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Julian Pe 15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it Jerusalem. riod, 4742. is but the third hour of the day. Vulgarfra, 29.
16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet
17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, (saith God,) I will pour out of my Spirit upon all filesh : and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams :
18 And on my servants and on my hand-maidens I will pour out, in those days, of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy :
19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath ; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did, by him, in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know :
23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel
is to what he formerly was, the weak and timid disciple, who
The prophecy of Joel was not only applied by St. Peter to
Likewise from Midrasch Schochartof in Jalkut Simeoni, part i. fol. 221. 2. and fol. 265. 4. on Numb. xi. 29.
The people assembled therefore at the festival of Pentecost, who were acquainted with this prediction and its traditional interpretation, were now the spectators of its actual sulfilment, and were appealed to both by tradition, by prophecy, and miracle, to acknowledge the divinity of Christ, and the real nature of his mission. The words “ last days," in ver. 17, is shewu by Schoetgen to refer to the days of the Messiah, by two references
, die sexto, qui est millenarius Septimus, Xtivna po na, quando Messias veniet; nam dies Dei S. B. sunt mille anni (a). Genes. 49. 1. where Jacob said, “I will tell you what shall take place in the latter days”-in Dunxs vocavit ipsos, quia voluit ipsis revelare xrown YP, finem Messiæ (b).
(a) Sohar Genes. fol. 13. col. 52. (6) Ibidem, fol. 126. col. 499. ap. Schoetgen, vol. i. p. 413.
,Diebus postremis באחרית הימים ביום שתיתאי ,to the Book Zohar
Julian Pe- and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked Jerusalem. riod, 4712. hands have crucified and slain : Vdgar Æra,
24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death : because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
25 For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face ; for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved :
26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad ; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope :
27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither
28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life ;
30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
31 He seeing this before, spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
33 Therefore, being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear 13.
12 Schoetgen remarks on this passage, that in all the Rabbinical writers he has never met with the application of this passage to the Messiah. We have reason, therefore, to suppose it was applied now for the first time. The apostle at the moment of inspiration, when the remembrance of Christ's wonderful resurrection was still fresh in the memory of the people, asserts, by that strongest and most irrefragable argument, that this prophecy also related to Christ, and was by him alone fulfilled, for “ his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption." The veil(a) that had been so long a period spread over the face of Moses, was now to be gradnally withdrawn, and through the Spirit of God spiritual things were to be compared with spiritual.
The expression ñ ydwooa us, in ver. 26, in the original is rendered by inaa, my glory—this word is often used for •vb, my sool.
(a) Anditores apostoli docuerant, accedente jam testimonio Spiritus sancti, qaod huc usque, velamen Mosis habentes obtectum, nondum perspexerant.--Schoetgen, vol. i. p. 414.
13 Bishop Horsley was of opinion that the cloven tongues remained upon the apostles after they went down among the people. This he thinks is' alluded to in the expression, “ that which ye now see and hear," vor. 33. If so, another beautiful
Julian Pe 34 For David is not ascended into the heavens : but Jerusalem. riod, 4742. he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou Vulgar Æra,
on my right hand,
35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
ACTS ii. 37-42.
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be bap-
in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
40 And with many other words did he testify and ex. hort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
ACTS ii. 42. to the end. 42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
43 And fear came upon every soul : and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles.
44 And all that believed were together, and had all things common;
45 And sold their possessions " and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
analogy exists between the giving of the law to Moses, when “ the skin of his face shone, while he talked with him," (Exod. xxxiv, 29, 30.) and the communication of the law to the apostles, when the fire of heaven again rested upon man.
11 That this unbounded liberality was not commanded by St. Peter, is evident from his address to Ananias, Acts v. 4. And that it was not intended as a precedent, is equally clear from all
Julian Pe 46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the Jerusalem..
temple, and breaking bread from house to house '5, did
the epistles, in which frequent mention is made between the dis-
15 In the opinion of the learned Joseph Mede, the words here
Julian Pe 47 Praising God, and having favour with all the peo- Jerusalem. riod, 4742. ple. And the Lord added to the church daily such as VulgarÆra, 29.
should be saved.
and St. John.
ACTS ii. 1-11. Julian Pe
1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple
Cænaculum by our Saviour, was by his apostles dedicated to a
The Greek word war' olxóv, used in this passage (ver. 46.)
When we consider even to our own day how many spots tradition has transmitted to us as the scene of some eventful history, I cannot but receive the hypothesis of the excellent Medo as probable, and consistent with reason and Scripture. We know that the oak of Mamre was venerated till the days of Constantine, and can we say it is not probable that the sepulchre of the Son of God—the last room that he visited which he consecrated by his presence after the resurrection, and by the descent of the Holy Spirit, in testimony of his exaltation, sbould not be commemorated by his devout and faithful followers? Who doubts that Edgar was killed at Corse Castle, or William Rufus in the New Forest ? The particular spots where the martyrs were burnt at Canterbury, in Smithfield, and at Oxford, are still pointed out by tradition : and many instances of a similar pature might be collected from the histories of every country. Whence then arises the supposed improbability, that the early Christians would cherish the memory of the wonderful events in which they were so deeply interested (a.)
(a) See the whole Dissertation in Mede's Works, p. 321, &c.