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shown in the collation of original texts by Miss Elfrieda Hochbaum, an advanced pupil. I have also received inspiration from Professor Paul Shorey's recent edition of the Odes and Epodes of Horace. Dr. Eugen Leser has made me his debtor for his acute criticisms of the first edition.

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INTRODUCTION.

I. GENERAL ESTIMATE.

a. PLACE OF THE WORK IN GOETHE'S LIFE.

Hermann und Dorothea belongs among the works of which it has been said, "the human race takes charge of them that they shall not perish." It represents the real Goethe at his best, having been written with full artistic earnestness and freedom, so that the poet expressed himself completely as a mature creative artist, and not tentatively or experimentally, as had been the case in some of his earlier productions. It possesses the breadth and elevation, and the genial humanity which were the fruits of Goethe's strenuous labor from his early days; it contains the fine product of the widest experiences and studies, often cast into golden sayings; it is intensely and affectionately German, and ennobled by a high moral dignity. To no other work did Goethe surrender himself so gladly while creating, for no other had he such a lifelong affection. He became more and more convinced, while working at the poem, how rich a treasure the subject-matter afforded him, and that he had "a theme, such as one might never happen upon a second time during one's life." (To Meyer, April, 1797.) It was written at a time when his artistic theories had settled down to the firm ground of conviction after unexampled experiments in the most varied fields.

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