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This is their nature, this their tendency : “ Whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report,” they are ali engenerated in the soul, by and in the observance of these laws of Christ's rule. They free the soul from the power of lust, the service of sin, fear of death, hell and the world; they guide it in the truth, make it fruitful amongst mankind, and amiable unto God bimself,
5. Their end manifests them to be righteous. The worth and equity of laws is taken off, when low and unworthy ends are proposed to induce mien to observe them. But these of the Lord Christ direct unto the highest end, propose and promise the most glorious rewards. So that whatsoever may be done or suffered in an adherence unto them, bears no proportion to that exceeding rich and eternal reward which they are attended withal, which renders them highly righteous and glorious. And many other considerations of the like nature may be added. And hence a three-fold corollary may be taken :
1. That our submission to this sceptre of the Lord Christ, our obedience to the laws of his kingdom, and the administra. tion thereof, is very righteous, equal and reasonable. What can be farther desired to render it so, or to provoke us unto it?
2. That the condemnation of those that refuse the reign of Christ over them, that will not yield obedience unto his laws, is most just and righteous. On these accounts will their mouths be stopped for ever, when he comes to deal with them who know not God, and obey not the gospel.
3. It is our wisdom to content ourselves with the laws of Christ, in things that belong unto his kingdom. They alone, as we have seen, have those properties which make our obedience useful or profitable. Whatever else we do, in reference unto the same end with them, is needless and fruitless drudging
V. The righteous administrations of the Lord Christ in his government, proceed all from his own habitual righteousness and love thereunto.-See this declared by the prophet, Isa. xi.
VI. God is a God in especial covenant with the Lord Christ, as he is the Mediator, God thy God. Of this covenant I have treated largely elsewhere ; and therefore shall not here insist
'VII. The collation of the Spirit on the Lord Christ, and his glorious exaltation, are the peculiar works of God the Father, « God, thy God, hath anointed thee."-It was God the Father who designed and appointed him unto his work, who actually sent him, and set him forth in the fulness of time; and there. fore on him was it incumbent both to furnish him unto his work, and to crown him upon its performance. And herein these several acts, partly eternal, partly temporal, are considerable. 1. The engagement of the eternal will, wisdom and counsel of the Father with the Son about his work, Prov. vii. 22, 23. 30, 31. Isa. xl. 10–12. 2. His fore-ordination of his coming, by an eternal free act of his will, ! Peter i. 20. Acts ii. 23. 3. His covenant with him to abide by him in the whole course of his work, Isa. xlix. 6–9. ch. 1. 7–9. 4. His promise of him from the foundation of the world, often reiterated and repeated, Gen. iii. 15. 5. His actual mission and sending of him in liis incarnation, Zech. iii. 8-10. 6. The exerting of his almighty power unto that purpose and effect, Luke i. 35. 7. His giving of him command and commission for his work, John x. 15. xx. 21. 8. Furnishing him with all the gifts and graces of his Spirit, to sit him and enable him to his work, Isa. xi. 2, 3. Ixi. 1, 2. Matt. iii. 16, 17. John i. 32, 33. Col. i. 19. 9. Abiding by him in care, love, power and providence, during the whole course of his obedience and ministry, Isa. xlix. 2. 8. 10. Speaking in him, working by him, and in both bearing witness unto him, Heb. i. 1. John v. 19-22. 11. Giving him up unto death, Rom. vii. 32. Acts ii. 23. 12. Raising him from the dead, 1 Pet. i. 21. Acts ii. 24. 13. Giving all power, authority and judgment unto him, John v. 22. Matt. xxviii. 18. 14. Exalting of him by his assumption into heaven, and glorious session at his right hand, Acts ii. 32, 33. Phil. ii. 9, 10. 15. Giving him to be the Ilead over all unto the church, and subjecting all things under his feet, Eph. i. 20—22. 16. In all things crowning him with eternal glory and honour, John xvii. 5. Heb. ii. 9. All these, and sundry other particulars of the like nature, are assigned unto the Father, as part of his work, in reference unto the mediation of the Son. And amongst them his exaltation and unction with the oil of gladness, hath an eminent place. And this are we taught, that in this whole work we might see the authority, counsel, and love of the Father, that “ so our faith and hope through Jesus Christ might be in Goil, who raised him up from the dead, and gave lum glory," } Peier i. 21.
