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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE FIRST VOLUME.

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Coin of Aphrodisias in Caria - .157
Coin of Apollonia in lllyria - - 160
Coin of Aptera - 163
Coin of Aquinum ... 172
Coin of Aradus .... 186
Coins of Arcadia - - 193
Ruins of a Pyramid in the Argeia - - 202
Plan of Argoe - - . .205
Site of the Heraeum ... 206
CoinofArgos - - - - 207
Map of the coast of Ampbiloehia - - 208
Coin of Argos Amphilochicum - - 208
CoinofArpi - - - - 221
Gate of Arpinum ... 222
Coin of Aspendus ... 242
Coin of Assorus .... 243
Coin of Ass us .... 244
Environs of Athens ... 256
The Acropolis restored ... 265
Ground plan of the Acropolis and the imme-
diate neighbourhood ... 267
Ground plan of the Prupylaea - . 268
The Propylaea restored ... 269
Temple of Nike Apteros ... 270
The Parthenon restored - - - 271
Ground plan of the Parthenon • - 273
The Erechtheium restored, viewed from the

NW. angle - - - - 277
Ground plan of the Erechtheium - - 278
The salt well of the Erechtheium - - 280
Plan of the Pnyx - . .282
The Bema of the Pnyx - - - 283
Monument of Philopappus - - 284
Monument of Thrasyllus ... 285
Theatre of Dionysus, from coin - 285
Theatre of Dionysus, from a vase - - 285
Coin showing the Cave of Fan, the Parthe-
non, and Athena Promachus - - 286
Ground plan of the Theseium - - 288
The Theseium - - - - 289
Ruins of the Olympieium - - 290
The Horologium of Andronicns Cyrrhestes - 291
Choragic monument of Lysicratea - 291
Street of the Tripods, from a bas-relief - 292
Arch of Hadrian ... 293
Portico of Athena Archegetis - - 295
Ionic temple of the Ilissus - - 298

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Coin of Helmantica - - - 1039

Kip showing the position of Caesar's mums

on the Rhone .... 1042

Coin of Heracleia in Macedonia - - 1046

Coin of Heracleia in Lueauia - • 1048

Coin of Heracleia in Bithynia - - 1050

Cob of Heraea .... 1051

Coin of Hierapolis in Phrygia • - 1064

Coin of Hierapolis in Cilicia - - 1064

Coin of Hierapytna .
Coin of Himera -
Coin of Hipponium
Coin ascribed to Hispania
Coin of Hrbla Major
Coin of HyrcanU in Lydia
Coin of Hyria in Campania
Coin of Hyrtacina

GREEK

A DICTIONARY

or

AND ROMAN GEOGRAPHY

ABACAENUM.

ABACAENUM ('AtYtmunr, Diod., Steyh Byz.: Asaxaira, Ptol.: EiK 'KftoKauviyos: nr. 7Wpt,Ru.), i city of Sicily, situated about 4 miles from the N. coast, between Tyndaris and Mylae, and 8 from the former city. It was a city of the Siculi, and does not appear to have ever received a Greek colony, though it partook largely of the influence of Greek art and civilisation. Its territory originally included that of Tyndaris, which was separated from it by the elder Dionysius when he founded that city in a. c. 396 (Diod. xiv. 78). From the way in which it U mentioned in the wars of Dionysius, Agathocles, sod llieron (Diod. sir. 90, xis. 65, 110, xxii. Exc. Hoeschel. p. 499), it is clear that it was a place of power and importance : but from the time of Hieron it disappears from history, and no mention is found of it in the Verrine orations of Cicero. Its name is, however, found in Ptolemy (iii. 4. § 12), so that it appears to have still continued to exist in his day. Its decline was probably owing to the increasing prosperity of the neighbouring city of Tyndaris.

There can be little doubt that the ruins visible in the time of Fazello, at the foot of the hill on which the modem town of Tripi is situated, were those of Abacaenum. He speaks of fragments of masonry, pntitrate columns, and the vestiges of walls, indicating the site of a large city, but which had been destroyed to its foundations. The locality does not teem to have been examined by any more recent traveller. (Fazellus, de Reb. Sic ix. 7; Oliver. SkU Ant. p. 386.)

There are found coins of Abacaenum, both in silver and copper. The boar and acorn, which are the common type of the former, evidently refer to the great forests of oak which still cover the neighbouring mountains, and afford pasture to large herds «f swine. [E.H.B.]

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ABALUS.

temple and oracle of Apollo, who hence derived the surname of Abacus. So celebrated was this oracle, that it was consulted both by Croesus and by Mardoniua. Before the Persian invasion the temple was richly adorned with treasuries and votive offerings. It was twice destroyed by Are; the first time by the Persians in their march through Phocis (b. C 480), and a second time by the Boeotians in the Sacred or Phocian war (b. C. 346). Hadrian caused a smaller temple to be built near the ruins of the former one. In the new temple there were three ancient statues in brass of Apollo, Leto, and Artemis, which had been dedicated by the Abaci, and had perhaps been saved from the former temple. The ancient agora and the ancient theatre still existed in the town in the time of Pausanias. According to the statement of Aristotle, as preserved by Strabo, Thracians from the Phocian town of Abac emigrated to Euboea, and gave to the inhabitants the name of Abantes. The ruins of Abae are on a peaked hill to the W. of Exarkho. Then are now no remains on the summit of the peak; bnt the walls and some of the gates may still be traced on the SW. side. There are also remains of the walls, which formed the inclosura of the temple. (Paus. x. 35; Herod, i. 46, viii. 134, 33; Diod. xvi. 530; Strab. pp. 423, 445; Steph. Byz. ». r.j Gell, Itinerary, p. 226; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 163, seq.)

ABA'LLABA, a Roman castle in Britannia Inferior, whose site is unknown. It is mentioned in the Notitia Imperii as the quarters of a troop of Numidian horse (Mauri Aureliani) in the 3rd century A. D. Antiquaries refer it to Appleby on the Eden, and its name, containing the Celtic word Avon, water, indicates its position near a stream. Watchcross in Cumberland also claims to be the ancient Aballaba. It was certainly, however, one of the forts upon the rampart erected by Hadrian in A. D. 120, between the rivers Esk and Tyne, to protect the province of Britain from the incursions of the Caledonians. [W. B. D.]

ABALUS, was said by Pytheas to be an island in the northern ocean, upon which amber was washed by the waves, distant a day's sail from the aestuary called Mentonomon, on which the Gothones dwelt. This inland was called Basilia by Timaeus,

j and Baltia by Xenophon of Lampsacus. It was probably a portion of the Prussian coast upon the

I Baltic. (Plin. xxxvii. 7. a. 11; Diod. v. 23;

1 Ukert, Gengraphit, vol. ii pt. ii. p. 33, Beq.)

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