, for no desire for professional ritable; and in communicatiog fafame, or being the successful advo vours and kindness he was delicately cate, could induce him to misstate attentive to the feelings of those who facts, or misrepresent circumstances were assisted and relieved. His manto the Court; candour and truth, ac ners were those of a gentleman ; pot cording to his idea, were indispensable ceremonious, but kind, affable, and to the independence and dignity of the courteous, for be considered that the Bar. He was free from envy and jea- best direction for politeness was to be lousy, for he always felt as if he


found in the Christian precept, “ Do took of the individual success of his unto others as you would they should brethren : of the younger part of the do unto you." He was familiar with profession, and those of friendless me the best writings of the poets, ora. rit, he took particular notice, speak- tors, and historians of ancient and ing of them on proper occasions, and, modern times; by these he improved if engaged in the same cause, drawing his mind and his heart. His speeches the attention of the Court to their ob- and judgments were correct, logical, servations ; young men of this de and inost appropriate in expression ; scription were often at his table, and and in his conduct you might observe by that means became known to per- that warmth of friendship, love of his sons of distinction and rank. In 1794 country, and invincible integrity, so he was appointed a Baron of the Ex- well described in the literary producchequer ; and surely no appointment tions of Greece and Rome. As a to that office ever met with more pab. speaker, in public, bis manner was ralic and private approbation. From Mi. ther cold, though occasionally im. chaelmas term 1800, until Trinity pressive; his language was not fitled term 1801, he was a Lord Commis- for popular attraction, and, like fine sioner for the cuslody of the Great painting, could be only estimated by Seal. In the last year he was appoint- persons of judgment and good taste. ed Master of the Rolls; he continued His illness was short, but severe; he in that office until 1806, which, from bore it with meekness, and a full resevere attacks of the gout, he was liance on the truth and promises of the obliged to resign. As a Judge, he Gospel, for his belief was sincere and was most patient; every advocate practical. His son (now Sir William was heard with attention, and the Cusack Smith) attended him in his ill. junior branch with parental kindness ; ness and last moments with filial piety, for to all concerned, his wish was to and had the instructive consolation of do justice for truth's sake, and his seeing how “ a Christian can die.” conscience.” Soon after the resigna On the resignation of Sir Michael

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Smith, the Irish Bar presented the fol Driffield, or Dry field, lies in the lowing address to him :

Hundred of Crothorne and Minety, “Sir, lo departing from the Bench, about three miles south-west of Cirenyou will permit the sincerest esteem cester. Rumbald, Chancellor of Eng. and unqualified approbation of the land (temp. Edward the Confessor), Bar to accompany you into your bo- granted this Manor, and the advownourable retirement. We cannot for son of the Living, to the College of get, and we are happy to acknow Cirencester, and they continued in ledge, that by your mild, gracious, the Abbey from the foundation to its and unassuming deportment, the dig- dissolution. In the 37th of Henry pity of the high situation you filled, VIII. the house (till then a seat of was sustained without austerity or ar tbe Abbot of Cirencester) and lands of rogance : and that the well mixed qua- Driffield, St. Ampreys, and Kemsford, lities of the scholar, the lawyer, the &c. were granted to Humphrey and gentleman, and the judge, conciliated George Browne, in exchange for lands affection, and impressed respect. Scorn at Waltham, in Essex. Sir Humpbreg ing to offer the gross incense of adu. Browoe died seised thereof the 4th of lation, but desirous to render a just Elizabeth, and left four co-heiresses. tribute to merit, we entertain an ar- Rudder, in his History of Gloucesterdent hope, that though your judicial shire, says, Roger Townshend, who fuoctions have ceased, your example married the eldest, had livery in right may have operation, and that the of his wife 5th of Eliz.-One of ibe chief blessing of the Country, equal heiresses dying soon after, livery was justice, may continue to be dispensed granted to Mary Browne the 9th of with an integrity above suspicion, and Elizabeth-and livery of another 3d wilb manners void of offence."

part to Christiana Browne 14th of His Answer.