VIII. The Lord Jesus Christ is singular in this unction. This is that which the apostle proves in sundry instances, and by comparing him with others, who in the most eminent manner were partakers of it. And this we are in the consideration of, as the particulars of it do occur. Neither shall I at present farther insist on the ensuing observations, because I will not longer detain the reader from the context, namely, that
IX. All that serve God in the work of building the church,
according to his appointment, are anointed by his Spirit, and shall be rewarded by his power, Dan. xii. 3.
X. The disciples of Christ, especially those who serve him in his church faithfully, are his companions in all his grace and glory.
Ver. 10, 11, 12.-In the following verses, the apostle by another illustrious testimony taken out of Psal. cii. confirms his principal assertion in the words ensuing. Ver. 10. Kur' Ev xat aegyes, Kugle, thy gray sleuediwras, xao spre
των χειρων σου εισιν οι ουρανοι. Ver. 11. Autot ATOMOUNTED, ou de drausvaig: xab TAVTES Ms inctiv, **
λαιωθησονται. Ver. 12. Kao sou tep.Coranov režiis autoVS, Xabad daynooytai ou do
και αυτος ει, και τα ετη σου ουκ εκλειψoυσι. In the last verse for initsis one copy hath aaražsis, to answer unto sanay noortes. And M. S. T. irogers auts as illation.
The words are the same in the Greek Bibles as in this place of the apostle, nor is there any footstep of any other old translation of them in the Psalm. The Syriac differs little, ras it renders zini, and again,' to shew that xao is no part of the testimony cited, but serves only to the introduction of another, ver. 11. For autou a HONOUITAI, they shall perish,' 793 y 71277, • they shall pass away,' alluding to that of 2 Pet. iii. 10. •. ovqaror booking on sa Easurortab, the heavens shall pass away with a noise;' ou de doceloveis, but thou abidest, thou continuest,' next nx Dip, et lu stans es, et tu stas, el tu stabilis es, and thou standest, thou art stading;' answering the Hebrew, 773yn in the Psalm. 'Enožsis autous, thou shalt roll them up. buyn 7128, which words interpreters render variously, though to the same purpose: involves, Boderianus, 'roll them,' complicabis, Tremelius, ' fold them,' duplicabis, D'Dieu, double them up.' And it is manifest, that the translator reads inigus, and not ad dagens; and I doubt not but the same word was inserted into the translation of the Psalm from this place of the apostle, ou di ó autos si, 'thou art the same, or thou art, I am.' 7* NINT nX 701187; Boderianus, Et tu sicut eristens es, and thou art as thou existest. Tremel. T'u autem sicut es, eris, but thou shalt be as thou art.' Properly, and thou, as thou art, art;' that is, art the same.'
The translation of the apostle in all things material, answereth the original in the Psalm, ver. 26, 27. ou Kuers, thou, O Lord,' is supplied out of the verse foregoing, I said, O my God.' 70 y 787 Dup, of old,' before it was, that is, xut' uexus, or D'wxna, in the beginning.' And our translation needed not to have used any difference of expression in the Psalm and in this place of the apostle, as they do; there, of old,' here, in the beginning.' "Thou hast founded', not laid the foundation of the earth. And the heavens are the works' Owin, “the work,' which the Greek renders • works,' because of their variety, of thy hands.'
