« السابقةمتابعة »
The animosity which had been long suppressed with difficulty on both sides, now burst forth, and war was solemnly declared the two nations.
“ Methinks, like two black storms on either hand,
Our Spanish army and your Indian stand,
This only place the clouds is clear." About this time the animosity Octavian and Antony became violent, and each suspected the other, perhaps not unjustly, of attempts at assassination.
Children quickly distinguish what is required of them and what is not
Further-Farther. The positive degree of the first of these words is forth, which is compared thus :—forth ; further; furthest. The second word is compared thus : far; farther ; farthest. Further, then, means more in advance ; farther, at a greater distance. When we are further on our journey, we are farther from the starting place. In abstract language, the same distinction should be maintained. One boy may be much further (in his studies) than another. After
many trials, we may be farther than ever from success.
(Jul. 'Tis almost morning, I would have thee gone;
Rom. and Jul., ii. 2
Henry VIII., 1. 2.
WORDSWORTH. 'Lucy Gray.'
On Punishment of Death."
And by the vision splendid
Is on his way attended ;
* Intimations of Immortality.']
Exercise. It may be remarked, that all the knowledge we possess on any subject is, in reality, abused, whenever we employ it for any other purpose than to improve ourselves in virtue, or to alleviate the distresses of others.
He had strayed many miles from home than he had ever done before; the night was gathering in, and looked black and stormy, and he · began to speculate upon the not very pleasing probability of being obliged to spend the night in one of the forest trees.
The advocate, after speaking with great eloquence in his defence, alleged that the extreme youth and inexperience of his client should certainly be admitted, in this case, as powerfully extenuating circumstances.
I had not proceeded much when a troop of urchins, vociferating with all their might, burst from the door of one of the village cottages, and immediately spreading over a wide green, began, with the greatest ac tivity, to engage in a variety of sports.
" What need have we of witnesses ?"
Nevertheless-Notwithstanding. Nevertheless excludes subtraction; notwithstanding excludes opposition. “He did his duty nevertheless," signifies that circumstances did not make him do less of his duty, or did not diminish the activity with which he performed it.
" He did his duty notwithstanding,” means that opposing circumstances had not the effect of preventing him from doing his duty. Nevertheless is for “not the less,” or nathless, as Milton uses it ; notwithstanding signifies " nothing opposing." Notwithstanding is often used as a preposition: as in the phrase “notwithstanding my exertions”-nevertheless is never 80 used.
Nevertheless is more frequently used with a verb ; notwithstanding, with a noun.
P. L., X. 970.
Id., i. 299.
WORDSWORTH. "The Brothers.')
Exercise. all the opposition of the nobles, Tiberius Gracchus had sufficient influence to procure the passing of the Agrarian Law.
Though opposed by the whole body of the Roman aristocracy, Gracchus persisted in carrying out his measures to secure an improved condition to the poorer classes of Rome. “ Many of the men were gone ashore, and our ships ready to depart;
the admiral, with such ships only as could be put in readiness, set forth towards them.”
all the losses he has sustained from unfortunate speculations, and from over-confidence in the unworthy, he is still so rich, that if he chose, he could retire from business, and live in the greatest luxury on his property.
This sudden change of fortune had no apparent effect upon his mind; for though he was unexpectedly put in possession of immenso wealth, he
as attentive to his duties and as industrious in his habits as before.
Here-hither. Where-whither. There-thither. The proper distinction between where (in what place), and whither (to what place), is not always maintained ; indeed, a strong tendency exists to banish the latter word from our language altogether. These adverbs, with their cognates here—hither, and there—thither, have become so confounded as to make a distinction between them almost hopeless. It is very common to hear, “ Where are you going? Come here." These sentences strictly mean, “In what place are you going ?" “Come in this place ;" which are manifest absurdities. Here, there, and where, should be used where rest is implied. Hither, thither, and whither, after verbs of motion. Thus : Stay here. Come hither. Where do you live? Whither are you going? I saw him there; he proceeded thither. (Const.
here I and sorrow sit;
Eli. Come hither, little kinsman; hark a word.
Id., üi. 3.
Where, how lived you !
Why fled you from the court ? and whither? Cymbeline, v 5.
Hamlet, iv. 3.
Peace with you, brethren; my inducement hither
S. A., 1445.
P. L., vi. 531.
WORDSWORTH. 'A Poet's Epitaph
• To Lycoris.'
the clouds, The mist, the shadows, light of golden suns, Motions of moonlight, all come thither-touch, And have an answer--thither come, and shape A language not unwelcome to sick hearts And idle spirits :--there the sun himself, At the calm close of summer's longest day, Rests his substantial orb; between those heights And on the top of either pinnacle, More keenly than elsewhere in night's blue vault, Sparkle the stars, as of their station proud. • The Excursion,' ii.
Hence in a season of calm weather,
Though inland far we be,
Which brought us hither,
Can in a moment travel thither,
• Intimations of Immortality.')
EXERCISES ON ENGLISH SYNONYMES.
I shall go to Brighton next week. Shall you be this summer?
“ That lord advanced to Winchester, Sir John Berkley brought him two regiments more of foot.”
I visited last autumn the place I first had the pleasure of making your acquaintance.
“ Who brought me Will bring me hence; no other guide I seek.” Pompey followed Cæsar into Thessaly, the latter had already taken his position in the neighbourhood of Pharsalus, and the hostile armies met each other.
Cleopatra returned to Alexandria, she was accompanied by Antony.
Nature first begins
Phænix and Ulysses watch the prey,
The following synonymous words, to be classified and explained according to some of the principles before laid down, are offered as a further exercise for the student. Strife--discord.
To weaken-to invalidate.
To flow-to gush.