« السابقةمتابعة »
Though later born than to have known the days
Wherein your father flourish’d, yet by you,
Madam, methinks I see him living yet ;
That all both judge you to relate them true,
XI. ON THE DETRACTION WHICH FOLLOWED UPON MY
WRITING CERTAIN TREATISES.
A BOOK was writ of late call’d Tetrachordon,
And woven close, both matter, form, and stile ;
Numbering good intellects ; now seldom por’d on.
A title page is this ! and some in file
End Green. Why is it harder, Sirs, than Gordon,
sleek, That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp. Thy age, like ours, 0 Soul of Sir John Cheek,
Hated not learning worse than toad or asp,
1 Tetrachordon:' this was one of Milton's books, published in consequence of his divorce from his first wife. Tetrachordon signifies Expositions on the four chief places in Scripture which mention marriage, or nullities in marriage. - Milton is here collecting, from his hatred to the Scots, what he thinks Scottish names of an ill sound. Colkitto and Macdonnel are one and the same person ; a brave officer on the royal side, an Irishman of the Antrim family, who served under Montrose. The Macdonalds of that family are styled, by way of distinction, Mac Colleittok, i. e., descendants of lame Colin. Galasp, or George Gillespie, was a Scottish writer against the Independents, and one of the members of the Assembly of Divines, and a right noble spirit. 2.Sir John Cheek:' the first professor of the Greek tongue in the University of Cambridge, and afterwards made one of the tutors to Edward VI.
XII. ON THE SAME.
I did but prompt the age to quit their clogs
By the known rules of ancient liberty,
Of owls and cuckoos, asses, apes, and dogs :
Raild at Latona's2 twin-born progeny,
But this is got by casting pearl to hogs ;
And still revolt when truth would set them free.
Licence they mean when they cry Liberty ;
But from that mark how far they rove we see,
XIII. TO MR H. LAWES,» ON THE PUBLISHING HIS
HARRY, whose tuneful and well-measured song
First taught our English musick how to span
With Midas ears, committing 4 short and long;
With praise enough for Envy to look wan ;
That with smooth air could'st humour best our tongue.
To honour thee the priest of Phæbus' quire,
1 Hinds : ' see Ovid, Met. lib. vi.—2 «Latona's :' Apollo and Diana.— 3 • Lawes : ' see · Comus.'—* Committing: 'offending against rule and quantity.
Dante shall give Fame leave to set thee higher
Than his Casella, whom he woo'd to sing
XIV. ON THE RELIGIOUS MEMORY OF MRS CATHERINE
DECEMBER 16, 1646.
When Faith and Love, which parted from thee never,
Had ripen'd thy just soul to dwell with God,
Of death, call'd life ; which us from life doth sever. Thy works, and alms, and all thy good endeavour,
Staid not behind, nor in the grave were trod;
Follow'd thee up to joy and bliss for ever.
Thy hand-maids, clad them o'er with purple beams
And azure wings, that up they flew so drest,
Before the Judge; who thenceforth bid thee rest,
XV. TO THE LORD GENERAL FAIRFAX.
FAIRFAX, whose name in arms through Europe rings,
Filling each mouth with envy or with praise,
And rumours loud, that daunt remotest kings;
Victory home, though new rebellions raise Their Hydra heads, and the false North displays I Casella:' an eminent musician and friend of Dante ; see an exquisite passage in Purg. c. ii. v. 111.-Mrs Thomson: 'Milton, when made Latin Secretary, lodged in her house. She was a Quakeress.
Her broken leaguel to imp2 their serpent wings. O yet a nobler task awaits thy hand,
(For what can war but endless war still breed ?)
Till truth and right from violence be freed,
Of publick fraud. In vain doth Valour bleed,
XVI. TO THE LORD GENERAL CROMWELL.
CROMWELL, our chief of men, who through a cloud
Not of war only, but detractions rude,
To peace and truth thy glorious way hast plough’d, And on the neck of crowned Fortune proud
Hast rear'd God's trophies, and his work pursued, While Darwen 3 stream, with blood of Scots imbrued,
And Dunbar field resounds thy praises loud, And Worcester's laureat wreath. Yet much remains
To conquer still; Peace hath her victories
No less renown'd than War: New foes arise
Help us to save free conscience from the paw
XVII. TO SIR HENRY VANE THE YOUNGER.
years, but in sage counsel old, Than whom a better senator ne'er held The helm of Rome, when gowns, not arms, repell’d
1. Broken league :' the English Parliament held that the Scotch had broken their Covenant by Hamilton's march to England.—"Imp:' add a new piece to the old.—3 • Darwen :' a river near Preston, where Cromwell routed the Scotch in August 1648.— * Hireling wolves :' he means the Presbyterian clergy, and the claims they made on the parochial revenues.
The fierce Epirot and the African bold;
The drift of hollow States 1 hard to be spell’d;
Move by her two main nerves, iron and gold,
Both spiritual power and civil, what each means,
What severs each, thou hast learn'd, which few have done :
Therefore on thy firm band Religion leans
XVIII. ON THE LATE MASSACRE IN PIEMONT.
AVENGE, O Lord, thy slaughter'd saints, whose bones
Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold ;
When all our fathers worshipt stocks and stones,
Who were thy sheep, and in their ancient fold
Mother with infant down the rocks. Their moans
To heaven. Their martyr'd blood and ashes sow
O'er all the Italian fields, where still doth sway
A hundredfold, who, having learn'd thy way,
States:' those of Holland._? The late massacre :' this was organised by the Duke of Savoy in 1655. It was very barbarous. Those who escaped fled to ountains of Piedmont, whence they applied Cromwell for relief. He ordered a general fast, and made a national contribution, amounting to £40,000.