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diately after landing. Seamen are proverbially improvident, not so much perhaps from a love of waste, as from a total ignorance how to dispose of their money. Having no one to direct them, the wages which they have earned amidst storms and tempests, they scatter on shore without reflection. Of this useful class of men, a few have found their way to the savings bank. One seaman, belonging to one of the regular traders to Liverpool, brought home with him 360 dollars: his captain directed him to the bank for savings, where he deposited his treasure; and appeared heartily pleased, that, under the guidance of his commander, he had at last found a harbour of safety. It is truly gratifying to observe the attention which has been paid by parents and guardians to the future comfort and security of minors. The deposits for this class are very numerous.
RECORD OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.
Report from the National Vaccine Establishment.
TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE ROBERT PEEL,
Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department.
National Vaccine Establishment, Percy-street, Jan. 31. SIR, Vaccination has now been submitted to the test of another year's experience, and the result is an increase of our confidence in the benefits of it. We are happy to say that it appears to have been practised more extensively than it was, notwithstanding the influence of exaggerated rumours of the frequent occurrence of smallpox subsequently, on the minds of some persons, and the obstinate prejudices of others, who still continue to adopt inoculation for that disease. The unavoidable consequence of the latter practice is to supply a constant source of infection, and to put the merits of vaccination perpetually to the severest trial.
Of small-pox, in the modified and peculiar form which it assumes when it attacks a patient who has been previously vaccinated, many cases indeed have been reported to us in the course of last year, and some have fallen within the sphere of our own observation; but the disorder has always run a safe course, being uniformly exempt from the secondary fever, in which the patient dies most commonly, when he dies of small-pox.
For the truth of this assertion, we appeal to the testimony of the whole medical world; and for a proof that the number of such cases bears no proportion to the thousands who have profited to the fullest extent of security, by its protecting influence, we appeal confidently to all who frequent the theatres and crowded assemblies, to admit that they do not discover in the rising generation any longer that disfigurement of the human face which was obvious every where some years since.
To account for occasional failures, of which we readily admit the existence, something is to be attributed to those anomalies which prevail throughout nature, and which the physician observes, not in some peculiar constitutions only, but in the same constitution at different periods of life, rendering the human frame at one time susceptible of disorder from a mere change of the wind, and capable, at another, of resisting the most malignant and subtile contagion. But amongst the most frequent sources of failure which have occurred, and will for a time continue to occur, is to be numbered that careless facility with which unskilful benevolence undertook to perform vaccination in the early years of the discovery; for experience has taught us, that a strict inquiry into the condition of the patient to be vaccinated, great attention to the state of the matter to be inserted, and a vigilant observation of the pro
gress of the vesicles on the part of the operator, are all essentially necessary to its complete success.
That less enlightened parents should hesitate to accept a substitute for inoculation, which is not perfect in all its pretensions, and absolutely and altogether effectual to exempt the objects of their solicitude from every future possible inconvenience does not surprise us: but we cannot forbear to express our unqualified reprobation ofthe conduct of those medical practitioners, who, knowing well that vaccination scarcely occasions the slightest indisposition, that it spreads no contagion, that in a very large proportion of cases it affords an entire security against small-pox, and in almost every instance is a protection against danger from that disease, are yet hardy enough to persevere in recommending the insertion of a poison, of which they cannot pretend to anticipate either the measure or the issue, (for no discernment is able to distinguish those constitutions which will admit inoculated small-pox with safety,) and there are some families so dangerously affected by all the eruptive diseases, that they fall into imminent hazard in taking any of them. This remark has a particular application to small-pox. A family lost its two first-born children of the small-pox, inoculated by two of the most skilful surgeons of the time: nor is it improbable that the parents might have had to lament the loss of more children, under the same formidable disease, if the promulgation of the protecting influence of vaccination had not happily interposed to rescue them from the consequences of a repetition of the fatal experiment. Of their remaining children, one took the small-pox after vaccination, and went through it in that mild and mitigated form which stamps a value upon this resource, as real in the eye of reason and sound philosophy, as when it prevents the malady altogether.
We have contended, Sir, for these its merits, with all the powers of our understanding, and with all that just and fair pretension to convince others, to which we are entitled by being firmly and sincerely convinced ourselves. Nor shall we relax in our efforts to promote its adoption, but continue to exert the influence which the benevolent designs of Parliament, in establishing this Board, have given us for extending the benefits of this salutary practice.
That the blessing is not yet absolutely perfect, we are ready to admit; but when we compare it with inoculation for the small-pox, the only alternative, we have no hesitation in stating, that the comparison affords an irresistible proof of its superior claims to regard; for we learn from ample experience, that the number of cases of small-pox, in the safe form which it is found to assume after vaccination, is by no means equal to the number of deaths by inoculation; an evidence quite irrefragable, and, as it appears to us, decisive as to the incalculable advantages of the practice of the first over that of the latter method.
The number of persons who have died of small-pox this year within the bills of mortality is only 508; not more than two-thirds of the number who fell a sacrifice to that disease the year before: and as in our last Report we had the satisfaction of stating that more persons had been vaccinated during the preceding than in any former twelve months, we flatter ourselves that this diminution of the number of deaths from small-pox may fairly be attributed to the wider diffusion of vaccination. (Signed) HENRY HALFORD, President. ALGN. FRAMPTON,
Censors of the Royal Col
lege of Physicians.
EVERARD HOME, Master of the Royal College of Surgeons.
WILLIAM BLIZARD, Governors of the Royal College of Surgeons.
By Order of the Board,
JAMES HERVEY, M.D., Registrar.
The following Statement of the Population of the several Counties of Great Britain, in the Years 1801, 1811, and 1821, has been laid before Parliament.
29,506 30,924 33,911 47,978 51,931 59,899 56,280 60,615 74,009 19,050 20,900 23,073
541,546 611,788 717,108
Being an increase in the two last returns of 18 per cent. on England; of 17 on Scotland,
and 15% on Wales.
CRIMES AND OFFENCES.
NUMBER OF PERSONS COMMITTED, CONVICTED, SENTENCED, ACQUITTED, &c. IN ENGLAND AND
In the Years
Number of Number of Number of Number of Number of
1820. Number of
1821. Total NumNumber of ber in the 7
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