Elizabeth.” In Bigland's Hist. of Glou“ Gentlemen, I thank you from my cestersbire is the following stalement : heart, for this kind and affectionate “ In 1546 these laods (Driffield, St. address, the terms of which excite a Ampreys, &c.) passed by Mary the feeliog to which to language of mine elder co-heir of Sir Humphrey Browne, can do justice. To acquire and de- of Ridley Hall, Essex, and one of the serve the esteem and approbation of Justices of the Coinmon Pleas, to Tho. that' evlightened and liberal profes. mas Wilford, esq. prior to 1608: to sion to which you belong, was the

whom succeeded Sir John Pretyman. first ambition of my early life ; to John or George A’Aungier, or Hanger, bave obtained them, which your ad a Merchant in London, parchased the dress assures me of, will be the pride manorial Estate, extending over the and comfort of my decliviog age. It is whole parish, of Sir John Pretyman, now more than seven-and-thirty years of Lodington (Leicestershire), in the since I first had the honour of being reign of Charles tbe Ist. io 1651.”enrolled as one of your respectable And Atkyns gives much the same acbody ; and during the whole of that count in his Hist. of Gloucestershire. long period I never ceased, nor while Thelate Lord Coleraioe pulled down life and memory remain shall I cease, this venerable mansion and offices, to love, esteem, and admire, the spi- which together measured about 320 rit, talents, and liberality of the Irish feet in length, in 1803, or rather sold Bar. May they be perpetual ! is, and the materials by auction, for the purto the last moments of my existence chasers to take down the house. The shall be, the fervent prayer of estate was said to be about 40001. a

“ Gentlemen, your ever obliged, year value. faithful and affectionate humble I have not been able to learn in

servant, MICHAEL SMITA. what mapper and in what year the Harcourt-street, July 12, 1806.” Driffield Estate came into the pos

session of the Prelyman family. Sir Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 8. John Pretyman, Knt. who, in 1638, I

DO pot recollect to have seen the was buried in the old Church of Drif.

demolition of Driffield Abbey, in field (in which a Monunient was erectGloucestershire, noticed by any of ed to the memory of him and “ Mary your Correspondents. If you think his wife,” who died the same year, the following account worthy of a but wbich Monument was not replace in your useful Magazine, it is placed wben the Charch was rebuilt much at your service.

by the first Lord Coleraine in 1734),


was certainly son of a William Prety- ford, left the wardship of his grandman of Bacton, co. Suffolk, where his son, Richard Browne, to William ancestors had long been seated, and Pretyman, when be died in 1645, aged was Lord of the Manors of Bacton 70. This William Pretyman was the and Thorndon. He appears to have second son of Sir John Pretyman, Knt. removed to Driffield soon after tbe of Driffield, and brother to Sir John decease of his son Robert Pretyman, Pretyman, Baronet, of Nova Scotia, by his first wife Dorothy (daughter who sold Driffield, and went to reside of Sir Robert Drury, Knt. of ug- at Lodington on his marriage with Eliham, in Suffolk, and who was buried zabeth, daughter and sole heiress of in Bacton Church in 1607), and to George Turpin, of Knaptoft, Leiceshave sold the reversion of his Bacton tershire. This William Pretyman reproperty, when he left Suffolk, to a sided at Bromefield Mansion, in or Henry Pretyman, whose grandson Hen near Deptford, io 1645, and held the rg re-sold this estate back to the elder demesne lands by lease from the Com. branch of the familyma part of which missioners of the Revenue, and was is still in the possession of the Bishop Patron of the Living of Driffield in of Lincoln, the present head of the 1665. Pretyman family; the Bishop having An old Driffield Register, begun takeo the name of Tomline a few in 1560, mentions the baptism of a years ago, in compliance with the will John Pretyman so early as 1583 ; of a of Marmaduke Tomline, Esq. who Willianı Pretyman in 1587, and of a left him a considerable estate in Lin. Jape Pretyman in 1588; and the death colnshire upon that condition. of a William Pretyman in 1602, and

It might be supposed that Driffield of an Elizabeth Pretyman in 1604 ; passed to Sir Jobo Pretyman by his and the next entry of the Pretymap marriage with Mary, one of the co- family is the baptism of “ Thomas, heiresses of Sir Humphrey Browne, son of John, 1620.” It seems not imaod relict of Thomas Wilford, Esq. probable, therefore, that William PreMary being the name of Sir T. Pre- tyman had possession of Driffield, tyman's wife buried at Driffield in either by marriage or purchase, pre1638. But various authorities (He- viously to Sir John Pretyman_esperalds' Office, Ms. Brit. Museum, Nic cially as Sir John Pretyman and Řochols's Leicestershire, &c. &c.) assert bert his sop (who must have bad prothat Sir John Pretyman married Do- perty independent of his father) purrothy Drury, before mentioned (the chased Thorndop of a Joho and a articles of this marriage are still ex Thomas Pretyman in 1614, where it isting); Marythe daughter of Sir John is supposed he or his son Robert reBourchier, of Bentley, in Yorkshire, sided for some time-perhaps till the or of Barnsley, in Gloucestershire; a death of Robert, as, in 1629, Sir John sister of Maithew Bacon of Welby, Pretyman, for himself, and as exein Norfolk; and a daughter of Franciscutor to his son Robert, sold the Greene of Welby:- No dates, however, Thorndon Estate to a Mr. Bishop.are given for these marriages, and lo a Deed dated 1636, Sic Jobn Premistakes may have arisen froin there tyman describes bimself as “the only having been other Jobo Pretymans surviving son of Williain Pretyman, living about that time.--On the other of Bacton, and the brother and heir hand, the Brownes and the Prety of William Pretyman, late of Gray's mans were certainly much connected Ind.” Sir John Pretyman's father about that period. Sir Richard Browne, (William Pretyman) died in 1593 or Baronet, and clerk of the Council, 1594. Was his elder brother William “ married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir of Gray's Ind, the former possessor of Jobo Pretyman, Knt. May 20th, 1631.” Driffield, and the same William buried Sir John Pretyman left a legacy to there in 1602? The writings belong“ his daughter Elizabeth Browne,” ing to the Driffield Estate would proby his will dated a short time before bably name the successive owners, and his death. She died in 1652, aged 42, fix the dates relative to the interval and was buried at Greenwich, leav- between the death of Sir Humphrey ing one daughter and beir, Mary, Browne and the year 1651, when it married to Jobo Evelyn, Esq.--Sir was purchased by the Hanger family, Richard Browne died in 1683, aged who now hold it or information 78. Christopher Browne, of Dept. might perhaps be obtained from the



