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النشر الإلكتروني

OF THE

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.

VOLUME II.-1897.

EDITED BY

CARROLL D. WRIGHT,

COMMISSIONER.

OREN W. WEAVER,

CHIEF CLERK.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1897.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

Page. .

93611

LIST OF PLANS.

441
441

443

443

Plan No.
1A. Cheetham Public Baths and Hall, Manchester, England-Elevation....
1B. Cheetham Public Baths and Hall, Manchester, England-Ground floor..
2A. Public Baths and Washhouses, St. Mary Stratford Bow, London, Eng-

land-Elevation
2B. Public Baths and Washhouses, St. Mary Stratford Bow, London, Eng-

land-Ground floor.....
3A. Model Bath House of the Berlin Society for People's Baths, Berlin (Ger-

many) Industrial Exhibition, 1896—Elevation and first floor.....
3B. Model Bath House of the Berlin Society for People's Baths, Berlin (Ger-

many) Industrial Exhibition, 1896—Cross section and longitudinal

section
3C. Model Bath House of the Berlin Society for People's Baths, Berlin (Ger-

many) Industrial Exhibition, 1896—Longitudinal section of dressing
and shower cabin and ground plan of dressing and shower cabin show-

ing fixtures..
4. Stuttgart Swimming Bath, Stuttgart, Germany-Ground floor...

463

463

463
476

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CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION IN THE BOOT AND SHOE

INDUSTRY.

BY T. A. CARROLL.

The subject of conciliation and arbitration is one that has attracted the attention of the industrial world, periodically, for many years past. Whenever there have been labor troubles of serious moment, the great need of some available method whereby the contending parties might come together and settle their differences in a peaceable manner has always come prominently to the front. During such trying times the public mind becomes agitated, sympathy and advice are gratuitous, and on all sides there is a general feeling of hopefulness that the questions at issue may be brought to a speedy and peaceful termination.

If there is one fact more than another which the history of labor troubles has brought into prominence, it is, without doubt, that both employers and employees have given altogether too little attention to the consideration of the mutuality of their interests and the urgent need of having some kind of an established method for arranging whatever details may be necessary to promote the same. In the majority of cases their minds seem to drift in this direction only after they have become involved in some serious difficulty which threatens to disrupt the business of the employer and throw the employees into a state of enforced idleness. They wait until the conditions are such that it is almost impossible for them to come together in a friendly way and discuss the merits of the case in a calm and dispassionate manner. It is then that the wisdom of resorting to conciliation and arbitration dawns upon them, and when some kindly disposed persou steps in and

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