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pulated for the absolute concealment of his name, and only identified himself in the letter as the individual who between 1780 and 1790 had inclosed to the then treasurer in Lombard-street, five exchequer bills, and about 1810 had sent an India bond directed to the Secretary of the African Institution.
Mr. Hawes was habitually an early riser, usually quitting his bed, in winter as well as summer, at four o'clock, or earlier. One of his great delights was to observe the rising sun. He considered exercise in the open air to be essentially conducive to health; and, by a prudent arrangement of his time, even when engaged in an extensive business, he generally contrived to walk on an average about twenty miles a day; and this practice he continued at Worthing till the afternoon which terminated his mortal existence.
Though he sedulously avoided company, he well knew what was going on in the busy world. His dress was always neat, but so plain that it might be mistaken for that of a Quaker; and in fact, though not one of the society of Friends, he occasionally attended their meetings. His religious faith was that of a protestant dissenter. Having diligently made the holy scriptures his habitual study, he was from principle and conviction a firm believer in the great and important doctrines inculcated by the inspired writers.
It is needless to say, that this model of true christian charity acted under the impulse of the strongest religious feeling; but it was a feeling so destitute of all prejudice, that he embraced in the large circle of his beneficence his fellow-creatures of every religious persuasion, as well as of every species of affliction; and the records of testamentary bounty afford few parallels to the following list of benefactions, which are to be made to various societies after the death of a near and dear relation, a daughter of his eldest brother, who had constantly contributed to his health and comfort.
City of London Truss Society 1000 | Quakers' Ditto
Mr. Hawes had no children; but he had numerous relations, among whom he distributed the bulk of his ample property, with strict attention to their just claims on his notice; nor is there one of them who has not reason to remember him with gratitude.
PROCEEDINGS OF SCHOOL SOCIETIES.
Or the NATIONAL SOCIETY, no later information has been laid before the public, than that contained in the Tenth Annual Report of their Proceedings, published in July last, in which are gratifying accounts of the progress of education. The central school in Baldwin's Gardens continues to prosper, and the number of scholars has increased. The total number educating in this school is 721, and in the course of the year, 229 boys and 64 girls have left it completely instructed.
The Society has been enabled to assist 164 schools in different parts of the kingdom, by sending temporary or permanent masters and instructors, or by the instruction of persons sent from the country to obtain a knowledge of the system; and many boys educated in the school are now qualified to fill such situations. A master has also been provided to conduct the National School at Calcutta; and there have been admitted into the central school, one destined for Van Diemen's Land, two native Negroes for Sierra Leone, and several missionaries intended for foreign stations.
The foreign intelligence is equally satisfactory and interesting.
In the presidency of Bombay, three schools have been established for the education of European children. One at Bombay, containing 172 scholars; one at Surat, and one at Tarmah, containing sixty children. In addition to these, four schools have been established for natives, in which there were, by the last accounts, 230 scholars. A special meeting was held in August preceding, at which the Hon. M. Elphinstone, the governor of Bombay, presided, for the express purpose of considering the most effectual means of giving extension to the native schools; and it was resolved, that a separate branch of the society should be there formed, to take this object under its special superintendence. It seemed likely that the prejudices of the natives would be overcome, and translations were commenced for the purpose of providing a sufficient supply of elementary works in the native language.
At New Brunswick, in North America, the Society for the support of the National Schools had, under the patronage of the lieutenantgovernor, General Smith, been incorporated and endowed. In addition to the central school at St. John's, seven others have been formed in different parts of the island, including in the whole 700 children. The increased attendance at the central school has rendered an additional building necessary.
At Sierra Leone, eleven National Schools have been established, containing nearly 2000 scholars.
Two schools also have been formed in the Island of Barbadoes, under the active and liberal patronage of Lord Combermere; one for Whites, and one for Negroes, each containing about 150 scholars.
The success of the Society's labours is highly gratifying, and must have widely operated to encourage the schools in connexion with the Society; upwards of 2000l. in the year having been thus expended
THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.-The principal object of the Society has uniformly been to support their central schools in the Borough Road, in the most excellent condition, as the means of diffusing a knowledge of their system of education, not only in England, but throughout the world. The two schools are calculated to contain 800 pupils, and are always full. Twenty thousand six hundred and eighty-nine children have been educated at this Establishment.
Since the last anniversary of the Society, thirty-four persons have received the instruction necessary to qualify them for the superintendence of schools; and several individuals about to depart for missionary stations, have been made acquainted with the system.-Female teachers have been supplied to five new schools in the neighbourhood of London; and mistresses sent to Coleraine in Ireland, Rochester, Worcester, Nettlecomb, Boston, Sunderland, and Woolwich, besides various others who have been trained at the request of different committees. A mistress has also been qualified and sent to St. Petersburgh; and the wives of several missionaries, destined to distant countries, have acquired a knowledge of the system.
The increase of schools in the metropolis has been considerable. Under the auspices of the City auxiliary, two have been built for 300 boys and 250 girls; and in Southwark, two schools, instituted by the Benevolent Society of St. Patrick, have been supplied with a master and mistress from the central schools. The Bloomsbury auxiliary has within its precincts a school for 300 girls: another also is in contemplation for 400 boys. The Jews' school having been for some time past crowded, two new schools for children of this persuasion are erected in Bell Lane, Spitalfields, for 600 boys and 300 girls. From all parts of the country, the most satisfactory information has been received of the increase of schools; and the plan of voluntary local associations for the direction of them, has almost universally prevented the decline of zeal in the superintendence of those already established.
