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· PHILOSOPHY

OF

RH E T O R I C.

O R I

B Y

GEORGE CAMPBELL, D. D.
PRINCIPAL OF THE "MARISCHAL COLLEGE,

A BERDEEN.

Certo fciant homines, ARTIS INVENIENDI SOLIDAS ET VERAS
ADOLESCERE ET INCREMENTA SUMERE CUM IPSIS INVENTIS.

Bac. De Augm. Scient. I, v. c. 3.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

LONDON:
Printed for W. STRAHAN; and T. CADELL, in the Strand;

and W. Creech ac Edinburgh.

MDCCLXXVI,

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P R E F A C E.

ΤΗ

HERE are several reasons which have

induced the Author of the following sheets, to give the Public fome account of their origin and progress, previously to their coming under its examination. They are a series of Essays closely connected with one another, and written on a subject, in the examination of which, he has at intervals employed himself for a considerable part of his life. Considered separately, each may justly be termed a whole, and complete in itself; taken together, they are constituent parts of one Work. The Author entered on this inquiry as early as the year 1750; and it was then that the two first Chapters of the first Book were composed. These he intended as a sort of groundwork to the whole. And the judicious Reader will perceive, that, in raising the superstructure, he has entirely conformed to the plan there delineated. That first outline he showed soon after to several of his acA 2

quaintance,

quaintance, some of whom are still living. In the year 1757, it was read to a private literary society, of which the Author had the honour to be a member. It was a difference in his fituation at that time, and his connection with the gentlemen of that society, some of whom have since honourably distinguished themselves in the republic of letters, that induced him to resume a subject, which he had so long laid aside. The thr

The three following years all the other chapters of that Book, except the third, the fixth, and the tenth, which have been but lately added (rather as illustrations and confirmations of some parts of the work, than as essential to it) were composed, and submitted to the judgment of the fame ingenious friends. All that follows on the subject of Elocution, hath also undergone the same review. Nor has there been any material alteration made on these, or any addition to them, except in a few instances of notes, examples, and verbal corrections, since they were composed.

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It is also proper to observe here, that since įranscribing the present Work for the press, a

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manuscript was put into his hands by Doctor Beattie, at the very time that, in order to be favoured with the Doctor's opinion of this Performance, the Author gave him the first Book for his perusal. Doctor Beattie's Tract is called An Elay on Laughter and Ludicrous Writing. Whilst the Author carefully perused that Efsay, it gave him a very agreeable surprise to discover, that on a question so nice and curious, there should, without any previous communication, be so remarkable a coincidence of sentiments in every thing wherein their subjects coincide. A man must have an uncommon confidence in his own faculties, (I might have said in his own infallibility) who is not sensibly more satisfied of the justness of their procedure, especially in abstract matters, when he discovers such a concurrence with the ideas and reasoning of writers of discernment. The subject of that piece is indeed Laughter in general, with an inquiry into those qualities in the object, by which it is excited. The investigation is conducted with the greatest accuracy, and the theory confirmed and illustrated by such a variety of pertinent èxamples, aš give us access to scrutinize his

doctrine

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