• They shall perish,' oyn jinxi, but thou shalt stand,' or dost abide. The word used in our translation of the Psalm, • endure,' doth ill answer the original, but the margin gives relief. Psal. • Yea all of them shall wax old like a garment;' here, and they shall all wax old as doth a garment.' A little variety without difference, and that needless, the Greek text exactly expressing the Hebrew. "And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up,' do'kin, shalt thou change them. The change of a vesture, whereunto the change of the heavens is compared, being by folding up, and laying aside, at least from former use; the apostle, instead of arrateus, thou shalt change,' renders the word by ineguns, thou shalt fold,' or roll them up : 4977 ODX1, et tu ipse, and thou art he ;' mat ou ó autos, • and thy years shall have no end ;' shall not fail, 22n4x, shall not consume.'
There is no question but that these words do sufficiently prove the pre-eminence of him of whom they are spoken, incomparably above all creatures whatever. Two things therefore are questioned by the enemies of the truth, contained in them. 1. Whether they were originally spoken at all of Christ, which the present Jews deny. 2. Whether they are spoken all of Christ, which is questioned by the Socinians. These inquiries being first satisfied, the words shall be opened, and the force of the apostle's argument from thence declared.
1. That what is spoken in this Psalm doth properly respect the Messiah, is denied by the present Jews. That it was owned by the ancient Hebrews is sufficiently evident from hence, that the apostle dealing with them on their own principles, urgeth them with the testimony of it. The Psalm also itself gives us light enough unto the same instruction. It is partly euctical, partly prophetical; both parts suited unto the condition of the church when the temple was wasted, and Sion lay in the dust during the Babylonish captivity. In the prophetical part there are three things signal.
1. The redemption of the people, with the re-edification of the temple, as a type of that spiritual temple and worship which was afterwards to be erected. As ver. 13. “ Thou shalt arise and have mercy upon Sion, for the time to favour her, yea the set time is come.” And ver. 16. “ When the Lord shall build Sion, he shall appear in his glory." · 2. The calling of the Gentiles to the church and worship of God, ver. 15. “ The heathen shall fear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth thy glory." Ver. 21, 22. “ To declare the name of the Lord in Sion, and his praise in Jerusalem, when the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms to serve the Lord.”
3. Hereby the creation of a new people, a new world, is
tion to come, (the world to come,) and the people that shall be created (the new creation of Jews and Gentiles) shall praise the Lord." These are the heads of the prophetical part of the Psalm ; and they all respect things which are every where pecu. liarly assigned unto the Son who was to be incarnate; or, which is all one, they respect the days of the Messiah.
1. The redemption and deliverance of the church out of trouble is his proper work. Wherever it is mentioned, it is he who is intended, Psal. Ixxxix. 18. so signally, Zech. ii. 8—13. and other places innumerable.
2. The bringing in of the Gentiles is acknowledged by all the Jews to respect the time of the Messiah, it being he who was to be " a light unto the Gentiles, and the salvation of God unto the ends of the earth.”
3. Also the generation to come, and people to be created, the Jews themselves interpret of the xan 0510, ‘world to come,' or the new state of the church under the Messiah. These two last put together, the gathering of the people, and the world to come, created for the praise of God, makes it evident, that it is the Son whom the Psalmist hath respect unto.
Grotius in this place affirms, that the apostle accommodates unto the Messiah what was spoken of God. And he thinks it a sufficient argument to prove, the words were not spoken of the Messiah, because they were spoken of God: whereas they are produced by the apostle to prove his excellency from the properties and works of his divine nature. And he adds, as the sense of the words, as accommodated unto Christ, “ Thou hast laid the foundation of the earth," that is, “ the world was made for thy sake.” But this interpretation, or violent detortion of the words, destrovs itself. For if they are spoken of God absolutely, and not of the Messiah to whom they are accommodated, how can it be said that the world was made for his sake, and not by him ? both senses of the words cannot be true. But this is indeed plainly to deny the authority of the apostle
It appeareth then, that many things in this Psalm are spoken directly and immediately of the Son, though it be probable also that sundry things in it are affirmed distinctly of the person of the Father. And hence it may be, are those frequent variations of speech from the second to the third person, that occur in this Psalm.
2. As to the second inquiry, the Socinians, who grant the