family papers of the Brownes, or the that Metaphysical Writers bave never Pretymans ; if, contrary to the too yet been able to agree among themfrequent practice of iodiscriminate de- selves as to the precise signification struction, any such papers exist. of the various terms employed by

The communication of farther par. them in their disquisitions. In every ticulars relative to Driffield Abbey, or treatise that appears on this subject, to the families wbo have possessed it we find ourselves obliged first to study previous to 1651, through the chan. the meaning attached by the Author nel of your Miscellany, will obligo to the particular phraseology he has Yours, &c. DRIFFIELDIS. adopted, and which is often found

materially to differ from the defini. Mr. URBAN,

London Institution, tion of termos applied in other similar

October 18. Works that have preceded it, and IN

our pursuit after koowledge, which we must therefore necessarily you must be aware, explanations unlearn in order not to create confumay sometimes be required, and sion in our minds. doubts may arise, which can best be Thus, for the word idea, made use satisfied by inviting discussion. Al- of by Mr. Locke, we find Mr. Hume low these reasons as my apology for eodeavouring to substitute imprestroubling you with these remarks. sion. Dr. Reid certainly prefers con

In a note affixed to Dr. Cogan'. ception, and again, Dugald Stewart “ Ethical Treatise on the Passions,” geperally employs the term notion. I find the following passage:

Surely in common language all these “ This embarrassment would have words have got the same meaning. been avoided, had Mr. Locke uniformly which then is to be preferred, as most maintained that distinction between to expressive of the signification iowill and to desire proposed in the text,

tended : and which common phraseology fully Tbis, and several other similar idauthorizes ; or, in other words, had he stances that might be enumerated, considered will as uniformly expressive appear to me as strong impediments of a determination of the mind to act which materially arrest our progress according to some motive which neces- 'in the study of the Philosopby of the sarily includes in it the power of acting, Human Miyd. They would, however, for, as he says, we may desire to fly, but I think, be removed if some one of we cannot will to fly except we have the acknowledged abilities (and the Litera.

ry World is not wanting in such) could Continuing the same Note, I find be induced to favour the Publick with as follows:

something in the form of a Dictionary “ We desire to be relieved from some of Metaphysical Terms, which might thing which makes us unbappy, and we

serve as a standard to all future writers will to make use of the means if they be on this abstruse subject. I am in in our power."

hopes that some one of your Readers Now, I would ask, does not the will favour me with the explanations Doctor, in his last explanation of the I require, and that you will have the word will, differ from his former de goodness to pardon the intrusion of finition ? For if, as he says, to “ will

Yours, &c.

G. L. is distinguished from to desire, by in


Jan. 17. cluding in it the power to act,” how can he employ the expression “we If your Simplex Correspondent (vol. will to make use of means," while at sult a Book, in which I have no doubt the same time an obstacle if they be in our power," which he places an unlimited confidence, would prevent the fulfilling of the

“Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy," act, and thereby reduce it (according he may find there (and in other Pub to the Doctor's own definition) to delications) that the “ amiable and besire. I may have misunderstood the nevolent Bp. Goodman," over whose Doctor's meaning, but I cannot help

case he so pathetically mourns, as thinking it requires some further elu having “ feit the puritanical vencidation on this head.

geance of the canting Persecutors" of It is certainly much to be regretted his age, was a determined Papist.

Yours, &c. * Note N. p. 479.


power *.”

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