In Scotland, the system is making additional progress. The School at Edinburgh has been supplied with a well-qualified teacher; while in the other large cities where the system has been introduced, the most beneficial effects have followed. The Highland Society is about establishing a model school at Inverness; and Mr. Cameron, the intended master, has acquired, by the assistance of the Society, a perfect knowledge of the system.
The Hibernian Society is increasing in success, and the Baptist Irish Society have increased their schools to the number of ninety, educating 8000 children. These are taught in the Irish language; and as no book is allowed to be read in these schools but the Bible, and no Catechism taught, the Catholics feel no reluctance in sending their children, and even some of the priests have zealously promoted the Society's plans.
The intelligence from the British Colonies, and Foreign States, is equally interesting.
In Upper and Lower Canada, the schools established still flourish, but means are wanting for extending the system according to the wants of the country.
At Halifax, in Nova Scotia, a new and spacious school-room has been opened; and from the indefatigable zeal of Mr. Bromley, who has already surmounted numerous difficulties, much may be expected.
In the vast and important possessions of this country in India, the exertions of the Society have been but one year in operation; yet the progress is very encouraging. At Calcutta, there are in existence 188 "indigenous schools;" and of these, three-fourths, containing 3000 boys, have accepted the benefits offered to them by the Society: in May, four Bengalee schools, and one Hindostanee school, had been established. The Ladies' Committee of the Parent Society in London have raised the sum of 5217. 9s. for the purpose of preparing and sending out a suitable person as mistress to a central school to be instituted at Calcutta, and to assist in defraying the expense attending its formation.
The British system has also been introduced into the island of Malta and the Ionian Islands. In the former, two schools for 350 children have been established, under the direction of the School Society of La Valette; and in the latter of our possessions, the British Government has greatly assisted the friends to education by sanctioning their exertions.
In France, the zeal and activity of the friends of education continue. The schools have increased 200 in number during the last year, and 129,000 children are now under instruction.
In the Netherlands, the effects of the introduction of the British system of education have surpassed all expectation. The central school at Brussels has fully rewarded the efforts required for its establishment; and it is acknowledged by Baron de Falch, the minister for Public Instruction, that the diffusion of education is visibly followed by an improvement in the habits and moral principles of the rising generation.
In Tuscany, there are now twenty-six schools on the Society's system, and several others are about to be established.
In Spain, a plan for erecting a large normal school for girls has been favourably received by the Cortes. By order of the government, a master is preparing for the Havannah, and a grand central military school for the whole army has been established.
In Russia, several new schools have been opened; and the school at Homel (the estate of Count Romanzoff), under the care of Mr. Heard, has been removed into the magnificent building erected by the count for that purpose. This school has produced, in various parts of Russia, and particularly in Poland, a great desire of forming similar establishments. At Wilna, the members of the university have opened more than one school on this system.
In Sweden, the efforts of Mr. Gerelius have been very successful, and have been supported by the patronage of the archbishop of Stockholm, the municipal authorities, and several other distinguished cha
VOL. I. NO. I.
racters. Two new schools were opened in November, and a school society has since been formed.
In the United States, and the West Indies, the system is gaining ground; and in South America there is every probability of the introduction of the system, on a permanent and extended scale.
In the Appendix to the Report there are many most interesting particulars, which, if our limits allowed, we should have much pleasure in inserting. There is one fact concerning this institution, which we cannot refrain from noticing, being persuaded that it cannot be generally known. The Parent Society receives at present such slender and insufficient support from the public, that the expenses greatly exceed their income, and they are at present between four and five thousand pounds in debt. Their expenditure, uniformly conducted on the most economical footing, last year exceeded 2400/., while the amount of the annual subscriptions (the only permanent and certain source of revenue) is under 1000Z.!
The Sunday School Union was established in 1803, and consists of the members of the London auxiliaries, with a committee consisting of thirty-six members. The objects of this union are thus stated by the society :
"First-to stimulate and encourage those who are engaged as Sunday school teachers, to greater exertions in the education and religious instruction of the ignorant: Secondly, by mutual communications to improve the methods of tuition: Thirdly, to enlarge existing schools; ascertain those situations in London and its vicinity, where Sunday schools are most wanted, and endeavour to establish them: Fourthly, to supply books and stationery suited for Sunday schools, at reduced prices: Fifthly, to correspond with ministers and other persons in the United Kingdom and abroad, relative to Sunday schools; and to afford such assistance in the formation of them as the funds will permit."
The metropolis and adjacent villages are arranged under four auxiliary societies; and during the last year it appears that in each there is a progressive increase of schools and scholars. Twenty-four new schools have been opened during the year, principally in the villages round London, and several school-rooms have been erected.
The schools already established continue very generally in a prosperous state. The total numbers reported as now existing within the districts of these auxiliaries are 324 schools, 4438 teachers, 48,862 scholars. The county intelligence as to the present state of the existing schools, and the formation of new schools, is highly gratifying. Two additional unions have been formed during the year, each containing several schools: and the Report contains many interesting details of the general and particular benefit derived by the children, their parents, and the respective neighbourhoods, from the establishment of these. excellent institutions.
Six district unions have been established in Carnarvonshire: these contain 110 schools, at which about 12,000 persons of all ages attend.